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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: damping ratio

Effective Formula for Impact Damping Ratio for Simulation of Earthquakeinduced Structural Pounding
PublikacjaStructural pounding during earthquakes may cause substantial damage to colliding structures. The phenomenon is numerically studied using different models of collisions. The aim of the present paper is to propose an effective formula for the impact damping ratio, as a parameter of the impact force model used to study different problems of structural pounding under seismic excitations. Its accuracy has been verified by four various...

Analytical expression between the impact damping ratio and the coefficient of restitution in the nonlinear viscoelastic model of structural pounding
PublikacjaWyniki wcześniejszych badań pokazują, iż nieliniowy model lepkosprężysty zderzeń konstrukcji budowlanych podczas trzęsień ziemi najdokładniej symuluje siłę zderzenia w czasie kontaktu oraz odpowiedź konstrukcji. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest wyprowadzenie wzoru na zależność pomiędzy liczbą tłumienia zderzenia (parametr wspomnianego modelu) a współczynnikiem odbicia, który jest parametrem często stosowanym i analizowanym w literaturze....

Identyfikacja parametrów dynamicznych want mostu Rędzińskiego we Wrocławiu
Publikacjathe paper presents results of dynamic analysis conducted on staycables of rędziński bridge in wrocław. identified in situ dynamic parameters (natural frequency and logarithmic decrement damping ratio) of selected stays were and compared to the values featured in the project.

Effect of soil on the capacity of viscous dampers between adjacent buildings
PublikacjaThis study investigated the seismic pounding of two adjacent buildings considering soil–structure interaction (SSI). A comprehensive parametric study of buildings with different heights was performed to reveal the poundinginvolved behaviour considering the soil effect. Wavelet transform has been conducted to gain insight into the differences in the frequency contents of the impact forces between fixed and flexiblebase adjacent...

Experimental study on the effectiveness of polymer dampers in reduction of structural vibrations
PublikacjaVibrations of civil engineering structures, generated by dynamic loads, may be very dangerous to the structures themselves as well as may have significant influence on human perception and comfort. A number of different methods have been proposed in order to minimize such situations. This concern newly designed structures as well as those which dynamic properties have to be modified due to problems with excessive vibrations. One...

Unusual dynamics and nonlinear thermal selffocusing of initially focused magnetoacoustic beams in a plasma
PublikacjaUnusual thermal selffocusing of twodimensional beams in plasma which axis is parallel to the equilibrium straight magnetic field is considered. The equi librium parameters of plasma determine scenario of a beam divergence (usual or unusual) which is stronger as compared with a flow without magnetic field. Nonlinear thermal selfaction of a magnetosonic beam behaves differently in the ordinary and unusual cases. Damping of wave...

Experimental study on the effectiveness of polymer damper in damage reduction of temporary steel grandstand
PublikacjaA large number of accidents, involving collapses of temporary grandstands during different types of events, were observed in the past. If the synchronized movement of people is tuned with the natural frequency of the affected part of the structure, resonance might occur. It may lead to severe damages of grandstands, their collapse or panic among the spectators. The aim of the paper is to assess, through preliminary experimental...

Auxetic foams
PublikacjaThis paper presents a method of producing auxetic polyurethane foams (PUFs) and their unique properties. The experience was based on a synthesis of traditional flexible polyurethane foam and thermal conversion to auxetic foam. The foam specimens were transformed from conventional Poisson's ratio to auxetic (negative Poisson's ratio) [1]. Basic research was performed to determine the mechanical properties and cell structure. Auxetic...

Investigation of behaviour of metal structures with polymer dampers under dynamic loads
PublikacjaA large number of accidents concerning structures subjected to dynamic loads have been recently observed. One of the examples of such a structure is a temporary steel grandstand erected using scaffolding system. Dynamic load that is generated by crowd movement has a significant influence on the behaviour of the structure and may lead to excessive structural vibrations. The aim of the study is to consider the idea of using polymer...

Modified linear viscoelastic model of earthquakeinduced structural pounding
PublikacjaIn recent times, earthquakeinduced structural pounding has been intensively studied through the use of different impact force models. The numerical results obtained from the previous studies indicate that the linear viscoelastic model is relatively simple and accurate in modeling poundinginvolved behavior of structures during earthquakes. The only shortcoming of the model is a negative value of the pounding force occurring just...

Experimental study on effectiveness of polymer dampers in reduction of structural vibrations
PublikacjaVibrations of civil engineering structures, generated by dynamic loads, may be very dangerous to the structures themselves as well as may have significant influence on human perception and comfort. A number of different methods have been proposed in order to minimize such situations. This concern newly designed structures as well as those which dynamic properties have to be modified due to problems with excessive vibrations. One...

CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF TIMBERFRAME HOUSES RESISTANT TO DYNAMIC LOADS – STUDY ON MODELS OF EXTERIOR WALLS
PublikacjaThe aim of this paper is to show the numeric representation of experimental studies concerning the behaviour of exterior wall models of a timberframe house under harmonic loading. A single wall model according to traditional technology of timberframe house walls (filling with mineral wool) was tested. The analysis was conducted for the following frequencies: 0.5 Hz, 1.0 Hz, 2.0 Hz and 5.0 Hz for various values of the specified...

Experimental study on models of cylindrical steel tanks under mining tremors and moderate earthquakes
PublikacjaThe aim of the study is to show the results of complex shaking table experimental investigation focused on the response of two models of cylindrical steel tanks under mining tremors and moderate earthquakes, including the aspects of diagnosis of structural damage. Firstly, the impact and the sweepsine tests have been carried out, so as to determine the dynamic properties of models filled with different levels of liquid. Then,...

Experimental Study on the Effectiveness of Polyurethane Flexible Adhesive in Reduction of Structural Vibrations
PublikacjaThe aim of the present study is to consider the idea of using polyurethane flexible adhesive in to reduce the vibrations in structures exposed to dynamic loads and evaluate their damping properties in relation to large deformations. Firstly, two aluminium cantilever beams, simulating structural elements (without and with polyurethane layer in the form of tape), were analysed, in order to check the damping of the unconstrained polymer...

Experimental investigations on the mechanical properties and damage detection of carbon nanotubes modified crumb rubber concrete
PublikacjaThis study presents a modified crumb rubber (MCR) concrete design mix reinforced with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), mechanical characterization, and cracking monitoring using the acoustic emission (AE) technique. The results showed that the bridging effect of MWCNTs and MCR in the concrete mix mitigated the shortcomings of MWCNTMCR concrete and improved the flexural and compressive strengths by 18.3% and 26.5%, respectively,...

Experimental and numerical analysis of an aluminum cantilevered beam with polymer adhesive
PublikacjaIn this paper, experimental and numerical investigation on a composite cantilevered aluminum beam has been conducted. The subject of the study consists of two plain aluminum elements bonded with polymer adhesive of different thickness. It has been proven in the previous study that this kind of material has high damping properties. During an experimental investigation, value of damping ratios have been obtained. The aim of a numerical...

HYBRID REDUCED MODEL OF ROTOR
PublikacjaIn the paper, the authors describe the method of model reduction of a rotor system. The proposed approach enables to obtain a low order model including e.g. nonproportional damping or the gyroscopic effect. This method is illustrated using the example of a rotor system. First, a model of the system was built without gyroscopic and damping effects by using the rigid finite element method. Next, this model was reduced. Finally, two...

Investigating lubricants behaviour in microgravity for vibration damping purposes
PublikacjaVibration is one of the harshest environments an object is exposed to during and after launch into space on a launch vehicle. Such vibrations should be damped to avoid destruction of the spacecraft or its elements. Currently, active and material damping is used. A possibility of using lubrication as the damping factor is suggested by some research. MoS2 is a typical solid lubricant used in space applications. Its properties vary...

Viscous versus electromagnetic damping – amplification in a neighbourhood of a mechanism singular position
PublikacjaIn the paper, damping of vibrations are considered and compared in a mechanical and in a electromechanical system. In the system, a continuous beam is considered as the main vibrating element. The compared dissipations methods are based on: viscous dampers and DC generators. To increase the possible damping effectiveness, velocity amplification is proposed, i.e., a mechanism is introduced between the beam and the damping element....

The effectiveness of polymer adhesive in reduction of vibrations of structural members
PublikacjaIn this paper, the idea of using polymer adhesive as a damping layer is proposed. An experimental study of two aluminium cantilevered beams has been conducted. One of them presents a plain cantilevered beam, while the second one considers two aluminium beams bonded with a polymer adhesive of different thickness (0,5; 1,2; 1,75; 3,1 and 5 mm). The polymer adhesive considered in the study is a specially designed flexible...

