prof. dr hab. inż. Robert Jankowski
Zatrudnienie
 Kierownik Studium Doktoranckiego w Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Środowiska
 Kierownik katedry w Katedra Inżynierii Budowlanej
 Zastępca Dyrektora ds. Kształcenia, Jakości, PRK w Szkoła Doktorska
Obszary badawcze
Publikacje
Filtry
wszystkich: 279
Katalog Publikacji
Rok 2024

Controlling nodal displacement of pantographic structures using matrix condensation and interiorpoint optimization: A numerical and experimental study
PublikacjaThis study presents an innovative approach for the precise control of nodal displacements in pantographic structures. The method is founded on the Matrix Condensation of Force Method, seamlessly integrated with an Interior Point Optimization algorithm. This combination offers a unique advantage by allowing users to manipulate displaced nodes within a defined coordination domain. Furthermore, this approach introduces the Interior...

Enhancing seismic performance of steel buildings having semirigid connection with infill masonry walls considering soil type effects
PublikacjaUnpreventable constructional defects are the main issues in the case of steel MomentResisting Frames (MRFs) that mostly occur in the rigidities of beamtocolumn connections. The present article aims to investigate the effects of different rigidities of structures and to propose Infill Masonry Walls (IMWs) as retrofitting strategy for the steel damaged buildings. A fault or failure to meet a certain consideration of the soil type...

Seismic response and performance prediction of steel bucklingrestrained braced frames using machinelearning methods
PublikacjaNowadays, BucklingRestrained Brace Frames (BRBFs) have been used as lateral forceresisting systems for low, to midrise buildings. Residual Interstory Drift (RID) of BRBFs plays a key role in deciding to retrofit buildings after seismic excitation; however, existing formulas have limitations and cannot effectively help civil engineers, e.g., FEMA P58, which is a conservative estimation method. Therefore, there is a need to...
Rok 2023

Analysis of the effect of the seismic gap on the response of buildings experiencing pounding during earthquakes
PublikacjaThe aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of the seismic gap on the dynamic response of buildings experiencing earthquakeinduced pounding. Three buildings have been analysed, which are 5storey, 7storey and 9storey structures. Three possible pounding scenarios have been considered, which are pounding between 5storey and 7storey buildings, pounding between 5storey and 9storey buildings and pounding between 7storey...

Assessment of codes recommendations for the evaluation of the seismic gap of buildings founded on different soil types
PublikacjaSeveral equations have been proposed in the literature to evaluate the seismic gap preventing earthquakeinduced structural pounding, such as the ones based on the absolute sum of the peak displacements (ABS), the square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS), the double difference method (DDC), Australian code and the approach proposed by Naderpour et al. The aim of this paper is to investigate the accuracy of these equations taking...

Bending Moment Control and Weight Optimization in Space Structures by Adding Extra Members in the Optimal Locations
PublikacjaThis paper investigates the reduction of bending moment in critical members by adding some extra members in the optimum location. Instead of enlarging the size of members to resist the moment, eight additional members are added in the optimum location to reduce the bending moment in the critical members. The total weight of the proposed structure with extra members is less than that of the original structure that resists the induced...

Buckling and shape control of prestressable trusses using optimum number of actuators
PublikacjaThis paper describes a method to control the nodal displacement of prestressable truss structures within the desired domains. At the same time, the stress in all members is unleashed to take any value between the allowable tensile stress and critical buckling stress. The shape and stresses are controlled by actuating the most active members. The technique considers the members’ initial crookedness, residual stresses, and slenderness...

Effect of soil on the capacity of viscous dampers between adjacent buildings
PublikacjaThis study investigated the seismic pounding of two adjacent buildings considering soil–structure interaction (SSI). A comprehensive parametric study of buildings with different heights was performed to reveal the poundinginvolved behaviour considering the soil effect. Wavelet transform has been conducted to gain insight into the differences in the frequency contents of the impact forces between fixed and flexiblebase adjacent...

Effective Equations for the Optimum Seismic Gap Preventing EarthquakeInduced Pounding between Adjacent Buildings Founded on Different Soil Types
PublikacjaThe best approach to avoid collisions between adjacent structures during earthquakes is to provide sufficient spacing between them. However, the existing formulas for calculating the optimum seismic gap preventing pounding were found to provide inaccurate results upon the consideration of different soil types. The aim of this paper is to propose new equations for the evaluation of the sufficient inbetween separation gap for buildings...

