Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: acoustic activity - MOST Wiedzy

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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: acoustic activity

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: acoustic activity

  • Comparison of Acoustic and Visual Voice Activity Detection for Noisy Speech Recognition

    Publikacja

    The problem of accurate differentiating between the speaker utterance and the noise parts in a speech signal is considered. The influence of utilizing a voice activity detection in speech signals on the accuracy of the automatic speech recognition (ASR) system is presented. The examined methods of voice activity detection are based on acoustic and visual modalities. The problem of detecting the voice activity in clean and noisy...

  • Acoustic emission studies of the 7075 aluminium alloy pitting corrosion process

    Dane Badawcze

    The dataset contains the cyclic polarization studies and corresponding acoustic emission measurements, revealing the pitting corrosion process of the passive layer at the surface of the 7075 aluminum alloy in the borate buffer with different chloride ions concentrations, in the range between 0.05 and 25 mM.

  • Identification of hydroacoustic wave sources of ship in motion

    Publikacja

    - Polish Maritime Research - Rok 2010

    This paper deals with results of identification tests of acoustic field spectrum of underwater noise generated by ship in motion. The field is connected with acoustic activity of ship mechanisms and devices in operation. Vibration energy generated by the mechanisms and devices is transferred through ship structural elements to surrounding water where it propagates in the form of acoustic waves of a broad band of frequencies. In...

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  • Processing of acoustical data in a multimodal bank operating room surveillance system

    An automatic surveillance system capable of detecting, classifying and localizing acoustic events in a bank operating room is presented. Algorithms for detection and classification of abnormal acoustic events, such as screams or gunshots are introduced. Two types of detectors are employed to detect impulsive sounds and vocal activity. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is used to discern between the different classes of...

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  • Audio-visual surveillance system for application in bank operating room

    An audio-visual surveillance system able to detect, classify and to localize acoustic events in a bank operating room is presented. Algorithms for detection and classification of abnormal acoustic events, such as screams or gunshots are introduced. Two types of detectors are employed to detect impulsive sounds and vocal activity. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is used to discern between the different classes of acoustic...

  • Automatic localization and continous tracking of mobile sound source using passive acoustic radar

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2010

    A concept, practical realization and applications of the passive acoustic radar for localization and continuous tracking of fixed and mobile sound sources such as: cars, trucks, aircrafts and sources of shooting, explosions were presented in the paper. The device consists of the new kind of multi-channel miniature three dimensional sound intensity sensors invented by the Microflown company and a group of digital signal processing...

  • Hysteresis curves and loops for harmonic and impulse perturbations in some non-equilibrium gases

    Evolution of sound in a relaxing gas whose properties vary in the course of wave propagation, is studied. A relaxing medium may reveal normal acoustic properties or be acoustically active. In the first case, losses in acoustic energy lead to an increase in internal energy of a gas similarly as it happens in Newtonian fluids. In the second case, acoustic energy increases in the course of sound propagation, and the internal energy...

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  • Akustyczna analiza natężenia ruchu drogowego dla systemów zarządzania ruchem

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2019

    W pracy przybliżono wybrane zagadnienia z dziedziny zarządzania transportem drogowym w Polsce i na świecie. W tym kontekście pzredstawiono potrzeby rynkowe, wymagania jak i możliwości w zakresie pozyskiwania informacji o aktualnym stanie sieci drogowych. Zaproponowano akustyczną metodę nadzorowania ruchu drogowego i jej możliwości w kontekście systemów zarządzania ruchem. Przedstawiono schemat akwizycji sygnału wraz z danymi odniesienia....

  • On the mechanism of photocatalytic reactions on CuxO@TiO2 core–shell photocatalysts

    Publikacja

    - Journal of Materials Chemistry A - Rok 2021

    Titania (titanium(IV) oxide) is a highly active, stable, cheap and abundant photocatalyst, and is thus commonly applied in various environmental applications. However, two main shortcomings of titania, i.e., charge carrier recombination and inactivity under visible-light (vis) irradiation, should be overcome for widespread commercialization. Accordingly, titania has been doped, surface modified and coupled with various ions/compounds,...