Hybrid model of geared rotor system
PublikacjaIn the paper a hybrid model of a geared multirotor system has been developed. The model is obtained by application of both the modal decomposition methodology and the spatial discretization method. Reduced modal model was constructed for the system without gyroscopic and damping effects. The gyroscopic interaction, damping and other phenomena which are difficult to include in the modal approach were modeled by application of simply...

Enhancing the Seismic Resistance of Columns by GFRP Confinement Using Flexible AdhesiveExperimental Study
PublikacjaIn this paper, the results of two experiments, focused on testing the effectiveness of a method of enhancing the seismic (dynamic) resistance of masonry columns with the use of flexible polymer adhesive, are shown. The first experiment was devoted to investigate the damping properties of a polymer working between two stiff layers, whereas the aim of the second one was to verify if the identified damping properties of the polymer...

Polymeric Bearings as a new base isolation system suitable for mitigating machineinduced vibrations
PublikacjaThe present paper summarizes the preliminary results of the experimental shaking table investigation conducted in order to verify the effectiveness of a new base isolation system consisting of Polymeric Bearings in reducing strong horizontal machineinduced vibrations. Polymeric Bearing considered in the present study is a prototype base isolation system, which was constructed with the use of a specially prepared flexible polymer...

Forced vibrations in a dynamic system that is damped by a mechanism that transpass through its singular position
PublikacjaIn the paper, vibrations of a hybrid multibodycontinuous system are investigated. For all the mechanical devices, effective damping methods are crucial in the design process. To obtain it, installation of viscous dampers or elastoviscous elements is dominant. In the paper, an alternative method is investigated. It is based on modal disparity. To describe the method briefly, when structural damping is present in continuous systems,...

Heave Plates with Holes for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines
PublikacjaThe paper presents an innovative solution which is heave plates with holes. The longknown heave plates are designed to damp the heave motion of platforms. They are most often used for Spar platforms. The growing interest in this type of platform as supporting structures for offshore wind turbines makes it necessary to look for new solutions. Based on the available literature and the authors’ own research, it was concluded that...

Identification of dynamic parameters in the context of diagnostics of steel tank with different level of liquid.
PublikacjaThe paper presents an experimental study to identify the dynamic parameters of a waterfilled tank model. The experimental modal analysis approach involving the excitation at one point of the structure and acquisition of vibra tions at selected points distri buted over the tank surface allowed to determine the resonance frequencies, mode shapes and damping ratios. The main aim of the research was to examine the influence of...

MODELLING OF THE VISCOSITY EFFECT OF HEAVE PLATES FOR FLOATING WIND TURBINES BY HYDRODYNAMIC COEFFICIENTS
PublikacjaOne of the methods of modelling the movement of floating wind turbines is the use of the diffraction method. However, this method does not take into account the influence of viscosity; therefore, in many cases, it needs to be extended with a matrix of appropriate coefficients. The effect of viscosity causes both the added mass coefficient and the damping coefficient to increase. The determined coefficients were entered into the...

Vertical motions damping model test of a lifeboat lowered onto a flat sea surface
PublikacjaThe article presents the experiment’s results of the lifeboat model lowered with an initial speed and then released to fall onto a flat water surface. The purpose of the research is to determine the trajectory of the vertical boat motion and describe it with a mathematical model. This is closely related to determining the damping factor since the vertical motion is damped and the lifeboat gets balanced and stops moving after some...

Experimental research on water lubricated three layer sliding bearing with lubrication grooves in the upper part of the bush and its comparison with a rubber bearing
Publikacjacomposite. Eachofitslayershasanimportantfunction.Speciallypreparedslidingsurfaceensures minimum resistance.Followingrunninginitssmoothnessbecomesveryhighandthebearingmay continue workingunder fluid lubricationregime.NBRlayerensuresbearingelasticity,goodvibration damping propertiesandinsusceptibilitytoshaftaxismisalignment.Theexternalbrasslayermakes fitting thebearingeasier. Experiment resultsoftheconductedresearchwerecomparedwiththoseforarubberbearingof similar...

DYNWIR S70 program for modal analysis of multisupported and multimass rotors
PublikacjaThe article provides a brief description of the program DynwirS70 (currently being developed in the Rotor Dynamics and Slide Bearings Department in the Institute of FluidFlow Machinery Polish Academy of Sciences in Gdansk) which is a program for analysis of multisupported and multimass rotors. Used algorithms and the construction of mass and stiffness matrix were presented. Damping matrix structure based on Rayleigh damping...

On the modelling of aerodynamic force coefficients for overshroud seals of turbine stages
PublikacjaThis paper presents experimental investigations which made it possible to determine dynamic coefficients of labyrinth overshroud seal of a model air turbine. The coefficients associate pressure forces with turbine rotor displacement, velocity and acceleration respective to turbine casing (linear model) and play important role in analyzing turbineset dynamics. The obtained results indicated that involving serious errors can be...

Sliding friction of alumina (Al2O3) with friction induced vibrations
Dane BadawczeTest files containing data on experiments in self mated sliding contact of alumina Al2O3 lubricated with either water or paraffin oil. Tests run in variable load/velocity conditions and with different dynamic settings of the test rig (PT3 tribometer). The aim of the research was to attempt in finding correlations between the dynamic characteristics...

Elastic waves in the railroad track substructures and its surroundings analyzed with nonclassical operational methods
PublikacjaWe analyze the propagation of the waves generated by the rolling stock and the interaction of those waves on the medium and its surroundings. We use nonclassical operational methods for monitoring construction of the railway infrastructure and for noise damping.

On description of periodic magnetosonic perturbations in a quasiisentropic plasma with mechanical and thermal losses and electrical resistivity
PublikacjaMagnetosonic periodic perturbations in a uniform and infinite plasma model are considered. Damping due to compressional viscosity, electrical resistivity, and thermal conduction are taken into account, as well as some heating–cooling function, which may destroy the isentropicity of wave perturbations. The wave vector forms arbitrary angle h with the equilibrium straight magnetic field, and all perturbations are functions...

About definition of modes and magnetosonic heating in a plasma’s flow: Especial cases of perpendicular and nearly perpendicular wave vector and magnetic field
PublikacjaDynamics of hydrodynamic perturbations in a plasma depend strongly on an angle between the wave vector and equilibrium straight magnetic field. The case of perpendicular propagation is especial. There are only two (fast) magnetosonic modes since two (slow) ones degenerate into the stationary one with zero speed of propagation. This demands individual definition of wave modes by the links of hydrodynamic relations. These links are...

Fabrication and Characterization of Green Polyurethane Foams with Enhanced Vibration Damping Capability
PublikacjaOver the past decades, there has been an intensive development of the technologies and innovations aimed at increasing the quality of life. This development largely concerns the comfort of use of everyday products that, among others, are products of the automotive, construction, or furniture industries. Considering the increase in the comfort of using products such as cars, houses, and flats, one of the comfort features of their...

Numerical Comparison of Damping Amplification Effects Obtained in Neighborhood of a Mechanism Singular Position  Viscous and Electromagnetic Cases
PublikacjaIn the paper, results of numerical investigations are presented. A continuous beam is considered as the main vibrating element. Two energy dissipations methods are compared: viscous dampers and DC generators. To increase the damping effectiveness, velocity amplification is proposed, i.e., a mechanism is introduced between the beam and the damping element, and the mechanism configuration is set as closed to the singular position...

Assessment of dynamic characteristics of thin cylindrical sandwich panels with magnetorheological core
PublikacjaBased on the equivalent singlelayer linear theory for laminated shells, free and forced vibrations of thin cylindrical sandwich panels with magnetorheological core are studied. Five variants of available magnetorheological elastomers differing in their composition and physical properties are considered for smart viscoelastic core. Coupled differential equations in terms of displacements based on the generalized kinematic hypotheses...

Possibilities of using SVC compensators for synchronous generators rotors oscillations damping.
PublikacjaThe article presents the idea of using static var compensators (SVC) for damping generators rotors oscillations. A novel SVC controller structure is proposed to provide better dynamic performance of the power system. A tests results are shown for proposed controller structure, that was carried out in a threemachine power system model as well as in multimachine model of Polish Power System.

Multifunctional PID NeuroController for Synchronous Generator
PublikacjaThis paper deals with a PID NeuroController (PIDNC) for synchronous generator system. The controller is based on artificial neural network and adaptive control strategy. It ensures two functions: maintaining the generator voltage at its desired value and damping electromechanical oscillations. The performance of the proposed controller is evaluated on the basis of simulation tests. A comparative study of the results obtained with...

