Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: CONCRETE DURABILITY - MOST Wiedzy

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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: CONCRETE DURABILITY

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: CONCRETE DURABILITY

  • Durability of Asphalt Concrete Subjected to Deteriorating Effects of Water and Frost

    The paper presents testing of the detrimental effects of water and frost on asphalt pavements. It included laboratory testing of 5 fatigue life of asphalt concrete that was subjected to action of water and frost and field testing of damages caused by water and frost on 6 existing asphalt pavements, such as stripping, raveling, and potholes. Laboratory simulation of water and frost action was based on the 7 original AASHTO T283...

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  • Properties of Old Concrete Built in the Former Leipziger Palace

    Publikacja

    This research aims to determine the mechanical, chemical, and physical properties of old concrete used in the former Leipziger Palace in Wrocław, Poland. The cylindrical specimens were taken from the basement concrete walls using a concrete core borehole diamond drill machine. The determination of the durability and strength of old concrete was based on specified chosen properties of the old concrete obtained through the following...

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  • Chemical and Mechanical Properties of 70-Year-Old Concrete

    The aim of this research is to determine the durability and strength of concrete continuous footing based on the chosen mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of the concrete. The presented investigations constitute some opinions from experts on the bearing capacity of concrete continuous footing and the possibilities of carrying additional loads and extended working life. The cylindrical specimens were taken from continuous...

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  • Experimental Study of the Resistance to Influence of Aggressive Liquids on Lightweight Concrete

    Publikacja

    In light of the scientific research, the corrosion of concrete structures is one of the main problems that may reduce their durability due to the negative impact of the natural environment. The paper analyzes the influence of the type of component on the selected properties of lightweight concrete subjected to the influence of aggressive liquids. Four concrete mixes were prepared with a granular aggregate made of foamed glass (GEGA)...

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  • An experimental study of self-sensing concrete enhanced with multi-wall carbon nanotubes in wedge splitting test and DIC

    Publikacja

    - CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS - Rok 2020

    Concrete is the worldwide most utilized construction material because of its very good performance, forming ability, long-term durability, and low costs. Concrete is a brittle material prone to cracking. Extensive cracking may impact durability and performance over time considerably. The addition of a small amount of carbon nanotubes (CNT) increases the concrete’s overall electrical conductivity, enabling internal structure...

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  • Machine Learning Techniques in Concrete Mix Design

    Concrete mix design is a complex and multistage process in which we try to find the best composition of ingredients to create good performing concrete. In contemporary literature, as well as in state-of-the-art corporate practice, there are some methods of concrete mix design, from which the most popular are methods derived from The Three Equation Method. One of the most important features of concrete is compressive strength, which...

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  • Chemical, Physical, and Mechanical Properties of 95-Year-Old Concrete Built-In Arch Bridge

    This research aimed to determine the durability and strength of an old concrete built-in arch bridge based on selected mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of the concrete. The bridge was erected in 1925 and is located in Jagodnik (northern Poland). Cylindrical specimens were taken from the side ribs connected to the top plate using a concrete core borehole diamond drill machine. The properties of the old concrete were...

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  • Point cloud based surface analysis of prestressed concrete element in exceeded state of serviceability

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2017

    By definition, serviceability state is characterized by the fact that despite meeting the requirements associated with carrying capacity, the object is not suitable for use. Serviceability limit state refers to factors, such as durability, overall stability, fire resistance, cracking, excessive vibration. Perfect examples of exceeded serviceability state are the improper vibration of a skyscraper, which inhabitants may suffer from...

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  • Artur Piekarczuk dr hab. inż. prof. ITB

    Osoby

    My professional activity includes issues related to the examination and evaluation of construction products and the preparation of academic, technical and expert opinions on building construction structures as well as scientific articles in the field of buildings. My interests were focused on the use of modern methods of numerical analysis in research and expert works. I am currently the Manager of the Durability Testing Laboratory...

  • Predicting Performance of Lightweight Concrete with Granulated Expanded Glass and Ash Aggregate by Means of Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Publikacja

    Lightweight concrete (LWC) is a group of cement composites of the defined physical, mechanical, and chemical performance. The methods of designing the composition of LWC with the assumed density and compressive strength are used most commonly. The purpose of using LWC is the reduction of the structure’s weight, as well as the reduction of thermal conductivity index. The highest possible strength, durability and low thermal conductivity...

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  • Lightweight structures in architecture: scenarios for the future

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2016

    Lightweight structures - structures with a reduced weight, which otherwise retain the qualities necessary for the building performance, ensuring a proper durability and strength, safety, indoor environmental quality and energy efficiency; stuctures which strive for the optimization of structural systems - are in tune with current trends and socio-economic, environmental and technological factors. The growing interest in the lightweight...

  • Methods of estimating the cost of traffic safety equipment’s life cycle

    n the article, the authors discuss the preliminary information necessary to determine the scope and direction of further research conducted within the project called “The influence of time and operating conditions on the durability and functionality of road safety elements”. The main objective of the project is to develop the concept of a method for optimizing the life cycle costs of road safety devices. The authors draw attention...

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  • Dome over the Gdynia seaport building

    The paper presents the description of structure and the selected problems of the technical condition, as well as the strength analysis of the thin-walled reinforced concrete shell which has been making a covering of the main hall of the Gdynia Seaport Building through the last 80 years. The rectangle projection of four single curvature shells of the dome was shaped out of mutual perpendicular intersection of two cylindrical shells. The...

