Smart Materials in Architecture: Useful Tools with Practical Applications or Fascinating Inventions for Experimental Design? - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Smart Materials in Architecture: Useful Tools with Practical Applications or Fascinating Inventions for Experimental Design?

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For at least several decades smart or so-called intelligent materials, being the result of great advancements in material engineering, appear in architecture in different applications. Most of them are called "smart" because of their inherent properties: a real-time response to environmental stimuli. There are also those considered to be "smart" due to smart design: their original structure or the composition of their materials are in nanoscale, providing them with unique properties. Colour changes, physical states, temperature or shape–always repeatable and reversible – make these materials attractive to architects, both from a visual and a practical point of view. Their spectacular applications often inspire architects, scientists and artists to create, for instance, city displays revealing various shapes and figures according to daily weather conditions; thermochromics urban seats that reflect peoples' presence; wallpaper with organic patterns that glow in darkness, and many others. On the other hand, more practical projects are being developed, such as "switchable" partition glass walls (that is, we can turn them on and they change their transparency while switching on or off: electrochromic glass is a good example). Other concepts include self-cleaning building envelopes; self-repairing concrete; phase-changing materials diminishing cooling loads in the buildings; energy-generating highways; materials that harden at the moment of impact thus withstanding exceptionally great forces; shape memory alloys playing the role of actuators-opening and - closing façade louvers or thin polymer films mimicking the function of living skin, adopted as a building envelope. All those projects result from the fascination of designers with the possibility to create materials and, in effect, a complex environment that is active, "flexible", and adapts to changing conditions and users' needs and is compatible with real, natural environments. Smart materials that serve this purpose make such projects not only more unique and beautiful but, as their inventors claim, their application may bring real environmental and financial gains in the future. This article presents the most crucial, selected examples of such materials and examines what benefits they could offer.

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Kategoria:
Aktywność konferencyjna
Typ:
materiały konferencyjne indeksowane w Web of Science
Opublikowano w:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering nr Volume 245, wydanie November 2017, strony 1 - 9,
ISSN: 1757-8981
Tytuł wydania:
World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS) strony 1 - 9
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2017
Opis bibliograficzny:
Konarzewska B..: Smart Materials in Architecture: Useful Tools with Practical Applications or Fascinating Inventions for Experimental Design?, W: World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS), 2017, ,.
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1088/1757-899x/245/5/052098
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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