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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: dominating set

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: dominating set

  • Polynomial Algorithm for Minimal (1,2)-Dominating Set in Networks

    Publikacja

    - Electronics - Rok 2022

    Dominating sets find application in a variety of networks. A subset of nodes D is a (1,2)-dominating set in a graph G=(V,E) if every node not in D is adjacent to a node in D and is also at most a distance of 2 to another node from D. In networks, (1,2)-dominating sets have a higher fault tolerance and provide a higher reliability of services in case of failure. However, finding such the smallest set is NP-hard. In this paper, we...

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  • Super Dominating Sets in Graphs

    Publikacja

    In this paper some results on the super domination number are obtained. We prove that if T is a tree with at least three vertices, then n2≤γsp(T)≤n−s, where s is the number of support vertices in T and we characterize the extremal trees.

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  • On proper (1,2)‐dominating sets in graphs

    Publikacja

    In 2008, Hedetniemi et al. introduced the concept of (1,)-domination and obtained some interesting results for (1,2) -domination. Obviously every (1,1) -dominating set of a graph (known as 2-dominating set) is (1,2) -dominating; to distinguish these concepts, we define a proper (1,2) -dominating set of a graph as follows: a subset is a proper (1,2) -dominating set of a graph if is (1,2) -dominating and it is not a (1,1) -dominating...

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  • Minimal 2-dominating sets in Trees

    We provide an algorithm for listing all minimal 2-dominating sets of a tree of order n in time O(1.3247^n). This leads to that every tree has at most 1.3247^n minimal 2-dominating sets. We also show that thisbound is tight.

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  • Minimal double dominating sets in trees

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2014

    We provide an algorithm for listing all minimal double dominating sets of a tree of order $n$ in time $\mathcal{O}(1.3248^n)$. This implies that every tree has at most $1.3248^n$ minimal double dominating sets. We also show that this bound is tight.

  • Reconfiguring Minimum Dominating Sets in Trees

    Publikacja

    We provide tight bounds on the diameter of γ-graphs, which are reconfiguration graphs of the minimum dominating sets of a graph G. In particular, we prove that for any tree T of order n ≥ 3, the diameter of its γ-graph is at most n/2 in the single vertex replacement adjacency model, whereas in the slide adjacency model, it is at most 2(n − 1)/3. Our proof is constructive, leading to a simple linear-time algorithm for determining...

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  • Trees having many minimal dominating sets

    We provide an algorithm for listing all minimal dominating sets of a tree of order n in time O(1.4656^n). This leads to that every tree has at most 1.4656^n minimal dominating sets. We also give an infinite family of trees of odd and even order for which the number of minimal dominating sets exceeds 1.4167^n, thus exceeding 2^{n/2}. This establishes a lower bound on the running time of an algorithm for listing all minimal dominating...

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  • An Algorithm for Listing All Minimal 2-Dominating Sets of a Tree

    We provide an algorithm for listing all minimal 2-dominating sets of a tree of order n in time O(1.3248n) . This implies that every tree has at most 1.3248 n minimal 2-dominating sets. We also show that this bound is tigh.

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  • An algorithm for listing all minimal double dominating sets of a tree

    Publikacja

    We provide an algorithm for listing all minimal double dominating sets of a tree of order $n$ in time $\mathcal{O}(1.3248^n)$. This implies that every tree has at most $1.3248^n$ minimal double dominating sets. We also show that this bound is tight.

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  • Application of Doubly Connected Dominating Sets to Safe Rectangular Smart Grids

    Publikacja

    - ENERGIES - Rok 2022

    Smart grids, together with the Internet of Things, are considered to be the future of the electric energy world. This is possible through a two-way communication between nodes of the grids and computer processing. It is necessary that the communication is easy and safe, and the distance between a point of demand and supply is short, to reduce the electricity loss. All these requirements should be met at the lowest possible cost....

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  • Unicyclic graphs with equal total and total outer-connected domination numbers

    Publikacja

    Let G = (V,E) be a graph without an isolated vertex. A set D ⊆ V (G) is a total dominating set if D is dominating and the in- duced subgraph G[D] does not contain an isolated vertex. The total domination number of G is the minimum cardinality of a total domi- nating set of G. A set D ⊆ V (G) is a total outer–connected dominating set if D is total dominating and the induced subgraph G[V (G)−D] is a connected graph. The total outer–connected...

