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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: AUTONOMOUS SURFACE VEHICLES

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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: AUTONOMOUS SURFACE VEHICLES

  • Shore Construction Detection by Automotive Radar for the Needs of Autonomous Surface Vehicle Navigation

    Publikacja

    Autonomous surface vehicles (ASVs) are becoming more and more popular for performing hydrographic and navigational tasks. One of the key aspects of autonomous navigation is the need to avoid collisions with other objects, including shore structures. During a mission, an ASV should be able to automatically detect obstacles and perform suitable maneuvers. This situation also arises in near-coastal areas, where shore structures like...

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  • The Empirical Application of Automotive 3D Radar Sensor for Target Detection for an Autonomous Surface

    Publikacja

    - Remote Sensing - 2019

    Avoiding collisions with other objects is one of the most basic safety tasks undertaken in the operation of floating vehicles. Addressing this challenge is essential, especially during unmanned vehicle navigation processes in autonomous missions. This paper provides an empirical analysis of the surface target detection possibilities in a water environment, which can be used for the future development of tracking and anti-collision...

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  • The concept of anti-collision system of autonomous surface vehicle

    Publikacja

    The use of unmanned vehicles in various fields of science and the economy is becoming more common. An extremely important aspect of creating this type of solution is to provide autonomous vehicle navigation, which does not require interference of the human factor or in which it is limited to a minimum. This article discusses the concept of autonomous anti-collision system of unmanned surface vehicle. It proposed a sensor system...

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  • Dynamic risk assessment in autonomous vehicles motion planning

    Publikacja

    Arguing that an autonomous mobile system is sufficiently safe to operate in presence of other vehicles and objects is an important element in development of such systems. Traditional approach to assure safety is to distinguish between safe and unsafe area and prevent the autonomous vehicle from entering the unsafe area. The paper presents a model of autonomous vehicle control system which uses risk assessment...

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  • Safety assurance strategies for autonomous vehicles

    Publikacja

    Assuring safety of autonomous vehicles requires that the vehicle control system can perceive the situation in the environment and react to actions of other entities. One approach to vehicle safety assurance is based on the assumption that hazardous sequences of events should be identified during hazard analysis and then some means of hazard avoidance and mitigation, like barriers, should be designed and implemented. Another approach...

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  • Universal autonomous control and management system for multipurpose unmanned surface vessel

    The paper presents design, structure and architecture of the Universal Autonomous Control and Management System (UACAMS) for multipurpose unmanned surface vessel. The system was designed, installed and implemented on the multipurpose platform - unmanned surface vessel named HydroDron. The platform is designed to execute hydrographic survey missions with multi-variant configuration of the survey system (payload? ) including multi-beam...

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  • State of the Art of Automated Buses

    Publikacja
    • J. Ainsalu
    • V. Arffman
    • M. Bellone
    • M. Ellner
    • T. Haapamäki
    • N. Haavisto
    • E. Josefson
    • A. Ismailogullari
    • E. Pilli-Sihvola
    • O. Madland
    • R. Madzulaitis
    • J. Muur
    • S. Mäkinen
    • V. Nousiainen
    • E. Rutanen
    • S. Sahala
    • B. Schønfeldt
    • P. Smolnicki
    • R. Soe
    • J. Sääski
    • M. Szymańska
    • I. Vaskinn
    • M. Åman

    - Sustainability - 2018

    Urban transportation in the next few decades will shift worldwide towards electrification and automation, with the final aim of increasing energy efficiency and safety for passengers. Such a big change requires strong collaboration and efforts among public administration, research and stakeholders in developing, testing and promoting these technologies in the public transportation. Working in this direction, this work provides...

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  • Konsekwencje mobilności na-żądanie i zautomatyzowanej

    Publikacja

    - 2018

    n/d

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  • Dynamic GNSS Mission Planning Using DTM for Precise Navigation of Autonomous Vehicles

    Publikacja

    Nowadays, the most widely used method for estimating location of autonomous vehicles in real time is the use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). However, positioning in urban environments using GNSS is hampered by poor satellite geometry due to signal obstruction created by both man-made and natural features of the urban environment. The presence of obstacles is the reason for the decreased number of observed satellites...

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  • Connected & Automated Urban Mobility, Zombie Cars and Kitchen Knives: Will Autonomous Automobiles, Self-Driving

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    There is a deficiency of supportive evidence to verify thesis that cities are prepared for mobility revolution which already begun and will advance exponentially. Furthermore, present revisions mostly emphasize how emerging mobility solutions will alter transport efficiency or affect mass transit usage, rather than on urban morphology, metropolitan society, nor local communities. Author is thoroughly concerned that municipalities...

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  • Integration of inertial sensors and GPS system data for underwater navigation

    The Inertial Navigation System (INS) is usually employed to determine the position of an underwater vehicles, like Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV) and, more recently, Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV). The accuracy of the position provided by the INS, which uses accelerometers and gyroscopes, deteriorates with time. An external aiding sources such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) can be employed to reduce the error growth...

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  • Piotr Marek Smolnicki

    Osoby

    Autor, prelegent, architekt-urbanista, doktorant na Politechnice Gdańskiej w temacie nowoczesnej zautomatyzowanej i współdzielonej mobilności metropolitalnej, ekspert doradzający miastom nt. prowadzenia procesów partycypacji społecznej przy planowaniu przestrzennym, projektował tzw. uchwały krajobrazowe.

  • Driverless Mobility: The Impact on Metropolitan Spatial Structures

    Diffusion of emerging technologies is following the need of solving particular problems. Each innovation produce also some undesirable consequences. Many examples from the past have shown that along with the spread of each technology their side effects are accumulating until the level they need to be solved. One of the examples is automobile, which advantages and disadvantages were already described including its spatial consequences....

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  • Emotions Embodied in the SVC of an Autonomous Driver System

    A concept of embodied intelligence (EI) is considered. None of such implementations can be fully identified with artificial intelligence. Projects that dare to approach AI and EI should be based on both the AI concepts (symbolic and sub-symbolic), in solving real problems of perception and decision-making. Therefore, the EI, in this paper, is understood as a methodology that uses all available resources and algorithms from the...

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  • Emotions Embodied in the SVC of an Autonomous Driver System

    Publikacja

    A concept of embodied intelligence (EI) is considered. None of such implementations can be fully identified with artificial intelligence. Projects that dare to approach AI and EI should be based on both the AI concepts (symbolic and sub-symbolic), in solving real problems of perception and decision-making. Therefore, the EI, in this paper, is understood as a methodology that uses all available resources and algorithms from the...

  • Potential reduction of traffic noise by the means of increased fleet of electric vehicles using a combination

    Publikacja

    - 2016

    In the future, the number of zero-emission vehicles like electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (in electric mode) is expected to be a substantial part of the vehicle fleet. In Norway, such vehicles already account for approximately 20 % of all new cars sold. Since these vehicles emit negligible noise related to the power-train, the tyre/road noise is the dominating noise source. In the LEO project, tyres designed for such cars have...

  • Tyre/road noise of passenger car tyres, including tyres for electric vehicles - road measurements

    Publikacja

    - 2015

    The paper presents the results from CPX measurements of tyre/road noise performed for selected passenger car tyres, including the tyres especially designed for electric vehicles. The tyres have been measured when rolling on several typical road surfaces in Norway and in Poland. In addition, the tyres have been measured on some very low noise road surfaces, such as a the poroelastic road surface (PERS). The measurement results...

  • Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles Cup 2018

    Wydarzenia

    06-07-2018 09:00 - 06-07-2018 15:00 Sport

    Pierwsza edycja zawodów bezzałogowych, autonomicznych pojazdów latających i jeżdżących.

  • Development (MOD): Public-Private Partnership in Urban Parking & Traffic Management with the Use of Autonomous

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    The focus of the following research are relations between mobility technologies and metropolitan (urban and suburban) spatial structures. In this paper the author discusses various urban modes of transport (automobile, mass transit) in the context of emerging technical (autonomous vehicles, self-driving cars and driverless shuttles) and organizational (carpooling, ridesharing, car-sharing, on-demand mobility) solutions for " mobility...

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  • Inertial Sensors Applications in Underwater Measurements

    Publikacja

    Over the past decades microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) researchers have demonstrated a number of microsensors for almost every possible sensing modality, including attitudes. Current MEMS inertial measurement units (IMU) come in many shapes, sizes, and costs — depending on the application, and performance required. MEMS sensors have proved and demonstrated performance exceeding those of their macroscale counterpart sensors. In...