Effects of DeckAbutment Pounding on the Seismic Fragility Curves of BoxGirder Highway Bridges
PublikacjaEarthquakeinduced pounding in bridges is a complex contact phenomenon in which the dynamic responses of structures, including collisions between deck and abutments, are strongly related to structural properties and earthquake excitation. The goal of this study is to develop and compare the seismic fragility curves of overall system and individual components of regular and irregular boxgirder highway bridges in two cases: with...

Enhancing seismic performance of rigid and semirigid connections equipped with SMA bolts incorporating nonlinear soilstructure interaction
PublikacjaNowadays, using smart connections can improve the performance of buildings with some recentering features that are from the superelastic behavior of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs). It seems that there is different rigidity between the designed connection and the real one in Steel MomentResisting Frames (SMRFs), which can be considered as a problematic issue due to the importance of connections in seismic performance assessment. This...

Estimation of the Ultimate Strength of FRP StripstoMasonry Substrates Bond
PublikacjaFiberReinforced Polymers (FRP) were developed as a new method over the past decades due to their many beneficial mechanical properties, and they are commonly applied to strengthen masonry structures. In this paper, the Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Kfold CrossValidation (KFCV) technique, Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) method, and M5 Model Tree (M5MT) method were utilized to predict the ultimate strength of...

Experimental study on earthquakeinduced pounding between steel structures
PublikacjaPounding between adjacent structures has been repeatedly observed during major earthquakes. The phenomenon may cause some local damage at the points of interactions, it may also lead to substantial destruction, permanent deformations or total collapse of colliding structures. The effects of earthquakeinduced structural pounding have been studied for more than three decades now. However, most of the studies concerned masonry as...

Introducing a Computational Method to Retrofit Damaged Buildings under Seismic MainshockAftershock Sequence
PublikacjaRetrofitting damaged buildings is a challenge for engineers, since commercial software does not have the ability to consider the local damages and deformed shape of a building resulting from the mainshock record of an earthquake before applying the aftershock record. In this research, a computational method for retrofitting of damaged buildings under seismic mainshockaftershock sequences is proposed, and proposed computational...

Machine learningbased prediction of residual drift and seismic risk assessment of steel momentresisting frames considering soilstructure interaction
PublikacjaNowadays, due to improvements in seismic codes and computational devices, retrofitting buildings is an important topic, in which, permanent deformation of buildings, known as Residual Interstory Drift Ratio (RIDR), plays a crucial role. To provide an accurate yet reliable prediction model, 32 improved Machine Learning (ML) algorithms were considered using the Python software to investigate the best method for estimating Maximum...

Machine learningbased prediction of seismic limitstate capacity of steel momentresisting frames considering soilstructure interaction
PublikacjaRegarding the unpredictable and complex nature of seismic excitations, there is a need for vulnerability assessment of newly constructed or existing structures. Predicting the seismic limitstate capacity of steel MomentResisting Frames (MRFs) can help designers to have a preliminary estimation and improve their views about the seismic performance of the designed structure. This study improved datadriven decision techniques in...

Machine learningbased seismic fragility and seismic vulnerability assessment of reinforced concrete structures
PublikacjaMany studies have been performed to put quantifying uncertainties into the seismic risk assessment of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings. This paper provides a riskassessment support tool for purpose of retrofitting and potential design strategies of RC buildings. Machine Learning (ML) algorithms were developed in Python software by innovative methods of hyperparameter optimization, such as halving search, grid search, random...

Machine learningbased seismic response and performance assessment of reinforced concrete buildings
PublikacjaComplexity and unpredictability nature of earthquakes makes them unique external loads that there is no unique formula used for the prediction of seismic responses. Hence, this research aims to implement the most wellknown Machine Learning (ML) methods in Python software to propose a prediction model for seismic response and performance assessment of Reinforced Concrete MomentResisting Frames (RC MRFs). To prepare 92,400 data...

Numerical Analysis of Seismic Pounding between Adjacent Buildings Accounting for SSI
PublikacjaThe structural pounding caused by an earthquake may damage structures and lead to their collapse. This study is focused on the pounding between two adjacent asymmetric structures with different dynamic properties resting on the surface of an elastic halfspace. An exploration of the relationship between the effects of the seismic analysis with the impact response to the torsional pounding between adjacent buildings under different...

