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A screening of select toxic and essential elements and persistent organic pollutants in the fur of Svalbard reindeer

Abstract

Reindeers play an important role in the polar ecosystem, being long-lived sole vegetarians feeding on local vegetation. They can be used as a valuable bioindicator, helping us to understand contaminants’ impact on the polar terrestrial ecosystem. Still, scarce data exist from research in which polar herbivores (especially those from the European parts of the Arctic) were a major study subject for trace elements and persistent organic pollutant determination. Here, Svalbard reindeer fur has been used to determine metals, non-metals and metalloids using ICP-MS, and several persistent organic pollutants including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) using gas chromatography coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer (GC-MS/MS). Samples were collected from reindeer populations living in the area near Ny-Ålesund and Longyearbyen. Essential elements like Fe, Mg, Zn, K, Ca, Cu predominated in the trace elements profile. Median values of As, Cd, Co, Li, Ni, Se and V were all below 0.5 mg/g dw. Mercury was below detection limit in all samples, while the Pb median varied from 0.35 to 0.74 mg/g dw. Except acenaphthylene and fluorene, PAHs were detectable only in samples collected in the vicinity of Longyearbyen. Of 15 studied pesticides, only DDT and its metabolites were above the detection limit, and, of PCBs, only PCB28.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
CHEMOSPHERE no. 245, pages 1 - 8,
ISSN: 0045-6535
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Pacyna-Kuchta A., Wietrzyk-Pełka P., Węgrzyn M., Frankowski M., Polkowska Ż.: A screening of select toxic and essential elements and persistent organic pollutants in the fur of Svalbard reindeer// CHEMOSPHERE -Vol. 245, (2020), s.1-8
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125458
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