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Subcritical Thermodynamic Cycles with Organic Medium and Isothermal Expansion

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The efffciencies of the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) are not very high and only very seldom do they exceed 20%. The increase and optimization of initial parameters and certain modifications of the thermodynamic cycle make it possible to overcome these drawbacks. A new modified cycle has been described and analyzed in detail in the paper. Similarly to the Ericsson cycle for gas turbines, isothermal expansion in the turbine is suggested for the power plant with organic media. The new cycle and the typical ORC power plants have the same block diagram. The only difference is that expansion in the proposed cycle occurs not adiabatically but as an isothermal process. The thermodynamic calculations have been carried out for 11 various fluids and 4 different cycles. The obtained results have clearly shown that cycles with isothermal expansion (isothermal turbines) are characterized by remarkably higher efffciency than typical power plants with adiabatic turbines. The increase in efffciency varies from 6 to 12 percent points for cycles with saturated live vapor and from 4 to 7 percent points for cycles with superheated live vapor. The performed analyses have shown that it is possible to achieve a very high efffciency (over 45%) of organic cycle, which is a very competitive value. In such cases the proposed power plants can achieve an efficiency which is higher than that of modern steam turbine plants with supercritical parameters.

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
ENERGIES nr 13, strony 1 - 12,
ISSN: 1996-1073
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2020
Opis bibliograficzny:
Kosowski K., Piwowarski M.: Subcritical Thermodynamic Cycles with Organic Medium and Isothermal Expansion// ENERGIES -Vol. 13,iss. 17 (2020), s.1-12
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.3390/en13174340
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 18 razy

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