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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: TYRE/ROAD NOISE

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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: TYRE/ROAD NOISE

  • Tyre/road noise. Reference book.

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2002

    Książka przedstawia zagadnienia związane z hałasem opon samochodowych poruszających się po nawierzchniach drogowych. Zawiera rozdziały poświęcone budowie opon, budowie nawierzchni drogowych, akustyce, mechanizmom generowania hałasu, wpływie czynników eksploatacyjnych i konstrukcyjnych na hałas opon, metodom pomiarowym, modelowaniu, metodom ograniczania hałasu opon, zagadnieniom prawnym i normalizacyjnym. Jest kompletnym przewodnikiem...

  • Comparison of road and laboratory measurements of tyre/road noise

    Tyre/road noise is one of the major environmental problems related to road traffic. There are several measuring methods of tyre/road noise that may be carried out on the road (for example Coast-down and Close Proximity Method) or in the laboratory (Drum Method). Road measurements are preferred for evaluations of pavement properties while laboratory methods are mostly used to evaluate tyres. One of the biggest problems associated...

  • Tyre/road noise reduction by a poroelastic road surface

    Publikacja

    Low noise road surfaces of existing types may in favourable cases and in new conditions provide up to 7 dB of noise reduction. For higher noise reductions, innovative solutions must be sought. Poroelastic road surfaces (PERS) may be such a solution, which currently is studied in the EU project PERSUADE. This paper presents results of trials with a PERS version prefabricated by one of the project partners. Tests were made in a laboratory...

  • INFLUENCE OF MEASURING CONDITIONS ON TYRE/ROAD NOISE

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2016

    A decisive factor for the development of tyres and road surfaces is the ability to conduct representative and reproducible measurements of selected characteristics related to the interaction of tyres and road surfaces. In terms of tyre/road noise measurements in Europe two methods described in ISO/FDIS 11819-2 and ECE Regulation No.117 are used. The latter is compulsory for assigning the tyre noise labels. The methodologies differ...

  • Pavement ageing influence on tyre/road noise

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2017

    Road surface should be constructed in a way that ensures safe and comfortable traffic conditions, not only when it is newly paved but also during its entire lifetime. An important factor in the asphalt mixture design process is also the expected pavement durability and stability of pavement properties over time. In many countries, road surface starts to play a significant role in traffic noise reduction actions. Selecting a particular...

  • Temperature influence on tyre/road noise of selected tyres

    Publikacja

    Air and road temperatures substantially affect road vehicle noise emission. The temperature influence on tyre/road noise depends mainly on tyre-road combination. It is different for dense and porous pavements, for bituminous and cement ones. It differs also depending on tyres. The correction procedures for temperature effect are still under consideration and preparation. Tyre/road noise measurements using CPX method were performed...

  • Temperature influence on tyre/road noise frequency spectra

    Publikacja

    The correction for temperature effect on measured tyre/road noise is very important as it may be one of the main sources of errors in measurement results due to substantial influence of this parameter on obtained values. The latest version of the Technical Specification ISO/CD TS 13471-1 about Temperature Corrections contains a proposal of correction procedure for normalizing measured noise levels to a reference air temperature...

  • Tyre/road noise reduction of poroelastic road surface tested in a laboratory

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2013

    A so-called poroelastic road surface (PERS) is being developed in Europe. This contains a large percentage of rubber particles mixed with hard aggregate (stone and sand) and bound with polyurethane. This gives high air void content (around 30 %), high elasticity and smooth texture, all of which should give low noise properties. Inthis experiment anominally 30 mm thick sample of PERS was mounted on a steel drum. Various car tyres...

  • INFLUENCE OF TEST CONDITIONS ON TYRE/ROAD NOISE MEASURED BY THE DRUM METHOD

    Publikacja

    Tyre/road noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. Nowadays a few standard procedures of tyre/road noise measurements are in use. Unfortunately, measurement conditions specified within relevant standards are very different. For example, procedure described in ISO 11819-2 used for pavement investigations requires tyre load of 3200 N and capped inflation pressure of 200 kPa. At the same time...

  • Rolling resistance and tyre/road noise on rubberised asphalt pavement in Poland

    The paper presents results of tyre/road noise and rolling resistance measurements performed on stone mastics asphalt (SMA) that contains rubberised asphalt, developed and produced by a refinery in Poland. Bituminous binder was modified with polymer and addition of crumb rubber. The first observations of asphalt mixture with the new kind of modified bitumen used on the field section are presented. Rolling resistance of passenger...