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  • Data recorded for the purpose of the 3D sound intensity visualization around the organ pipe (des sound)

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The set contains data recorded using the Cartesian robot and multichannel acoustic vector sensor (from Microflown) for the purpose of the 3D sound intensity visualization of radiated acoustic energy around the organ pipe. 

  • Investigation of Noise Threats and Their Impact on Hearing in Selected Schools

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2006

    Noise measurements conducted in selected schools in Gdansk area are presented in this paper. The main aim of this research was to determine noise threats at schools. Some objective measurements of the acoustic climate were performed employing a noise monitoring station engineered at the Multimedia System Department, Gdansk University of Technology. Simultaneously, subjective noise annoyance examinations were carried out among pupils...

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  • Investigation of noise threats and their impact on hearing in selected schools - a pilot study.

    Publikacja

    Noise measurements conducted in selected schools in Gdansk area are presented in this paper. The main aim of this research was to determine noise threats at schools. Some objective measurements of the acoustic climate were performed employing a noise monitoring station engineered at the Multimedia System Department, Gdansk University of Technology. Simultaneously, subjective noise annoyance examinations were carried out among pupils...

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  • X-ray images of Baltic herring. Data analysis

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    Based on the developed methodology for the: (i) optimal method of catching, (ii) transporting and storing fish, (iii) measuring and (iv) analyzing X-rays images, the existing collection of X-ray images of Baltic herring, caught in October 2002 during the Swedish component of the Baltic International Acoustic Survey (BIAS) in the Baltic proper (ICES...

  • Split-beam echosounder data from Gdansk Deep Summer 2019

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2019, in the Gdansk Deep, in the season: Summer. Data was collected during the day and night. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected while the ship was sailing. To ensure data quality, echosounders were calibrated and passive...

  • Detection of the acoustic interferences during AFM operation

    Dane Badawcze

    Atomic force microscopy is a particularly complicated surface imaging technique due to the large number of factors that affect the quality of the resulting images. They are obviously difficult and sometimes even impossible to control at the same time. One of such factors may even be the seismological location of the building or the influence of mechanical...

  • Split-beam echosounder data from Puck Bay autumn 2018

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2018, in the Bay of Puck, in the seasons: autumn. Data was collected during the day and night. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected at a designated study area not far from the city of Hel, while the ship was sailing. To ensure...

  • Split-beam echosounder data from Puck Bay spring 2019

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2019, in the Bay of Puck, in the season: spring. Data was collected during the day and night. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected at a designated study area not far from the city of Hel, while the ship was sailing. To ensure...

  • Split-beam echosounder data from Puck Bay spring 2019 Part II

    Dane Badawcze
    wersja 1.0 open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2019, in the Bay of Puck, in the season: spring. Data was collected during the sunrise and sunset. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected at a designated study area not far from the city of Hel, while the ship was sailing....

  • Standing Acoustic Waves and Relative Nonlinear Phenomena in a Vibrationally Relaxing Gas-Filled Resonator

    Standing acoustic waves in one-dimensional resonator filled with vibrationally relaxing gas, are studied. Two regimes of excitation of molecular vibrational degrees of freedom are considered, equilibrium and nonequilibrium. The acoustic energy enlarges with time in the non-equilibrium regime and decreases otherwise before formation of discontinuity. After that, it decreases due to nonlinear absorption and tends to zero in equilibrium...

  • Problem of proper decomposition and initialization of acoustic and entropy modes in a gas affected by the mass force

    The relations connecting perturbations specific for acoustic and entropy modes in an accelerated fluid or in a fluid affected by constant mass force, are derived. They allow to decompose the total vector of perturbations and the overall energy into acoustic and non-acoustic parts uniquely at any instant. In order to do this, three quantities are required, for example total perturbations in entropy, pressure and velocity. The evaluations...

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  • Split-beam echosounder data from Puck Bay winter 2019

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2019, in the Bay of Puck, in the season: winter. Data was collected during the day and night. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected at a designated study area not far from the city of Hel, on the route Hel - Gdynia and on...

  • Acoustic heating produced in the boundary layer

    : Instantaneous acoustic heating of a viscous fluid flow in a boundary layer is the subject of investigation. The governing equation of acoustic heating is derived by means of a special linear combination of conservation equations in the differential form, which reduces all acoustic terms in the linear part of the final equation but preserves terms belonging to the thermal mode. The procedure of decomposition is valid in a weakly...

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  • Impact of Boundary Conditions on Acoustic Excitation of EntropyPerturbations in a Bounded Volume of Newtonian Gas

    Publikacja

    Excitation of the entropy mode in the field of intense sound, that is, acoustic heating, is theoreticallyconsidered in this work. The dynamic equation for an excess density which specifies the entropy mode,has been obtained by means of the method of projections. It takes the form of the diffusion equation withan acoustic driving force which is quadratically nonlinear in the leading order. The diffusion coefficient isproportional...

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  • Nonlinear generation of non-acoustic modes by low-frequency sound in a vibrationally relaxing gas

    Publikacja

    Two dynamic equations referring to a weakly nonlinear and weakly dispersive flow of a gas in which molecular vibrational relaxation takes place. are derived. The first one governs an excess temperature associated with the thermal mode, and the second one describes variations in vibrational energy. Both quantities refer to non-wave types of gas motion. These variations are caused by the nonlinear transfer of acoustic energy into...

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  • Measurements and visualization of sound field distribution around organ pipe

    Publikacja

    Measurements and visualization of acoustic field around an organ pipe are presented. Sound intensity technique was applied for this purpose. Measurements were performed in free field. The organ pipe was activated with a constant air flow, produced by an external compressor, aimed at obtaining long-term steady state responses of generated acoustic signal. Sound energy distribution was measured in a defined fixed grid of points...

  • Modeling and Designing Acoustical Conditions of the Interior – Case Study

    The primary aim of this research study was to model acoustic conditions of the Courtyard of the Gdańsk University of Technology Main Building, and then to design a sound reinforcement system for this interior. First, results of measurements of the parameters of the acoustic field are presented. Then, the comparison between measured and predicted values using the ODEON program is shown. Collected data indicate a long reverberation...

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  • Decomposition of Acoustic and Entropy Modes in a Non-Isothermal Gas Affected by a Mass Force

    Publikacja

    - Archives of Acoustics - Rok 2018

    Diagnostics and decomposition of atmospheric disturbances in a planar flow are considered in this work. The study examines a situation in which the stationary equilibrium temperature of a gas may depend on the vertical coordinate due to external forces. The relations connecting perturbations are analytically established. These perturbations specify acoustic and entropy modes in an arbitrary stratified gas affected by a constant...

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  • Nonlinear Influence of Sound on the Vibrational Energy of Molecules in a Relaxing Gas

    Publikacja

    Dynamics of a weakly nonlinear and weakly dispersive flow of a gas where molecular vibrational relaxation takes place is studied. Variations in the vibrational energy in the field of intense sound is considered. These variations are caused by a nonlinear transfer of the acoustic energy into energy of vibrational degrees of freedom in a relaxing gas. The final dynamic equation which describes this is instantaneous, it includes a...

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  • Efficiency of acoustic heating produced in the thermoviscous flow of a fluid with relaxation

    Instantaneous acoustic heating of a fluid with thermodynamic relaxation is the subject of investigation. Among others, viscoelastic biological media described by the Maxwell model of the viscous stress tensor, belong to this type of fluid. The governing equation of acoustic heating is derived by means of the special linear combination of conservation equations in differential form, allowing the reduction of all acoustic terms in...

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  • Underwater Acoustic Imaging of the Sea

    Acoustic waves are a carrier of information mainly in environments where the use of other types of waves, for example electromagnetic waves, is limited. The term acoustical imaging is widely used in the ultrasonic engineering to imaging areas in which the acoustic waves propagate. In particular, ultrasound is widely used in the visualization of human organs - ultrasonography (Nowicki, 2010). Expanding the concept, acoustical imaging...

