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Antiferromagneticspinglass-likebehaviorinsinteredmultiferroic AurivilliusBim+1Ti3Fem−3O3m+3 compounds
The structure,hyperfine interactionsandmagneticpropertiesoftheseriesofmultiferroicBim+1Ti3Fem−3 O3m+3 Aurivilliuscompoundswith m¼4–8 werestudiedusingX-raydiffraction, 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopyandvibratingsamplemagnetometry.Sampleswerepreparedbytheconventionalsolid- state sinteringmethod.Bulkmagneticmeasurementsshowedthatfor m¼4 thecompoundis paramagnetic downto2Kwhileinthecompoundwith m¼5 theantiferromagnetictypetransition wasobservedat11K.Inthecaseofcompoundswith...
Structure and hyperfine interactions in Bi1−xNdxFeO3 solid solutions prepared by solid-state sintering
The series of polycrystalline ceramic powders, Bi1xNdxFeO3 (x = 0.11) was successfully synthesized by mixed oxide method followed by pressureless sintering. X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy were used as complementary methods to study structure and hyperfine interactions of the samples. It was found that with an increase of Nd content, within the range of x = 0.20.3 a structural phase transition from rhombohedral to...
Comparative X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy studies of BiFeO3 ceramics prepared by conventional solid-state reaction and mechanical activation
The aim of this work was to prepare BiFeO3 by modified solid-state sintering and mechanical activation processes and to investigate the structure and hyperfine interactions of the material. X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy were applied as complementary methods. In the case of sintering, BiFeO3 phase was obtained from the mixture of precursors with 3 and 5 % excess of Bi2O3 during heating at 1023 K. Small amounts of...
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