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  • Temperature influence on tyre/road noise on poroelastic road surface based on laboratory measurements

    Publikacja

    The temperature effect on measured tyre/road noise is very important phenomena as it may lead to significant errors in measurement results due to substantial influence of this parameter on the obtained values. It depends mainly on the particular tyre-road combination. It is different for dense and porous as well as for bituminous and cement concrete pavements. It differs also depending on tested tyre. The correction procedure for...

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  • Tyre/road noise of passenger car tyres, including tyres for electric vehicles - road measurements

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2015

    The paper presents the results from CPX measurements of tyre/road noise performed for selected passenger car tyres, including the tyres especially designed for electric vehicles. The tyres have been measured when rolling on several typical road surfaces in Norway and in Poland. In addition, the tyres have been measured on some very low noise road surfaces, such as a the poroelastic road surface (PERS). The measurement results...

  • Driver influence on tyre/road noise generated by vehicle in road traffic.Wpływ kierowcy na hałas generowany przez pojazd w ruchu drogowym.

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2004

    W pracy omówiono wkływ stylu jazdy kierowcy oraz stanu technicznego wybranych zespołów pojazdu na jego hałas generowany w ruchu drogowym. Wpływ został przeanalizowany w aspekcie takich parametrów, jak: prędkość jazdy, obciążenie kół siłami wzdłużnumi i poprzecznymi, ciśnienie w ogumieniu, obciążenie pionowe kół, zbieżność i inne.

  • Road texture influence on tyre rolling resistance

    Tyre performance, one of the critical factors for vehicle users, is strongly related to theroad surface characteristics, most notably to the pavement texture. Phenomena that occur at the tyre/road interface affect tyre friction (skid resistance), rolling resistance, tyre wear and tyre/road noise. This article deals with relationship between surface texture and rolling resistance of light and heavy vehicle tyres. Mean profile depth...

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  • The influence of road surface unevenness on tyre rolling resistance

    The geometric characteristics of road surface substantially affect the interaction between tyre and road. Depending on pavement texture wavelength, the texture chiefly affects tyre/road friction, rolling resistance, interior and exterior noise, tyre wear, and ride comfort. The article presents results of investigations on the influence of road surface unevenness on the rolling resistance of passenger car and truck tyres. The tests...

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  • Modernization of the Trailer for Tyre/Road Rolling Resistance Measurements

    In the article the ways of defining tyre rolling resistance are presented. The advantages of the laboratory tests of tyre/road rolling resistance and the advantages and disadvantages of on the road tyre/road rolling resistance tests are described. The description of the special trailer used for tyre/road rolling resistance measurements designed and constructed in the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Gdansk University of Technology,...

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  • Poroelastic Low Noise Road Surfaces

    Publikacja

    Noise is one of the most important problems related to road traffic. During the last decades, noise emitted by engine and powertrain of vehicles was greatly reduced and tyres became a clearly dominant noise source. The paper describes the concept of low noise poroelastic road surfaces that are composed with mineral and rubber aggregate bound by polyurethane resin. Those surfaces have a porous structure and are much more flexible...

  • The contribution of tire/road noise to the overal noise of cars and motocycles

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2005

    Omówiono wływ hałasu opon i hałasu jednostki napędowej na całkowity hałas generowany przez pojazd. Zaprezentowano opracowany w Katedrze pojazdów i Maszyn Roboczych PG program VENOM do symulacji halasu pojazdów w ruchu drogowym. Przy pomocy tego programu określono wpływ zmiennych warunków ruchu drogowego na hałas generowany przez pojazd. Uwzględnioino przyspieszanie na poszczególnych biegach, hamowanie z różnymi prędkościami oraz...

  • Poroelastic Road Surface – a Promising Road Traffic Noise Abatement Solution

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2018

    Road surfaces have a direct impact on the generation of noise by rolling tyres, the main and dominant source of noise of moving vehicles, as well as may affect propagation of noise emitted by all noise sources of a vehicle. Thus there is no doubt that pavement should be considered as one of the major potential road traffic noise abatement measure. Low noise pavements of existing types may in new conditions provide up to 8 dB of...

  • Tire/Road Noise On Poroelastic Road Surfaces - Results Of Laboratory Measurements

    Tire/road noise is the most important part of traffic noise for medium and high speed driving both in the case of passenger cars and trucks. The potential to make modification of tires that significantly reduce tire/road noise in nearly over, at least for conventional tires so the only promising action is to improve road pavements. One of the innovative solutions is poroelastic road pavement (PERS) that reduces airflow related...

