Burnout as a State: Random-Intercept Cross-Lagged Relationship Between Exhaustion and Disengagement in a 10-Day Study - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

Search

Burnout as a State: Random-Intercept Cross-Lagged Relationship Between Exhaustion and Disengagement in a 10-Day Study

Abstract

Background: Burnout has been traditionally seen as a chronic and stable state in response to prolonged stress. However, measures of momentary burnout are not well established, even though the within-person approach suggests that the symptoms of burnout may vary from day to day for the same employee. The aim of this study is to examine the daily inter- and intra-personal variability of the symptoms of burnout and the cross-lagged relationship between two components of burnout, exhaustion and disengagement. Methods: An online diary study over 10 consecutive workdays was conducted among 235 civil servants (75% women, average tenure of 15 years). Daily burnout was measured with the eight-item Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Results: The intra-class correlation coefficients indicate that, although significant betweenperson variability exists, most of the burnout variance is within persons. Using the random intercept cross-lagged panel (RI-CLP) model to control for these between-person differences, mainly insignificant “pure” within-person cross-lagged relationships between exhaustion and disengagement were revealed. Moreover, day-to-day autoregressive effects were weaker than same-day residual correlations. Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to use daily diaries and the RI-CLP model to study burnout, including the separation of the more stable and more dynamic parts of each component. When stable parts were controlled for, the same-day relationships between exhaustion and disengagement were more pronounced than day-to-day effects. This might suggest stronger situational influences than carryover mechanism. Thus, conceptualizing burnout in terms of daily symptoms may shed promising insights into how it develops and add implications for pro-healthy changes in the workplace.

