Transcriptional activity of epigenetic remodeling genes declines in keratinocytes after in vitro expansion - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Transcriptional activity of epigenetic remodeling genes declines in keratinocytes after in vitro expansion

Abstrakt

PURPOSE: In vitro expansion is an invaluable method to obtain keratinocytes in amounts necessary for effective transplantation therapies. In vitro cell culturing provokes questions concerning potential epigenetic alterations occurring in expanded cells in the context of usefulness for transplantation and safety. The purpose of this study was to investigate as to whether keratinocyte expansion is associated with changes in the activity of genes responsible for the maintenance of epigenetic stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We focussed on the transcriptional activity of genes involved in different epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation and histone modifications. We used quantitative real-time PCR to determine transcript levels of 16 epigenetic remodelling markers in 14 patients in the epidermal cells directly after collection and after in vitro expansion. RESULTS: We observed a remarkable decline in the transcriptional activity of the epigenetic remodelling genes following in vitro expansion, while no further fall of expression with passaging. In whole skin, we found even higher expression levels of the epigenetic markers. CONCLUSIONS: Transmission to in vitro environment challenges cellular signalling and metabolism. The regulation of epigenetic remodelling maintains the balance between cellular plasticity and phenotype deviation. This preliminary research demonstrated reduced activity of genes responsible for epigenetic modifications of DNA and histones in in vitro expanded epidermal cells. This observation indicates that epigenome re-patterning in cultured epidermal cells is significantly less intensive than in the skin. Also, this observation may imply that after adaptation to in vitro conditions, the epigenome does not undergo extensive transformation during further cultivation.

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
Advances in Medical Sciences nr 64, strony 274 - 279,
ISSN: 1896-1126
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2019
Opis bibliograficzny:
Kamińska J., Langa P., Deptuła M., Zieliński J., Sachadyn P., Wardowska A., Pikuła M.: Transcriptional activity of epigenetic remodeling genes declines in keratinocytes after in vitro expansion// Advances in Medical Sciences. -Vol. 64, iss. 2 (2019), s.274-279
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1016/j.advms.2019.03.001

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