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  • Investigation of the road noise source employing an automatic noise monitoring station

    The paper presents a pilot investigation of noise source models in two selected localizations in the context of future dynamic noise map creation. The experiments were carried out using the automatic noise monitoring station engineered at the Multimedia Systems Departmentof the Gda´nsk University of Technology. The results of the noise measurements employing monitoring stations and its comparison to the reference values are depicted....

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  • Ultra Low Noise Poroelastic Road Surfaces

    Publikacja

    Noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. During the last decades, the noise emitted by the engines and powertrains of vehicles was greatly reduced and tires became a clearly dominant noise source. The article describes the concept of low noise poroelastic road surfaces that are composed of mineral and rubber aggregate bound by polyurethane resin. Those surfaces have a porous structure and...

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  • Tire/road noise - generation, measurement, and abatement

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2007

    Podano określenia i definicje dotyczące hałasu opon samochodowych. Omówiono mechanizmy generowania tego hałasu oraz zasady modelowania. Przedstawiono metody pomiaru hałasu opon oraz stosowane systemy pomiarowe. Podano normy dotyczące hałasu opon. Omówiono wpływ opony i nawierzchni na hałas generowany przez toczące się koło ogumione. Zaprezentowano koła kompozytowe oraz opony z bieżnikiem poroelastycznym generujące niski poziom...

  • Biological hazards in low noise, poroelastic road surfaces

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2013

    Drainage pavements as well as poroelastic pavements ("PERS") are a very efficient way to decrease traffic noise by reducing tire/road noise at the source as well as noise propagation over the road surface. Many noise generating mechanisms at the tire/road interface are very much reduced by road porosity (pipe resonance, "air pumping", Helmholtz resonance and the horn effect). A well-designed porous or poroelastic road surface may...

  • Sound quality metrics applied to road noise evaluation

    Road noise monitoring systems typically measure sound levels in specific time periods. The more insightful approach suggests to measure also the nature of noise. Sound quality of sounds such as car noise can be objectively evaluated by several parameters. One of them is psychoacoustic annoyance, described by loudness, tone color, and the temporal structure of sound. In this paper the assessment of several sound quality parameters, such...

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  • Speed dependency of temperature effects on road traffic noise

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2015

    Recently, a new literature review on the influence of temperature on tire/road noise became available, based on a compilation of large amounts of data from empirical research. This review showed that the effect of temperature is roughly double of that previously assumed and taken account of in international standards. This makes temperature one of the main sources of error in measurement results. Furthermore, it suggested that...

  • Relieving the Measuring System of the Trailer for Tyre/Road Rolling Resistance Measurements from the Inertia Force

    In the article the principle of measuring of tyre/road rolling resistance tyres in road conditions applied in a special measuring trailer is presented. This trailer was built in Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Gdansk University of Technology. The construction of two special devices used in this trailer was discussed. These devices eliminate the influence of some chosen confounding measurements factors such as: the inertia...

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  • Temperature influence on tire/road noise evaluated by the drum method

    Ambient air and road surface temperatures substantially affect the road vehicle noise emission. The temperature influence on tire/road noise depends mainly on tire-road combination. It is different for dense and porous pavements, for bituminous and cement ones. It differs also depending on tires. The correction procedures for temperature effect are still under consideration and preparation. Laboratory experiment was prepared to...

  • Low Noise Poroelastic Road Pavements Based On Bituminous Binder

    Tire/road noise is the dominant source of traffic noise. It depends both on the tire design and on the characteristics of road pavements as well as on the vehicles’ operating conditions. Due to the fact that conventional (pneumatic) car tires have almost reached the limits of their ability to further reduce their noisiness, it is widely believed that the additional reduction of tire noise will be possible mainly through modifications...

  • Directivity of tire/road noise emission for selected tires and pavements

    Praca pośwoęcona jest kierunkowości emisji hałasu opon i nawierzchni drogowych. Opony są dominującym źródłem haasu w pojaździe poruszającym się w typowych warunkach ruchu drogowego. Hałas ten nie jest bezkierunkowy jak to przyjmuje się w modelach obliczeniowych hałasu. Takie założenia wynikają z ograniczonej dostępności danych dotyczących kierunkowości i mogą prowadzić do niedokładności przy prognozowaniu hałasu drogowego. Praca...

  • Selective monitoring of noise emitted by vehicles involved in road traffic

    An acoustic intensity probe was developed measures the sound intensity in three orthogonal directions, making possible to calculate the azimuth and elevation angles, describing the sound source position. The acoustic sensor is made in the form of a cube with a side of 10 mm, on the inner surfaces of which the digital MEMS microphones are mounted. The algorithm works in two stages. The first stage is based on the analysis of sound...