Citations

  • 0

    CrossRef

  • 2

    Web of Science

  • 0

    Scopus

Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Psychology Research and Behavior Management no. 2020, pages 267 - 278,
ISSN: 1179-1578
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Basińska B., Gruszczyńska E.: Burnout as a State: Random-Intercept Cross-Lagged Relationship Between Exhaustion and Disengagement in a 10-Day Study// Psychology Research and Behavior Management -Vol. 2020,iss. 13 (2020), s.267-278
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.2147/prbm.s244397
Bibliography: test
  1. Wigert B, Agrawal S. Employee Burnout, Part 1: The 5 Main Causes. Gallup, Inc.;2018 July 12. Available from: https://www.gallup.com/ workplace/237059/employee-burnout-part-main-causes.aspx. Accessed March 3, 2020.
  2. Aronsson G, Theorell T, Grape T, et al. A systematic review includ- ing meta-analysis of work environment and burnout symptoms. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):264. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4153-7 open in new tab
  3. Jourdain G, Chênevert D. The moderating influence of perceived organizational values on the burnout-absenteeism relationship. J Bus Psychol. 2015;30(1):177-191. doi:10.1007/s10869-014-9346-9 open in new tab
  4. Kim J. What increases public employees' turnover intention? Public Pers Manage. 2015;44(4):496-519. doi:10.1177/0091026015604447 open in new tab
  5. Taris TW. Is there a relationship between burnout and objective performance? A critical review of 16 studies. Work Stress. 2006;20 (4):316-334. doi:10.1080/02678370601065893 open in new tab
  6. Wright TA, Bonett DG. The contribution of burnout to work performance. J Organ Behav. 1997;18(5):491-499. doi:10.1002/ (ISSN)1099-1379 open in new tab
  7. Halbesleben JR. A meta-analysis of work engagement: relationships with burnout, demands, resources, and consequences. In: Bakker AB, Leiter MP, editors. Work Engagement: A Handbook of Essential Theory and Research. Vol. 8. Hove and New York: Psychology Press Taylor & Francis Group; 2010:102-117.
  8. O'connor K, Neff DM, Pitman S. Burnout in mental health profes- sionals: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence and determinants. Eur Psychiatry. 2018;53:74-99. doi:10.1016/j. eurpsy.2018.06.003 open in new tab
  9. Lancet. Physician burnout: the need to rehumanise health systems. Lancet. 2019;394(10209):1591. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32669-8 open in new tab
  10. McCormack HM, MacIntyre TE, O'shea D, Herring MP, Campbell MJ. The prevalence and cause(s) of burnout among applied psychologists: a systematic review. Front Psychol. 2018;9:1897. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01897 open in new tab
  11. Perlo J, Feeley D. Why focusing on professional burnout is not enough. J Healthc Manag. 2018;63(2):85-89. doi:10.1097/JHM- D-18-00003 open in new tab
  12. Bakker AB. Daily fluctuations in work engagement: an overview and current directions. Eur Psychol. 2014;19(4):227-236. doi:10.1027/ 1016-9040/a000160 open in new tab
  13. Liu Y, Mo S, Song Y, Wang M. Longitudinal analysis in occupational health psychology: a review and tutorial of three longitudinal model- ing techniques. App Psychol Int Rev. 2016;65(2):379-411. doi:10.1111/apps.12055 open in new tab
  14. Ohly S, Sonnentag S, Niessen C, Zapf D. Diary studies in organiza- tional research. An introduction and some practical recommendations. J Pers Psychol. 2010;9:79-93. doi:10.1027/1866- 5888/a000009 open in new tab
  15. Ilies R, Aw SSY, Pluut H. Intraindividual models of employee well-being: what have we learned and where do we go from here? Eur J Work Organ Psych. 2015;24(6):827-838. doi:10.1080/ 1359432X.2015.1071422 open in new tab
  16. World Health Organization. Burn-out an "occupational phenom- enon": International classification of diseases. 2019 May 28. Available from: https://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/burn- out/en/. Accessed March 3, 2020. open in new tab
  17. Maslach C, Jackson SE. The measurement of experienced burnout. J Organ Behav. 1981;2(2):99-113. doi:10.1002/(ISSN)1099-1379 open in new tab
  18. Maslach C, Leiter MP. Burnout. In: Fink G, editor. Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior. Handbook of Stress Series. Vol. 1. Academic Press; 2016:51-357. open in new tab
  19. Shirom A. Job-related burnout: a review. In: Quick JC, Tetrick LE, editors. Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology. Washington: American Psychological Association; 2003:245-264. doi:10.1037/ 10474-012 open in new tab
