Hydrogen production from biomass using dark fermentation - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


Hydrogen production from biomass using dark fermentation


Hydrogen applicability in the power, chemical and petrochemical industries is constantly growing. Efficientmethods of hydrogen generation from renewable sources, including waste products, are currently being de-veloped, even though hydrogen is mainly produced through steam reforming or thermal cracking of natural gasor petroleum fractions. In paper alternative methods of hydrogen production with a particular emphasis on darkfermentation are discussed. The review compiles essential information on strains of bacteria used in the pro-duction of hydrogen from waste products in the agroindustry and from lignocellulosic biomass. The effect ofsuch parameters as kind of raw material, method of processing, temperature, pH, substrate concentration, partialpressure of hydrogen, hydraulic retention time, method of inoculum preparation and the type and operatingparameters of a reactor on the yield of dark fermentation is discussed. The review aims at presentation of currentstate of knowledge on the dark fermentation process utilizing waste materials as substrates. The results of in-vestigations with emphasis on the most important issues regarding operating parameters of dark fermentationare also included.


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artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
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ISSN: 1364-0321
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Bibliographic description:
Łukajtis R., Hołowacz I., Kucharska K., Glinka M., Rybarczyk P., Przyjazny A., Kamiński M.: Hydrogen production from biomass using dark fermentation// RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS. -Vol. 91, (2018), s.665-694
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.rser.2018.04.043
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  1. 2.1. Organic municipal waste ........................................................................................ 12 4.2.2. Waste of animal origin ........................................................................................... 16 4.2.3. Industrial waste and effluents ................................................................................. 18 4.2.4. Agricultural waste and energy plants ..................................................................... 22 4.3. Substrate concentration ................................................................................................. 28 5. Factors affecting dark fermentation hydrogen yield ............................................................ 30 5.1. Bacteria used in dark fermentation ................................................................................ 30 5.1.1. Obligate anaerobes ................................................................................................. 31 5.1.2. Facultative anaerobes ............................................................................................. 32 5.2. Mixed bacterial cultures. Methods of preparation and enrichment of inoculum .......... 33 open in new tab
  2. Reactors used in dark fermentation ...................................................................................... 51 6.1. Continuously stirred-tank reactor ............................................................................. 51 6.2 open in new tab
  3. Membrane bioreactor ................................................................................................ 53 6.3. Packed -bed bioreactors ........................................................................................... 54 6.3.1. Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor .......................................................... 55
  4. Summary .............................................................................................................................. 58 open in new tab
  5. Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................. 59 Bibliography ............................................................................................................................. 60 open in new tab
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