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  • EVALUATION OF SOUND QUALITY FEATURES ON ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE EFFECTS – A CASE STUDY APPLIED TO ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE

    Publikacja

    - Metrology and Measurement Systems - Rok 2018

    The paper shows a study on the relationship between noise measures and sound quality (SQ) features that are related to annoyance caused by the traffic noise. First, a methodology to perform analyses related to the traffic noise annoyance is described including references to parameters of the assessment of road noise sources. Next, the measurement setup, location and results are presented along with the derived sound quality features....

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  • Potential reduction of traffic noise by the means of increased fleet of electric vehicles using a combination of low-noise tyres and low-noise road surfaces

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2016

    In the future, the number of zero-emission vehicles like electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (in electric mode) is expected to be a substantial part of the vehicle fleet. In Norway, such vehicles already account for approximately 20 % of all new cars sold. Since these vehicles emit negligible noise related to the power-train, the tyre/road noise is the dominating noise source. In the LEO project, tyres designed for such cars have...

  • Reduction of road traffic noise by source measures — present and future strategies

    The current trend worldwide is less focused on reducing road traffic noise. This is in strong contrast to the severe impact of traffic noise to the general health and quality of life. A more holistic and combined strategy is needed. Current international rules and regulations regarding vehicles and tyres are not sufficient to reduce traffic noise levels in an effective way. Calculations show that these regulations will only yield...

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  • A pin-on-disc study of airborne wear particle emissions from studded tyre on concrete road contacts

    Publikacja
    • U. Olofsson
    • M. Tu
    • O. Nosko
    • Y. Lyu
    • S. Dizdar

    - WEAR - Rok 2018

    Studded tyres wear surfaces of winter roads, generating inhalable airborne particles. In this study, four concrete road materials and two stud geometries were investigated in terms of wear, road material hardness and airborne particle concentration. The sliding contact between studded tyres and road materials was studied using a pin-on-disc machine in a clean chamber. The results show that the normal load and the stud size have...

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  • Inhomogeneity of low-noise wearing courses evaluated by tire/road noise measurements using the close-proximity method

    Publikacja

    - APPLIED ACOUSTICS - Rok 2016

    Performing numerous analyses of tire/road noise measurements on low-noise pavements during the last several years, the authors observed significant inhomogeneity of the wearing course in numerous cases, while similar problems were almost non-existent when dense pavements were measured. Three main causes of low-noise pavement inhomogeneity can be defined. The first one is imperfections in the technology used for asphalt mix production...

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  • TIRE/ROAD NOISE AND TIRE ROLLING RESISTANCE ON PROTOTYPE PERS SURFACE

    Poroelastic road surfaces are characterized by low noise of tires running on them.Road pavements of this type are promising solution to problems related to traffic noise in cities and on rural roads. Some technical problems still have to be solved, in particular regarding durability and skid resistance on wet surface. Ongoing and planned works are to contribute to create a quiet, durable and safe road surface, which will become...

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  • Low noise poroelastic road pavements based on modified asphalt binder

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2020

    Tire/road noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. As the most effective way to fight noise is reduction of sound emission from the source, a lot of work is being done to improve tire and road surfaces construction. This paper describes the first “road” results obtained within the SEPOR project, which is focused on developing a low noise poroelastic road surface based on bituminous binder....

  • ROSANNE Project: New Procedure for Noise Characterisation of Road Surfaces in Europe

    Publikacja
    • M. Conter
    • R. Wehr
    • C. Aichinger
    • U. Sandberg
    • P. Mioduszewski
    • L. Goubert
    • P. Morgan
    • H. S. Rosmus
    • F. Ledee

    - Rok 2016

    ROSANNE is a collaborative project in the 7th EU Framework Programme which aims at harmonising measurement methods for skid resistance, noise emission and rolling resistance of road pavements as a preparation for standardization. The project started in November 2013 and is developing and improving standards in the field of working group CEN/TC 227/WG 5. Regarding the influence of the pavement on the road traffic noise emission,...

  • Rolling Resistance And Tire/Road Noise on Rubberized Asphalt Pavement In Poland

    Publikacja

    The paper presents results of tire/road noise and rolling resistance measurements performed on stone-matrix asphalt (SMA) that contains rubberized asphalt developed and produced by the company in Poland. Bituminous binder was modified with polymer and additive of crumb rubber. First observations of asphalt mixture with the new kind of modified bitumen used on the field section are presented. Rolling resistance of passenger car...

