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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: SONAR

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: SONAR

  • Detection Range of Intercept Sonar for CWFM Signals

    Stealth in military sonars applications may be ensured through the use of low power signals making them difficult to intercept by the enemy. In recent years, silent sonar design has been investigated by the Department of Marine Electronic Systems of the Gdansk University of Technology. This article provides an analysis of how an intercept sonar operated by the enemy can detect silent sonar signals. To that end a theoretical intercept...

  • Cichy sonar - stan aktualny i perspektywy

    Publikacja

    W zastosowaniach militarnych często istnieje potrzeba prowadzenia obserwacji w sposób skryty za pomocą urządzeń emitujących sygnały trudne do przechwycenia przez przeciwnika. Rozwiązania stosowane w cichych radarach stanowiły punkt wyjścia do opracowania cichego sonaru. Prace nad projektem rozpoczęto na Politechnice Gdańskiej w roku 2010 w ramach Grantu NCBiR i są one dalej kontynuowane. W celu zachowania w cichym sonarze warunków...

  • Analysis of distance measurement errors in CW FM sonar with MLS code modulation

    Although used in the classic silent sonar, the CW FM sounding signal has a major flaw which is its inaccuracy in determining the distance to a target. The authors of the article have developed a concept of silent sonar using frequency modulation signals switched by pseudorandom codes, already discussed in their previous work. This article presents a detailed analysis of errors in CW FM sonar with pseudo-random sequence code modulation...

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  • Estimating Intercept Range of Silent Sonar

    Publikacja

    When used in military application, sonars should ensure secretiveness. There is some evidence suggesting that silent sonars have a significant advantage over pulse sonars in the respect. If improved, the secretiveness of silent sonar translates into the distance over witch its soundings signal are detected by intercept sonars. The article gives estimated distances for far, medium, and short range sonars operating in the oceans...

  • INVESTIGATION INTO INTERFEROMETRIC SONAR SYSTEM ACCURACY

    Publikacja

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2015

    The results of the accuracy measurements of phase differencing bathymetric sonar (PDBS) system in shallow waters are presented in the article. The measurement results were compared with the theoretical calculations for sonar system accuracy and international standards for hydrographic surveys. The proposed formulas enable to assess a priori sonar system performance using system quality factor (SQF), which takes into account influence...

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  • On the compression of multibeam sonar raw bathymetry data

    Multibeam sonars are widely used in applications like high resolution bathymetry measurements or underwater object imaging. One of the significant problems in multibeam sensing of the marine environment is large amount of data which must be transmitted from the sonar processing unit to an operator station using a limited bit rate channel. For instance, such a situation would be in the case when the multibeam sonar was mounted on...

  • Doppler effect in the CW FM sonar

    When sonars are used for military purposes they have to ensure unobtrusive operation, a feature that can be potentially secured by 'silent sonar' or continuous wave frequency modulation sonars (CW FM sonars). The article presents how these sonars operate and identifies the relations between their parameters. The Doppler effect and its impact on the CW FM sonar are studied to identify how it affects the sonar's parameters. The results...

  • Broadband Sonar with a Cylindrical Antenna

    Skutkiem wzrostu szerokości widma sygnałów w sonarach z płaskimi antenami jest wzrost szerokości odchylanych wiązek, jeżeli beamformer dokonuje kompensacji faz tylko na częstotliwości środkowej widma. W artykule przedstawiono wyniki obliczeń, które odpowiadają na pytanie, czy podobny efekt występuje w szerokopasmowych sonarach z anteną cylindryczną. Obliczenia przeprowadzono dla anten nadawczych o szerokich wiązkach i anten odbiorczych...

  • Using wavelet techniques for multibeam sonar bathymetry data compression

    Multibeam sonars are widely used in applications like high resolution bathymetry measurements or underwater object imaging. One of the significant problems in multibeam sensing of the marine environment is large amount of data which must be transmitted from the sonar processing unit to an operator station using a limited bit rate channel. For instance, such a situation would be in the case when the multibeam sonar was mounted on...

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  • Seafloor Characterisation Using Underwater Acoustic Devices

    The problem of seafloor characterisation is important in the context of management as well as investigation and protection of the marine environment. In the first part of the paper, a review of underwater acoustic technology and methodology used in seafloor characterisation is presented. It consists of the techniques based on the use of singlebeam echosounders and seismic sources, along with those developed for the use of sidescan...

