By-Products from Food Industry as a Promising Alternative for the Conventional Fillers for Wood–Polymer Composites - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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By-Products from Food Industry as a Promising Alternative for the Conventional Fillers for Wood–Polymer Composites

Abstract

The present paper describes the application of two types of food-industry by-products, brewers’ spent grain (BSG), and coffee silverskin (ŁK) as promising alternatives for the conventional beech wood flour (WF) for wood–polymer composites. The main goal was to investigate the impact of partial and complete WF substitution by BSG and ŁK on the processing, structure, physicochemical, mechanical, and thermal properties of resulting composites. Such modifications enabled significant enhancement of the melt flowability, which could noticeably increase the processing throughput. Replacement of WF with BSG and ŁK improved the ductility of composites, which affected their strength however. Such an effect was attributed to the differences in chemical composition of fillers, particularly the presence of proteins and lipids, which acted as plasticizers. Composites containing food-industry by-products were also characterized by the lower thermal stability compared to conventional WF. Nevertheless, the onset of decomposition exceeding 215 ◦C guarantees a safe processing window for polyethylene-based materials.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Polymers no. 13,
ISSN: 2073-4360
Language:
English
Publication year:
2021
Bibliographic description:
Hejna A., Korol J., Kosmela P., Kuzmin A., Piasecki A., Kulawik A., Chmielnicki B.: By-Products from Food Industry as a Promising Alternative for the Conventional Fillers for Wood–Polymer Composites// Polymers -Vol. 13,iss. 6 (2021), s.893-
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/polym13060893
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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