Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: SONAR - MOST Wiedzy

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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: SONAR

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: SONAR

  • Sonar Pulse Detection Using Chirp Rate Estimation and CFAR Algorithms

    Publikacja

    This paper presents a new approach to sonar pulse detection. The method uses chirp rate estimators and algorithms for the adaptive threshold, commonly used in radiolocation. The proposed approach allows detection of pulses of unknown parameters, which may be used in passive hydrolocation or jamming detection in underwater communication. Such an analysis is possible thanks to a new kind of imaging, which presents signal energy in...

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  • Web-based 3D processing and dissemination of multibeam sonar data

    Publikacja

    The continuous detailed surveys of the various water bodies over time produce a large and ever-increasing volume and density of underwater sounding data. Three-dimensional data, such as those obtained by multibeam sonar systems, are quite complex to manage, and thus their growing numbers increase the pressure on development of new solutions dedicated to processing them. This paper presents a concept system for web-based dissemination...

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  • On Algorithm Details in Multibeam Seafloor Classification

    Publikacja

    Remote sensing of the seafloor constitutes an important topic in exploration, management, protection and other investigations of the marine environment. In the paper, a combined approach to seafloor characterisation is presented. It relies on calculation of several descriptors related to seabed type using three different types of multibeam sonar data obtained during seafloor sensing, viz.: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms)...

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  • Multibeam data processing for 3D object shape reconstruction

    The technology of hydroacoustic scanning offers an efficient and widely-used source of geospatial information regarding underwater environments, providing measurement data which usually have the structure of irregular groups of points known as point clouds. Since this data model has known disadvantages, a different form of representation based on representing surfaces with simple geometric structures, such as edges and facets,...

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  • 3D Imaging Of Underwater Objects Using Multi-Beam Data

    One of the main applications of multibeam sonars is high resolution bathymetry measurement, as well as detecting and imaging of underwater objects like shipwrecks. In order to obtain the visualisation quality good enough to allow the researcher to investigate an object in more detail, the approach relying on construction of three-dimensional model of an imaged object, e.g. consisting of nodes, edges and plane elements (facets)...

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  • Broadband Sonar with a Cylindrical Antenna

    Skutkiem wzrostu szerokości widma sygnałów w sonarach z płaskimi antenami jest wzrost szerokości odchylanych wiązek, jeżeli beamformer dokonuje kompensacji faz tylko na częstotliwości środkowej widma. W artykule przedstawiono wyniki obliczeń, które odpowiadają na pytanie, czy podobny efekt występuje w szerokopasmowych sonarach z anteną cylindryczną. Obliczenia przeprowadzono dla anten nadawczych o szerokich wiązkach i anten odbiorczych...

  • Passive sonar with cylindrical array.

    Artykuł prezentuje sposób wykorzystania sonaru aktywnego z anteną cylindryczną do nasłuchu pasywnego podwodnych źródeł dźwięku. Wykazano, że wykrycie źródła dźwięku i określenie jego namiaru może być zrealizowane bez zmian konstrukcji odbiornika. Wymagana jest jedynie zmiana algorytmów przetwarzania sygnałów w beamformerze. Wykazano również, że w celu zwiększenia dokładności namiaru można zastosować wysokorozdzielcze metody estymacji...

  • Reconstruction Methods for 3D Underwater Objects Using Point Cloud Data

    Existing methods for visualizing underwater objects in three dimensions are usually based on displaying the imaged objects either as unorganised point sets or in the form of edges connecting the points in a trivial way. To allow the researcher to recognise more details and characteristic features of an investigated object, the visualization quality may be improved by transforming the unordered point clouds into higher order structures....

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  • ENERGY ANALYSIS OF PROPULSION SHAFT FATIGUE PROCESS IN ROTATING MECHANICAL SYSTEM PART I TESTING SIGNIFICANCE OF INFLUENCE OF SHAFT MATERIAL FATIGUE EXCITATION PARAMETERS

    The article discusses the problem of mathematical modelling of energy conversion processes in a rotating mechanical system for the purpose of identifying fatigue states of propulsion shafts in this system. A simplified physical model of the analysed system, constructed in an appropriate scale, has made the basis for the experimental research. The research programme took into consideration mechanical fatigue excitation of the model...

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  • The propagation of the waves in the CTO S.A. towing tank

    The paper presents the results of research focused on the wave propagation in the CTO S.A. deepwater towing tank. In the scope of paper, the wavemaker transfer function was determined for regular waves, based on the Biésel Transfer Function and further for irregular waves, based on Hasselman model of nonlinear energy transfer. The phenomena: wave damping, wave breakdown and wave reflection, were measured, analyzed and mathematically...

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  • INCREASING POWER SUPPLY SAFETY IN THE ASPECT OF SUPPORTING THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES BY CONVENTIONAL AND VIRTUAL POWER STORES

    This paper presents characteristics and purposefulness of supporting the renewable energy sources (OZE) by means of energy stores. The main emphasis was placed on analysis of virtual energy stores available for implementation in Polish economy conditions. A role which management of Demand Side Response (DSR) may play in balancing Polish electric power system, is discussed. Implementation of such solutions together with conventional...

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  • SELECTED COMBINED POWER SYSTEMS CONSISTED OF SELFIGNITION ENGINE AND STEAM TURBINE

    This paper presents optimization of selected combined diesel engine-steam turbine systems. Two systems: the system combined with waste heat one-pressure boiler only and its version containing additionally low-pressure boiler proper feeding degasifier and the system of two-pressure cycle, were taken into considerations. Their surplus values of power output and efficiency associated with utilization of waste heat contained in piston...

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  • Experimental Study of Silent Sonar

    Publikacja

    Stealth is a frequent requirement in military applications and involves the use of devices whose signals are difficult to intercept or identify by the enemy. The silent sonar concept was studied and developed at the Department of Marine Electronic Systems of the Gdansk University of Technology. The work included a detailed theoretical analysis, computer simulations and some experimental research. The results of the theoretical...

  • Multifrequency Wideband Sonar Array

    Publikacja
    • A. Eliminowicz
    • W. Lis
    • L. Zajączkowski

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2012

    This paper describes of new approach to Multifrequency Wideband Arrays (MWA),applied piezocomposite technologies of the array elements. MWA operating in transmitting(Tx) and receiving (Rx) mode on two or three bands, requires state-of-the-art technology andefficient array designing than conventional array in which separate arrays for every band oreven separate Tx and Rx transducers/arrays are used. The new piezocomposite elements...

  • Approximate Cramér–Rao bound on Doppler error in correlation-processing relatively narrowband noise radar

    The paper studies limitations on accuracy of Doppler estimation in continuous-wave noise radar with correlation processing. Second order properties of output of the correlation receiver are evaluated and an approximate Cram´er-Rao bound on errors of Doppler measurement is derived. The accuracy of Doppler measurements is found to be affected by the following factors: power spectral density of noise signal, frequency response of the...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the MCM Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, a modernised underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling...

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  • Estimating Intercept Range of Silent Sonar

    Publikacja

    When used in military application, sonars should ensure secretiveness. There is some evidence suggesting that silent sonars have a significant advantage over pulse sonars in the respect. If improved, the secretiveness of silent sonar translates into the distance over witch its soundings signal are detected by intercept sonars. The article gives estimated distances for far, medium, and short range sonars operating in the oceans...

  • Doppler effect in the CW FM sonar

    When sonars are used for military purposes they have to ensure unobtrusive operation, a feature that can be potentially secured by 'silent sonar' or continuous wave frequency modulation sonars (CW FM sonars). The article presents how these sonars operate and identifies the relations between their parameters. The Doppler effect and its impact on the CW FM sonar are studied to identify how it affects the sonar's parameters. The results...

  • INVESTIGATION INTO INTERFEROMETRIC SONAR SYSTEM ACCURACY

    Publikacja

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2015

    The results of the accuracy measurements of phase differencing bathymetric sonar (PDBS) system in shallow waters are presented in the article. The measurement results were compared with the theoretical calculations for sonar system accuracy and international standards for hydrographic surveys. The proposed formulas enable to assess a priori sonar system performance using system quality factor (SQF), which takes into account influence...

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  • Cichy sonar - stan aktualny i perspektywy

    Publikacja

    W zastosowaniach militarnych często istnieje potrzeba prowadzenia obserwacji w sposób skryty za pomocą urządzeń emitujących sygnały trudne do przechwycenia przez przeciwnika. Rozwiązania stosowane w cichych radarach stanowiły punkt wyjścia do opracowania cichego sonaru. Prace nad projektem rozpoczęto na Politechnice Gdańskiej w roku 2010 w ramach Grantu NCBiR i są one dalej kontynuowane. W celu zachowania w cichym sonarze warunków...

  • Detection Range of Intercept Sonar for CWFM Signals

    Stealth in military sonars applications may be ensured through the use of low power signals making them difficult to intercept by the enemy. In recent years, silent sonar design has been investigated by the Department of Marine Electronic Systems of the Gdansk University of Technology. This article provides an analysis of how an intercept sonar operated by the enemy can detect silent sonar signals. To that end a theoretical intercept...

  • Silent Sonar with matched filtration

    Radars with continuous wave frequency (CW FM sonars) are used in radiolocation as 'silent sonars'. They determine the distance to target by measuring the difference between the frequency of the sounding signal and echo signal. The article presents the principle of operation and parameters of silent CW FM sonars. Target distance determined by these sonars is based on the signal at the output of the matched filter. The Doppler effect...

  • Acoustic Processor of the Mine Countermeasure Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, an underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling the measurement...

  • On the compression of multibeam sonar raw bathymetry data

    Multibeam sonars are widely used in applications like high resolution bathymetry measurements or underwater object imaging. One of the significant problems in multibeam sensing of the marine environment is large amount of data which must be transmitted from the sonar processing unit to an operator station using a limited bit rate channel. For instance, such a situation would be in the case when the multibeam sonar was mounted on...

  • Multibeam Sonar Data Processing for Seafloor Classification

    Despite many years of the development of methodology for sensing the seafloor by means of underwater acoustics, the currently used techniques are still not mature enough and not ready to be utilised in numerous different (i.e. with respect to a water region character, used equipment type etc.) tasks. Therefore the hydroacoustic methods, both utilising vertical observations (e.g. by singlebeam echosounders), as well as those relying...

  • Multibeam sonar data processing for seafloor characterisation

    Publikacja

    The approach to seafloor characterisation was investigated. It relies on calculation of several descriptors (parameters) related to seabed type using three types of multibeam sonar data obtained during seafloor sensing: 1) the grey-level sonar images of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consist of (x, y, z) points, 3) the set of time domain echo envelopes corresponding to several beams. The proposed method has...

  • Digital microcontroller for sonar waveform generator

    Publikacja

    Generating sounding signals is essential for the operation of active sonar. The system should be highly reliable. This can be achieved through architecture, communication between the devices, and a well-designed and self–testing software. The system presented in the article is responsible for the generation of hydroacoustic sounding signals, and ensures proper interaction between power amplifiers and power supplies. Thanks to its...

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  • Compression algorithms for multibeam sonar records

    Publikacja

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - 2008

    Jednym z najczęściej używanych urządzeń służących do szeroko rozumianego telemonitoringu morskiego są sonary wielowiązkowe (ang. Multibeam systems MBS). Ich wysoka wydajność w tworzeniu informacji o obiektach znajdujących się pod wodą skutkuje w dużych ilościach danych pozyskiwanych podczas rejsów badawczych i pomiarowych. W tym kontekście, proces przechowywania i zarządzania takim magazynem danych staje się istotnym problemem...

  • Application of Maximum Lenght Sequence in Silent Sonar

    Silent sonars are designed to reduce the distance over which their sounding pulses can be detected by intercept sonars. In order to meet this objective, we can use periodical sounding signals that have low power, a very long duration and wide spectrum. If used in the silent sonar's receiver, matched filtration ensures very good detection of motionless or slow moving targets. However, it is more difficult to detect echo signals...

  • Methods for quality improvement of multibeam and LiDAR point cloud data in the context of 3D surface reconstruction

    Point cloud dataset is the transitional data model used in several marine and land remote-sensing applications. During further steps of processing, the transformation of point cloud spatial data to more complex models containing higher order geometric structures like edges and facets may be possible, if an appropriate quality level of input data is provided. Point cloud datasets usually contain a considerable amount of undesirable...

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  • Implementation of the digital receiver in multibeam long-range sonar

    Publikacja

    The article presents the implementation of a digital receiver in multibeam long - range sonar. Developed by the authors of the article, the implementation was part of sonar modernisation on large Polish Navy ships. The article explains the structure of the receiver, its design details and requirements affecting the architecture. The technical solutions regarding the equipment and signal processing algorithms for determining receiving...

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  • Seafloor Characterisation and Imaging Using Multibeam Sonar Data

    Publikacja

    The approach to seafloor characterisation and imaging is presented. It relies on the combined, concurrent use of several techniques of multibeam sonar data processing. The first one is based on constructing the grey-level sonar images of seabed using the backscattering strength calculated for the echoes received in the consecutive beams. Then, the set of parameters describing the local region of sonar image is calculated. The second...

  • Visualisation forms in MCM Side Scan Sonar

    Artykuł dotyczy organizacji zobrazowań na monitorach zmodernizowanych w Katedrze Systemów Elektroniki Morskiej a przeznaczonych do poszukiwania min sonarów bocznych z holowanymi nośnikami anten. We wprowadzeniu opisano strukturę takiego sonaru oraz sposób pozyskiwania i charakter odbieranych sygnałów jako podstawę organizowania zobrazowań efektów nasłuchu. Dalej opisano inne czynniki wpływające na organizację obrazów na monitorach...

  • Electronic stabilization of beams in sonar with cylindrical array

    Artykuł prezentuje podstawy opisu beamformera dla sonaru z antena cylindryczną. Artykuł pokazuje, że zmodyfikowany beamformer może zostać użyty do stabilizacji osi wiązki w horyzontalnej płaszczyźnie, gdy znany jest przechył i zanurzenie statku. Artykuł przedstawia także problem elektronicznego odchylania wiązki.

  • Selected problems of high-power sonar sources

    Publikacja

    Specyfika pracy współczesnych sonarów aktywnych wymaga cyklicznego wypełnienia energią szerokiego sektora sondowania. W przypadku użycia płaskich anten nadawczych oznacza to zwykle konieczność skupienia energii akustycznego impulsu nadawczego na stosunkowo małej powierzchni czynnej przetwornika elektroakustycznego (kluczowe znaczenie odgrywa tu częstotliwość pracy systemu). Zjawiska towarzyszące dużym poziomom źródła mogą powodować...

  • Method for improving multibeam sonar bearing accuracy

    Przedstawiono prostą metodę poprawy dokładności namiarów w sonarach wielowiązkowych. Zasada zaproponowanej metoda jest zbliżona do metody monopulsowej stosowanej powszechnie w radarach i sonarach. Nie wymaga jednak ręcznego lub automatycznego obracania wiązek, co wydatnie zmniejsza potrzebne nakłady obliczeniowe procesorów sonaru Stosowanie metody daje znaczne zmniejszenie błędów namiarów przy względnie dużym wyjściowym stosunku...

  • The Imaging of Gdansk Bay Seabed by Using Side Sonar

    This paper is mainly aimed at presentation of an impact of environmental conditions on imaging accuracy by using hydro-acoustic systems in waters of a high non-uniformity of spatial distribution of hydrological parameters. Impact of refraction on erroneous estimation of range, in case of wave radiation into water under a large angle, like in side sonars or multi-beam echo-sounders, is especially important. In this paper seasonal...

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  • Using wavelet techniques for multibeam sonar bathymetry data compression

    Multibeam sonars are widely used in applications like high resolution bathymetry measurements or underwater object imaging. One of the significant problems in multibeam sensing of the marine environment is large amount of data which must be transmitted from the sonar processing unit to an operator station using a limited bit rate channel. For instance, such a situation would be in the case when the multibeam sonar was mounted on...

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  • Seafloor classification using multibeam sonar

    ...

  • Visualisation forms in passive sonar with towed array

    Artykuł dotyczy organizacji zobrazowań na monitorach modernizowanego w KSEM sonaru pasywnego z długą, holowaną za rufą okrętu, anteną akustyczną. We wprowadzeniu opisano strukturę takiego sonaru oraz sposób pozyskiwania i charakter odbieranych sygnałów jako podstawę organizowania zobrazowań efektów nasłuchu. Dalej opisano inne czynniki wpływające na organizację obrazów na monitorach sonaru tzn. zadania operatorów, organizację i...

  • Implementation of DIFAR Processing in ASW Dipping Sonar

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    This paper presents the implementation of the signal processing algorithm used by buoy DIFAR (Directional Frequency Analysis and Recording), that is fully operational on Polish Navy anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopters and ships, applied to dipping sonars for detection and tracking of submarines. The development of the DSP algorithms was a part of the modernization of sonars conducted at the Gdansk University of Technology....

  • Seafloor relief reconstruction from side scan sonar data

    Side scan sonar is one of the most widely used imaging systems in the underwater environment. It is relatively cheap and easy to deploy, in comparison with more powerful sensors. Although side scan sonar does not provide seafloor bathymetry directly, its records are directly related to seafloor images. In the paper, the method for 3D seafloor relief reconstruction from side scan sonar data is presented. The method is based on the...

  • Przegląd robotów humanoidalnych

    W artykule przedstawiono przegląd najpopularniejszych robotów humanoidalnych, wyróżniając ich ważniejsze cechy i porównując podstawowe charakterystyki, biorąc przy tym pod uwagę pożądane kognitywne aspekty rozwoju robotyki. Wśród osiągalnych cech rozmaitych rozwiązań aparatów humanoidalnych dostępnych na rynku – wyróżnia się głównie liczbę stopni swobody, rodzaj zastosowanego układu lokomocji oraz możliwości wyrażania mimiki twarzy,...

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  • A Reduction Method for Bathymetric Datasets that Preserves True Coastal Water Geodata

    Publikacja

    - Remote Sensing - 2019

    Water areas occupy over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface and are constantly subject to research and analysis. Often, hydrographic remote sensors are used for such research, which allow for the collection of information on the shape of the water area bottom and the objects located on it. Information about the quality and reliability of the depth data is important, especially during coastal modelling. In-shore areas are liable...

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  • Modernization of ASW Sonar SQS-56 at Gdańsk University of Technology

    Katedra Systemów Elektroniki Morskiej Politechniki Gdańskiej w latach 2008-2010 wykonała modernizację podkilowego sonaru do poszukiwania okrętów podwodnych SQS-56. Jest to sonar wyprodukowany w USA i zainstalowany na fregacie ORP Kościuszko. W ramach modernizacji zastosowano nowe szerokopasmowe impulsy sondujące z hiperboliczną modulacją częstotliwości generowanye w wielokanałowym nadajniku sterowanym mikroprocesorowo. Po stronie...

  • Bearing errors passive sonar stationary target location

    Przedstawiono metodę wyznaczania współrzędnych nieruchomego celu na podstawie namiarów wykonywanych w sonarze pasywnym. Określono wymagania odnośnie ruchu sonaru, przy których błędy wyznaczania współrzędnych są minimalne. Podano zależności umożliwiające analityczne wyznaczanie błędów współrzędnych. Poprawność wyników analizy potwierdzono eksperymentami numerycznymi.

  • Multibeam Sonar Characterisation of Seafloor in the Context of Visualisation and Dissemination of Marine Data

    The paper presents the seafloor characterisation method based on multibeam sonar data. it relies on using three types of multibeam seafloor sensing data: 1) the grey-level sonar images (echograms) of seabed, 2) the 3D model of the seabed surface which consists of high resolution bathymetric data, 3) the set of time domain bottom echo envelopes received in the consecutive sonar beams. The classification is performed by utilisation...

  • Application of Shape From Shading Technique for Side Scan Sonar Images

    Side scan sonar (SSS) is one of the most widely used imaging systems in the underwater environment. It is relatively cheap and easy to deploy in comparison with more powerful sensors like multibeam echosounder or synthetic aperture sonar. Although, the SSS does not provide directly the seafloor bathymetry measurements. Its outputs are usually in a form of grey level acoustic images of seafloor. However, the analysis of such images...

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  • Analysis of distance measurement errors in CW FM sonar with MLS code modulation

    Although used in the classic silent sonar, the CW FM sounding signal has a major flaw which is its inaccuracy in determining the distance to a target. The authors of the article have developed a concept of silent sonar using frequency modulation signals switched by pseudorandom codes, already discussed in their previous work. This article presents a detailed analysis of errors in CW FM sonar with pseudo-random sequence code modulation...

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  • Dobre praktyki i narzędzia open source w zwinnym wytwarzaniu oprogramowania

    Zwinne wytwarzanie oprogramowania stało się bardzo popularne. Na podstawie projektu MOST Wiedzy przedstawiono procesy i narzędzia wspierające wytwarzanie oprogramowania na Politechnice Gdańskiej. Metodologia DDD (domain-driven design) wspierana przez repozytorium GIT oraz tzw. proces “cherry picking” powoduje, że proces wytwarzania oprogramowania jest elastyczny i efektywny. Dodatkowo wprowadzenie elementów CI (continuous integration),...

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