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  • Total Domination Versus Domination in Cubic Graphs

    Publikacja

    A dominating set in a graph G is a set S of vertices of G such that every vertex not in S has a neighbor in S. Further, if every vertex of G has a neighbor in S, then S is a total dominating set of G. The domination number,γ(G), and total domination number, γ_t(G), are the minimum cardinalities of a dominating set and total dominating set, respectively, in G. The upper domination number, \Gamma(G), and the upper total domination...

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  • On the ratio between 2-domination and total outer-independent domination numbers of trees

    A 2-dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of V(G)D has a at least two neighbors in D. A total outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G has a neighbor in D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The 2-domination (total outer-independent domination, respectively) number of a graph G is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating (total...

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  • On trees with double domination number equal to 2-outer-independent domination number plus one

    A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A double dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D. The double domination number of a graph G is the minimum cardinality of a double dominating set of G. For a graph G=(V,E), a subset D subseteq V(G) is a 2-dominating set if every vertex of V(G)D has at least two neighbors...

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  • Weakly connected Roman domination in graphs

    A Roman dominating function on a graph G=(V,E) is defined to be a function f :V → {0,1,2} satisfying the condition that every vertex u for which f(u) = 0 is adjacent to at least one vertex v for which f(v)=2. A dominating set D⊆V is a weakly connected dominating set of G if the graph (V,E∩(D×V)) is connected. We define a weakly connected Roman dominating function on a graph G to be a Roman dominating function such that the set...

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  • On trees with equal domination and total outer-independent domination numbers

    Publikacja

    For a graph G=(V,E), a subset D subseteq V(G) is a dominating set if every vertex of V(G)D has a neighbor in D, while it is a total outer-independent dominating set if every vertex of G has a neighbor in D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The domination (total outer-independent domination, respectively) number of G is the minimum cardinality of a dominating (total outer-independent dominating, respectively) set of G. We characterize...

  • On trees with equal 2-domination and 2-outer-independent domination numbers

    For a graph G = (V,E), a subset D \subseteq V(G) is a 2-dominating set if every vertex of V(G)\D$ has at least two neighbors in D, while it is a 2-outer-independent dominating set if additionally the set V(G)\D is independent. The 2-domination (2-outer-independent domination, respectively) number of G, is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating (2-outer-independent dominating, respectively) set of G. We characterize all trees...

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  • Graphs with equal domination and certified domination numbers

    Publikacja

    - Opuscula Mathematica - Rok 2019

    A setDof vertices of a graphG= (VG,EG) is a dominating set ofGif every vertexinVG−Dis adjacent to at least one vertex inD. The domination number (upper dominationnumber, respectively) ofG, denoted byγ(G) (Γ(G), respectively), is the cardinality ofa smallest (largest minimal, respectively) dominating set ofG. A subsetD⊆VGis calleda certified dominating set ofGifDis a dominating set ofGand every vertex inDhas eitherzero...

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  • On trees with double domination number equal to total domination number plus one

    Publikacja

    A total dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G has a neighbor in D. A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A double dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D. The total (double, respectively) domination number of a graph G is the minimum cardinality of a total (double,...

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  • On trees with double domination number equal to 2-domination number plus one

    A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A subset D subseteq V(G) is a 2-dominating set of G if every vertex of V(G)D is dominated by at least two vertices of D, while it is a double dominating set of G if every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D. The 2-domination (double domination, respectively) number of a graph G is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating (double dominating,...

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  • The convex domination subdivision number of a graph

    Publikacja

    Let G = (V;E) be a simple graph. A set D\subset V is a dominating set of G if every vertex in V - D has at least one neighbor in D. The distance d_G(u, v) between two vertices u and v is the length of a shortest (u, v)-path in G. An (u, v)-path of length d_G(u; v) is called an (u, v)-geodesic. A set X\subset V is convex in G if vertices from all (a, b)-geodesics belong to X for any two vertices a, b \in X. A set X is a convex dominating...

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  • Total domination in versus paired-domination in regular graphs

    A subset S of vertices of a graph G is a dominating set of G if every vertex not in S has a neighbor in S, while S is a total dominating set of G if every vertex has a neighbor in S. If S is a dominating set with the additional property that the subgraph induced by S contains a perfect matching, then S is a paired-dominating set. The domination number, denoted γ(G), is the minimum cardinality of a dominating set of G, while the...