  20. Shirom A, Melamed S. A comparison of the construct validity of two burnout measures in two groups of professionals. Int J Stress Manag. 2006;13(2):176-200. doi:10.1037/1072-5245.13.2.176 open in new tab
  21. Demerouti E, Bakker AB, Nachreiner F, Schaufeli WB. The job demands-resources model of burnout. J Appl Psychol. 2001;86 (3):499-512. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.499 open in new tab
  22. Demerouti E, Bakker AB, Vardakou I, Kantas A. The convergent validity of two burnout instruments: a multitrait-multimethod analysis. Eur J Psychol Assess. 2003;19(1):12-23. doi:10.1027// 1015-5759.19.1.12 open in new tab
  23. Demerouti E, Mostert K, Bakker AB. Burnout and work engagement: a thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs. J Occup Health Psychol. 2010;15(3):209-222. doi:10.1037/a0019408 open in new tab
  24. Alarcon G, Eschleman KJ, Bowling NA. Relationships between personality variables and burnout: a meta-analysis. Work Stress. 2009;23(3):244-263. doi:10.1080/02678370903282600 open in new tab
  25. Halbesleben JR, Demerouti E. The construct validity of an alternative measure of burnout: investigating the english translation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Work Stress. 2005;19(3):208-220. doi:10.1080/02678370500340728 open in new tab
  26. Bakker AB, Demerouti E. Job demands-resources theory. In: Chen PY, Cooper CL, editors. Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide. Vol. III. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell; 2014: 1-28. doi:10.1002/9781118539415.wbwell019 open in new tab
  27. Bakker AB, Demerouti E. Job demands-resources theory: taking stock and looking forward. J Occup Health Psychol. 2017;22 (3):273-285. doi:10.1037/ocp0000056 open in new tab
  28. Salvagioni DAJ, Melanda FN, Mesas AE, González AD, Gabani FL, Andrade S. Physical, psychological and occupational consequences of job burnout: a systematic review of prospective studies. PLoS One. 2017;12(10):e0185781. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185781 open in new tab
  29. Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB, Van Rhenen W. How changes in job demands and resources predict burnout, work engagement, and sickness absenteeism. J Organ Behav. 2009;30(7):893-917. doi:10.1002/job.v30:7 open in new tab
  30. Bakker AB. A job demands-resources approach to public service moti- vation. Public Admin Rev. 2015;75(5):723-732. doi:10.1111/puar.12388 open in new tab
  31. Bakker AB, Van Emmerik H, Van Riet P. How job demands, resources, and burnout predict objective performance: a constructive replication. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2008;21(3):309-324. doi:10.1080/ 10615800801958637 open in new tab
  32. Baruch-Feldman C, Brondolo E, Ben-Dayan D, Schwartz J. Sources of social support and burnout, job satisfaction, and productivity. J Occup Health Psychol. 2002;7(1):8-93. doi:10.1037/1076-8998.7.1.84 open in new tab
  33. Donald I, Taylor P, Johnson S, Cooper C, Cartwright S, Robertson S. Work environments, stress, and productivity: an examination using ASSET. Int J Stress Manag. 2005;12(4):409. doi:10.1037/1072- 5245.12.4.409 open in new tab
  34. Maslach C. Finding solutions to the problem of burnout. Consul Psychol J. 2017;69(2):143-152. doi:10.1037/cpb0000090 open in new tab
  35. Meng H, Luo Y, Huang L, Wen J, Ma J, Xi J. On the relationships of resilience with organizational commitment and burnout: a social exchange perspective. Int J Hum Resour Man. 2019;30 (15):2231-2250. doi:10.1080/09585192.2017.1381136 open in new tab
  36. 36. Schaufeli WB, Taris TW. A critical review of the job demands- resources model: implications for improving work and health. In: Bauer GF, Hämmig O, editors. Bridging Occupational, Organizational and Public Health. A Transdisciplinary Approach. Dordrecht: Springer; 2014:43-68. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5640-3_4 open in new tab
  37. Hobfoll SE, Halbesleben J, Neveu JP, Westman M. Conservation of resources in the organizational context: the reality of resources and their consequences. Annu Rev Organ Psych. 2018;5:103-128. doi:10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104640 open in new tab
  38. Hobfoll SE, Shirom A. Conservation of resources theory: applica- tions to stress and management in the workplace. In: Golembiewski RT, editor. Handbook of Organizational Behavior. 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker; 2001:57-80.
  39. Basińska BA. Emocje w Pracy: Rozszerzenie Teorii Wymagania- Zasoby w Pracy [Job-Related Affect: Extending the Job Demands- Resources Theory].
  40. Gdańsk, Poland: Wydawnictwo Politechniki Gdańskiej; 2016.
  41. Rogala A, Shoji K, Luszczynska A, et al. From exhaustion to disen- gagement via self-efficacy change: findings from two longitudinal studies among human services workers. Front Psychol. 2016;6:2032. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02032 open in new tab
  42. Maricuțoiu LP, Sulea C, Iancu A. Work engagement or burnout: which comes first? A meta-analysis of longitudinal evidence. Burn Res. 2017;5:35-43. doi:10.1016/j.burn.2017.05.001 open in new tab
  43. Bakker AB, Costa PL. Chronic job burnout and daily functioning: a theoretical analysis. Burn Res. 2014;1(3):112-119. doi:10.1016/j. burn.2014.04.003 open in new tab
  44. Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB, Hoogduin K, Schaap C, Kladler A. On the clinical validity of the Maslach Burnout inventory and the Burnout measure. Psychol Health. 2001;16(5):565-582. doi:10.1080/08870440108405527 open in new tab
  45. Schaufeli WB, Maassen GH, Bakker AB, Sixma HJ. Stability and change in burnout: a 10-year follow-up study among primary care physicians. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2011;84(2):248-267. doi:10.11 11/j.2044-8325.2010.02013.x open in new tab
  46. Mäkikangas A, Kinnunen U. The person-oriented approach to burn- out: a systematic review. Burn Res. 2016;3(1):11-23. doi:10.1016/j. burn.2015.12.002 open in new tab
  47. Mäkikangas A, Kinnunen U, Feldt T, Schaufeli W. The longitudinal development of employee well-being: a systematic review. Work Stress. 2016;30(1):46-70. doi:10.1080/02678373.2015.1126870 open in new tab
  48. Xanthopoulou D, Meier LL. Daily burnout experiences. In: Leiter MP, Bakker AB, Maslach C, editors. Burnout at Work: A Psychological Perspective. London and New York: Psychology Press; 2014:80-101.
  49. Demerouti E, Bakker AB, Sonnentag S, Fullagar CJ. Work-related flow and energy at work and at home: a study on the role of daily recovery. J Organ Behav. 2012;3(2):276-295. doi:10.1002/job.760 open in new tab
  50. Derks D, van Mierlo H, Schmitz EB. A diary study on work-related smartphone use, psychological detachment and exhaustion: examin- ing the role of the perceived segmentation norm. J Occup Health Psychol. 2014;19(1):74-84. doi:10.1037/a0035076 open in new tab
  51. Sonnentag S, Fritz C. Recovery from job stress: the stressor-detach- ment model as an integrative framework. J Organ Behav. 2015;36 (Suppl 1):S72-S103. doi:10.1002/job.1924 open in new tab
  52. Mäkikangas A, Kinnunen S, Rantanen J, Mauno S, Tolvanen A, Bakker AB. Association between vigor and exhaustion during the work- week: a person-centered approach to daily assessments. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2014;27(5):555-575. doi:10.1080/10615806.2013.860968 open in new tab
  53. Derks D, Bakker AB. Smartphone use, work-home interference, and burnout: a diary study on the role of recovery. Appl Psychol Int Rev. 2014;63(3):411-440. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2012.00530.x open in new tab
  54. Portoghese I, Galletta M, Leiter MP, Cocco P, D'aloja E, Campagna M. Fear of future violence at work and job burnout: a diary study on the role of psychological violence and job control. Burn Res. 2017;7:36-46. doi:10.1016/j.burn.2017.11.003 open in new tab
  55. Hall WM, Schmader T, Croft E. Engineering exchanges: daily social identity threat predicts burnout among female engineers. Soc Psychol Pers Sci. 2015;6(5):528-534. doi:10.1177/1948550615572637 open in new tab
  56. Halbesleben JR, Wheeler AR. I owe you one: coworker reciprocity as a moderator of the day-level exhaustion-performance relationship. J Organ Behav. 2011;32(4):608-626. doi:10.1002/job.748 open in new tab
  57. Hamaker EL, Kuiper RM, Grasman RPPP. A critique of the cross-lagged panel model. Psychol Methods. 2015;20(1):102-116. doi:10.1037/a0038889 open in new tab
  58. Baka L, Basinska BA. Psychometryczne wlasciwosci polskiej wersji Oldenburskiego Kwestionariusza Wypalenia Zawodowego (OLBI) [psychometric properties of the polish version of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI).]. open in new tab
  59. Med Pr. 2016;67(1):29-42. doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00353 open in new tab
  60. Hu Q, Schaufeli WB. The convergent validity of four burnout mea- sures in a Chinese sample: a confirmatory factor-analytic approach.
  61. Appl Psychol Int Rev. 2011;60(1):87-111. doi:10.1111/j.1464- 0597.2010.00428.x open in new tab
  62. Reis D, Xanthopoulou D, Tsaousis I. Measuring job and academic burnout with the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI): factorial invariance across samples and countries. Burn Res. 2015;2(1):8-18. doi:10.1016/j.burn.2014.11.001 open in new tab
