Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: numerical models

A digital cartographic source for numerical models in hydrology
PublikacjaAutorzy prowadzą analizę wykorzystania i przydatności cyfrowych danych kartograficznych w rozwiązywaniu przestrzennych zagadnień hydrologicznych. Szczególne znaczenie dla prowadzonych analiz mają DTM i DEM. Są one źródłem bezpośrednich wielkości wejściowych modelu hydrologicznego i dodatkowo pozwalają na szersze możliwości prezentacji otrzymanego rozwiązania.

Comparative testing of numerical models of river ice jams
PublikacjaIce processes in general, and ice jams in particular, play a dominant role in the hydrologic regime of Canadian rivers, often causing extreme floods and affecting the life cycle of many aquatic, terrestrial, and avian species. Various numerical models have been developed to help simulate the formation and consequences of these very dynamic and often destructive jam events. To test and compare the performance of existing models,...

Comparative analysis of different numerical models of a steel radial gate
PublikacjaHydrotechnical structures are important components in water management system and general flooding safety. Their reliability should be ensured since potential damage might lead to catastrophic consequences. Weir gates are considered to be highly vulnerable elements of each hydro power plant, with regard to its dynamic resistance. The aim of the paper is to compare different numerical models and their influence on the results of...

Comparative analysis of numerical models of archshaped steel sheet sections
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The operational method of filling information gaps in satellite imagery using numerical models
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Comparison of numerical models of impact force for simulation of earthquakeinduced structural pounding
PublikacjaW artykule przedstawiono porównanie trzech modeli numerycznych służących do symulacji siły zderzenia w czasie kontaktu pomiędzy konstrukcjami budowlanymi podczas trzęsień ziemi. Efektywność każdego z modeli zbadano porównując wyniki analiz numerycznych z wynikami badań eksperymentalnych. Wyniki pracy pokazują, iż nieliniowy model lepkosprężysty najdokładniej symuluje przebieg czasowy siły zderzenia w czasie kontaktu.

New Generation of Water lubricated Foil bearing  Numerical Models and Experimental Verification
PublikacjaIn the paper a new idea of foil water lubricated bearing and methodology of hydrodynamic characteristics calculations is presented. To assesses the theoretical characteristics of these bearings two different computer models were built. First is structural model coupled with fluid model. It takes into account: fluid flow in the deformed fluid gap, specific design of bearing support and friction in bearing support. The second is...

Data set generation at novel testrig for validation of numerical models for modeling granular flows
PublikacjaSignificant effort has been exerted on developing fast and reliable numerical models for modeling particulate flow; this is challenging owing to the complexity of such flows. To achieve this, reliable and highquality experimental data are required for model development and validation. This study presents the design of a novel testrig that allows the visualization and measurement of particle flow patterns during the collision...

Surface sliding in human abdominal wall numerical models: Comparison of singlesurface and multisurface composites
PublikacjaDetermining mechanical properties of abdominal soft tissues requires a coupled experimentalnumerical study, but first an appropriate numerical model needs to be built. Precise modeling of human abdominal wall mechanics is difficult because of its complicated multilayer composition and large variation between specimens. There are several approaches concerning simplification of numerical models, but it is unclear how far one could...

Numerical Issues and Approximated Models for the Diagnosis of Transmission Pipelines
PublikacjaThe chapter concerns numerical issues encountered when the pipeline flow process is modeled as a discretetime statespace model. In particular, issues related to computational complexity and computability are discussed, i.e., simulation feasibility which is connected to the notions of singularity and stability of the model. These properties are critical if a diagnostic system is based on a discrete mathematical model of the flow...

Numerical simulation of asphalt mixtures fracture using continuum models
PublikacjaThe paper considers numerical models of fracture processes of semicircular asphalt mixture specimens subjected to threepoint bending. Parameter calibration of the asphalt mixture constitutive models requires advanced, complex experimental test procedures. The highly nonhomogeneous material is numerically modelled by a quasicontinuum model. The computational parameters are averaged data of the components, i.e. asphalt, aggregate...

Numerical Simulations of Seepage in Dikes Using unsaturated and TwoPhase Flow Models
PublikacjaModeling of water flow in variably saturated porous media, including flood dikes, is often based on the Richards equation, which neglects the flow of pore air, assuming that it remains at constant atmospheric pressure. However, there is also evidence that the air flow can be important, especially when the connectivity between the pore air and atmospheric air is lost. In such cases a full twophase airwater flow model should be...

Multiple jets impingement – numerical analysis by the ζf and hybrid VLES turbulence models
PublikacjaPresented paper summarizes the Authors findings referring to the numerical analyses of the jet impinging phenomena in the case of complex jets configurations in various applications e.g. in the heat exchangers. Multiple jets interference resulting in the crossflow and the surface curvature are the factors which impose the need of advanced turbulence models utilization. The outcome of the research based on the ζf turbulence model...

