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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: DISPLACEMENT DISTRIBUTION

Distribution of the displacement sequence of an orientation preserving circle homeomorphism
PublikacjaIn some applications not only the knowledge of the behaviour of trajectories of a map is important, but also their displacements. We describe in detail the distribution of elements of the displacement sequence along a trajectory of an orientation preserving circle homeomorphism ϕ with irrational rotation number ϱ(ϕ). The values of displacement are dense in a set which depends on the map γ (semi)conjugating ϕ with the rotation...

Analiza przemieszczeń przyczółka mostu posadowionego bezpośrednio w osłonie ścianki szczelnej
PublikacjaWpływ osłony ze ścianki szczelnej wykonanej wokół fundamentu bezpośredniego na przemieszczenia przyczółka i rozkład naprężeń w podłożu gruntowym.

Identification of residual force in static load tests on instrumented screw displacement piles
PublikacjaOccurrence of the socalled residual force of an unknown value significantly disturbs interpretation of static load tests performed on piles equipped with additional measuring instruments. Screw displacement piles are the piling technology in which the residual force phenomenon is very common. Its formation mechanism is closely related to the installation method of this type of piles, which initiates generation of negative pile...

Propagation in rectangular waveguides with a pseudochiral Ω slab
PublikacjaThe transfer matrix approach is applied for analysis of waveguides loaded with a uniaxial pseudochiral Ω slab. In particular a pseudochiral parallel plate and rectangular guides are investigated. Based on the numerical analysis the influence of the pseudochirality on propagation characteristics and field distribution are examined. Other feature such as a field displacement phenomenon appearing in the both considered structures...

Usage of concentrated spectrogram for analysis of acoustical signals
PublikacjaA novel precise method of signal analysis in the timefrequency domain is presented. A signal energy distribution is estimated by discard and displacement of energy parts of the classical spectrogram. A channelized instantaneous frequency and a local group delay are used in order to energy replacement. Additionally, newly introduced representations such as: a channelized instantaneous bandwidth and a local group duration are used...

A novel method of timefrequency analysis: an essential spectrogram
PublikacjaA novel precise method of timefrequency analysis is presented. In the algorithm, a new energy distribution is estimated by simultaneously discard or displacement of the classical spec trogram energy. A channelized instantaneous frequency and a local group delay are used in order to replacement in the same manner as formulated by Kodera et al. [1, 2]. Additionally, new representations: a channelized instantaneous bandwidth and...

Drilling couples and refined constitutive equations in the resultant geometrically nonlinear theory of elastic shells
PublikacjaIt is well known that distribution of displacements through the shell thickness is nonlinear, in general. We introduce a modified polar decomposition of shell deformation gradient and a vector of deviation from the linear displacement distribution. When strains are assumed to be small, this allows one to propose an explicit definition of the drilling couples which is proportional to tangential components of the deviation vector....

Retrievable strain measuring system in screw displacement piles  readings and results interpretation problems
PublikacjaStatic load tests on foundation piles are generally carried out in order to determine load – displacement characteristic of the pile. For more detailed information, e.g. force distribution along the shaft, load transfer mechanism and characteristics of soilstructure interaction (unit resistance curves tz, qz) additional pile instrumentation is required. Most popular techniques focus on direct concrete strain measurements and...

On the interspikeintervals of periodicallydriven integrateandfire models
PublikacjaWe analyze properties of the firing map, which iterations give information about consecutive spikes, for periodically driven linear integrateandfire models. By considering locally integrable (thus in general not continuous) input functions, we generalize some results of other authors. In particular, we prove theorems concerning continuous dependence of the firing map on the input in suitable function spaces. Using mathematical...

Formation and Growth of the Crack in Bonded Joints Under Mode I Fracture: Substrate Deflection at Crack Vicinity
PublikacjaAdhesive bonding is now commonly used in aircraft, cars, boats, etc. In these applications, thin panels are often bonded. In such thin structures, heterogeneous mechanical loading along the bondline edge (or potential crack front), is likely to arise due to 3D structural effects. The crack front and its vicinity is a special region, in that it is where structural properties of the adherend material meet those of the adhesive (discontinuity)....

Analysis of InterspikeIntervals for the General Class of IntegrateandFire Models with Periodic Drive
PublikacjaWe study onedimensional integrateandfire models of the general type x˙=F (t, x) and analyze properties of the firing map which iterations recover consecutive spike timings. We impose very week constraints for the regularity of the function F (t, x), e.g. often it suffices to assume that F is continuous. If additionally F is periodic in t, using mathematical study of the displacement sequence of an orientation preserving circle...

Pile Model Tests Using Strain Gauge Technology
PublikacjaOrdinary pile bearing capacity tests are usually carried out to determine the relationship between load and displacement of pile head. The measurement system required in such tests consists of force transducer and three or four displacement gauges. The whole system is installed at the pile head above the ground level. This approach, however, does not give us complete information about the pilesoil interaction. We can only determine...

Incorporating installation effects into the probability analysis of controlled modulus columns
PublikacjaThis technical report presents the probabilistic analysis which integrates the Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) with random field theory to model the load–displacement behavior of Controlled Modulus Columns (CMCs) in overconsolidated Poznań clay. Presented study focuses on the practical aspects of statistical analysis of geotechnical data, numerical model development, and results evaluation. Variability and spatial distribution of...

Mesoscopic simulations of crack propagation in concrete using cohesive elements
PublikacjaThe paper presents results of twoand threedimensional mesoscale simulations of fracture in notched concrete beams subjected to threepoint bending test. Concrete was assumed as a 3phase material composed of aggregate grains placed in the cement matrix with Interfacial Transitional Zones (ITZs) between then. In 2D simulations macrovoids were also taken into account. The particle distribution was taken from real concrete beams...

Changes of Conformation in Albumin with Temperature by Molecular Dynamics Simulations
PublikacjaThis work presents the analysis of the conformation of albumin in the temperature range of 300K – 312K, i.e., in the physiological range. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we calculate values of the backbone and dihedral angles for this molecule. We analyze the global dynamic properties of albumin treated as a chain. In this range of temperature, we study parameters of the molecule and the conformational entropy derived from...

Process zone in the Single Cantilever Beam under transverse loading.  Part II: Experimental
PublikacjaThis paper describes an experimental arrangement to evaluate stress/strain fields in the process zone of asymmetric adhesively bonded joints. A transparent polycarbonate flexible beam was bonded to an aluminium alloy rigid block with an epoxy adhesive in a Single Cantilever Beam (SCB) configuration. The flexible adherend was loaded in the direction parallel to the initial crack front at constant rate. To monitor strains induced...

Twodimensional simulations of concrete fracture at aggregate level with cohesive elements based on Xray lCT images
PublikacjaThe paper presents results of twodimensional mesoscale simulations of fracture in notched concrete beams subjected to threepoint bending test. Concrete was assumed as a 4phase material composed of aggregate grains placed in the cement matrix, interfacial transitional zones (ITZs) and macrovoids. The particle distribution was taken from real concrete beams on the basis of Xray lCT images. Comprehensive numerical analyses were carried...

Magnetic flux leakage signals of near side defects measured with different velocities
Dane BadawczeThe dataset contains raw signals measured with the use of the magnetic flux leakage (MFL) technique. Linear Hall effect sensors A1324 were used to measure magnetic flux leakage. Three voltage signals were measured: Bx sensor output, Bz1 sensor output, and difference of Bz1 and Bz2 outputs. An output of a Bx sensor was directly proportional to the tangential...

Magnetic flux leakage signals of far side defects measured with different velocities
Dane BadawczeThe dataset contains raw signals measured with the use of the magnetic flux leakage (MFL) technique. Linear Hall effect sensors A1324 were used to measure magnetic flux leakage. Three voltage signals were measured: Bx sensor output, Bz1 sensor output, and difference of Bz1 and Bz2 outputs. An output of a Bx sensor was directly proportional to the tangential...

Metodyka badań rozwojowych nowego typu silników i pomp satelitowych
PublikacjaResearch and development of new type satellite motors and satellite pumps SM with small geometrical displacement, from 5 to 73 cm3/rev, has been conducted in cooperation with Stosowanie Maszyn company from Katowice (manufacturer of motors and pump SM). The improvement of construction of those machines, especially construction of axial compensation and construction of fluid distribution channels have been the main problem of research...

Technical diagnostics and monitoring of traction current collectors
PublikacjaNew evaluation methods of the technical condition of rolling stock current collectors are proposed in this paper. The method of automatic measurement of the pantograph static force characteristic, realized when the vehicle runs through the test section of the track with especially prepared overhead line height distribution, has been practically implemented by the Polish Railways. The method of testing the slipper spring suspension...

Optical flow method for measuring deformation of soil specimen subjected to torsional shearing
PublikacjaIn this study optical flow method was used for soil small deformation measurement in laboratory tests. The main objective was to observe how the deformation distributes along the whole height of cylindrical soil specimen subjected to torsional shearing (TS test). The experiments were conducted on dry noncohesive soil specimens under two values of isotropic pressure. Specimens were loaded with lowamplitude cyclic torque to analyze...

Thinwalled frames and grids  statics and dynamics
PublikacjaFrames and grids assembled with thinwalled beams of open crosssection are widely applied in various civil engineering and vehicle or machine structures. Static and dynamic analysis of theses structures may be carried out by means of different models, startingfrom the classical models made of beam elements undergoing the Kirchhoff assumptions to the FE discretization of whole frame into plane elements. The former model is very...

Experimental Investigations of Fracture Process Using DIC in Plain and Reinforced Concrete Beams under Bending
PublikacjaThe fracture behaviour of concrete and reinforced concrete beams under quasistatic threepoint bending was comprehensively investigated with experiments at laboratory scale. The eight various concrete mixes were tested. The influence of the shape, volume and size of aggregate particles and reinforcement on concrete fracture under bending was studied. Displacements on the surface of concrete beams were measured by means of the...

Molecular hydrogen solvated in water – A computational study
PublikacjaThe aqueous hydrogen molecule is studied with molecular dynamics simulations at ambient temperature and pressure conditions, using a newly developed flexible and polarizable H2 molecule model. The design and implementation of this model, compatible with an existing flexible and polarizable force field for water, is presented in detail. The structure of the hydration layer suggests that firstshell water molecules accommodate the...

High Dynamic Range Microwave Displacement and Rotation Sensors Based on the Phase of Transmission in Groove Gap Waveguide Technology
PublikacjaThis research is focused on the design and realization of displacement sensors in gap waveguide technology. It is shown that with a small but fundamental change in the structure of a conventional gap waveguide, a linear displacement can be sensed. To this end, a unique feature of gap waveguides, i.e. the fact that no electrical connection between the top and bottom parts of the gap waveguide is required, is used. It is further shown...

Research of hydrotronic variable displacement radial piston pump with electro pneumatic control
PublikacjaThe paper presents the developed new electropneumatic control (pneumotronic) system for hydraulic fixeddisplacement radial piston pump. Hydraulic fixeddisplacement radial piston pump equipped with the proposed control system changes into hydrotronic variabledisplacement radial piston pump. Pump flow rate control is realized by means of programmable logic controller, electropneumatic valves, pneumatic cylinders and a sensor.

Fracture of aluminium joints bonded with epoxy adhesive reinforced by mmt nanoparticles
PublikacjaCrack propagation behavior was studied for aluminium/aluminum adhesive joints bonded with two epoxy adhesives: pure and reinforced with clay nanoparticles. The focus was also on the novel use of the constant displacement rate test to study adhesion/adhesives efficiency. The epoxy systems studied were: Epidian E6 produced from bisphenol A and epichlorohydrin, (''Organika Sarzyna'' Poland); pure or strengthened with montmorillonit...

Fiber optic displacement sensor with signal analysis in spectral domain
PublikacjaIn this paper, a study of a lowcoherence fiber optic displacement sensor is presented. The sensor consisted of a broadband source whose central wavelength was either at 1310 nm or 1550 nm, a sensing FabryPérot interferometer operating in reflective mode and an optical spectrum analyzer acting as the detection setup. All these components were connected by a singlemode fiber coupler. Metrological parameters of the sensor were...

DETERMINATION OF VERTICAL DISPLACEMENTS IN RELATIVE MONITORING NETWORKS
PublikacjaThe problem of determining displacements of objects is an important and current issue, in particular in terms of operational safety. This is a requirement that covers geodetic, periodic control measurements in order to determine horizontal and vertical displacements. The paper is focused on the analysis of vertical displacements. Geodetic measurements and their interpretation allow to reduce the risk of possible structural catastrophes....

Displacement control in PWKtype pumps
PublikacjaThe most important, strategic goal however is creation of the variable displacement version of the new pump PWK. Thanks to full discharge of it's commutation mechanism from hydrostatic forces the variable pump can be directly controlled by lowenergy actuator like proportional electromagnet or stepping motor. It means that costly and complicated hydraulic servomechanism (applied in all present variable displacement pumps) is no...

Corrugated Sheeting as a Member of a Shear Panel Under Repeated Load—Experimental Test
PublikacjaIn stressedskin design, the cladding stiffening effect on structures is taken into account. However, the “traditional” design is more usual, wherein this effect is neglected. Even if the diaphragm actions are not regarded, in particular cases such as big sheds (and others), the parasitic (unwanted) stressedskin action may occur with the result of leakage or even failure. The structures of this kind have already been built. Thus,...

Experimental Research of an Axial Piston Pump with Displaced Swash Plate Axis of Rotation
PublikacjaThe article describes the influence of displacement of the swash plate rotation axis on the efficiency of axial piston pumps. The dead space volume was defined as the volume of the working chamber in the extreme position of the piston at the end of the pumping phase and its variability was determined as a function of the position of the axis of rotation of the swash plate and the swing angle of swash plate. The influence of swash...

Displacement piles  classification and methods for the calculation of bearing capacity.
PublikacjaDisplacement piles belong to a group of technologies whose main idea is to install or make a pile without extracting ground material. According to definition, contained in PNEN:19971:2008, displacement piles should be considered as driven, pressed in using vibrators and made with the use of spread augers. The classification of piles used so far with regard to the technology of execution is modified. An additional element is the...

Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Bracket Strengthening
PublikacjaThe aim of the research is laboratory investigation of aluminium brackets employed to fasten lightweight curtain walls to building facilities. Tensile loads perpendicular to end plates (vertical) were applied here. The author focused on the solutions intended to increase the loadcarrying capacity of aluminium brackets applying the plain washer form A (DIN 125; ISO 7089), plain washer with an outer diameter about 3d (DIN 9021;...

Energy Loss Coefficients ki in a Displacement Pump and Hydraulic Motor used in Hydrostatic Drives
PublikacjaThe article aims at defining and analysing the energy loss coefficients in design solutions of rotating displacement machines, with a piston machine as an example. The energy losses observed in these machines include mechanical loss, volumetric loss, and pressure loss. The scale and relations between these losses in different machines depend on machine design and manufacturing quality, and on operating parameters. The operating...

Displacement Sensors Based on the Phase of the Reflection Coefficient of a Split Ring Resonator Loaded Transmission Line
Publikacja— In this paper, novel displacement sensors using a microstrip loaded with a pair of split ring resonators (SRRs) are proposed. It is shown that the phase of the reflection coefficient from the loading SRRs can be used for displacement sensing. The paper also proposes a differential version of the sensor that benefits from a higher sensitivity and reference zero, which is useful for alignment purposes. It is further shown that...

Predicting the peak structural displacement preventing pounding of buildings during earthquakes
PublikacjaThe aim of the present paper is to verify the effectiveness of the artificial neural network (ANN) in predicting the peak lateral displacement of multistory building during earthquakes, based on the peak ground acceleration (PGA) and building parameters. For the purpose of the study, the lumpedmass multidegreeoffreedom structural model and different earthquake records have been considered. Firstly, values of stories mass and...

The sensitiveness of the speed of pile displacement to speed variations of hammer in beating down process
PublikacjaIn this paper there is presented dynamical system described speed of pile displacement during beating down process. Its response is determined by using Heaviside operator. There is introduced the convergence with regulator in partially ordered space. There is given an answer to the question, whetdisplacement is sensitive to hammer's speed variations.

Compensation of pressure peaks in pwktype hydraulic pumps
Publikacjahydraulic axial pumps equipped with camdriven commutation unit (pwk pumps) proved their high efficiency up to 55 mpa and ability to work selfsucking, even at high speed. displacement of pwk pump may easily be changed by moving its control cam. full discharge from hydrostatic forces makes such control possible by direct action of a lowenergy actuator like proportional electromagnet or stepping motor. that eliminates heavy and...

Experimental study on steel columns subjected to impact load under earthquake conditions
PublikacjaEarthquakes affecting urbanized regions cause exceptional loads to load bearing structural elements such as columns. Such a boost in the load conditions can lead to severe damages which, in a worst case scenario, can lead to a total collapse of a building. This boost is caused by the horizontal ground movement generating a rise in the internal forces due to considerable large displacement between the top and bottom support of columns....

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE OPTIMAL CHOICE OF AN IMPLANT AND ITS ORIENTATION IN VENTRAL HERNIA REPAIR
PublikacjaThis paper addresses the problem of ventral hernia repair. The main goals are to find an optimal surgical mesh for hernia repair and to define its optimal orientation in the abdominal wall to minimise the maximum force at the tissueimplant juncture. The optimal mesh is chosen from a set of orthotropic meshes with different stiffness ratios for typical hernia placement in the abdominal area. The implant is subjected to an anisotropic...

Lamb wavebased monitoring of shear failure of an adhesive lap joint
PublikacjaThe paper presents a study on the elastic wave propagation in adhesive joints of steel plates subjected to tensile loading. A single lap joint was chosen for analysis because of its simplicity and plurality of applications. Experimental investigations consisted of the uniaxial extension of prepared specimens. Force and displacement values were recorded by a testing machine. Simultaneously, guided Lamb waves were excited and signals...

Extended Newmark method to assess stability of slope under bidirectional seismic loading
PublikacjaThe paper concerns the dynamic behavior of a simple slope model subjected to simultaneous horizontal and vertical excitations. The proposed method is based on Newmark’s sliding block concept, however, four new features are introduced. The most important assumption is that the normal component of dynamic excitations affects the resisting force both before and after the initiation of the relative slope motion, making it timedependent....

Excavation induced cast iron pipeline failure – a numerical study
PublikacjaNumerical study on impact of an unsecured excavation on an underground pipeline. Analysis focused on investigation of pipeline displacement generated by soil movement caused by excavation and heavy traffic. Numerical calculations and soil parameter sensitivity analysis based on Finite Element Method. Some comparisons of results with reallife failure cases.

Applications of Alkanethiols in Organic Synthesis
PublikacjaThis manuscript is an update to the earlier Science of Synthesis contribution describing methods for the synthesis of alkanethiols. Thiols can be converted into sulfonic, sulfinic, sulfenic acid and their derivatives, sulfides, disulfides, polysulfides, sulfonium salts, and thiiranes, etc. These transformations are accomplished by nucleophilic displacement or addition, oxidation, condensation, or coupling reactions involving thiol...

Integrateandfire models with an almost periodic input function
PublikacjaWe investigate leaky integrateandfire models (LIF models for short) driven by Stepanov and μalmost periodic functions. Special attention is paid to the properties of the firing map and its displacement, which give information about the spiking behavior of the considered system. We provide conditions under which such maps are welldefined and are uniformly continuous. We show that the LIF models with Stepanov almost periodic...

Determination of vertical displacements by using the hydrostatic levelling systems with the variable location of the reference sensor,
PublikacjaAbstract: In this paper, the author proposed a new method for determination of vertical displacements with the use of hydrostatic levelling systems. The traditional method of hydrostatic levelling uses a rule in which a position of reference sensor is stable. This assumption was not adapted in the proposed method. Regarding the issue mentioned above, the reference sensor is treated in the same way as the others sensors that measure...

Influence of Fluid Compressibility and Movements of the Swash Plate Axis of Rotation on the Volumetric Efficiency of Axial Piston Pumps
PublikacjaThis paper describes the design of a swash plate axial piston pump and the theoretical models describing the bulk modulus of aerated and nonaerated fluids. The dead space volume is defined and the influence of this volume and the fluid compressibility on the volumetric efficiency of the pump is considered. A displacement of the swash plate rotation axis is proposed to reduce the dead space volume for small swash plate swing angles....

Analysis of graphene multistrip planar guiding structures with the use of spectral domain approach
PublikacjaSpectral domain approach is modified and used to analyze some simple structures containing graphene strips. The modification is simple and concerns the Green’s function only. Moreover, the method is combined with the recently published root finding algorithms, which significantly improve the efficiency of the analysis. The results obtained for a simple guiding structure is verified and the field displacement effect is confirmed.