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Improving Thermal Insulation Properties for Prefabricated Wall Components Made of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete with Open Structure

Abstract

Porous concrete is commonly used in civil engineering due to its good thermal insulation properties in comparison with normal concrete and high compression strength in comparison with other building materials. An extremely porous concrete, called ‘lightweight aggregate concrete with open structure’ (LAC), is used in some German plants to produce prefabricated wall components. They are used mainly in hall buildings, e.g. supermarkets. The need of improving thermal insulation properties was an inspiration to realise a project described in the paper. Its aim was to reduce the heat transfer coefficient for the wall components. Three different wall structure types were designed and compared in full-scale laboratory tests with originally produced wall components in terms of load-carrying capacity and stiffness. The load was applied perpendicularly to the wall plane. As the components are not originally used for load-bearing walls, but for curtain walls only, the wind load is the main load for them. The wall components were tested in horizontal position and the load was applied vertically. Totally twelve wall components 8.00 x 2.00 x 0.25m (three for every series) were produced in the prefabrication plant and tested in the University of Kaiserslautern laboratory. The designed and tested components differed from each other in the amount of expanded polystyrene (EPS), which was placed in the plant inside the wall structure. The minimal amount of it was designed in the original wall component type. Besides, two improved types of prefabricated wall had built-in steel lattice girders. The failure mode was the same for all the tested components: diagonal cracks occurred on the sides of each component due to their insufficient shear-force-capacity. Load-carrying capacities obtained in the tests were for all wall structure types similar and much higher (many times) than internal forces (i.e. bending moments and shear forces) calculated for a wind load acting on a typical hall building according to the German codes. An increased amount of EPS (up to 30 per cent in volume) did not influence significantly the wall structural strength. The use of the steel lattice girders caused some technological problems and led to a quality loss of the produced components. The future use of the lattice girders would require a change in the production process: it would have to be more labour consuming.

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Details

Category:
Other
Type:
materiały konferencyjne indeksowane w Web of Science
Title of issue:
WORLD MULTIDISCIPLINARY CIVIL ENGINEERING-ARCHITECTURE-URBAN PLANNING SYMPOSIUM - WMCAUS strony 1 - 10
Language:
English
Publication year:
2017
Bibliographic description:
Abramski M..: Improving Thermal Insulation Properties for Prefabricated Wall Components Made of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete with Open Structure, W: WORLD MULTIDISCIPLINARY CIVIL ENGINEERING-ARCHITECTURE-URBAN PLANNING SYMPOSIUM - WMCAUS, 2017, IOP Publishing,.
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1088/1757-899x/245/2/022034
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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