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  • Road texture influence on tire rolling resistance

    Tire rolling resistance is one of the most important resistive forces acting on road vehicles. It depends on tire and surface characteristics as well as vehicle operating parameters. This paper deals with the influence of road surface texture on rolling resistance of passenger car tires. Results of road measurements performed on variety of road surfaces are presented.

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  • Zdzisław Kowalczuk prof. dr hab. inż.

    W 1978 ukończył studia w zakresie automatyki i informatyki na Wydziale Elektroniki Politechniki Gdańskiej, następnie rozpoczął pracę na macierzystej uczelni. W 1986 obronił pracę doktorską, w 1993 habilitował się na Politechnice Śląskiej na podstawie pracy Dyskretne modele w projektowaniu układów sterowania. W 1996 mianowany profesorem nadzwyczajnym, w 2003 otrzymał tytuł profesora nauk technicznych. W 2006 założył i od tego czasu...

  • Noise Generated by Tyres Designet for Electric Vehicles - Results of Laboratory Experiments

    A few years ago, electric and hybrid vehicles were rarely seen on public roads and were considered more as exotic curiosities or even as a sign of extravagance than a practical means of transport. Nowadays the situation has changes significantly. This was caused both by the technical development and legislative actions, as well as the organizational nature promoting the purchace and use of low emission vehicles. Electric vehicles...

  • Low Cost Hexacopter Autonomous Platform for Testing and Developing Photogrammetry Technologies and Intelligent

    Publikacja

    Low-cost solutions for autonomous aerial platforms are being intensively developed and used within geodetic community. Unmanned aerial vehicles are becoming very popular and widely used for photogrammetry and remote sensing applications. Today’s market offers an affordable price components for unmanned solution with significant quality and accuracy growth. Every year market offers a new solutions for autonomous platforms with better...

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  • Considerations of Adaptive Digital Communications in Underwater Acoustic Channel

    Publikacja

    Down-link communication (DLC) and air transportable communication (ATAC) buoys as well as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) use acoustic links for gathering oceanographic data from underwater monitoring systems. The underwater channel propagation conditions are diverse in nature and require a special adaptive approach to the communication system design. The article presents a methodology for the communication systems design,...

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  • Road surface roughness estimation employing integrated position and acceleration sensor

    Assessment of a surface quality being an essential task for the authorities supervising the roads provides the subject of the paper. Information about riding quality of a pavement, important for drivers, both in terms of their comfort and safety is collected during experiments employing mobile sensors. The paper describes the use of a miniature position and acceleration sensor for evaluation of the roughness of the road surface....

  • PERS - QUIET ROAD SURFACE FOR URBAN AREAS

    Traffic noise is one of the most important environmental problems in densely populated urban areas. At low speeds the tyre/road interaction dominates all other sources. It is anticipated that when electric and hybrid vehicles gain dominance in city traffic, the importance of tyre/road noise will still increase as electric engines are much less noisy than combustion engines. On the other hand, electric and hybrid urban vehicles...

  • A modern approach to an unmanned vehicle navigation

    A traditional approach to manned vehicles navigation uses a data combined form a variety of navigation sensors like satellite, inertial and time-of-flight. With support of operators perception, chart and sensor, data are analyzed and navigation decisions are made. An unmanned platforms navigation needs an operators support, who is supervising a platforms decision process, basing on navigation data obtained via variety of electronic...

  • Marek Chodnicki dr inż.

  • Reduction of Tire Rolling Resistance by Optimization of Road Surfaces and Tires

    During interaction between tire and road surface three very important phenomena are always in effect. One of them (very desirable) is friction that is important for traction, braking and cornering. Two other phenomena are not desirable at all, that is rolling resistance and noise. This paper discusses relations between road surface and tire parameters versus tire rolling resistance. Road surface texture, porosity, impedance, strength...

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  • Visual Traffic Noise Monitoring in Urban Areas

    The paper presents an advanced system for railway and road traffic noise monitoring in metropolitan areas. This system is a functional part of a more complex solution designed for environmental monitoring in cities utilizing analyses of sound, vision and air pollution, based on a ubiquitous computing approach. The system consists of many autonomous, universal measuring units and a multimedia server, which gathers, processes and...

  • MARITIME LASER SCANNING AS THE SOURCE FOR SPATIAL DATA

    Publikacja

    - Polish Maritime Research - 2015

    The rapid development of scanning technology, especially mobile scanning, gives the possibility to collect spatial data coming from maritime measurement platforms and autonomous manned or unmanned vehicles. Presented solution is derived from the mobile scanning. However we should keep in mind that the specificity of laser scanning at sea and processing collected data should be in the form acceptable in Geographical Information...

