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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: PIPELINE OPTIMIZATION

Multicriteria Optimization Approach to Design and Operation of District Heating Supply System over its Life Cycle
PublikacjaDistrict Heating (DH) systems are commonly supplied using local heat sources. Nowadays, modern insulation materials allow for effective and economically viable heat transportation over long distances (over 20 km). In the paper a method for optimized selection of design and operating parameters of long distance Heat Transportation System (HTS) is proposed. The method allows for evaluation of feasibility and effectivity of heat transportation...

Decision support system for design of long distance heat transportation system
PublikacjaDistrict Heating (DH) systems are commonly supplied using local heat sources. Nowadays, modern insulation materials allow for effective and economically viable heat transportation over long distances (over 20 km). The paper proposes a Decision Support System (DSS) for optimized selection of design and operating parameters of a long distance Heat Transportation System (HTS). The method allows for evaluation of feasibility and effectiveness...

Frequency Guided Generalized Adaptive Notch Filtering  Tracking Analysis and Optimization
PublikacjaGeneralized adaptive notch filters (GANFs) are estimators of coefficients of quasiperiodically timevarying systems, encountered e.g., in RF applications when Doppler effect takes place. Current state of the art GANFs can deliver highly accurate estimates of system variations’ frequency, but underperform in terms of accuracy of system coefficient estimates. The paper proposes a novel multistage GANF with improved coefficient...

Depth Images Filtering In Distributed Streaming
PublikacjaIn this paper, we propose a distributed system for point cloud processing and transferring them via computer network regarding to effectivenessrelated requirements. We discuss the comparison of point cloud filters focusing on their usage for streaming optimization. For the filtering step of the stream pipeline processing we evaluate four filters: Voxel Grid, Radial Outliner Remover, Statistical Outlier Removal and Pass Through....

Efektywność przewodowego transportu paliw gazowych. Część 1
PublikacjaW pracy przeprowadzono badanie możliwości podwyższenia efektywności transportu rurociągowego gazu ziemnego. Przeanalizowano różnorodne aspekty z zakresu procedur projektowania. Zaproponowano modele określania kosztów kapitałowych (inwestycyjnych) i kosztów zmiennych. Określono równania jednostkowych kosztów całkowitych (rocznych), które poddano „quasioptymalizacji”, w celu wyznaczenia średnic racjonalnych dla gazociągów.

Efektywność przewodowego transportu paliw gazowych. Część 2
PublikacjaW pracy przeprowadzono badanie możliwości podwyższenia efektywności transportu rurociągowego gazu ziemnego. Przeanalizowano różnorodne aspekty z zakresu procedur projektowania. Zaproponowano modele określania kosztów kapitałowych (inwestycyjnych) i kosztów zmiennych. Określono równania jednostkowych kosztów całkowitych (rocznych), które poddano „quasioptymalizacji”, w celu wyznaczenia średnic racjonalnych dla gazociągów.

DEPTH IMAGES FILTERING IN DISTRIBUTED STREAMING
PublikacjaIn this paper we discuss the comparison of point cloud filters focusing on their applicability for streaming optimization. For the filtering stage within a stream pipeline processing we evaluate three filters: Voxel Grid, Pass Through and Statistical Outlier Removal. For the filters we perform series of the tests aiming at evaluation of changes of point cloud size and transmitting frequency (various fps ratio). We propose a distributed...

Designing control strategies of aeration system in biological WWTP
PublikacjaThe paper presents the complete design processes of a novel aeration control systems in the SBR (Sequencing Batch Reactor) wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Due to large energy expense and high influence on biological processes, the aeration system plays a key role in WWTP operation. The paper considers the aeration system for a biological WWTP located in the northeast of Poland. This system consists of blowers, the main collector...

Pipeline System for Heat Transportation from Nuclear Power Plant – an Optimizing Approach
PublikacjaOver the last few years heat piping insulation technology and pump systems efficiency have been significantly improved. Reduced thermal losses encourage heat transportation over long distances. It provides an opportunity for increasing thermodynamic efficiency of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) that are often located in rural areas because of safety issues. It can be achieved by Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation, as heat produced...

FEM Calculations in Analysis of Steel Subsea Water Injection Flowlines Designing Process
PublikacjaPaper describes the result of theoretical research aimed at assessing the loads and operating conditions of a Coiled Tubing pipeline injecting water, suspended to the mining platform of Lotos Petrobaltic. For this purpose, appropriate calculation models have been developed using the Finite Element Method (FEM), taking into account the nature of the analyzed object and its loads. The analyzes were carried out for two pipes (previously...

Excavation induced cast iron pipeline failure – a numerical study
PublikacjaNumerical study on impact of an unsecured excavation on an underground pipeline. Analysis focused on investigation of pipeline displacement generated by soil movement caused by excavation and heavy traffic. Numerical calculations and soil parameter sensitivity analysis based on Finite Element Method. Some comparisons of results with reallife failure cases.

Impact of an unsecured excavation on an underground pipeline
PublikacjaThe paper presents a numerical analysis of the impact of an unsecured excavation on an underground pipeline in selected soil conditions. The research was inspired by a reallife failure of a water pipeline which was caused by a nearby unsecured excavation (Sikora et al. 2015). The failure was triggered by displacement of soil mass in the vicinity of the pipeline. The study conducted in the framework of Finite Element...

In Situ Verification of Numerical Model of Water Hammer in Slurries
PublikacjaThis paper presents a numerical model of transient flow in a pressure slurry pipeline network with verification based on in situ measurements. The model, primarily verified in laboratory conditions, has been extended and applied to the case of a large and complex slurry pipeline network in Poland. In the model, the equivalent density concept was applied. In situ experiments were performed for various unsteady flow episodes, caused by...

Electrolytic corrosion of water pipeline system in the remote distance from stray currents– case study
PublikacjaCase study of corrosion failure of urban water supply system caused by the harmful effects of stray currents was presented. The failure occurred at a site distant from the sources of these currents namely the tramway and railway traction systems. Diagnosis revealed the stray currents flow to pipeline over a remote distance of 800 ÷ 1,000 meters from the point of failure. At the point of failure stray currents flowed from the pipeline...

Analytical SteadyState Model of the Pipeline Flow Process
PublikacjaThe paper addresses the issue of modeling the flow process in transmission pipelines. A base model used for numerical simulation is introduced. Under certain assumptions concerning steady state analysis, the differential equations describing the process are solved analytically for two cases: zero and nonzero inclination angle α. These equations describe a constant flow rate and a corresponding distribution of the pressure along...

Comparison of soil models in the thermodynamic analysis of a submarine pipeline buried in seabed sediments
PublikacjaThis paper deals with mathematical modelling of a seabed layer in the thermodynamic analysis of a submarine pipeline buried in seabed sediments. The existing seabed soil models: a “soil ring” and a semiinfinite soil layer are discussed in a comparative analysis of the shape factor of a surrounding soil layer. The meaning of differences in the heat transfer coefficient of a soil layer is illustrated based on a computational example...

Reduction of Derivative pipeline effort in water turbine
PublikacjaThe paper presents an approach to evaluate and reduce the effort of the derivative pipeline in a water turbine of a hydrostatic power station in its vulnerable spots. Potential places of the biggest effort of the structure, as well as the coefficient of displacement and safety factor related to them were identified using FEM numerical method. Pipeline reinforcement was designed and made based on FEM analysis. Original technology...

Signal Processing in the Investigation of Twophase Liquidgas Flow by Gammaray Absorption
Publikacjan this paper, the use of the gammaabsorption method applied in the investigation of the twophase liquidgas flow in the pipeline is described. An example of its application to the air transported by water in a horizontal pipeline is evaluated. In the measurements, Am241 radioactive sources and probes with Nal (Tl) scintillation crystals have been used. The signals from the radiometric set were used to determine the velocity...

Underwater Wet Repair Welding of API 5L X65M Pipeline Steel
PublikacjaThis paper presents results of the research of effect of polymer insulation of pipeline made of API 5L X65M steel as well as underwater wet welding parameters on properties of joints made by covered electrodes. Effect of heat input on structure and hardness of joints during repair of underwater pipeline was analyzed. Welding defects like microcracks, microlacks of fusion, slag inclusions, as well as HAZ hardness increase over...

Measurement methods for assessing insulation condition of underground pipelines
PublikacjaThe paper discusses the most frequently applied measurement methods for assessing the quality of external insulation along pipelines and detecting defect locations in the protective coating. The quality of coating along a given pipeline section under investigation is assessed by determining unitary resistance of the coating, which is calculated on the basis of measurement results obtained along a pipeline subjected to cathodic...

