Structural, thermal and physico-mechanical properties of polyurethane/brewers’ spent grain composite foams modified with ground tire rubber - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

Search

Structural, thermal and physico-mechanical properties of polyurethane/brewers’ spent grain composite foams modified with ground tire rubber

Abstract

In this work, brewers’ spent grain (BSG) and ground tire rubber (GTR) waste fillers were applied as low-cost reinforcement phase in rigid polyurethane foam (PUR). PUR/BSG/GTR composites were prepared by a single step method, using polyglycerol as partial substitute of commercially available petrochemical polyols. Foaming parameters, chemical structure, dynamic mechanical properties, thermal stability, physico-mechanical properties and morphology of obtained composites were evaluated as function of BSG/GTR ratio (in range: 20/0; 15/5; 10/10; 5/15; 0/20 parts by weight – pbw). Modification of PUR/BSG composite foams with GTR accelerated foaming reactions, which resulted in decrease of rise time and tack free time. Higher content of GTR in PUR/BSG/GTR composites significantly enhanced their physico-mechanical properties and thermal stability. Compressive strength of PUR modified with BSG/GTR in ratio 5/15 pbw was more than 50% higher than for PUR/BSG composite foam without GTR, which correspond to 37% increase of density. Additionally, it was observed that temperatures corresponded to a 2% and 5% weight loss were for 9 °C and 24 °C higher for composite with BSG/GTR hybrid filler than for pure polyurethane matrix. Presented results indicate better compatibility between polyurethane matrix and GTR than with BSG, confirmed also by ATR-FTIR, DMA, swelling behavior and SEM analysis. Conducted investigations showed that performance properties of polyurethane/brewers’ spent grain composite foams could be successfully tailored using GTR, which consequently extend their potential industrial applications.

Citations

  • 5 1

    CrossRef

  • 5 7

    Web of Science

  • 5 7

    Scopus

Cite as

Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Published in:
INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS no. 108, pages 844 - 852,
ISSN: 0926-6690
Language:
English
Publication year:
2017
Bibliographic description:
Formela K., Hejna A., Zedler Ł., Przybysz M., Ryl J., Saeb M., Piszczyk Ł.: Structural, thermal and physico-mechanical properties of polyurethane/brewers’ spent grain composite foams modified with ground tire rubber// INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS. -Vol. 108, (2017), s.844-852
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.07.047
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 71 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags