Katalog Publikacji


wszystkich: 36741


wyświetlamy 6000 najlepszych wyników
  1. 2018

  2. A case study of odour nuisance evaluation in the context of integrated urban planning

    Odour nuisance poses a serious problem in many urban areas, yet its evaluation and mitigation is often omitted in the urban planning process. By identifying its range and spatio-temporal variations, it could be taken into consideration by planners in urban development strategies and land use decisions. The aim of the study was to present the application of odour evaluation techniques in the improvement of the quality of life in...
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  3. A fast time-frequency multi-window analysis using a tuning directional kernel

    K. Czarnecki, D. Fourer, F. Auger, M. Rojewski - SIGNAL PROCESSING - 2018
    In this paper, a novel approach for time-frequency analysis and detection, based on the chirplet transform and dedicated to non-stationary as well as multi-component signals, is presented. Its main purpose is the estimation of spectral energy, instantaneous frequency (IF), spectral delay (SD), and chirp rate (CR) with a high time-frequency resolution (separation ability) achieved by adaptive fitting of the transform kernel. We...
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  4. A higher order transversely deformable shell-type spectral finite element for dynamic analysis of isotropic structures

    This paper deals with certain aspects related to the dynamic behaviour of isotropic shell-like structures analysed by the use of a higher order transversely deformable shell-type spectral finite element newly formulated and the approach known as the Time-domain Spectral Finite Element Method (TD-SFEM). Although recently this spectral approach is reported in the literature as a very powerful numerical tool used to solve various...
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  5. A method for testing the wide-sense stationary uncorrelated scattering assumption fulfillment for an underwater acoustic channel

    Wide-sense stationary and uncorrelated scattering (WSSUS) assumptions are often applied for the statistical description of wireless communication channels. However, in the case of underwater acoustic channels the WSSUS model is of limited value. The degree of similarity of in-phase and quadrature components of the channel impulse response, measured with the use of bandpass modulated signals, can be used as an indicator of WSSUS...
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  6. A new tool for the evaluation of the analytical procedure: Green Analytical Procedure Index

    A new means for assessing analytical protocols relating to green analytical chemistry attributes has been developed. The new tool, called GAPI (Green Analytical Procedure Index), evaluates the green character of an entire analytical methodology, from sample collection to final determination, and was created using such tools as the National Environmental Methods Index (NEMI) or Analytical Eco-Scale to provide not only general but...
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  7. A Stabilized Complex LOBPCG Eigensolver for the Analysis of Moderately Lossy EM Structures

    This letter proposes a stabilized locally optimal block preconditioned conjugate gradient method for computing selected eigenvalues for complex symmetric generalized non-Hermitian eigenproblems. Effectiveness of the presented approach is demonstrated for a moderately lossy dual-mode dielectric resonator, modeled using finite-element method with higher order elements
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  8. A Study on Audio Signal Processed by "Instant Mastering"

    M. Piotrowska, S. Piotrowski, B. Kostek - 2018
    An increasing amount of music produced in home- and project-studios results in development and growth of "automatic mastering services". The presented investigation explores changes introduced to audio signal by various online mastering platforms. A music set consisting of 10 songs produced in small facilities was processed by eight on-line automatic mastering services. Additionally, some laboratory-constructed signals were tested....
  9. A study on transverse shear ocrrection for laminated sandwich panels

    I. Kreja, A. Sabik - 2018
    The paper presents a study on an application of the First Order Shear Deformation Theory in a linear static analysis of elastic sandwich panels. A special attention has been given to the issue of the transverse shear correction. Two benchmark examples of sandwich plate problems with known reference solutions have been selected for a comparative analysis performed with own Finite Element codes. Interesting results allowed for drawing...
  10. A Survey Investigating the Influence of Business Analysis Techniques on Software Quality Characteristics