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  • Weakly convex domination subdivision number of a graph

    Publikacja

    - FILOMAT - Rok 2016

    A set X is weakly convex in G if for any two vertices a; b \in X there exists an ab–geodesic such that all of its vertices belong to X. A set X \subset V is a weakly convex dominating set if X is weakly convex and dominating. The weakly convex domination number \gamma_wcon(G) of a graph G equals the minimum cardinality of a weakly convex dominating set in G. The weakly convex domination subdivision number sd_wcon (G) is the minimum...

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  • Global defensive sets in graphs

    In the paper we study a new problem of finding a minimum global defensive set in a graph which is a generalization of the global alliance problem. For a given graph G and a subset S of a vertex set of G, we define for every subset X of S the predicate SEC ( X ) = true if and only if | N [ X ] ∩ S | ≥ | N [ X ] \ S | holds, where N [ X ] is a closed neighbourhood of X in graph G. A set S is a defensive alliance if and only if for...

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  • Similarities and Differences Between the Vertex Cover Number and the Weakly Connected Domination Number of a Graph

    Publikacja
    • M. Lemańska
    • J. A. Rodríguez-Velázquez
    • R. Trujillo-Rasua

    - FUNDAMENTA INFORMATICAE - Rok 2017

    A vertex cover of a graph G = (V, E) is a set X ⊂ V such that each edge of G is incident to at least one vertex of X. The ve cardinality of a vertex cover of G. A dominating set D ⊆ V is a weakly connected dominating set of G if the subgraph G[D]w = (N[D], Ew) weakly induced by D, is connected, where Ew is the set of all edges having at least one vertex in D. The weakly connected domination number γw(G) of G is the minimum cardinality...

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  • A lower bound on the total outer-independent domination number of a tree

    A total outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G has a neighbor in D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The total outer-independent domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_t^{oi}(G), is the minimum cardinality of a total outer-independent dominating set of G. We prove that for every nontrivial tree T of order n with l leaves we have gamma_t^{oi}(T) >= (2n-2l+2)/3,...

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  • An upper bound on the 2-outer-independent domination number of a tree

    A 2-outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of V(G)D has a at least two neighbors in D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The 2-outer-independent domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_2^{oi}(G), is the minimum cardinality of a 2-outer-independent dominating set of G. We prove that for every nontrivial tree T of order n with l leaves we have gamma_2^{oi}(T) <= (n+l)/2,...

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  • An upper bound on the total outer-independent domination number of a tree

    Publikacja

    A total outer-independent dominating set of a graph G=(V(G),E(G)) is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G has a neighbor in D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The total outer-independent domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_t^{oi}(G), is the minimum cardinality of a total outer-independent dominating set of G. We prove that for every tree T of order n >= 4, with l leaves and s support vertices we have...

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  • 2-outer-independent domination in graphs

    Publikacja

    We initiate the study of 2-outer-independent domination in graphs. A 2-outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of V(G)\D has at least two neighbors in D, and the set V(G)\D is independent. The 2-outer-independent domination number of a graph G is the minimum cardinality of a 2-outer-independent dominating set of G. We show that if a graph has minimum degree at least two,...

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  • An upper bound for the double outer-independent domination number of a tree

    A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A double outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D, and the set V(G)\D is independent. The double outer-independent domination number of a graph G, denoted by γ_d^{oi}(G), is the minimum cardinality of a double outer-independent dominating set of G. We prove...

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  • An Alternative Proof of a Lower Bound on the 2-Domination Number of a Tree

    A 2-dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex not in D has a at least two neighbors in D. The 2-domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_2(G), is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating set of G. Fink and Jacobson [n-domination in graphs, Graph theory with applications to algorithms and computer science, Wiley, New York, 1985, 283-300] established the following lower bound on the 2-domination...

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  • Bounds on the vertex-edge domination number of a tree

    Publikacja

    - COMPTES RENDUS MATHEMATIQUE - Rok 2014

    A vertex-edge dominating set of a graph $G$ is a set $D$ of vertices of $G$ such that every edge of $G$ is incident with a vertex of $D$ or a vertex adjacent to a vertex of $D$. The vertex-edge domination number of a graph $G$, denoted by $\gamma_{ve}(T)$, is the minimum cardinality of a vertex-edge dominating set of $G$. We prove that for every tree $T$ of order $n \ge 3$ with $l$ leaves and $s$ support vertices we have $(n-l-s+3)/4...

  • On trees attaining an upper bound on the total domination number

    A total dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G has a neighbor in D. The total domination number of a graph G, denoted by γ_t(G), is the minimum cardinality of a total dominating set of G. Chellali and Haynes [Total and paired-domination numbers of a tree, AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics 1 (2004), 69-75] established the following upper bound on the total domination...

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  • Paired domination versus domination and packing number in graphs

    Publikacja

    Given a graph G = (V(G), E(G)), the size of a minimum dominating set, minimum paired dominating set, and a minimum total dominating set of a graph G are denoted by γ (G), γpr(G), and γt(G), respectively. For a positive integer k, a k-packing in G is a set S ⊆ V(G) such that for every pair of distinct vertices u and v in S, the distance between u and v is at least k + 1. The k-packing number is the order of a largest kpacking and...

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  • All graphs with paired-domination number two less than their order

    Publikacja

    Let G=(V,E) be a graph with no isolated vertices. A set S⊆V is a paired-dominating set of G if every vertex not in S is adjacent with some vertex in S and the subgraph induced by S contains a perfect matching. The paired-domination number γp(G) of G is defined to be the minimum cardinality of a paired-dominating set of G. Let G be a graph of order n. In [Paired-domination in graphs, Networks 32 (1998), 199-206] Haynes and Slater...

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  • A lower bound on the double outer-independent domination number of a tree

    Publikacja

    A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A double outer-independent dominating set of a graph G is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D, and the set V(G)D is independent. The double outer-independent domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_d^{oi}(G), is the minimum cardinality of a double outer-independent dominating set of G. We...

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  • Weakly convex and convex domination numbers of some products of graphs

    If $G=(V,E)$ is a simple connected graph and $a,b\in V$, then a shortest $(a-b)$ path is called a $(u-v)$-{\it geodesic}. A set $X\subseteq V$ is called {\it weakly convex} in $G$ if for every two vertices $a,b\in X$ exists $(a-b)$- geodesic whose all vertices belong to $X$. A set $X$ is {\it convex} in $G$ if for every $a,b\in X$ all vertices from every $(a-b)$-geodesic belong to $X$. The {\it weakly convex domination number}...

  • Independent Domination Subdivision in Graphs

    Publikacja

    - GRAPHS AND COMBINATORICS - Rok 2021

    A set $S$ of vertices in a graph $G$ is a dominating set if every vertex not in $S$ is adjacent to a vertex in~$S$. If, in addition, $S$ is an independent set, then $S$ is an independent dominating set. The independent domination number $i(G)$ of $G$ is the minimum cardinality of an independent dominating set in $G$. The independent domination subdivision number $\sdi(G)$ is the minimum number of edges that must be subdivided (each...

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  • Isolation Number versus Domination Number of Trees

    Publikacja
    • M. Lemańska
    • M. J. Souto-Salorio
    • A. Dapena
    • F. Vazquez-Araujo

    - Mathematics - Rok 2021

    If G=(VG,EG) is a graph of order n, we call S⊆VG an isolating set if the graph induced by VG−NG[S] contains no edges. The minimum cardinality of an isolating set of G is called the isolation number of G, and it is denoted by ι(G). It is known that ι(G)≤n3 and the bound is sharp. A subset S⊆VG is called dominating in G if NG[S]=VG. The minimum cardinality of a dominating set of G is the domination number, and it is denoted by γ(G)....

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  • Bipartite theory of graphs: outer-independent domination

    Publikacja

    - NATIONAL ACADEMY SCIENCE LETTERS-INDIA - Rok 2015

    Let $G = (V,E)$ be a bipartite graph with partite sets $X$ and $Y$. Two vertices of $X$ are $X$-adjacent if they have a common neighbor in $Y$, and they are $X$-independent otherwise. A subset $D \subseteq X$ is an $X$-outer-independent dominating set of $G$ if every vertex of $X \setminus D$ has an $X$-neighbor in $D$, and all vertices of $X \setminus D$ are pairwise $X$-independent. The $X$-outer-independent domination number...

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  • Domination-Related Parameters in Rooted Product Graphs

    Abstract A set S of vertices of a graph G is a dominating set in G if every vertex outside of S is adjacent to at least one vertex belonging to S. A domination parameter of G is related to those sets of vertices of a graph satisfying some domination property together with other conditions on the vertices of G. Here, we investigate several domination-related parameters in rooted product graphs.

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  • 2-bondage in graphs

    A 2-dominating set of a graph G=(V,E) is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of V(G)D has at least two neighbors in D. The 2-domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_2(G), is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating set of G. The 2-bondage number of G, denoted by b_2(G), is the minimum cardinality among all sets of edges E' subseteq E such that gamma_2(G-E') > gamma_2(G). If for every E' subseteq E we have...

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  • On the super domination number of lexicographic product graphs

    Publikacja

    - DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS - Rok 2019

    The neighbourhood of a vertexvof a graphGis the setN(v) of all verticesadjacent tovinG. ForD⊆V(G) we defineD=V(G)\D. A setD⊆V(G) is called a super dominating set if for every vertexu∈D, there existsv∈Dsuch thatN(v)∩D={u}. The super domination number ofGis theminimum cardinality among all super dominating sets inG. In this article weobtain closed formulas and tight bounds for the super dominating number oflexicographic product...

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  • On the double bondage in graphs

    Publikacja

    A vertex of a graph is said to dominate itself and all of its neighbors. A double dominating set of a graph G=(V,E) is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of G is dominated by at least two vertices of D. The double domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_d(G), is the minimum cardinality of a double dominating set of G. The double bondage number of G, denoted by b_d(G), is the minimum cardinality among all sets...

  • Non-isolating 2-bondage in graphs

    A 2-dominating set of a graph G=(V,E) is a set D of vertices of G such that every vertex of V(G)D has at least two neighbors in D. The 2-domination number of a graph G, denoted by gamma_2(G), is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating set of G. The non-isolating 2-bondage number of G, denoted by b_2'(G), is the minimum cardinality among all sets of edges E' subseteq E such that delta(G-E') >= 1 and gamma_2(G-E') > gamma_2(G)....

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  • Non-isolating bondage in graphs

    A dominating set of a graph $G = (V,E)$ is a set $D$ of vertices of $G$ such that every vertex of $V(G) \setminus D$ has a neighbor in $D$. The domination number of a graph $G$, denoted by $\gamma(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of a dominating set of $G$. The non-isolating bondage number of $G$, denoted by $b'(G)$, is the minimum cardinality among all sets of edges $E' \subseteq E$ such that $\delta(G-E') \ge 1$ and $\gamma(G-E')...

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  • Certified domination

    Publikacja

    Imagine that we are given a set D of officials and a set W of civils. For each civil x ∈ W, there must be an official v ∈ D that can serve x, and whenever any such v is serving x, there must also be another civil w ∈ W that observes v, that is, w may act as a kind of witness, to avoid any abuse from v. What is the minimum number of officials to guarantee such a service, assuming a given social network? In this paper, we introduce...

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  • Common Independence in Graphs

    Publikacja

    - Symmetry-Basel - Rok 2021

    Abstract: The cardinality of a largest independent set of G, denoted by α(G), is called the independence number of G. The independent domination number i(G) of a graph G is the cardinality of a smallest independent dominating set of G. We introduce the concept of the common independence number of a graph G, denoted by αc(G), as the greatest integer r such that every vertex of G belongs to some independent subset X of VG with |X|...

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  • INFLUENCE OF A VERTEX REMOVING ON THE CONNECTED DOMINATION NUMBER – APPLICATION TO AD-HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2015

    A minimum connected dominating set (MCDS) can be used as virtual backbone in ad-hoc wireless networks for efficient routing and broadcasting tasks. To find the MCDS is an NP- complete problem even in unit disk graphs. Many suboptimal algorithms are reported in the literature to find the MCDS using local information instead to use global network knowledge, achieving an important reduction in complexity. Since a wireless network...

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  • Strategic balance in graphs

    For a given graph G, a nonempty subset S contained in V ( G ) is an alliance iff for each vertex v ∈ S there are at least as many vertices from the closed neighbourhood of v in S as in V ( G ) − S. An alliance is global if it is also a dominating set of G. The alliance partition number of G was defined in Hedetniemi et al. (2004) to be the maximum number of sets in a partition of V ( G ) such that each set is an alliance. Similarly,...

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