  • Certification of vehicles used for tire/road noise evaluation by CPX method

    Jednym ze sposobów oceny hałasu opon i nawierzchni drogowych jest metda CPX polegająca na pomiarze hałasu w polu bliskim miejsca współpracy opony z nawierzchnią. Aby uzyskać wysoką dokładność pomiarów niezbędne jest ustanowienie procedur ustanowienie procedur certyfikacyjnych sprzętu pomiarowego a więc głównie pojazdu badawczego. Praca dotyczy procedur certyfikacyjnych wypracowanych przez Grupę Roboczą WG33 ISO/TC43/SC1 oraz w...

  • Tire/road noise measuring principles according to the Close Proximity Method

    W pracy podano metody badania hałasu opon samochodowych. Omówiono przyczepy pomiarowe zbudowane w Politechnice Gdańskiej oraz systemy pomiarowe stosowane do pomiaru hałasu opon zgodnie z metodą CPX.

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  • Road noise mapping in the city area: measurements compared to model-based estimations

    Publikacja

    The paper presents an approach to the verification of noise prediction models in selected localization in the city of Gdansk. The experiments described include a comparison between environmentalmeasurement results performed in the terrain and the noise level prediction results. The NMPB-96 (Nouvelle Méthode de Prévision du Bruit) and Harmonoise models outcomes provide the subject ofthe analysis. The proposed solution of continuous...

  • An in-depth look at the tire rubber hardness influence on tire/road noise measurements

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2018

    When assessing the acoustic quality of a road pavement with the close-proximity (CPX) or the on-board sound intensity (OBSI) method, the rubber hardness of the reference tire substantially affects the measurement. Practical experience shows that measurement tires can get significantly harder within a single measurement season. This is why one would like to normalize measurements to a reference rubber hardness. The recently published...

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  • Comparison of pavement noise properties on selected road sections using different CPX measuring systems: self-powered vehicle and special test trailer

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2019

    The recently published ISO standard intended to measure the noise properties of road surfaces in a standardized method (ISO 11819-2:2017) precisely defines measurement procedure of the influence of road surface on traffic noise. According to it, two types of test vehicles may be utilized: a self-powered vehicle fitted with one or more test tyres and a trailer towed by a separate vehicle with one or more test tyres mounted on the...

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  • Ryszard Woźniak dr inż.

    Jest absolwentem Wydziału Mechanicznego i Organizacji Politechniki Lubelskiej, gdzie w 1984 uzyskał tytuł magistra inżyniera mechanika w zakresie Mechaniki specjalności Samochody i Ciągniki. W 2002 roku w Politechnice Gdańskiej obronił pracę doktorską na temat: "Hałas opon w warunkach występowania znacznych sił stycznych w strefie styku opony z jezdnią" i uzyskał stopień naukowy doktora nauk technicznych w zakresie budowy i eksploatacji...

  • PERS - QUIET ROAD SURFACE FOR URBAN AREAS

    Publikacja

    Traffic noise is one of the most important environmental problems in densely populated urban areas. At low speeds the tyre/road interaction dominates all other sources. It is anticipated that when electric and hybrid vehicles gain dominance in city traffic, the importance of tyre/road noise will still increase as electric engines are much less noisy than combustion engines. On the other hand, electric and hybrid urban vehicles...

  • Further development of the poroelastic road surface within the new Polish project SEPOR

    Road surfaces have a direct impact on noise generated by rolling tyres, the main and dominant source of noise of moving vehicles. Road surface texture, porosity and stiffness/elasticity govern the pavement contribution to tyre/road noise the most. An experimental PoroElastic Road Surface (PERS) is a wearing course with a high content of interconnected voids (pores) and with an elastic behavior due to the use of small particles...

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  • Degradation of reference tyres used for CPX measurements

    Measurements of tyre/road noise using the Close Proximity Method are based on reference tyres that are described in ISO/TS 11819-3. The standard specifies two tyres, namely "P1" and "H1" that should be used during measurements. To be used for measurements each tyre must fulfill certain conditions that are listed in the standard. The conditions are related to the tread pattern depth and rubber hardness. During experiments performed...

  • Risks related to car fire on innovative Poroelastic Road Surfaces-PERS

    Publikacja

    - FIRE AND MATERIALS - Rok 2015

    To reduce tyre/road noise, the concept of poroelastic road surfaces (PERS) was invented. PERS is a road surface material that is porous, and at the same time, it is flexible because of the substantial amount of rubber granulate content (from 20% to 85%). The rubber and stone particles are bound by polyurethane resin instead of bitumen. It was feared that in case of fire, because of the high content of rubber and polyurethane, there...

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