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  • Split-beam echosounder data from Puck Bay autumn 2018 Part II

    Dane Badawcze
    open access

    The acoustic data was collected in 2018, in the Bay of Puck, in the seasons: autumn. Data was collected during the day and night. Three split-beam echosounders with frequencies of 38 kHz, 120 kHz and 333 kHz were used to collect the data. The data was collected at a designated study area not far from the city of Hel and on the route Hel - Gdynia while...

  • Sound intensity distribution around organ pipe

    The aim of the paper was to compare acoustic field around the open and stopped organ pipes. The wooden organ pipe was located in the anechoic chamber and activated with a constant air flow, produced by an external air-compressor. Thus, long-term steady state response was possible to obtain. Multichannel acoustic vector sensor was used to measure the sound intensity distribution of radiated acoustic energy. Measurements have been...

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  • Acoustic heating produced in resonators filled by a newtonian fluid

    Publikacja

    Acoustic heating in resonators is studied. The governing equation of acoustic heating is derived by means of the special linear combination of conservation equations in differential form, allowing the reduction of all acoustic terms in the linear part of the final equation, but preserving terms belonging to the thermal mode responsible for heating. This equation is instantaneous and includes nonlinear acoustic terms that form a...

  • Smart acoustic band structures

    Publikacja

    Smart acoustic band structures exhibit very interesting and non-standard physical properties due to the periodic nature of their certain characteristic on different scale levels. They manifest mostly in their frequency spectra as socalled frequency band-gaps or stop-bands, what has a great impact on the behaviour of these structures in relation to the propagation of vibro-acoustic signals that can be transmitted through the structures...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the MCM Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, a modernised underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling...

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  • The Examination of the Upper Layers of the Seabed by the Means of the Acoustic Methods

    Publikacja

    Propagation of acoustic waves in the sea, in particular in shallow sea, depends on several factors. The basic of them are source power and frequency of acoustic waves, spatial distribution inhomogeneous medium in which acoustic wave propagates, and distributions of speed of sound and density of seawater. The coastal conditions, which limit water medium from above (free surface of the sea) and from bottom (the seabed), are no less...

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  • Theoretical Model of Acoustic Wave Propagation in Shallow Water

    The work is devoted to the propagation of low frequency waves in a shallow sea. As a source of acoustic waves, underwater disturbances generated by ships were adopted. A specific feature of the propagation of acoustic waves in shallow water is the proximity of boundaries of the limiting media characterised by different impedance properties, which affects the acoustic field coming from a source situated in the water layer “ deformed”...

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  • Selective monitoring of noise emitted by vehicles involved in road traffic

    An acoustic intensity probe was developed measures the sound intensity in three orthogonal directions, making possible to calculate the azimuth and elevation angles, describing the sound source position. The acoustic sensor is made in the form of a cube with a side of 10 mm, on the inner surfaces of which the digital MEMS microphones are mounted. The algorithm works in two stages. The first stage is based on the analysis of sound...

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  • Underwater Navigation Ssystem Based on Doppler Shift – Measurements and Error Estimations

    A new acoustic navigation system was developed to determine the position and speed of moving underwater objects such as divers and underwater vehicles. The path of an object and its speed were determined by the Doppler shifts of acoustic signals emitted by a transmitter placed on the object and received by four hydrophones installed at the periphery of the monitored body of water. The position and speed measurements were affected...

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  • Some fundamental aspects of self-levitating sliding contact bearings and their practical implementations

    In this study, fundamental aspects and mechanisms of acoustic levitation together with governing equations are presented first. Then, the acoustic levitation phenomenon is considered as a new way to design air suspension systems capable of self-levitation. A particular emphasis is laid on journal bearings and their specific geometrical configuration. A practical feasibility of using acoustic levitation to separate contacting surfaces...

