Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: DIKE CONSTRUCTION
Geotechnical Aspects of Dike Construction Using Soil-Ash CompositesPublikacja
An analysis of using of anthropogenic materials, mainly ashes from Coal Combustion Products (CCP), for dike construction is shown. Perspectives of anthropogenic materials application in geotechnical engineering and their advantages in sense of the carbon dioxide reduction are discussed. According to regulations of Kioto Protocol 2005 and EU agreement “Energy Roadmap 2050” recycled materials have higher usage priority than natural...
NEW EXPERIENCES IN DIKE CONSTRUCTION WITH SOIL-ASH COMPOSITESAND FINE-GRAINED DREDGED MATERIALSPublikacja
The supporting structure inside a coastal dike is often made of dredged non-uniform sand with good compaction proper-ties. Due to the shortage of natural construction material for both coastal and river dikes and the surplus of different processed mate-rials, new experiments were made with sand-ash mixtures and fine-grained dredged materials to replace both dike core and dikecover materials resulting in economical, environmentally...
DredgDikes Dredged Materials in Dike Construction - Implementation in the SBR using Geosynthetics and Soil ImprovementProjekty
Projekt realizowany w Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Środowiska zgodnie z porozumieniem WTPB.02.01.00-56-012/10
Mechanical Properties of a Dike Formed from a Soil-ash CompositePublikacja
The paper presents the research results on application of composite soils for dike construction. The composite soil is produced by mixing bottom ash (by-product of energetics) with dredged material (sand) taken from the mouth of The Vistula river. The optimum composite for dike core was chosen with respect to mechanical parameters: high internal friction angle, good compaction and reduced hydraulic conductivity. The test dike was...
Stability analysis of a dike constructed of anthropogenic materialsPublikacja
Numerical analyses of stability are presented for a hypothetical dikes constructed of dredged materials and bottom ash, in varying proportions. The paper is related to the international research project DredgDikes, which focused on the use of anthropogenic materials in dikes construction and flood protection. The aim of this project was to investigate the possibility of using anthropogenic materials from rivers and sea dredging...
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF BOTTOM ASH – DREDGED MATERIAL MIXTURES IN LABORATORY TESTSPublikacja
Bottom ash from EC Gdańsk and dredged material taken from the mouth of The Vistula were mixed to form an engineering material used for dike construction. Mixtures with different bottom ash content were tested in laboratory to determine its basic physical and mechanical properties. The optimum bottom ash–dredged material mixture, built in the corps of the test dike, contains 70% of ash. The optimum bottom ash content in the mixture...
STABILITY OF THE INNER SLOPE OF THE POLISH DREDGDIKES RESEARCH DIKE AT STATIONARY FLOWPublikacja
For long duration of the flood the water table can appear on the slope with a problem of out-wash in the case of sand type dike. If the dike corps is covered with less permeable layer some additional push-off forces and shearing can rise in the cover. In both cases the micro stability of the inner slope should be considered at normative high water for homogeneous sand type dike or sand type dike with less permeable covers. The...
SUBSOIL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VISTULA RIVER DIKESPublikacja
The results of CPTU tests are used to determine the strength parameters of a dike subsoil. Stress state and stress history of the subsoil under the flood embankment was evaluated with CPTU and DMT tests. Normally consolidated soil was found under the central part of the dike, while the subsoil near the dike toe is found to be overconsolidated. Due to consolidation the undrained shear strength of the subsoil under the central part...
Numerical simulations of overflow experiments on a model dikePublikacja
Dike failure due to overtopping is one of the important factors, which should be considered in the dike designing process. Although the overflow is characterized by the relatively low risk of occurrence, in many cases dikes are totally destroyed or seriously damaged. An interesting phenomenon occurring during overflow is the trapping of air in pores of the unsaturated soil material. As the infiltration progresses from all sides,...
Overflowing tests at the Polish DredgDikes research dike – stability of the dike surface against erosionPublikacja
In the project DredgDikes the different research dike embankments were tested with respect to overflowing water induced erosion. Therefore, flumes were installed on the land side embankments in which the effect of overflowing water on the vegetated surface was investigated. On the Polish DredgDikes research dike near Gdansk, Poland, two parallel flumes were installed and the surface of the dike made of different mixtures of...
Numerical Simulations of Seepage in Dikes Using unsaturated and Two-Phase Flow ModelsPublikacja
Modeling of water flow in variably saturated porous media, including flood dikes, is often based on the Richards equation, which neglects the flow of pore air, assuming that it remains at constant atmospheric pressure. However, there is also evidence that the air flow can be important, especially when the connectivity between the pore air and atmospheric air is lost. In such cases a full two-phase air-water flow model should be...
Investigation on water infiltration and water content changes in a large-scale experimental test dikePublikacja
The paper presents result of series of experiments made within the DREDGDIKES project, performed on a test dike built from composite soil. The composite is produced by mixing fly ash (by-product of energetics) with dredged material (sand) taken from the mouth of The Vistula river. The test dike, located near Gdansk in Poland, was subjected to hydraulic load in several flooding time scenarios and the unsaturated unsteady flow was...
Simulations of air and water flow in a model dike during overflow experimentsPublikacja
Flow in flood dikes, earth dams, and embankments occurs in variably saturated conditions, with pores of the earth material filled partly with water and partly with air. In routine engineering analysis, the influence of pore air is neglected and the air pressure is assumed equal to atmospheric. In some circumstances, for example, during overtopping of the dike by water, the effect of pore air on water flow and stability of the structure...
Influence of the air phase on water flow in dikesPublikacja
Numerical models are often used to describe flow and deformation processes occurring in dikes during flood events. Modeling of such phenomena is a challenging task, due to the complexity of the system, consisting of three material phases: soil skeleton, pore water and pore air. Additional difficulties are transient loading caused by variable in time water levels, heterogeneity of the soil or air...
Solution of the dike-break problem using finite volume method and splitting techniquePublikacja
In the paper the finite volume method (FVM) is presented for the solution of two-dimensional shallow water equations. These equations are frequently used to simulate the dam-break and dike-break induced flows. The applied numerical algorithm of FVM is based on the wave-propagation algorithm which ensures a stable solution and simultaneously minimizes the numerical errors. The dimensional decomposition according to the coordinate...