Long-term operation of Kickuth-type constructed wetland applied to municipal wastewater treatment in temperate climate - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


Long-term operation of Kickuth-type constructed wetland applied to municipal wastewater treatment in temperate climate


The purpose of this paper is to discuss the problem of changes of effectiveness of Kickuth-type constructed wetland with subsurface flow applied to domestic wastewater treatment. This study is based on an example of a wetland 3000 m2 in surface, serving 800 inhabitants, located in Poland. The results of chemical analysis showed that after an initial year of ‘start-up time’, the efficiency of pollutant removal gradually increased to reach an apex in the 6th year of operation. Such maximum efficiency continued up to the 10th year of operation; afterwards it gradually dropped. Moreover, after 12 years of operation, a serious problem with overland flow was observed, which indicated the porous media clogging processes.


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Copyright (2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group)


artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
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ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY no. 39, pages 1133 - 1143,
ISSN: 0959-3330
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Bibliographic description:
Mucha Z., Wójcik W., Jóźwiakowski K., Gajewska M.: Long-term operation of Kickuth-type constructed wetland applied to municipal wastewater treatment in temperate climate// ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY. -Vol. 39, iss. 9 (2018), s.1133-1143
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1080/09593330.2017.1323014
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