The influence of external interference on AFM imaging, the use of a protective helmet
Dane BadawczeThis collection is of purely practical importance, showing how the presence of external disturbances can adversely affect the quality of imaging with an atomic force microscope. For this reason, it is also advisable to provide a link to a workshoplike study [1] as well as a huge number of commercial solutions available after entering the keyword "AFM...

Experimental Study on Effectiveness of a Prototype Seismic Isolation System Made of Polymeric Bearings
PublikacjaSeismic isolation is identified as one of the most popular and effective methods of protecting structures under strong dynamic excitations. Base isolators, such as Lead Rubber Bearings, High Damping Rubber Bearings, and Friction Pendulum Bearings, are widely used in practice in many earthquakeprone regions of the world to mitigate structural vibrations, and therefore minimize loss of life and property damage during seismic events....

Static and dynamic modelling blow out type trauma of orbital wall
PublikacjaAuthors of the paper present initial results of finite element analysis of a blowout type trauma of orbital wall. The research is liked with laboratory tests for the Young’s modulus of bones evaluation. In the finite element analysis the neighbourhood of orbital wall is modelled by triangle thin shell finite elements. In the paper results of nonlinear static and transient dynamic analysis (including damping) are compared. The...

Numerical analysis of elastic wave propagation in unbounded structures
PublikacjaThe main objective of this paper is to show the effectiveness and usefulness of the concept of an absorbing layer with increasing damping (ALID) in numerical investigations of elastic wave propagation in unbounded engineering structures. This has been achieved by the authors by a careful investigation of three different types of structures characterised by gradually increasing geometrical and mathematical description complexities....

The experimental identification of the dynamic coefficients of two hydrodynamic journal bearings operating at constant rotational speed and under nonlinear conditions.
PublikacjaHydrodynamic bearings are commonly used in ship propulsion systems. Typically, they are calculated using numerical or experimental methods. This paper presents an experimental study through which it has been possible to estimate 24 dynamic coefficients of two hydrodynamic slide bearings operating under nonlinear conditions. During the investigation, bearing mass coefficients are identified by means of a newly developed algorithm....

The Experimental Determination of Bearings Dynamic Coefficients in a Wide Range of Rotational Speeds, Taking into Account the Resonance and Hydrodynamic Instability
PublikacjaMethods for the experimental determination of dynamic coefficients are commonly used for the analysis of various types of bearings, including hydrodynamic, aerodynamic and foil bearings. There are currently several algorithms that allow estimating bearing dynamic coefficients. Such algorithms usually use various excitation techniques applied to rotor–bearings systems. So far only a small number of scientific publications show how...

Modal Adjustment of Rayleigh Based Structural Damping and CoordinatePartitioning Algorithm Dedicated to Frictionless Contact Constraints between Multibody System and Structure Modelled with Finite Elements
PublikacjaThe paper presents a dedicated numerical algorithm. The algorithm is advantageous during investigations of the dynamics of a hybrid multibody / finiteelements system. We focus our attention on interactions resulting from mechanical contact. Pointwise contact connects a vertex of the multibody structure and a surface of the elastic reference body. Instead of a positive value of the relative penetration factor, constraint equations...

Critical Remarks on Landauer’s principle of erasure– dissipation: Including notes on Maxwell demons and Szilard engines
PublikacjaWe briefly address Landauer’s Principle and some related issues in thermal demons. We show that an errorfree Turing computer works in the zeroentropy limit, which proves Landauer’s derivation incorrect. To have a physical logic gate, memory or informationengine, a few essential components necessary for the operation of these devices are often neglected, such as various aspects of control, damping and the fluctuation–dissipation...

Intelligent turbogenerator controller based on artifical neural network
PublikacjaThe paper presents a desing of an intelligent controller based on neural network (ICNN). The ICNN ensures at the same time two fundamental functions : the maintaining of generator voltage at the desired value and the damping of the electromechanical oscillations. Its performance is evaluted on a single machine infinite bus power system through computer simulations. The dynamic and transient operation of the proposed controller...

Linking of adjacent threestorey buildings for mitigation of structural pounding during earthquakes
PublikacjaThe reports after major earthquakes indicate that the earthquakeinduced pounding between insufficiently separated buildings may lead to significant damage or even total collapse of structures. An intensive study has recently been carried out on mitigation of pounding hazards so as to minimize the structural damages or prevent collisions at all. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness of the method when two adjacent...