Parallelization of video stream algorithms in kaskada platform
PublikacjaThe purpose of this work is to present different techniques of video stream algorithms parallelization provided by the Kaskada platform  a novel system working in a supercomputer environment designated for multimedia streams processing. Considered parallelization methods include framelevel concurrency, multithreading and pipeline processing. Execution performance was measured on four timeconsuming image recognition algorithms,...

Analytical ‘SteadyState’Based Derivation and Clarification of the CourantFriedrichsLewy Condition for Pipe Flow
PublikacjaThis article addresses the problem of choosing the optimal discretization grid for emulating fluid flow through a pipeline. The aggregated basic flow model is linearized near the operating point obtained from the steady state analytic solution of the differential equations under consideration. Based on this model, the relationship between the Courant number (μ) and the stability margin is examined. The numerically set coefficient...

Application of Shape Memory Alloys in Pipeline Couplings for Shipbuilding
PublikacjaThe aim of the study is to analyse shape memory alloy (SMA) pipeline joints in limited space applications for all kinds of ships. Generally, the space available in various areas on ships is strictly limited and service works usually meet many obstacles. If we consider a pipeline, the flange joints always require a larger free space around the pipe than the pipe alone. A simultaneous problem can occur with the propeller shaft line...

Improved model of isothermal and incompressible fluid flow in pipelines versus the Darcy–Weisbach equation and the issue of friction factor
PublikacjaIn this article, we consider the modelling of stationary incompressible and isothermal onedimensional fluid flow through a long pipeline. The approximation of the average pressure in the developed model by the arithmetic mean of inlet and outlet pressures leads to the known empirical Darcy–Weisbach equation. Most importantly, we also present another improved approach that is more accurate because the average pressure is estimated...

Pipelined TwoOperand Modular Adders
PublikacjaPipelined twooperand modular adder (TOMA) is one of basic components used in digital signal processing (DSP) systems that use the residue number system (RNS). Such modular adders are used in binary/residue and residue/binary converters, residue multipliers and scalers as well as within residue processing channels. The structure of pipelined TOMAs is usually obtained by inserting an appropriate number of pipeline register layers within...

Generalized Taylor formula and shell structures for the analysis of the interaction between geosythetics and engineering structures of transportation lines
PublikacjaThe analysis of the interaction between geosynthetics and engineering structures (e.g. railroad bed, soil foundation, pipeline) assumes that the geosynthetic form elastic membranes or shell laid on different types of foundations. The mathematical description of that problems in continuous domain employs Laplace operator Δ or d’Alembert operator □. In this paper we demonstrate the analysis based on generalize Taylor formula, and...

Time Delay Estimation in TwoPhase Flow Investigation Using the γRay Attenuation Technique.
PublikacjaTime delay estimation is an important research question having many applications in a range of technologies. Measurement of a twophase flow in a pipeline or an open channel using radioisotopes is an example of such application. For instance, the determination of velocity of dispersed phase in that case is based on estimation of the time delay between two stochastic signals provided by scintillation probes. The proper analysis...

Instantaneous complex frequency for pipeline pitch estimation
PublikacjaIn the paper a pipeline algorithm for estimating the pitch of speech signal is proposed. The algorithm uses instantaneous complex frequencies estimated for four waveforms obtained by filtering the original speech signal through four bandpass complex Hilbert filters. The imaginary parts of ICFs from each channel give four candidates for pitch estimates. The decision regarding the final estimate is made based on the real parts of...

Diagnostic Models and Estimators for LDI in Transmission Pipelines
PublikacjaThis article considers and compares four analytical models of the pipeline flow process for leak detection and location tasks. The synthesis of these models is briefly outlined. Next, the methodology for generating data and diagnosing pipes is described, as well as experimental settings, assumptions and implemented scenarios. Finally, the quality of modelbased diagnostic estimators has been evaluated for their bias, standard deviations...

FEM ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF RIGID RISER HANGING SYSTEM
PublikacjaThe article presents the analysis, project, and experimental examination of an original rigid riser for Coil Tubing Pipes. The principle of riser operation is based on the use of friction forces. The research included the FEM analysis of the designed riser, calculations of the required bolt tensions, and checking the effect of the clamping force on stress distribution in the pipeline. The results of computer simulation were verified...

Theoretical analysis of a new approach to order determination for a modified Prony method in swath mapping application
PublikacjaThis article presents a new approach to determine the model order (number of principal components) in the modified Prony method applied to swath acoustic mapping. Determination of the number of principal components is a crucial step in the modified Prony method. In the proposed approach the model order is chosen based on the underlying physical model of the underwater acoustic environment, and utilised signal processing operations....

Analysis and interpretation of radiometric signals in a liquidgas bubble flow
PublikacjaThe article presents the analysis of signals from a radiometric system consisting of two scintillation probes and two gamma radiation sealed sources. Calculations and interpretation were carried out for the bubble flow of the waterair mixture in the horizontal pipeline. The analysis of the obtained signals was done in time and frequency domain. In the frequency domain, a range of usable frequencies was identified, which were associated...

EVALUATION OF LIQUIDGAS FLOW IN PIPELINE USING GAMMARAY ABSORPTION TECHNIQUE AND ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING
PublikacjaLiquidgas flows in pipelines appear in many industrial processes, e.g. in the nuclear, mining, and oil industry. The gammaabsorption technique is one of the methods that can be successfully applied to study such flows. This paper presents the use of thegammaabsorption method to determine the waterair flow parameters in a horizontal pipeline. Three flow types were studied in this work: plug, transitional plugbubble,...

Approach to evaluation of time to the critical degradation of ship pipelines
PublikacjaIn the article an approach to the problem of estimating time to the critical degradation of ship pipelines is considered. Such an assessment would consist of six stages. The fundamental idea is to include to the estimation of time to failure of pipelines such elements like: materials that the pipelines are made, destructive physical phenomena taking place in them and applied means of protection. The result of that evaluation should...

A new timefrequency detection method of stray current field interferenceon metal structures.
PublikacjaA new detection method has been presented of stray current field interference on underground metal structures. The method employs short time Fourier transformation (STFT). This method of analysis allows determination of signal spectral power density changes (e.g., structure potential) in the function of time. In the paper results have been presented of total time–frequency analysis of a pipeline potential in a stray current field...

Modeling of medium flow processes in transportation pipelines  the synthesis of their statespace models and the analysis of the mathematical properties of the models for leak detection purposes
PublikacjaThe dissertation concerns the issue of modeling the pipeline flow process under incompressible and isothermal conditions, with a target application to the leak detection and isolation systems. First, an introduction to the modelbased process diagnostics is provided, where its basic terminology, tools, and methods are described. In the following chapter, a review of the state of the art in the field of leak detection and isolation...

Radioisotope measurements of the liquidgas flow in the horizontal pipeline using phase method
PublikacjaThe paper presents application of the gammaabsorption method to a twophase liquidgas flow investigation in a horizontal pipeline. The waterair mixture was examined by a set of two Am241 radioactive sources and two NaI(Tl) scintillation probes. For analysis of the electrical signals obtained from detectors the crossspectral density function (CSDF) was applied. Results of the gas phase average velocity measurements for CSDF...

Wet H2S corrosion and degradation of pipeline in amine regeneration system
PublikacjaThe paper presents the results of NDT examinations, metallographic tests and risk assessment of degradation related to corrosion of amine regeneration unit in a desulphurisation system. Intensive corrosion resulting from acid gases environment upon water condensation causes perforation of the pipeline. Detailed analysis reveals cracking related to the mechanism of wet H2S. Hydrogen penetration, resulting from the wet H2S process,...

Application of ANN and PCA to twophase flow evaluation using radioisotopes
PublikacjaIn the twophase flow measurements a method involving the absorption of gamma radiation can be applied among others. Analysis of the signals from the scintillation probes can be used to determine the number of flow parameters and to recognize flow structure. Three types of flow regimes as plug, bubble, and transitional plug – bubble flows were considered in this work. The article shows how features of the signals in the time and...

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Gas–Liquid Multiphase Flow in Tjunction for CO2 Separation
PublikacjaThe article presents the results of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of gasliquid multiphase flow. The simulation was conducted using CFD code and the Euler–Euler approach. The presented study relates to the non–reactive, steadystate, turbulent flow of water and carbon dioxide mixture in a 3D pipe. Separation phenomenon between phases is observed. The solution was obtained using a mixture model. Different values...

Multistage generalized adaptive notch filter with improved accuracy
PublikacjaGeneralized adaptive notch filters (GANFs) are estimators of coefficients of quasiperiodically timevarying systems. Current state of the art GANFs can deliver highly accurate estimates of system variations’ frequency, but underperform in terms of accuracy of the coefficient estimates. The paper proposes a novel multistage GANF with accuracy improved in this aspect. The processing pipeline consists of three stages. The preliminary...

A numerical and experimental analysis of multihole orifice in turbulent flow
PublikacjaIn this research study, the comprehensive metrological analysis is investigated for a 4hole orifice with module m = 0.25 installed in the pipeline with an internal diameter of 50 mm. A detailed numerical simulation was performed for the turbulence models: kεrealizable and kωBSL. The novelties of the research include model validation by comparing the results of numerical studies with the experiment conducted in the area of...

Numerical Issues and Approximated Models for the Diagnosis of Transmission Pipelines
PublikacjaThe chapter concerns numerical issues encountered when the pipeline flow process is modeled as a discretetime statespace model. In particular, issues related to computational complexity and computability are discussed, i.e., simulation feasibility which is connected to the notions of singularity and stability of the model. These properties are critical if a diagnostic system is based on a discrete mathematical model of the flow...

Prediction of Overall In Vitro Microsomal Stability of Drug Candidates Based on Molecular Modeling and Support Vector Machines. Case Study of Novel Arylpiperazines Derivatives
PublikacjaOther than efficacy of interaction with the molecular target, metabolic stability is the primary factor responsible for the failure or success of a compound in the drug development pipeline. The ideal drug candidate should be stable enough to reach its therapeutic site of action. Despite many recent excellent achievements in the field of computational methods supporting drug metabolism studies, a wellrecognized procedure to model...

Flow Process Models for Pipeline Diagnosis
PublikacjaThis chapter examines the problem of modeling and parameterization of the transmission pipeline flow process. First, the base model for discrete time is presented, which is a reference for other developed models. Then, the diagonal approximation (AMDA) method is proposed, in which the tridiagonal submatrices of the recombination matrix are approximated by their diagonal counterparts, which allows for a simple determination of...

Inspection of Gas Pipelines Using Magnetic Flux Leakage Technology
PublikacjaMagnetic nondestructive testing methods can be classified into the earliest methods developed for assessment of steel constructions. One of them is the magnetic flux leakage technology. A measurement of the magnetic flux leakage is quite commonly used for examination of large objects such as tanks and pipelines. Construction of a magnetic flux leakage tool is relatively simple, but a quantitative analysis of recorded data is a...

Comparison of state feedback and PID control of pressurizer water level in nuclear power plant
PublikacjaThe pressurizer water level control system in nuclear power plant with pressurized water reactor (PWR) is responsible for coolant mass balance. The main control goal is to stabilize the water level at a reference value and to suppress the effect of timevarying disturbances (e.g. coolant leakage in primary circuit pipeline system). In the process of PWR power plant operation incorrect water level may disturb pressure control or...

Pipelined sceling of signed residue numbers with the mixedradix conversion in the programmable gate array
PublikacjaIn this work a scaling technique of signed residue numbers is proposed. The method is based on conversion to the MixedRadix System (MRS) adapted for the FPGA implementation. The scaling factor is assumed to be a moduli product from the Residue Number System (RNS) base. Scaling is performed by scaling of terms of the mixedradix expansion, generation of residue reprezentation of scaled terms, binary addition of these representations...

Model of aeration system at biological wastewater treatment plant for control design purposes
PublikacjaThe wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is a dynamic, very complex system, in which the most important control parameter is the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration. The air is supplied to biological WWTP by the aeration system. Aeration is an important and expensive activity in WWTP. The aeration of sewage fulfils a twofold role. Firstly, oxygen is provided as the main component for biological processes. Secondly, it supports...

The impact of the AC922 Architecture on Performance of Deep Neural Network Training
PublikacjaPractical deep learning applications require more and more computing power. New computing architectures emerge, specifically designed for the artificial intelligence applications, including the IBM Power System AC922. In this paper we confront an AC922 (8335GTG) server equipped with 4 NVIDIA Volta V100 GPUs with selected deep neural network training applications, including four convolutional and one recurrent model. We report...