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  • Seafloor relief reconstruction from side scan sonar data

    Side scan sonar is one of the most widely used imaging systems in the underwater environment. It is relatively cheap and easy to deploy, in comparison with more powerful sensors. Although side scan sonar does not provide seafloor bathymetry directly, its records are directly related to seafloor images. In the paper, the method for 3D seafloor relief reconstruction from side scan sonar data is presented. The method is based on the...

  • Experimental Study of Silent Sonar

    Publikacja

    Stealth is a frequent requirement in military applications and involves the use of devices whose signals are difficult to intercept or identify by the enemy. The silent sonar concept was studied and developed at the Department of Marine Electronic Systems of the Gdansk University of Technology. The work included a detailed theoretical analysis, computer simulations and some experimental research. The results of the theoretical...

  • Combined method of multibeam sonar signal processing and image analysis for seafloor classification

    Publikacja

    The combined approach to seafloor characterisation was investigated. It relies on calculation of several descriptors (parameters) related to seabed type using three types of multibeam sonar data obtained during seafloor sensing: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms) of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consists of bathymetric data, 3) the set of time domain bottom echo envelopes received in the consecutive...

  • Passive sonar with cylindrical array.

    Artykuł prezentuje sposób wykorzystania sonaru aktywnego z anteną cylindryczną do nasłuchu pasywnego podwodnych źródeł dźwięku. Wykazano, że wykrycie źródła dźwięku i określenie jego namiaru może być zrealizowane bez zmian konstrukcji odbiornika. Wymagana jest jedynie zmiana algorytmów przetwarzania sygnałów w beamformerze. Wykazano również, że w celu zwiększenia dokładności namiaru można zastosować wysokorozdzielcze metody estymacji...

  • On Algorithm Details in Multibeam Seafloor Classification

    Publikacja

    Remote sensing of the seafloor constitutes an important topic in exploration, management, protection and other investigations of the marine environment. In the paper, a combined approach to seafloor characterisation is presented. It relies on calculation of several descriptors related to seabed type using three different types of multibeam sonar data obtained during seafloor sensing, viz.: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms)...

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  • Implementation of the digital receiver in multibeam long-range sonar

    Publikacja

    The article presents the implementation of a digital receiver in multibeam long - range sonar. Developed by the authors of the article, the implementation was part of sonar modernisation on large Polish Navy ships. The article explains the structure of the receiver, its design details and requirements affecting the architecture. The technical solutions regarding the equipment and signal processing algorithms for determining receiving...

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  • Multibeam Sonar Characterisation of Seafloor in the Context of Visualisation and Dissemination of Marine

    The paper presents the seafloor characterisation method based on multibeam sonar data. it relies on using three types of multibeam seafloor sensing data: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms) of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consists of high resolution bathymetric data, 3) the set of time domain bottom echo envelopes received in the consecutive sonar beams. The classification is performed by utilisation...

  • Multifrequency Wideband Sonar Array

    Publikacja
    • A. Eliminowicz
    • W. Lis
    • L. Zajączkowski

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2012

    This paper describes of new approach to Multifrequency Wideband Arrays (MWA),applied piezocomposite technologies of the array elements. MWA operating in transmitting(Tx) and receiving (Rx) mode on two or three bands, requires state-of-the-art technology andefficient array designing than conventional array in which separate arrays for every band oreven separate Tx and Rx transducers/arrays are used. The new piezocomposite elements...

  • Computer vision techniques applied for reconstruction of seafloor 3D images from side scan and synthetic aperture sonars data

    The Side Scan Sonar and Synthetic Aperture Sonar are well known echo signal processing technologies that produce 2D images of the seafloor. Both systems combines a number of acoustic pings to form a high resolution image of seafloor. It was shown in numerous papers that 2D images acquired by such systems can be transformed into 3D models of seafloor surface by algorithmic approach using intensity information, contained in a grayscaled...

