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Extraction of stable foreground image regions for unattended luggage detection

Abstract

A novel approach to detection of stationary objects in the video stream is presented. Stationary objects are these separated from the static background, but remaining motionless for a prolonged time. Extraction of stationary objects from images is useful in automatic detection of unattended luggage. The proposed algorithm is based on detection of image regions containing foreground image pixels having stable values in time and checking their correspondence with the detected moving objects. In the first stage of the algorithm, stability of individual pixels belonging to moving objects is tested using a model constructed from vectors. Next, clusters of pixels with stable color and brightness are extracted from the image and related to contours of the detected moving objects. This way, stationary (previously moving) objects are detected. False contours of objects removed from the background are also found and discarded from the analysis. The results of the algorithm may be analyzed further by the classifier, separating luggage from other objects, and the decision system for unattended luggage detection. The main focus of the paper is on the algorithm for extraction of stable image regions. However, a complete framework for unattended luggage detection is also presented in order to show that the proposed approach provides data for successful event detection. The results of experiments in which the proposed algorithm was validated using both standard datasets and video recordings from a real airport security system are presented and discussed.

Citations

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Details

Category:
Magazine publication
Type:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Published in:
MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS no. 75, edition 2, pages 761 - 786,
ISSN: 1380-7501
Language:
English
Publication year:
2016
Bibliographic description:
Szwoch G.: Extraction of stable foreground image regions for unattended luggage detection// MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS. -Vol. 75, iss. 2 (2016), s.761-786
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1007/s11042-014-2324-4
Verification:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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