    Business analysis is recognized as one of the most important areas determining the outcome (success or failure) of a software project. In this paper we explore this subject further by investigating the potential impact of techniques applied in business analysis on essential software quality characteristics. We conducted a literature search for software quality models, analyzed the existing models and selected a subset of commonly...
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  11. A three-dimensional meso-scale approach to concrete fracture based on combined DEM with x-ray micro-CT images

    Artykuł omawia wyniki numeryczne uzyskane stosując 3-wymiarowy mezoskopowy model do opisu pękania w betonie na poziomie kruszywa w belce z nacięciem podczas zginania. Do obliczeń użyto metodę elementów dyskretnych. Beton został opisany jako materiał 4-fazowy złożony z kruszywa, zaprawy, makro-porów i stref przejściowych miedzy kruszywem a zaprawą. Kształt i położenia kruszywa przyjęto na podstawie skanów z mikro-tomografu. Uzyskano...
  12. A three-dimensional meso-scale approach with cohesive elements to concrete fracture based on X-ray CT images.

    Artykuł omawia wyniki numeryczne dotyczące pękania betonu uzyskane stosując trójwymiarowy model mezoskopowy z elementami kohezyjnymi. Obliczenia trójwymiarowe zostały wykonane dla zginanej belki betonowej. Beton został opisany jako model 3-fazowy. Mikrostruktura betonu odpowiadała zdjęciom tomograficznym. Wyniki numeryczne zostały porównane z wynikami doświadczalnymi. Uzyskano b. dobra zgodność między wynikami numerycznymi i doświadczalnymi.
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  13. A universal NDT method for examination of low energy impact damage in CFRP with the use of TLC film

    The article presents an attempt to use a sheet of laminated thermochromic liquid crystal film (TLC film) for non-destructive testing of the impact damage (energy values: 1J, 2J, 3J and 4J) in carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP). This is a new, alternative NDT approach based on the thermo-optical effect. The main advantages of this method are a) the low cost of TLC film, b) the low cost of recording devices due to the usage of...
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  14. An Experimental Investigation of Pressure Wave Celerity During the Transient Slurry Flow

    A. Kodura, M. Kubrak, P. Stefanek, K. Weinerowska-Bords - GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences - 2018
    Transportation of slurries in pressure pipelines is an example of a complex flow due to specific parameters of transported medium. For practitioners, the economy of designing and maintenance is usually the most important factor. For this reason, most of hydrotransport installations are fairly simple; however, they become more vulnerable to negative effects of the transient flow which can occur in pressure pipelines. As the consequence,...
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  15. Analiza czasochłonności docierania technologicznego powierzchni płaskich w operacjach montażowych.

    Przedstawiono wyniki analiz docierania i mikroszlifowania elementów płaskich na docierarce jednotarczowej mikroziarnami węglika krzemu. Obrabiano elementy ze stali 100Cr oraz z tlenkowej ceramiki technicznej Al2O3. Analizowano czas obróbki i koszty operacji.
  16. Analysis of efficiency of phosphates sorption by different granulation of selected reactive material

    In the light of the need to find an effective way to remove phosphorus from wastewater, studies on the suitability of sorption materials in this process should be conducted. The aim of the study was to examine the potential benefits of using selected adsorbents to reduce orthophosphates from the model solution under steady conditions. The study was conducted on a laboratory scale using synthetic wastewater with concentration of...
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  17. Analysis of the cyclic load-unload-reload tests of VALMEX aged fabric

    K. Żerdzicki, P. Kłosowski, K. Woźnica - 2018
    The paper presents mechanical response of the VALMEX fabric during the cyclic loading-unloading and re-loading experiments. Two types of the aged material used for nearly 20 years as the roofing of the Forest Opera in Sopot (Poland) have been tested. The results have been separately obtained for the warp and fill di-rections. The comparative analysis has revealed that the material aged in service is more durable in the fill di-rection,...
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  18. Antifungal dipeptides incorporating an inhibitor of homoserine dehydrogenase

    The antifungal activity of 5‐hydroxy‐4‐oxo‐L‐norvaline (HONV), exhibited under conditions mimicking human serum, may be improved upon incorporation of this amino acid into a dipeptide structure. Several HONV‐containing dipeptides inhibited growth of human pathogenic yeasts of the Candida genus in the RPMI‐1640 medium, with minimal inhibitory concentration values in the 32 to 64 μg mL−1 range. This activity was not affected by multidrug...
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  19. Applicability of Emotion Recognition and Induction Methods to Study the Behavior of Programmers

    Recent studies in the field of software engineering have shown that positive emotions can increase and negative emotions decrease the productivity of programmers. In the field of affective computing, many methods and tools to recognize the emotions of computer users were proposed. However, it has not been verified yet which of them can be used to monitor the emotional states of software developers. The paper describes a study carried...
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  20. Application and mechanical properties of aluminium alloys

    The paper presents a short survey of the application and mechanical properties of aluminium alloys. This area of scientific research is still developing, the authors restricted it to about 30 papers. Numerical simulations of the aluminium bracket are also investigated. The authors propose a solution to increase the load capacity of aluminium brackets with application of the additional cover plates. This study is proposed as an...
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  21. Application of gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of amphetamine-type stimulants in blood and urine

    Amphetamine, methamphetamine, phentermine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), and 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA) are the most popular amphetamine-type stimulants. The use of these substances is a serious societal problem worldwide. In this study, a method based on gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) with simple and rapid liquid-liquid extraction (LLE)...
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  22. Application of guided waves in the evaluation of steel-concrete adhesive connection

    M. Rucka, B. Zima - 2018
    The aim of the paper is the application of guided waves in the evaluation of a condition state of adhesive connection between steel and concrete. The study concerns a push-out specimen consisting of two steel plates glued to opposite faces of a concrete cube with the use of structural adhesive. Wave propagation in the specimen without external load is investigated both experimentally and numerically. The second stage of the investigation...
  23. Application of lightweight cement composite with foamed glass aggregate in shell structures

    The purpose of the paper is to investigate the abilities of applying Granulated Expanded Glass Aggregate (GEGA) as a natural volume substitute of aggregate as a component of lightweight concrete. The GEGA aggregates used in the experiments were made of confused glass waste. In order to achieve satisfactory strength of concrete Granulated Ash Aggregate (GAA) was added as well. To produce specimens three grain sizes of aggregates...
  24. Application of molecularly imprinted polymers in analytical chiral separations and analysis

    Over the last two decades the process of development and application of a new types of molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) sorbents in the field of analytical chemistry have been widely described in the literature. One of the new trends in analytical chemistry practice is the use of new types of MIP sorbents as specific sorption materials constituting the stationary phase in advanced separation techniques. The following review paper...
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  25. Approximate Quality Criteria for Difficult Multi-Objective Optimization Problems

    This paper introduces approximate analytic quality criteria useful in assessing the efficiency of evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMO) procedures. We present a summary of extensive research into computing. In the performed comparative study we take into account the various approaches of the state-of-the-art, in order to objectively assess the EMO performance in highly dimensional spaces; where some executive criteria,...
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  26. As- built inventory of the office building with the use of terrestrial laser scanning

    Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) is an efficient tool for building inventories. Based on the red- laser beam technology it is possible to provide the high accuracy data with complete spatial information about a scanned object. In this article, authors present the solution of use a TLS in as-built inventory of the office building. Based on the provided data, it is possible to evaluate the correctness of built details of a building...
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  27. Assessing ecotoxicity and the endocrine potential of selected phthalates, BADGE and BFDGE derivatives in relation to environmentally detectable levels

    There is no doubt that the subject area of plasticmaterials (e.g., production of epoxy resins or polyesters) is inherently connected to issues concerning bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogues. Unfortunately, much less attention has been given to other compounds, which are also used for the production of these materials. Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is a synthetic industrial compound obtained by a condensation reaction between...
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  28. Atmospheric opacity estimation based on IWV derived from GNSS observations for VLBI applications