  • Acoustic field and the entropy mode induced by it in a waveguide filled with some non-equilibrium gases

    The non-linear propagation of an acoustic beam in a rectangular waveguide is considered. The medium of sound propagation, is a gas where thermodynamically non-equilibrium processes take place: such as exothermic chemical reactions or excitation of vibrational degrees of a molecule’s freedom. The incident and reflected compounds of the acoustic field do not interact in the leading order in the case of periodic weakly nonlinear sound...

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  • Efficiency of acoustic heating in the Maxwell fluid

    Publikacja

    The nonlinear effects of sound in a fluid describing by the Maxwell model of the viscous stress tensor is the subject of investigation. Among other, viscoelastic biological media belong to this non-newtonian type of fluids. Generation of heating of the medium caused by nonlinear transfer of acoustic energy, is discussed in details. The governing equation of acoustic heating is derived by means of the special linear combination...

  • Efficiency of acoustic heating in the Maxwell fluid

    Publikacja

    The nonlinear effects of sound in a fluid describing by the Maxwell model of the viscous stress tensor is the subject of investigation. Among other, viscoelastic biological media belong to this non-newtonian type of fluids. Generation of heating of the medium caused by nonlinear transfer of acoustic energy, is discussed in details. The governing equation of acoustic heating is derived by means of the special linear combination...

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  • Acoustic heating produced in the thermoviscous flow of a bingham plastic

    This study is devoted to the instantaneous acoustic heating of a Bingham plastic. The model of the Bingham plastic's viscous stress tensor includes the yield stress along with the shear viscosity, which differentiates a Bingham plastic from a viscous Newtonian fluid. A special linear combination of the conservation equations in differential form makes it possible to reduce all acoustic terms in the linear part of of the final equation...

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  • Acoustic heating produced in the thermoviscous flow of a Bingham plastic

    This study is devoted to the instantaneous acoustic heating of a Bingham plastic. The model of the Bingham plastic's viscous stress tensor includes the yield stress along with the shear viscosity, which differentiates a Bingham plastic from a viscous Newtonian fluid. A special linear combination of the conservation equations in differential form makes it possible to reduce all acoustic terms in the linear part of of the final equation...

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  • Some aspects of noise generated by a small ship in the shallow sea

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2012

    The passing and underwater moving objects produce the noises of variable intensity, which significantly increase the overall level of noise in the sea. This applies to both the sonic and ultrasonic range. The excessive levels of underwater noise adversely affects the so-called underwater acoustic climate and is the reason why this phenomenon is intensively investigated from the number of years. The results of experimental work...

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  • Desulfurization of raw naphtha cuts using hybrid systems based on acoustic cavitation and advanced oxidation processes (AOPs)

    Publikacja

    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL - Rok 2022

    A combination of dual-frequency acoustic cavitation (acoustic cavitation) and UV assisted advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) reaction system was developed for desulfurization of raw naphtha used to produce aviation fuels. Various types of oxidants in hybrid systems including hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid, acetone, air and ozone were compared. At optimum oxidant to sulfur compounds molar ratio (rox) of 5.0, the hybrid process...

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  • Designing acoustic scattering elements using machine learning methods

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2021

    In the process of the design and correction of room acoustic properties, it is often necessary to select the appropriate type of acoustic treatment devices and make decisions regarding their size, geometry, and location of the devices inside the room under the treatment process. The goal of this doctoral dissertation is to develop and validate a mathematical model that allows predicting the effects of the application of the scattering...

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  • Non-Wave Variations in Temperature Caused by Sound in a Chemically Reacting Gas

    A weakly nonlinear generation of non-acoustic modes in the field of sound in a gas is considered. An exotericchemical reaction of A->B type, which takes place in a gas, may be reversible or not. Two types of sound areconsidered, low-frequency and high-frequency as compared with the characteristic time of a chemical reaction.For both these cases, the governing equations of non-acoustic modes are derived and conclusions of the efficiencyof...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the Mine Countermeasure Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, an underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling the measurement...

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