Optimal retrofit strategy using viscous dampers between adjacent RC and SMRFs prone to earthquake‑induced pounding
PublikacjaNowadays, retrofittingdamaged buildings is an important challenge for engineers. Finding the optimal placement of Viscous Dampers (VDs) between adjacent structures prone to earthquakeinduced pounding can help designers to implement VDs with optimizing the cost of construction and achieving higher performance levels for both structures. In this research, the optimal placement of linear and nonlinear VDs between the 3story, 5story,...

Optimized Computational Intelligence Model for Estimating the Flexural Behavior of Composite Shear Walls
PublikacjaThis article presents a novel approach to estimate the flexural capacity of reinforced concretefilled composite plate shear walls using an optimized computational intelligence model. The proposed model was developed and validated based on 47 laboratory data points and the Transit Search (TS) optimization algorithm. Using 80% of the experimental dataset, the optimized model was selected by determining the unknown coefficients of...

Optimum number of actuators to minimize the crosssectional area of prestressable cable and truss structures
PublikacjaThis paper describes a new computational method for determining the optimum number of actuators to design the optimal and economic crosssectional area of pinjointed assemblies based on the conventional force method. The most active members are selected to be prestressed to redistribute stress in the whole structure, resulting in regulating the internal force of bars that face high stress. Reducing stress in critical members allows...

Optimum shapes and dimensions of rubber bumpers in order to reduce structural pounding during seismic excitations
PublikacjaLarge displacement of structures observed during seismic excitations may lead to collisions between two adjacent, insufficientlyseparated buildings and may result in major damages of both of them. In many building codes, appropriate equations or approximately recommended distances between structures in order to avoid pounding hazard have been introduced. Unfortunately, further, more detailed considerations show that safety situation...

Predicting seismic response of SMRFs founded on different soil types using machine learning techniques
PublikacjaPredicting the Maximum Interstory Drift Ratio (MIDR) of Steel MomentResisting Frames (SMRFs) is a useful tool for designers to approximately evaluate the vulnerability of SMRFs. This study aims to explore supervised Machine Learning (ML) algorithms to build a surrogate prediction model for SMRFs to reduce the need for complex modeling. For this purpose, twenty wellknown ML algorithms implemented in Python software are trained...

Probabilistic assessment of SMRFs with infill masonry walls incorporating nonlinear soilstructure interaction
PublikacjaInfill Masonry Walls (IMWs) are used in the perimeter of a building to separate the inner and outer space. IMWs may affect the lateral behavior of buildings, while they are different from those partition walls that separate two inner spaces. This study focused on the seismic vulnerability assessment of Steel MomentResisting Frames (SMRFs) assuming different placement of IMWs incorporating nonlinear SoilStructure Interaction (SSI)....

Seismic performance evaluation of steel bucklingrestrained braced frames including SMA materials
PublikacjaThe permanent deformation of the building after seismic excitations can be determined by the Maximum Residual Interstory Drift Ratio (MRIDR), which may be used for measuring the damage states. Lowpost yield stiffness of the steel bucklingrestrained braced frame (BRBF) makes this system vulnerable to large MRIDR after a severe earthquake event. To overcome this issue, this paper investigates the seismic limit state performances...

Shaking table experimental study on models of steel buildings with different types of joints
PublikacjaThe aim of this paper is to study the response of models of steel buildings with destroyed and nondestroyed joints. The study was conducted experimentally using the shaking table tests. Two steel models were considered. Several types of joints were taken into account: totally destroyed joints, partially destroyed joints, welded joints and joints stiffened with additional metal. Six ground motions were taken into account. The acceleration...

Static Shape and Stress Control of Trusses with Optimum Time, Actuators and Actuation
PublikacjaTraditional shape and stress control of structures use many actuators and require enormous time to find reasonable solutions that need designers to input specific target displacement and stress. This study employs a linear technique to static shape and stress control of pinjointed assemblies as a theoretical advancement to prior works and provides a comparative analysis against previously established works. The study evaluates...
Rok 2022

Analysis of floortocolumn pounding of buildings founded on different soil types
PublikacjaThe aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the soil type on buildings experiencing floortocolumn pounding during earthquakes. Five buildings with 4storeys, 6storeys, and 7storeys were considered. Three types of the 4storey building with different total heights were taken into account which leads to floortocolumn pounding at 1/3, 1/2 and 2/3 of the height of the impacted column. Two pounding scenarios were considered,...

Analysis of pounding between adjacent buildings founded on different soil types
PublikacjaEarthquakeinduced pounding was experienced in many previous earthquakes and it was found to be a critical issue. This study investigates the effect of pounding between buildings founded on the same and different soil types. Three 3D buildings with 4, 6 and 8 storeys were considered in this study. Three pounding scenarios were taken into account, i.e. pounding between 4storey and 6storey buildings, between 4storey and 8storey...

Development of fragility curves in adjacent steel momentresisting frames considering pounding effects through improved waveletbased refined damagesensitive feature
PublikacjaFragility curves present useful information related to earthquakeinduced probability assessment of steel momentresisting frames (MRFs) and determine the probability of the damage exceedance at different floor levels of MRFs. The review of the literature shows that most of the previous studies dealing with the fragility curves were based on conventional measures, such as spectral acceleration at the first mode period, peak...

Evaluation of pounding effects between reinforced concrete frames subjected to farfield earthquakes in terms of damage index
PublikacjaIn this paper, three different damage indexes were used to detect nonlinear damages in two adjacent Reinforced Concrete (RC) structures considering pounding effects. 2, 4 and 8story benchmark RC Moment Resisting Frames (MRFs) were selected for this purpose with 60%, 75%, and 100% of minimum separation distance and also without any inbetween separation gap. These structures were analyzed using the incremental dynamic analysis...

Fragility analysis of structural pounding between adjacent structures arranged in series with various alignment configurations under near‑field earthquakes
PublikacjaA major cause of local to total damages is related to structural pounding in a large number of past earthquakes. In general, these collisions take place as a result of differences in the dynamic characteristics of the colliding structures. To acquire a better perception of the behavior of structures, in this paper, three structures featuring different heights are modeled in series and with various configurations next to each other...

Incremental dynamic analysis and fragility assessment of buildings founded on different soil types experiencing structural pounding during earthquakes
PublikacjaThe effect of the soil type on buildings experiencing pounding during earthquakes is investigated in this study using the incremental dynamic analysis and fragility assessment methods. Three 3D structures with different number of storeys (4, 6 and 8) were considered in this study. Three pounding scenarios between these three buildings were taken into account, i.e. pounding between 4storey and 6storey buildings, between 4storey...

Incremental Dynamic Analysis and Fragility Assessment of Buildings with Different Structural Arrangements Experiencing EarthquakeInduced Structural Pounding
PublikacjaStructural pounding is considered as one of the most critical phenomena occurring during earthquakes. This paper presents the incremental dynamic analysis and fragility assessment of buildings experiencing earthquakeinduced pounding. Three 3D buildings with different number of storeys and under different structural arrangements have been considered. Three pounding scenarios have been taken into account, i.e. pounding between...

Investigating an Optimal Computational Strategy to Retrofit Buildings with Implementing Viscous Dampers
PublikacjaCivil engineering structures may seriously suffer from different damage states result of earthquakes. Nowadays, retrofitting the existing buildings is a serious need among designers. Two important factors of required performance level and cost of retrofitting play a crucial role in the retrofitting approach. In this study, a new optimal computational strategy to retrofit structures by implementing linear Viscous Dampers (VDs)...

NonLinear Analysis of Structures Utilizing LoadDiscretization of Stiffness Matrix Method with Coordinate Update
PublikacjaThis paper proposes a stiffness method based structural analysis algorithm for geometrically nonlinear structures. In this study, the applied load on the joints has been discretized to a sequence of a few loadings applied. Each loading step produces incremental external nodal displacements, which are added to the corresponding coordinates to get a new geometrical shape of the structure. This process is iteratively repeated until...

Optimal reshaping and stress controlling of doublelayer spherical structures under vertical loadings
PublikacjaOptimal reshaping and stress controlling of doublelayer spherical structures under vertical loadings

Pounding between highrise buildings with different structural arrangements
PublikacjaEarthquakeinduced structural pounding has led to significant damages during previous earthquakes. This paper investigates the effect of pounding on the dynamic response of colliding highrise buildings with different structural arrangements. Three 3D buildings are considered in the study, including 5storey building, 7storey building and 9storey building. Three pounding scenarios are also taken into account, i.e. pounding between...

Seismic gap between buildings founded on different soil types experiencing pounding during earthquakes
PublikacjaSeveral formulas have been suggested in the literature to evaluate the minimum seismic gap that would prevent collisions between adjacent buildings during earthquakes, including those based on the absolute sum of the peak displacements (ABS), square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS), the double difference method (DDC), Australian code, and approach proposed by Naderpour et al. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the...

Shaking table experimental study on pounding between adjacent structures founded on different soil types
PublikacjaThe aim of this study is to extensively investigate the effect of the soil type on the response of colliding structures based on shaking table experimental tests. Two singlestorey models of steel buildings with different dynamic parameters were considered in this study. Three pounding scenarios were taken into account by applying different seismic gaps (0.5 cm, 1 cm and 1.5 cm as well as the no pounding case). First, the effect...

The Effectiveness of Rubber Bumpers in Reducing the Effects of EarthquakeInduced Pounding between BaseIsolated Buildings
PublikacjaTh e methods for preventing earthquakeinduced structural pounding between two adjacent buildings include ensuring a sufficient separation distance between them or decreasing their relative displacement during seismic excitation. Some equations or even specific values of such gap sizes between two buildings have been introduced so as to avoid collisions. Increasing the stiffness of buildings, using tuned mass dampers, applying...

Using Minimum Actuators to Control Shape and Stress of a Double Layer Spherical Model Under Gravity and Lateral Loadings
PublikacjaSpherical domes are picturesque structures built in developed countries to attract tourists. Due to horizontal and vertical overloading, the structures’ attractive shapes may be disturbed, and some members' stress may exceed the elastic level. In this paper, the shape and stress of a deformed doublelayer spherical numerical model due to simultaneous lateral and vertical loadings are controlled, meanwhile, the number of actuators...
Rok 2021

Application of discrete wavelet transform in seismic nonlinear analysis of soil–structure interaction problems
PublikacjaSimulation of soilstructure interaction (SSI) effects is a timeconsuming and costly process. However, ignoring the influence of SSI on structural response may lead to inaccurate results, especially in the case of seismic nonlinear analysis. In this paper, wavelet transform methodology has been utilized for investigation of the seismic response of soilstructure systems. For this purpose, different storey outrigger braced buildings...

Effect of excitation intensity on slope stability assessed by a simplified approach
PublikacjaThe paper concerns the selection of a design accelerograms used for the slope stability assessment under earthquake excitation. The aim is to experimentally verify the Arias Intensity as an indicator of the excitation threat to the slope stability. A simple dynamic system consisting of a rigid block on a rigid inclined plane subjected to horizontal excitation is adopted as a slope model. Strong ground motions recorded during earthquakes...

Effective Gap Size Index for Determination of Optimum Separation Distance Preventing Pounding between Buildings during Earthquakes
PublikacjaSeismic excitations may lead to collisions between adjacent civil engineering structures causing major damage. In this paper, an effective equation for calculating the gap size index is proposed so as to provide the optimum separation distance preventing structural pounding during different earthquakes. Evaluation of the best prediction of the required separation distance between two adjacent buildings was carried out by using...

Experimental analysis of the behaviour of different types of joints in the steel structure model subjected to earthquake loading
PublikacjaThe present paper reports the results of the experimental study performed to investigate the behaviour of two different types of joints (destroyed and welded ones) in the model of the steel structure under seismic excitations. The structure was subjected to three earthquakes, namely Kobe, Loma Prieta and Northridge, using the shaking table investigation. The results obtained from the study...

Extended Newmark method to assess stability of slope under bidirectional seismic loading
PublikacjaThe paper concerns the dynamic behavior of a simple slope model subjected to simultaneous horizontal and vertical excitations. The proposed method is based on Newmark’s sliding block concept, however, four new features are introduced. The most important assumption is that the normal component of dynamic excitations affects the resisting force both before and after the initiation of the relative slope motion, making it timedependent....

Highly Dissipative Materials for Damage Protection against EarthquakeInduced Structural Pounding
PublikacjaIt is a common situation that seismic excitations may lead to collisions between adjacent civil engineering structures. This phenomenon, called earthquakeinduced structural pounding, may result in serious damage or even the total collapse of the colliding structures. Filling the gap between two buildings erected close to one another by using viscoelastic materials can be considered to be one of the most effective methods to avoid...

Investigating the effects of structural pounding on the seismic performance of adjacent RC and steel MRFs
PublikacjaAn insufficient separation distance between adjacent buildings is the main reason for structural pounding during severe earthquakes. The lateral load resistance system, fundamental natural period, mass, and stiffness are important factors having the influence on collisions between two adjacent structures. In this study, 3, 5 and 9story adjacent reinforced concrete and steel Moment Resisting Frames (MRFs) were considered to investigate...
wyświetlono 7422 razy