  • Combined spline wavelet decomposition for 3d seafloor imaging from multibeam sonar echoes

    The paper proposes combined spline-wavelet approach to the raw echoes seaflor imaging from Multibeam Sonar System (MBSS) records. Wavelet representation is closely related to image representation, due to its unique approximations properties. Splines have the best approximation properties among all known wavelets of a given order, so they are best suited for approximating of smooth seafloor surface. Additionaly, wavelet bases have...

  • Application of Shape From Shading Technique for Side Scan Sonar Images

    Side scan sonar (SSS) is one of the most widely used imaging systems in the underwater environment. It is relatively cheap and easy to deploy in comparison with more powerful sensors like multibeam echosounder or synthetic aperture sonar. Although, the SSS does not provide directly the seafloor bathymetry measurements. Its outputs are usually in a form of grey level acoustic images of seafloor. However, the analysis of such images...

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  • seafloor characterisation combined approach using multibeam sonar echo signal processing and image analysis

    The authors propose the approach to seafloor characterisation which relies on the combined, concurrent use of two different techniques: (i) multibeam sonar image analysis and (ii) multibeam seabed echoes processing. The first technique is based on constructing the grey-level sonar images of the seabed extracted from the echoes received in the consecutive soundings. Then, the set of parameters describing the local region of sonar...

  • Multibeam Sonar Data Processing for Seafloor Classification

    Despite many years of the development of methodology for sensing the seafloor by means of underwater acoustics, the currently used techniques are still not mature enough and not ready to be utilised in numerous different (i.e. with respect to a water region character, used equipment type etc.) tasks. Therefore the hydroacoustic methods, both utilising vertical observations (e.g. by singlebeam echosounders), as well as those relying...

  • 3D seafloor reconstruction using data from side scan and synthetic aperture sonar

    Side scan and synthetic aperture sonars are widely used imaging systems in the underwater environment. They are relatively cheap and easy to deploy, in comparison with more powerful sensors, like multibeam echosounders. Although side scan and synthetic aperture sonars does not provide seafloor bathymetry directly, their records are finally related to seafloor images. Moreover, the analysis of such images performed by human eye...

  • Seafloor characterisation using multibeam sonar echo signal processing and image analysis

    The authors propose the approach to multibeam seafloor characterisation which relies on the combined, concurrent use of two different techniques of multibeam sonar data processing. The first one is based on constructing the grey-level sonar images of seabed using the echoes received in the consecutive beams. Then, the parameters describing the local region of sonar image, namely, the local standard deviation of a grey level, and...

  • Multibeam sonar data processing for seafloor characterisation

    Publikacja

    The approach to seafloor characterisation was investigated. It relies on calculation of several descriptors (parameters) related to seabed type using three types of multibeam sonar data obtained during seafloor sensing: 1) the grey-level sonar images of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consist of (x, y, z) points, 3) the set of time domain echo envelopes corresponding to several beams. The proposed method has...

  • Jacek Marszal dr hab. inż.

    Dr hab. inż. Jacek Marszal, prof. nadzw. PG  ukończył w roku 1977 studia magisterskie na Wydziale Elektroniki Politechniki Gdańskiej w zakresie Aparatury Elektronicznej. W 1989 r. uzyskał stopień doktora nauk technicznych w dyscyplinie Telekomunikacja, a w roku 2014  stopień doktora habilitowanego w tej samej dyscyplinie. Jego specjalnością naukową jest hydroakustyka. Bezpośrednio po ukończeniu studiów rozpoczął pracę na Wydziale...

  • Seafloor Characterisation and Imaging Using Multibeam Sonar Data

    Publikacja

    The approach to seafloor characterisation and imaging is presented. It relies on the combined, concurrent use of several techniques of multibeam sonar data processing. The first one is based on constructing the grey-level sonar images of seabed using the backscattering strength calculated for the echoes received in the consecutive beams. Then, the set of parameters describing the local region of sonar image is calculated. The second...

  • Broadband LFM signal source for module-based diver detection sonar

    Publikacja

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2010

    Praca przedstawia koncepcję źródła impulsów sondujących sonaru DDS, dla pogrupowanych po stronie nadawczej elementarnych sekcji przetwornika w moduły 8 lub 16 elementowe. Na podstawie oszacowania teoretycznego i pomiarów czwórnikowych określono potrzebną moc wyjściową i topologię tych nadajników. Przedstawione są też uzyskane na drodze pomiarów charakterystyki częstotliwościowe modułów przetwornika, razem z zastosowanym układem...

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  • Optimizing of targets detection and tracking processes realized on consoles of passive sonar with linear

    Publikacja

    The long-range passive towed sonar was first modernised a few years ago. Building on operator experience over that period, a concept was developed of optimising the tasks performed by sonar operators, and improving forms of imaging to inform about object detection and support object tracking. The concept was implemented and successfully tested during ships’ manoeuvres. The optimisation of operator tasks was designed to keep listening...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the MCM Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, a modernised underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling...

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  • Usage of the Gstreamer framework for generation, analysis, processing and visualization of sonar signal

    Publikacja

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2015

    In this paper a novel method of the bearing estimation in a passive sonar system with a towed array is introduced. The classical approach of the bearing estimation based on the spatial spectrum is extended by using the synchrosqeezing method that is a part of the reassignment method introduced by Kodera et al. The usage of this method leads to the precise bearing estimation. The proposed method requires a relatively small amount...

  • System for characterisation and multidimensional imaging of seafloor using multibeam sonar data

    Multibeam sonars are widely used in applications like high resolution bathymetry measurements, underwater object detection and imaging, etc. Also, they are the promising tool in seafloor characterisation and classification, having several advantages over conventional single beam echosounders. The proposed approach to seafloor classification relies on the combined use of three different techniques. In each of them, a set of descriptors...

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  • THE SYNCHROSQUEEZING METHOD IN BEARING ESTIMATION OF STATIONARY SIGNALS FOR PASSIVE SONAR WITH TOWED

    In this paper, a novel method of bearing estimation in a passive sonar system with a towed array is introduced. The classical approach of bearing estimation based on the spatial spectrum [1] is extended by using the synchrosqeezing method that is a part of the reassignment method introduced by Kodera et al. [2]. Using this method leads to a precise bearing estimation. The proposed method requires a relatively small amount of computation,...

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  • Seabed classification using multibeam echosounder

    Publikacja

    The method of seabed identification and classification from multibeam sonar echoes is presented. The proposed approach is based on calculation of a set of parameters of an echo envelope, similarly as in seafloor classification using single beam echosounder. These parameters are extracted for each consecutive beam allowing the estimation of their dependence on the seafloor incident angle. The relation between seabed type and calculated...

  • Using Principal Component Analysis and Canonical Discriminant Analysis for multibeam seafloor characterisation data

    The paper presents the seafloor characterisation based on multibeam sonar data. It relies on using the integrated model and description of three types of multibeam data obtained during seafloor sensing: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms) of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consists of bathymetric data, 3) the set of time domain bottom echo envelopes received in the consecutive sonar beams. The classification...

  • Time variable gain for long range sonar with chirp sounding signal

    The main purpose of applaying Time Variable Gain (TVG) in active sonars with digital signal processing is to reduce dynamic range of echo signal and adapt it to the dynamic range of the analogue to digital conversion. With high transmission losses level, the dynamic range of the input signal in long range sonars can be very high and even exceed 200dB. When chirp sounding signals with matched filtration are used, sonars can raech...

  • High-precision bearing estimation for active sonar with cylindrical array performed by interpolated array

    Publikacja

    The article presents a method for improving the accuracy of bearing in multibeam sonar with a cylindrical array. The antenna’s non-linear shape and the resulting non-uniform sampling of the signal in space, mean that known methods of high-resolution spectral analysis cannot be used. In order to apply an algorithm from this group, a linear virtual antenna must be produced. The paper presents a technique of mapping a cylindrical...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the Mine Countermeasure Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, an underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling the measurement...

  • Acoustical images of the Gulf of Gdansk

    Publikacja

    Acoustic images of seabed are of interest to specialists in the field of marine engineering, marine navigation, marine archeology, hydrogeology, etc. New technolo gies based on use of elastic waves, predominantly acoustic waves that allow detecting complexity of geometric forms of seabed, ensure progress in studying the bathymetric structure of seafloor. Use of parametric sources of waves generated...

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  • Using multibeam echoes in seafloor characterisation and classification

    Publikacja

    The method of seabed identification and classification from multibeam sonar echoes is presented. The proposed approach is based on calculation of a set of parameters of an echo envelope, similarly as in seafloor classification using single beam echosounder. These parameters are extracted for each consecutive beam allowing the estimation of their dependence on the seafloor incident angle. The relation between seabed type and calculated...

  • Real-time web-based gis for analysis, visualization, and integration of marine environment data

    Wizaulizacja i integracja przestrzennych danych morskich zbieranych przez różnego rodzaju sensory i pochodzących z różnych źródeł stanowi istotny aspekt monitorowania środowiska morskiego. Ta praca przedstawia system GIS powstały na Katedrze Systemów Geoinformatycznych na Politechnice Gdańskiej. System umożliwia integrecję i wizualizację różnego rodzaju danych morskich, w szczególności pochodzących z sensorów akustycznych takich,...

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  • Applications of compression techniques for reducing the size of multibeam sonar records

    Publikacja

    - 2008

    Jednym z najczęściej używanych urządzeń służących do szeroko rozumianego telemonitoringu morskiego są sonary wielowiązkowe (ang. Multibeam systems - MBS). Ich wysoka wydajność w tworzeniu informacji o obiektach znajdujących się pod wodą skutkuje w dużych ilościach danych pozyskiwanych podczas rejsów badawczych i pomiarowych. W tym kontekście, proces przechowywania i zarządzania takim magazynem danych staje się istotnym problemem...

  • Digital microcontroller for sonar waveform generator

    Publikacja

    Generating sounding signals is essential for the operation of active sonar. The system should be highly reliable. This can be achieved through architecture, communication between the devices, and a well-designed and self–testing software. The system presented in the article is responsible for the generation of hydroacoustic sounding signals, and ensures proper interaction between power amplifiers and power supplies. Thanks to its...

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  • Application of Maximum Lenght Sequence in Silent Sonar

    Silent sonars are designed to reduce the distance over which their sounding pulses can be detected by intercept sonars. In order to meet this objective, we can use periodical sounding signals that have low power, a very long duration and wide spectrum. If used in the silent sonar's receiver, matched filtration ensures very good detection of motionless or slow moving targets. However, it is more difficult to detect echo signals...

  • Improving the accuracy of bearing in active sonar with cylindrical array using spectrum estimation.

    Publikacja

    The articles presents a method for improving the accuracy of bearing in multibeam sonar with a cylindrical array. Based on a known spatial spectrum estimation technique, the method has been successfully used in linear array systems. Its accuracy of bearing is satisfactory and ensures a relatively low computational effort. The article discusses certain simplifications and assumptions to adapt the spatial spectrum estimation technique...

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  • MSIS sonar image segmentation method based on underwater viewshed analysis and high-density seabed model

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    High resolution images of Mechanically Scanned Imaging Sonars can bring detailed representation of underwater area if favorable conditions for acoustic signal to propagate are provided. However to properly asses underwater situation based solely on such data can be challenging for less than proficient interpreter. In this paper we propose a method to enhance interpretative potential of MSIS image by dividing it in to subareas depending...

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  • Silent Sonar with matched filtration

    Radars with continuous wave frequency (CW FM sonars) are used in radiolocation as 'silent sonars'. They determine the distance to target by measuring the difference between the frequency of the sounding signal and echo signal. The article presents the principle of operation and parameters of silent CW FM sonars. Target distance determined by these sonars is based on the signal at the output of the matched filter. The Doppler effect...

  • Least square spline modelling along with tin decimation for 3D seafloor mapping from multibeam sonar

    Publikacja

    Przedstawiono wyniki prac związane z zastosowaniem algorytmu aproksymacyjnego minimalnokwadratowego do wizualizacji danych wysokorozdzielczych pochodzących z sonaru wielowiązkowego. Metoda pozwala na redukcję danych oraz łatwą ich modyfikację.

  • The Imaging of Gdansk Bay Seabed by Using Side Sonar

    This paper is mainly aimed at presentation of an impact of environmental conditions on imaging accuracy by using hydro-acoustic systems in waters of a high non-uniformity of spatial distribution of hydrological parameters. Impact of refraction on erroneous estimation of range, in case of wave radiation into water under a large angle, like in side sonars or multi-beam echo-sounders, is especially important. In this paper seasonal...

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