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  • Determination of Vehicles Load Equivalency Factors for Polish Catalogue of Typical Flexible and Semi-rigid

    The new Polish Catalog of Typical Flexible and Semi-rigid Pavement Structures was introduced to use in practice in 2014. Much of works were focused on actualization of vehicles load equivalency factors. For this purpose data delivered from weigh-inmotion were analyzed. Four methods of determination of load equivalency factors for pavement structure design were compared. The analysis showed that fourth power equation, AASHTO 1993...

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  • Economical methods for measuring road surface roughness

    Two low-cost methods of estimating the road surface condition are presented in the paper, the first one based on the use of accelerometers and the other on the analysis of images acquired from cameras installed in a vehicle. In the first method, miniature positioning and accelerometer sensors are used for evaluation of the road surface roughness. The device designed for installation in vehicles is composed of a GPS receiver and...

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  • Hydrodron — New Step for Professional Hydrography for Restricted Waters

    Publikacja

    - 2018

    Hydrographic surveys in restricted areas are becoming increasingly important, but often impossible to carry out with conventional hydrographic vessels. Presumably in this case an employment of unmanned vehicles is the only reasonable solution. As restricted water areas include, among others: harbours, roadsteads, rivers or lakes. The HydroDron platform, due to its mobility, can operate in the above-mentioned areas. It is adapted...

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  • 3D Machine Vision System for Inspection of Contact Strips in Railway Vehicle Current Collectors

    Publikacja

    Construction and technical condition of current collectors is crucial to reliability and safety of railway transportation. According to the Technical Specifications for Interoperability railway vehicles in the European Union should be equipped with carbon contact strips. Excessive wear or defects of contact strips degrade the capability of undisturbed power transmission, cause faster wear of contact wire, and can even result in...

  • Analiza stanu nawierzchni i klas pojazdów na podstawie parametrów ekstrahowanych z sygnału fonicznego

    Celem badań jest poszukiwanie parametrów wektora cech ekstrahowanego z sygnału fonicznego w kontekście automatycznego rozpoznawania stanu nawierzchni jezdni oraz typu pojazdów. W pierwszej kolejności przedstawiono wpływ warunków pogodowych na charakterystykę widmową sygnału fonicznego rejestrowanego przy przejeżdżających pojazdach. Następnie, dokonano parametryzacji sygnału fonicznego oraz przeprowadzano analizę korelacyjną w celu...

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  • Multisensor System for the Protection of Critical Infrastructure of Seaport

    Publikacja
    • M. Kastek
    • R. Dulski
    • M. Życzkowski
    • M. Szustakowski
    • P. Trzaskawka
    • W. Ciurapiński
    • P. Markowski
    • M. Karol
    • G. Grelowska
    • I. Gloza
    • S. Milewski
    • K. Listewnik

    - 2013

    There are many separated infrastructural objects within a harbor area that may be considered “critical”, such as gas and oil terminals or anchored naval vessels. Those objects require special protection, including security systems capable of monitoring both surface and underwater areas, because an intrusion into the protected area may be attempted using small surface vehicles (boats, kayaks, rafts, floating devices with weapons...

  • Wavelet transform-based approach to defect identification in railway carbon contact strips.

    Pantographs of electric rail vehicles are fitted with carbon contact strips, which slide along the contact wire of catenary to provide constant electrical contact. Contact strips are exposed to wear and damages. Using damaged contact strips significantly increases the risk of catenary rupture. Therefore, their technical condition has to be inspected frequently. In previous work a 3D laser scanning system was proposed for recording...

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  • 3D scanning system for railway current collector contact strips

    Undisturbed collection of current from a contact wire of the catenary constitutes one of the basic elements in reliable operation of electrified rail transport, particularly when vehicles move at high speed. Quality of current collection is influenced by the construction of catenary and current collectors, as well as by the technical condition and regulation of these two elements. Total contact force of a current collector head...

  • Temperature influence on tire/road noise evaluated by the drum method

    Ambient air and road surface temperatures substantially affect the road vehicle noise emission. The temperature influence on tire/road noise depends mainly on tire-road combination. It is different for dense and porous pavements, for bituminous and cement ones. It differs also depending on tires. The correction procedures for temperature effect are still under consideration and preparation. Laboratory experiment was prepared to...