Chosen aspects of skeletal system modeling: Numerical solid and shell models of femur part
PublikacjaThe purpose of this paper is to present a new method of femur part modeling by using the finite element method. This method treats a femur part as a system composed of cortical and trabecular bone. For the purpose of determining a proper shape of femur part model there were created three models: a) the first one describes a femur part as a solid structure; b) the second one describes a femur part as a connection of cortical bone...

Numerical analysis of settlement of a highrise building using two constitutive soil models
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The Effect of the Selection of ThreeDimensional Random Numerical Soil Models on Strip Foundation Settlements
PublikacjaThis paper delivers a probabilistic attempt to prove that the selection of a random threedimensional finite element (FE) model of a subsoil affects the computed settlements. Parametricanalysis of a random soil block is conducted, assuming a variable subsoil Young’s modulus inparticular finite elements. The modulus is represented by a random field or differentsized setsof random variables; in both cases, the same truncated...

Victor Eremeev prof. dr hab.
Osoby 
Numerical Model of Femur Part
PublikacjaThe aim of the study is to create a new more accurate method of femur part modelling by using the finite element method. According to this new method, a femur part is treated as a complex structure composed of trabecular bone (internal part) and cortical bone (external part). The internal part is modelled as a scaffold, thus the external part is modelled as a coat (i.e. covering). Applying the programme ABAQUS, there were created...

A review on analytical models of brushless permanent magnet machines
PublikacjaThis study provides an indepth investigation of the use of analytical and numerical methods in analyzing electrical machines. Although numerical models such as the finiteelement method (FEM) can handle complex geometries and saturation effects, they have significant computational burdens, are timeconsuming, and are inflexible when it comes to changing machine geometries or input values. Analytical models based on magnetic equivalent...

A concept of heterogeneous numerical model of concrete for GPR simulations
PublikacjaThe Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) method, which is increasingly being used in the nondestructive diagnostics of reinforced concrete structures, often needs more accurate interpretation tools for analysis of experimental data. Recently, there has been growing interest in developing of various numerical models for exhaustive understanding of GPR data. This paper presents the concept of a heterogeneous numerical model of concrete,...

The role of numerical tests in assessing road restraint system functionality
PublikacjaKey to understanding the needs and building road infrastructure management tools to prevent and mitigate runoffroad accidents is to identify hazards and their sources which are a result of wrong design, construction, and installation of road restraint systems. Building such tools requires advanced studies with field tests, simulations and models to demonstrate the effects of selected parameters on road user safety. The research...

Experimental and numerical analysis of wave propagation in ground anchors
PublikacjaThe article focuses on wave propagation phenomenon in ground anchors. The main aim of the investigation is the nondestructive diagnostics and the assessment of the state of ground anchors, using the guided wave propagation method. Laboratory models of anchors with different lengths of the anchor body were tested and voltage signals of propagating waves were registered at several locations. For all tested specimens corresponding...

Numerical simulations of novel GFRP sandwich footbridge
PublikacjaIn the following paper some aspects of numerical analysis and designing stages of a footbridge made of composite materials are elucidated. Because of the used materials the design process in this case is not ordinary and requires the development of concepts, material selections, identification of material properties, numerical simulations, strength calculations, serviceability and durability analyses. This contribution presents...

Numerical modelling and analysis of steel specimens subjected to marine immersed corrosion and tensile load
PublikacjaThe present study develops numerical models to analyse the behaviour of steel specimens subjected to marine immersed corrosion degradation and tensile load. The finite element method with the use of the explicit dynamic solver LSDYNA, satisfying the quasistatic conditions, is employed. Two numerical models are developed, where in the first one, the scans of surfaces gathered from corroded plate specimens are implemented directly...

Numerical Investigation of Nuclear Reactor Kinetic and Heat Transfer Fractional Model with Temperature Feedback
PublikacjaAbstract—In the paper, the numerical results concerning the kinetics and proposed heat exchange models in nuclear reactor based on fractional calculus are presented for typical inputs. Two fractional models are proposed and compared with the model based on ordinary derivative. The first fractional model is based on one of the generalized Cattaneo equations. The second one is based on replacing the ordinary to fractional order of...

Numerical analysis and in situ tests of the Grot Rowecki Bridge in Warsaw
PublikacjaThe paper presents the FEM analysis of the reconstructed the GrotRowecki Bridge over Vistula river in Warsaw. The bridge has seven spans and consists of two independent structures with the longest spans of 120 m. After reconstruction the bridge is over 10 m wider. The numerical, nonlinear analysis has been conducted on a global and local FEM models. These models are defined so as they strictly comply with global structural bridge...

A numerical and experimental analysis of multihole orifice in turbulent flow
PublikacjaIn this research study, the comprehensive metrological analysis is investigated for a 4hole orifice with module m = 0.25 installed in the pipeline with an internal diameter of 50 mm. A detailed numerical simulation was performed for the turbulence models: kεrealizable and kωBSL. The novelties of the research include model validation by comparing the results of numerical studies with the experiment conducted in the area of...

COMPARISON OF INFINITE ELEMENT MODELS
PublikacjaThe main objective of this paper is to show the comparison of two models of inﬁnite ab sorbing layer with increasing damping in numerical investigations of elastic wave prop agation in unbounded structures. This has been achieved by the Authors by a careful in vestigation of two different engineering structures characterised by gradually increasing geometrical and mathematical description complexities. The analysis included...

Experimental Validation of Numerical Model within a Flow Configuration of the Model Kaplan Turbine
PublikacjaThis paper investigates validation of flow within a model Kaplan turbine. This includes comparison of various turbulence models and their influence on torque and power generated by the turbine. Numerical results were compared with experimental data.

Stirling engines  the state of technology development and computational models
PublikacjaStirling engines represent a technologically important solution in combined heat and power systems. Their use enables the achievement of over 90 percent efficiency in the management of the primary energy source with a very high durability of the device, mainly due to the lack of contact of the working gas with external factors and a very small number of mechanical components. The use of a Stirling engine may be equally important...

Numerical Study of Concrete Mesostructure Effect on Lamb Wave Propagation
PublikacjaThe article presents the results of the numerical investigation of Lamb wave propagation in concrete plates while taking into account the complex concrete mesostructure. Several concrete models with randomly distributed aggregates were generated with the use of the Monte Carlo method. The influence of aggregate ratio and particle size on dispersion curves representing Lamb wave modes was analyzed. The results obtained for heterogeneous...

Numerical solution analysis of fractional point kinetics and heat exchange in nuclear reactor
PublikacjaThe paper presents the neutron point kinetics and heat exchange models for the nuclear reactor. The models consist of a nonlinear system of fractional ordinary differential and algebraic equations. Two numerical algorithms are used to solve them. The first algorithm is application of discrete GrünwaldLetnikov definition of the fractional derivative in the model. The second involves building an analog scheme in the FOMCON Toolbox...

Wind Conditions in Urban Layout – Numerical and Experimental Research
PublikacjaThis paper presents research which compares the numerical and the experimental results for different cases of airflow around a few urban layouts. The study is concerned mostly with the analysis of parameters, such as pressure and velocity fields, which are essential in the building industry. Numerical simulations have been performed by the commercial software Fluent, with the use of a few different turbulence models, including...

Turbulence models impact on the flow and thermal analyses of jet impingement
PublikacjaAccurate numerical reconstruction of heat and mass transfer processes in particular applications, such a jet impingement, is difficult to obtain even with the use of modern computational methods. In the proposed paper, the flow and thermal phenomena occurring during single minijet impingement on the flat, concave and convex, heated surfaces were considered. Problem of impingement on nonflat surface, still not common and purely...

Asymptotic Expansion Method with Respect to Small Parameter for Ternary Diffusion Models
PublikacjaTernary diffusion models lead to strongly coupled systems of PDEs. We choose the smallest diffusion coefficient as a small parameter in a power series expansion whose components fulfill relatively simple equations. Although this series is divergent, one can use its finite sums to derive feasible numerical approximations, e.g. finite difference methods (FDMs).

Constitutive Modelling of Knitted Abdominal Implants in Numerical Simulations of Repaired Hernia Mechanics
PublikacjaThe paper presents a numerical approach to describe mechanical behavior of anisotropic textile material, which is a selected abdominal prosthesis. Two constitutive nonlinear concepts are compared. In the first one the material is considered composed from two families of threads (dense net model) and in the second one the material is homogeneous but anisotropic (as proposed by Gassel, Ogden, Holzapfel). Parameters of both models...

Identification of models and signals robust to occasional outliers
PublikacjaIn this paper estimation algorithms derived in the sense of the least sum of absolute errors are considered for the purpose of identification of models and signals. In particular, offline and approximate online estimation schemes discussed in the work are aimed at both assessing the coefficients of discretetime stationary models and tracking the evolution of timevariant characteristics of monitored signals. What is interesting,...

Identification of models and signals robust to occasional outliers
PublikacjaIn this paper estimation algorithms derived in the sense of the least sum of absolute errors are considered for the purpose of identification of models and signals. In particular, offline and approximate online estimation schemes discussed in the work are aimed at both assessing the coefficients of discretetime stationary models and tracking the evolution of timevariant characteristics of monitored signals. What is interesting,...

Symbolic multibody models for digitaltwin applications
PublikacjaSymbolic generation of multibody systems equations of motion appeared in the 1980s. In addition to their computational advantage over their numerical counterparts, symbolic models can be very easily and straightforwardly interfaced with a wide range of software environments and hardware devices. These two features place this approach in a pole position to participate and intervene in the design of digital twins for systems such...

Flow Process Models for Pipeline Diagnosis
PublikacjaThis chapter examines the problem of modeling and parameterization of the transmission pipeline flow process. First, the base model for discrete time is presented, which is a reference for other developed models. Then, the diagonal approximation (AMDA) method is proposed, in which the tridiagonal submatrices of the recombination matrix are approximated by their diagonal counterparts, which allows for a simple determination of...

Heat transfer intensification by jet impingement – numerical analysis using RANS approach
PublikacjaJet impingement is a method of the heat transfer enhancement applied in the engineering systems. The idea is to generate fastflow fluid jet which impinge on the heated (or cooled) surface, causing significantly higher heat transfer rate. Although some flat surface jet impingement cases are described in the literature, the validated data is still limited. The reason is coming from the fact, that these flows are hydrodynamically...

Numerical Analysis of Mice Carotid Arteries’ Response Emphasizing the Importance of Material Law Constants’ Validation
PublikacjaIn this paper, a detailed validation of the passive material properties of mice carotid arteries and constants of the Fung and Holzapfel hyperelastic material laws is conducted by means of static nonlinear FEM analyses. The response of the carotid arteries in an inflation test is studied here for the following mouse models: wildtype, mdx, sgcd−/−, Eln+/+, Eln+/−, Fbln5+/+, and Fbln5−/−. All FEM computations are conducted on models...

Numerical modelling of 3D printout using line (1D) elements
PublikacjaA proposition of some numerical modelling of the 3D printout is presented in the paper. The proposed model is composed of some 1D elements. The resulting numerical model of the infill consist of beam, spring and rigid elements. Obtained results confirm correctness of the proposed modelling method. Two methods of estimation of the spring parameters are proposed in the paper. In the first method, mechanical properties of the connecting...

Integration and Visualization of the Results of Hydrodynamic Models in the Maritime NetworkCentric GIS of Gulf of Gdansk
PublikacjaEnsuring of security in the coastal area makes on a seaside countries research in the field of infrastructure spatial information of environmental data. The paper presents the results of work on the construction of this infrastructure by integrating electronic navigational chart with ortophotomaps of coastal areas as well as numerical data from weather and hydrodynamic models. Paper focuses on a problems associated with creating...

Experimental and Numerical Study on Pounding of Structures in Series
PublikacjaPounding between structures in series during earthquakes may cause serious damage in the structural elements. The aim of this paper is to show the results of an experimental and numerical study that is focused on pounding between more than two structures which may be described as “structures in series”. In this study, the shaking table experiments, as well as the numerical analyses, were performed using three tower models including...

FEM approach to modeling of an irregular trabecular structure
PublikacjaThe aim of the study is elaboration of a method for creating irregular scaffolds that can be used to model the behaviour of trabecular bone placed in the proximal epiphysis of the femur. The scope of the study encompasses creating six numerical models of irregular scaffolds (two solid irregular scaffolds, two shell irregular scaffolds and two shell irregular scaffolds with fortification) and performing numerical analysis of the...

Balance error generated by numerical diffusion in the solution of Muskingum equation
PublikacjaIn the paper the conservative properties of the lumped hydrological models with variable parameters are discussed. It is shown that in the case of the nonlinear Muskingum equation the mass balance is not satisfied. The study indicates that the mass balance errors are caused by the improper form of equation and by the numerical diffusion which is generated in the solution. It has been shown that the classical way of derivation...

A Comparison of Simplified Twodimensional Flow Models Exemplified by Water Flow in a Cavern
PublikacjaThe paper shows the results of a comparison of simplified models describing a twodimensional water flow in the example of a water flow through a straight channel sector with a cavern. The following models were tested: the twodimensional potential flow model, the Stokes model and the NavierStokes model. In order to solve the first two, the boundary element method was employed, whereas to solve the NavierStokes equations, the...

Numerical Comparison of Damping Amplification Effects Obtained in Neighborhood of a Mechanism Singular Position  Viscous and Electromagnetic Cases
PublikacjaIn the paper, results of numerical investigations are presented. A continuous beam is considered as the main vibrating element. Two energy dissipations methods are compared: viscous dampers and DC generators. To increase the damping effectiveness, velocity amplification is proposed, i.e., a mechanism is introduced between the beam and the damping element, and the mechanism configuration is set as closed to the singular position...

Numerical Test for Stability Evaluation of DiscreteTime Systems
PublikacjaIn this paper, a new numerical test for stability evaluation of discretetime systems is presented. It is based on modern rootfinding techniques at the complex plane employing the Delaunay triangulation and Cauchy's Argument Principle. The method evaluates if a system is stable and returns possible values and multiplicities of unstable zeros of the characteristic equation. For statespace discretetime models, the developed test...