    G. Nykiel, P. Wolak, M. Figurski - GPS SOLUTIONS - 2018
    Thermal emission of atmospheric water vapor has a great influence on the calibration of radio astronomical observations at millimeter wavelengths. The phenomenon of an atmospheric water vapor emits noise signal and attenuates astronomical emission. At 22 GHz, integrated water vapor (IWV) obtained from global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) is strictly related to atmospheric opacity (τ0), which is a crucial parameter for data...
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    A research study presents investigations of the influence of the room acoustics on the frequency characteristic of the audio signal playback. First, a concept of a novel spectral equalization method of the room acoustic conditions is introduced. On the basis of the room spectral response, a system for room acoustics compensation based on an equalizer designed is proposed. The system settings depend on music genre recognized automatically....
  30. Automatic Detection and Monitoring of Cyanobacterial Blooms in the Context of the Marine Cadastre

    A. Dawidowicz, M. Kulawiak, K. Bruniecki, M. Ogryzek - 2018
    In the wake of the European and global spatial data infrastructures (SDI) it is important to build information systems which use and serve thematic data in compliance with the INSPIRE Directive. In the context of hydrographic data, the Directive requires EU member states to collect and share information on maritime areas divided into regions and sub-regions, as well as coastal zone management areas. These data are part of recently...
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  31. Awarie mostu Cłowego w Szczecinie

    W artykule przedstawiono historię budowy i eksploatacji mostu Cłowego w Szczecinie. W ciągu 56 lat eksploatacji obiektu wykonano wiele ekspertyz, napraw i remontów. Ostatecznie most został zamknięty z powodu awarii stalowych kabli sprężenia zewnętrznego. Przedstawiono główne przyczyny degradacji obiektu i awarii. Opisano również obliczenia statyczne i wytrzymałościowe wykonane do koncepcji rozbiórki przęseł mostu.
  32. Azo group(s) in selected macrocyclic compounds

    Azobenzene derivatives due to their photo- and electroactive properties are an important group of compounds finding applications in diverse fields. Due to the possibility of controlling the trans–cis isomerization, azo-bearing structures are ideal building blocks for development of e.g. nanomaterials, smart polymers, molecular containers, photoswitches, and sensors. Important role play also macrocyclic compounds well known for...
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  33. Badania odbiorowe obiektu gruntowo-powłokowego rekordowej rozpiętości

    Mosty o konstrukcji gruntowo-powłokowej są atrakcyjne, m.in. ze względu na specyficzne walory architektoniczne. Wiadukt tego typu został wzniesiony między innymi w ciągu drogi krajowej nr 16 Grudziądz - Olsztyn na obwodnicy Ostródy. Charakteryzuje się on unikalnym rozmiarem, niespotykanym dla tego typu konstrukcji. W artykule zaprezentowano wybrane wyniki powierzchniowego pomiaru przemieszczeń 3D z wykorzystaniem skanera laserowego.
  34. Bending of a Three-Layered Plate with Surface Stresses

    H. Altenbach,, V. Eremeev - 2018
    We discuss here the bending deformations of a three-layered plate taking into account surface and interfacial stresses. The first-order shear deformation plate theory and the Gurtin-Murdoch model of surface stresses will be considered and the formulae for stiffness parameters of the plate are derived. Their dependence on surface elastic moduli will be analyzed.
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  35. Bifurcation of equilibrium forms of an elastic rod on a two-parameter Winkler foundation

    We consider two-parameter bifurcation of equilibrium states of an elastic rod on a deformable foundation. Our main theorem shows that bifurcation occurs if and only if the linearization of our problem has nontrivial solutions. In fact our proof, based on the concept of the Brouwer degree, gives more, namely that from each bifurcation point there branches off a continuum of solutions.
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  36. Binder-induced surface structure evolution effects on Li-ion battery performance

    J. Rezvani, M. Pasqualini, A. Witkowska, R. Gunnella, A. Birrozzi, M. Minicucci, H. Rajantie, M. Copley, F. Nobili, A. Dicicco - APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE - 2018
    A comparative investigation on binder induced chemical and morphological evolution of Li4Ti5O12 electrodes was performed via X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and electrochemical measurements. Composite electrodes were obtained using three different binders (PAA, PVdF, and CMC) with 80:10:10 ratio of active material:carbon:binder. The electrochemical performances of the electrodes, were found to be...
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  37. Biopolyols obtained via microwave-assisted liquefaction of lignin: structure, rheological, physical and thermal properties

    The present study examined the application of polyols obtained via microwave-assisted liquefaction of lignin in the production of rigid polyurethane foam. Lignin was liquefed in crude glycerol and 1,4-butanediol at diferent temperatures (130–170 °C), without a catalyst and using various biomass concentrations (15 and 30 wt%). The physicochemical properties, process yield, and FTIR-based identifcation of the obtained polyols were...
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  38. Błedy w realizacji dachu stromego pokrytego dachówka ceramiczną

    Na przykładzie zrealizowanego budynku pokazano wpływ błedów i niedociagnięc popełnionych podczas realizacji dachu pokrytego dachówka ceramiczna które doprowadziły do powstania istotnych ograniczeń w użytkowaniu obiektu
  39. Buckling of simplified models of silo with corrugated walls and vertical stiffeners

    The paper deals with buckling of cylindrical silos composed of corrugated sheets and vertical stiffeners (columns). Comprehensive finite element analyses were carried out for a perfect silo by means of a linear buckling approach. Corrugated walls were simulated as an equivalent orthotropic shell and vertical thin-walled columns as beam elements. Calculations for perfect silos with different numbers of columns made it possible to...
  40. Calculation of Resonance in Planar and Cylindrical Microstrip Structures Using a Hybrid Technique

    A hybrid technique was employed for the analysis of the resonance frequency of thin planar and cylindrical microstrip structures with the patches of arbitrary geometry. The proposed technique utilizes a combination of Galerkin’s moment method and a finite-element method (FEM). In this approach, an FEM is adopted to calculate the patch surface current densities, and a method of moments is utilized to calculate the resonance frequencies...
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  41. Changes in enzymatic activity of fish and slaughter animals meat after high pressure treatment at subzero temperatures

    The aim of this study was to determine changes in the activity of proteolytic enzymes and transglutaminase of fish and mammal meat after pressurization at subzero temperatures. The activity was measured at the optimal pHs determined for enzymes from particular types of tested meat. It was found that increasing the pressure in the range of 60–193 MPa, did not change significantly the activity of acidic proteases of cod flesh, while...
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  42. Characteristics of LaCo 0.4 Ni 0.6-x Cu x O 3-δ ceramics as a cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

    Y. Liu, S. Wang, Y. Hsu, H. Kai, P. Jasiński - JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY - 2018
    In this study, the effects of Cu-ion substitution on the densification, microstructure, and physical properties of LaCo0.4Ni0.6-xCuxO3-δ ceramics were investigated. The results indicate that doping with Cu ions not only enhances the densification but also promotes the grain growth of LaCo0.4Ni0.6-xCuxO3-δ ceramics. The Cu substitution at x ≤ 0.2 can suppress the formation of La4Ni3O10, while the excess Cu triggers the formation...
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  43. Chromatographic and Spectroscopic Identification and Recognition of Natural Dyes, Uncommon Dyestuff Components, and Mordants: Case Study of a 16th Century Carpet with Chintamani Motifs

    A multi-tool analytical practice was used for the characterisation of a 16th century carpet manufactured in Cairo. A mild extraction method with hydrofluoric acid has been evaluated in order to isolate intact flavonoids and their glycosides, anthraquinones, tannins, and indigoids from fibre samples. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to spectroscopic and mass spectrometric detectors was used for the identification of...
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  44. Community of Practice for Product Innovation Towards the Establishment of Industry 4.0

    M. Waris, C. Sanin, E. Szczerbicki - 2018
    The aim of this paper is to present the necessity of formulating the Community of Practice for Product Innovation process based on Cyber-Physical Production Systems towards the establishment of Industry 4.0. At this developing phase of Industry 4.0, there is a need to define a clear and more realistic approach for implementation process of Cyber-Physical Production Systems in manufacturing industries. Today Knowledge Management...
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  45. Comparison of Classification Methods for EEG Signals of Real and Imaginary Motion

    The classification of EEG signals provides an important element of brain-computer interface (BCI) applications, underlying an efficient interaction between a human and a computer application. The BCI applications can be especially useful for people with disabilities. Numerous experiments aim at recognition of motion intent of left or right hand being useful for locked-in-state or paralyzed subjects in controlling computer applications....
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  46. Comparison of hydrochemistry and organic compound transport in two non-glaciated high Arctic catchments with a permafrost regime (Bellsund Fjord, Spitsbergen)

    S. Lehmann-Konera, Ł. Franczak, W. Kociuba, D. Szumińska, S. Chmiel, Ż. Polkowska - SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT - 2018
    An increase in air temperature related to climate change results in the retreat of glaciers, the degradation of permafrost, and the expansion of glacier-free areas in the polar regions. All these processes lead to changes in the Arctic landscape. They influence the hydrochemistry of streams and rivers fed by glaciers and thawing permafrost. In this study, we examine eighty two water samples from two non-glaciated catchments with...
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  47. Composite sandwich footbridge - measured dynamic response vs. FEA

    The paper describes a process of in situ dynamic tests of a composite sandwich footbridge before its accepta-tion for exploitation in real traffic conditions. It is only a part of a big research task that includes design, manufacture and introduce practical application of the bridge. The in situ measured natural modes and fre-quencies are compared with numerically determined ones. Finite element analysis is established to estimate...
  48. Computational modeling of molecularly imprinted polymers as a green approach to the development of novel analytical sorbents

    M. Marć, T. Kupka, P. Wieczorek, J. Namieśnik - TRAC-TRENDS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY - 2018
    The development of novel molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) sorbents for specific chemical compounds require a lot of tedious and time-consuming laboratory work. Significant quantities of solvents and reagents are consumed in the course of the verification of appropriate configurations of polymerization reagents. Implementation of molecular modeling in the MIP sorbent development process appears to provide a solution to this...
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  49. Convenient and efficient synthesis of functionalized unsymmetrical Z-alkenyl disulfanes

    We developed a simple and efficient method for the synthesis of functionalized unsymmetrical Z-alkenyl disulfanes under mild conditions in moderate to good yields. The designed method is based on the reaction of Z-alkenyl thiotosylates with thiols in the presence of base. The developed method allows the preparation of unsymmetrical Z-alkenyl disulfanes bearing additional hydroxy, carboxy, or amino functionalities.
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  50. Copper-based 2D-coordination polymer as catalyst for allylation of aldehydes

    G. Da_silva, P. Menezes, I. Malvestiti, E. Falcão, S. Junior, J. Chojnacki, F. Da Silva - JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE - 2018
    A copper-tartrate, [Cu2(Tart)2(H2O)2]·4H2O, was synthesized at room temperature in aqueous media using copper chloride and D-tartaric acid. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic system P21 space group and was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, X-ray powder diffraction and the results are in good agreement with the single crystal...
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  51. Correlation between natural frequencies and buckling load in a stiffened shell

    The paper deals with correlation between natural frequencies and buckling load of a stiffened shell composed of corrugated sheets and vertical stiffeners (columns). The simplified shell segment represents the buckling behaviour of a whole silo with sparsely distributed columns. The paper covers variants of linear buckling anal-yses, dynamic eigenvalue analyses and geometrically non-linear analyses of a segment modelled with shell...
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