  • Multibeam Echosounder and LiDAR in Process of 360-Degree Numerical Map Production for Restricted Waters with HydroDron

    Publikacja

    - 2018

    In order to increase the safety of inland navigation and facilitate the monitoring of the coastal zone of restricted waters, a model of multi-sensory fusion of data from hydroacoustic and optoelectronic systems mounted on the autonomous survey vessel HydroDron will be developed. In the research will be used the LiDAR laser scanner and multibeam echosounder. To increase the visual quality and map accuracy, additionally side scan...

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  • Evaluation of open drone map toolkit for geodetic grade aerial drone mapping – case study

    Publikacja

    An open source tool’s popularity has increased considerably, as well as micro aerial vehicles (MAV) technologies based on open source hardware. An open source software and hardware delivers a wide variety of applications and technology. The world’s most successful open source projects have their roots in the academy, and now its participation includes a wide variety of academic programs and research. Based on open source technology,...

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  • Algorithm for Automatic Wear Estimation of Railway Contact Strips Based on 3D Scanning Results

    Publikacja

    Electric rail vehicles use current collection system which consists of overhead contact line and a current collector (pantograph) mounted on the roof of a vehicle. A pantograph is equipped with contact strips, which slide along the contact wire, ensuring steady electric contact. Contact strips are made of carbon layer, fixed to an aluminum carrier. The carbon layer wears down due to friction. Using overly worn contact strips increases...

  • Classifying type of vehicles on the basis of data extracted from audio signal characteristics

    The aim of this study is to find and optimize a feature vector for an automatic recognition of the type of vehicles, extracted form an audio signal. First, the influence of weather-based conditions of road surface on spectral characteristic of the audio signal recorded from a passing vehicle in close proximity to the road is discussed. Next, parameterization of the recorded audio signal is performed. For that purpose, the MIRtoolbox,...

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  • Final report on noise and rolling resistance

    Work Package 6 deals with environmental impacts of PERS use, including noise and rolling resistance. This report covers preliminary noise tests performed in the laboratory and at the road test sites. The obtained results indicate that PERS material reduce noise considerably - up to 12 dB in comparison to SMA16 reference surface. Noise reduction properties are especially visible in the case of factory produced PERS slabs supplied...

  • Radar technique in application of interlayer identification connections

    Publikacja
    • J. Sudyka
    • L. Krysiński
    • P. Jaskuła
    • T. Mechowski
    • P. Harasim

    - 2011

    One of important issues in pavement construction is to ensure that layers applied directly one on top of the other make up a continuous whole and form an integral construction complex. An appropriate interlayer connection plays here significant role ensuring proper transmission of distortions generated by wheels of vehicles to lower layers and preventing water penetration between the layers. In case of damaged pavements where lack...

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  • Influence of Road Wetness on Tire-Pavement Rolling Resistance

    Rolling resistance of tires is one of the most important factors influencing energy consumption of road vehicles, especially on rural roads. For practical reasons, most of rolling resistance measurements are usually performed for dry road conditions. Based on the fact that roads are wet during a considerable time over the year and as part of the projects MIRIAM, ROLRES and ROSANNE, the TUG (Technical University of Gdańsk) in Poland...

  • Wpływ przechyłki na zjawisko postępowania zużycia bocznego szyn kolejowych w łukach poziomych

    Degradacja elementów nawierzchni kolejowej jest zagadnieniem bardzo złożonym, w które uwikłane jest wiele czynników związanych między innymi z układem geometrycznym toru kolejowego, właściwościami trybologicznymi poszczególnych elementów nawierzchni, jak również z parametrami podłoża gruntowego, a także z właściwościami samych pojazdów szynowych. W artykule omówiono jeden z powyższych problemów, tj. wpływ ukształtowania toru kolejowego...

  • Research on operational characteristics of tyres with run flat insert

    Publikacja

    - Journal of KONES - 2012

    The paper describes results of research on heavy vehicle tyre with Run Flat VFI insert. The experiment has included the determination of heat generation, rolling resistanceand radial stifnessof two different tyre designes (textile and steel carcass). The results have been used for the purpose of ewalution of tyre operating characteristics. The study included research on non-inflated tyre properties. The purpose of the paper is...