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  • Pavement ageing influence on tyre/road noise

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2017

    Road surface should be constructed in a way that ensures safe and comfortable traffic conditions, not only when it is newly paved but also during its entire lifetime. An important factor in the asphalt mixture design process is also the expected pavement durability and stability of pavement properties over time. In many countries, road surface starts to play a significant role in traffic noise reduction actions. Selecting a particular...

  • OCENA NOŚNOŚCI STAREGO MOSTU ŁUKOWEGO W JAGODNIKU

    Publikacja

    Artykuł opisuje przeprowadzoną analizę statyczno-wytrzymałościowa 95-letniego betonowego mostu łukowego zlokalizowanego w Jagodniku w północnej Polsce. Trwałość i wytrzymałość starego betonu są określane na podstawie wybranych właściwości mechanicznych, fizycznych i chemicznych. Program badań laboratoryjnych składał się z następującego zestawu badań: pomiary głębokości strefy skarbonatyzowanej i gęstości w stanie suchym, badania...

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  • The potential of raw sewage sludge in construction industry – A review

    Excess sewage sludge produced in any municipal or industrial wastewater treatment plant becomes a serious problem due to its increasing amount. This increase is related to the improvement of treatment technologies, expansion of sewage systems and the development of new industrial plants. The implementation and development of new technologies related to the utilization of sewage sludge is currently based on treating it as a substrate....

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  • Influence of Selected Warm Mix Asphalt Additives on Cracking Susceptibility of Asphalt Mixtures

    Publikacja

    Warm mix asphalt (WMA) has been widely accepted as a future asphalt paving technology. Besides clear advantages, there are still some concerns regarding durability and long-term performance of pavements made with this type of asphalt mixtures. One of the most important issues is low temperature behaviour of WMA because certain additives used for temperature reduction can aect bitumen properties. This paper presents the evaluation...

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  • The best porous asphalt pavement in Sweden so far

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2014

    In 2010 a double-layer porous asphalt concrete (DPAC) pavement was constructed in various versions on the E4 motorway through the Swedish city Huskvarna. As a result of a court decision the Swedish Transport Administration had to reduce noise emission by applying a low noise road surface that would reduce A-weighted noise levels by 5 dB, as an average. Earlier experience in Sweden indicated that it was possible to obtain a high...

  • Acoustic lifecycle study of the double-layer porous asphalt on E4 in Huskvarna, Sweden

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2018

    In 2010 a double-layer porous asphalt concrete (DPAC) pavement was constructed on the E4 motorway through the Swedish city Huskvarna. Earlier experience in Sweden indicated that it was feasible to obtain a high initial noise reduction but due to the widespread use of studded tires in winter, clogging and ravelling created losses of around 2 dB per year, with an expected acoustical lifetime of only 3 years. However, the improved...

  • Tyre/road noise reduction by a poroelastic road surface

    Publikacja

    Low noise road surfaces of existing types may in favourable cases and in new conditions provide up to 7 dB of noise reduction. For higher noise reductions, innovative solutions must be sought. Poroelastic road surfaces (PERS) may be such a solution, which currently is studied in the EU project PERSUADE. This paper presents results of trials with a PERS version prefabricated by one of the project partners. Tests were made in a laboratory...

  • Diagnostyka ultradźwiękowa mostowej belki prefabrykowanej typu T metodą młoteczkową

    Zastosowanie prefabrykacji w budowie obiektów mostowych pozwala optymalizować zużycie energii i materiałów i tym samym redukować koszty budowanego obiektu. Prefabrykowane belki sprężone mogą występować jako elementy kablobetonowe wykonywane bezpośrednio na placu budowy lub powstawać w zakładzie prefabrykacji jako elementy strunobetonowe. Elementy prefabrykowane wytwarzane w warunkach przemysłowych muszą spełniać wymagania wysokiej trwałości,...

  • Poroelastic Road Surfaces - State of The Art

    Publikacja

    Poroelastic Road Surfaces (PERS) constitute a specific group of pavements containing a great amount of crumbled rubber. In most cases rubber aggregate constitutes about 20% of the mixture (by weight) and a polyurethane resin is used as a binder. As a result, PERS is characterized by a much higher elasticity than asphalt and a high porosity typical for drainage pavements. Due to this, tire/road noise is greatly reduced and on top...

  • The rigid and flexible road pavements in terms of life cycle costs

    The cost of road pavement construction, its durability and reliability depends on many factors, including: the scope and detail of the technical design, quality of work but also the scope of works related to its maintenance, conservation and operation. Determining the amount of rational expenses, in terms of the life cycle cost of the pavement, requires determination and consideration of the above issues, already at the planning...

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  • Concrete Compressive Strength Under Changing Environmental Conditions During Placement Processes

    Publikacja

    The technological process of concrete production consists of several parts, including concrete mix design, concrete mix production, transportation of fresh concrete mix to a construction site, placement in concrete framework, and curing. Proper execution of these steps provides good quality concrete. Some factors can disturb the technological process, mainly temperature and excessive precipitation. Changing daily temperature and...

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  • Deterioration and Protection of Concrete Elements Embedded in Contaminated Soil: A Review

    Publikacja

    - Materials - Rok 2021

    Coating materials are considered one of the most antique materials of human civilization; they have been used for decoration and the protection of surfaces for millennia. Concrete structures—due to their permanent exposure to different types of environments and contaminants—require the use of coatings that contribute to its preservation by reducing the corrosion of its components (steel and aggregates). This article intends to...

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