  63. Sedlar N, Šprah L, Tement S, Sočan G. Internal structure of an alternative measure of burnout: study on the Slovenian adaptation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI). Burn Res. 2015;2 (1):1-7. doi:10.1016/j.burn.2015.02.001 open in new tab
  64. Hamaker E How to run the RI-CLPM with Mplus 2018. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323935149_How_to_ run_the_RI-CLPM_with_Mplus. Accessed March 3, 2020. open in new tab
  65. Kline RB. Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. 4th ed. New York: The Guilford Press; 2015.
  66. Lt H, Bentler PM. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance struc- ture analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Struc Equ Model. 1999;6(1):1-55. doi:10.1080/10705519909540118 open in new tab
  67. Muthén LK, Muthén BQ. Mplus 8.2 [Computer Software]. Los Angeles: Authors; 1998-2018. open in new tab
  68. Haar JM, Roche M, ten Brummelhuis L. A daily diary study of work-life balance in managers: utilizing a daily process model. Int J Hum Resour Man. 2018;29(18):2659-2681. doi:10.1080/ 09585192.2017.1314311 open in new tab
  69. Lavy S, Eshet R. Spiral effects of teachers' emotions and emotion regulation strategies: evidence from a daily diary study. Teach Teach Educ. 2018;73:151-161. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2018.04.001 open in new tab
  70. Boersma K, Lindblom K. Stability and change in burnout profiles over time: a prospective study in the working population. Work Stress. 2009;23(3):264-283. doi:10.1080/02678370903265860 open in new tab
  71. Leiter MP, Maslach C. Latent burnout profiles: a new approach to understanding the burnout experience. Burn Res. 2016;3(4):89-100. doi:10.1016/j.burn.2016.09.001 open in new tab
  72. Halbesleben JR, Buckley MR. Burnout in organizational life. J Manage. 2004;30(6):859-879. open in new tab
  73. Golonka K, Gawlowska M, Mojsa-Kaja J, Marek T. Psychophysiological characteristics of burnout syndrome: resting-state EEG analysis. Biomed Res Int. 2019;3764354. doi:10.1155/2019/3764354 open in new tab
  74. Kühnel J, Sonnentag S. How long do you benefit from vacation? A closer look at the fade-out of vacation effects. J Organ Behav. 2011;32(1):125-143. doi:10.1002/job.699 open in new tab
  75. Prem R, Paškvan M, Kubicek B, Korunka C. Exploring the ambiva- lence of time pressure in daily working life. Int J Stress Manage. 2018;25(1):35-43. doi:10.1037/str0000044 open in new tab
  76. Tomprou M, Xanthopoulou D, Vakola M. Socio-emotional and monetary employee-organization resource exchanges: measurement and effects on daily employee functioning. Work Stress. 2019;1-26. doi:10.1080/02678373.2019.1616333 open in new tab
  77. Breevaart K, Bakker AB. Daily job demands and employee work engagement: the role of daily transformational leadership behavior. J Occup Health Psych. 2018;23(3):338-349. doi:10.1037/ocp00 00082 open in new tab
  78. Schaufeli WB. Engaging leadership in the job demands-resources model. Career Dev Int. 2015;20(5):446-463. doi:10.1108/CDI-02- 2015-0025 open in new tab
  79. Ellis AM, Bauer TN, Erdogan B, Truxillo DM. Daily perceptions of relationship quality with leaders: implications for follower well-being. Work Stress. 2019;33(2):119-136. doi:10.1080/ 02678373.2018.1445670 open in new tab
  80. De Jonge J. What makes a good work break? Off-job and on-job recovery as predictors of employee health. Ind Health. 2020;2019-2097. doi:10.2486/indhealth.2019-0097 open in new tab
  81. Kooij D, Nijssen H, Bal PM, van der Kruijssen D. Crafting an interesting job: stimulating an active role of older workers in enhan- cing their daily work engagement and job performance. Work Aging Retirement. 2020;1-38. open in new tab
  82. Demerouti E, Hewett R, Haun V, De Gieter S, Rodríguez-Sánchez A, Skakon J. From job crafting to home crafting: a daily diary study among six European countries. Hum Relat. 2019;0018726719848809. open in new tab
  83. Nexø MA, Kristensen JV, Grønvad MT, Kristiansen J, Poulsen OM. Content and quality of workplace guidelines developed to prevent mental health problems: results from a systematic review. Scand J Work Env Hea. 2018;44(5):443-457. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3731 open in new tab
  84. Psychology Research and Behavior Management Dovepress open in new tab
Sources of funding:
  • NCN no. UMO-2015/17/B/HS6/04178
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 32 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags