The Accuracy of a Marine Satellite Compass under Terrestrial Urban Conditions - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


The Accuracy of a Marine Satellite Compass under Terrestrial Urban Conditions


When used at sea, satellite compasses are capable of determining the course of a sailing vessel with high accuracy. It is dicult to verify the accuracy declared by the device manufacturer under such conditions, as it is dicult to define a reliable reference. This study analyses the accuracy of the satellite compass in an urban setting, with the satellite signal being obscured to various extents. It is an important point in the study to refer the measurement results to a reference route, which is the axis of a tramway track, determined by the precise GNSS RTK method. The measurement data were processed in the original software developed by the authors. The results demonstrate a high 2D positioning accuracy with low height determination accuracy. The course determination errors exceed the limit values declared by the manufacturer. However, specific measurement conditions must be taken into account, which dier considerably from the typical applications of a satellite compass.


  • 1 1


  • 1 2

    Web of Science

  • 1 1


Cite as

Full text

download paper
downloaded 11 times
Publication version
Accepted or Published Version
Creative Commons: CC-BY open in new tab



artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering no. 8, pages 1 - 18,
ISSN: 2077-1312
Publication year:
Bibliographic description:
Dąbrowski P., Specht C., Felski A., Koc W., Wilk A., Czaplewski K., Karwowski K., Jaskólski K., Specht M., Chrostowski P., Szmagliński J.: The Accuracy of a Marine Satellite Compass under Terrestrial Urban Conditions// Journal of Marine Science and Engineering -Vol. 8,iss. 1 (2019), s.1-18
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/jmse8010018
Bibliography: test
  1. writing-original draft preparation, P.S.D.; writing-review and editing, C.S. and A.F.; visualization, P.S.D.; supervision, A.F.; project administration, C.S. and A.W.; funding acquisition, C.S., W.K., A.W., K.C., K.K., P.C. and J.S. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. open in new tab
  2. GPS Standard Positioning Service (SPS) Performance Standard, 4th ed. Available online: http://www.gps. gov/technical/ps/ (accessed on 10 August 2019). open in new tab
  3. Misra, P.; Enge, P. Global Positioning System: Signals, Measurements and Performance, 2nd ed.; Ganga-Jamuna Press: Lincoln, OR, USA, 2012.
  4. Specht, C.; Dąbrowski, P. Runaway PRN11 GPS satellite. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference "Environmental Engineering", Vilnus, Lithuania, 27-28 April 2017. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  5. Teunissen, P.; Montenbruck, O. Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems; Springer: Cham, Switzerland, 2017. open in new tab
  6. Specht, C.; Dabrowski, P.S.; Pawelski, J.; Specht, M.; Szot, T. Comparative analysis of positioning accuracy of GNSS receivers of Samsung Galaxy smartphones in marine dynamic measurements. Adv. Space Res. 2019, 63, 3018-3028. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  7. Furuno Manual, THD Satellite Compass, Model SC-50. Furuno Electric Co., LTD. Available online: (accessed on 10 August 2019). open in new tab
  8. Specht, C.; Nowak, A.; Koc, W.; Jurkowska, A. Application of the Polish Active Geodetic Network for railway track determination. In Transport Systems and Processes: Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation; open in new tab
  9. Weintrit, A., Neumann, T., Eds.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA, 2011; pp. 77-81.
  10. Specht, C.; Mania, M.; Skóra, M.; Specht, M. Accuracy of the GPS Positioning System in the Context of Increasing the Number of Satellites in the Constellation. Pol. Marit. Res. 2015, 22, 9-14. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  11. Specht, C.; Specht, M.; Dąbrowski, P. Comparative Analysis of Active Geodetic Networks in Poland. In Proceedings of the 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, Albena, Bulgaria, 29 June-5 July 2017. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  12. Specht, C.; Koc, W.; Smolarek, L.; Grządziela, A.; Szmagliński, J.; Specht, M. Diagnostics of the Tram Track Shape with the use of the Global Positioning Satellite Systems (GPS/Glonass) Measurements with a 20 Hz Frequency Sampling. J. Vibroeng. 2014, 16, 3076-3085. open in new tab
  13. Specht, C.; Koc, W. Mobile Satellite Measurements in Designing and Exploitation of Rail Roads. Transp. Res. Proc. 2016, 14, 625-634. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  14. Specht, C.; Koc, W.; Chrostowski, P.; Szmaglinski, J. Accuracy Assessment of Mobile Satellite Measurements Relation to the Geometrical Layout of Rail Tracks. Metrol. Meas. Syst. 2019, 26, 309-321. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  15. Koc, W. Design of Rail-Track Geometric Systems by Satellite Measurement. J. Transp. Eng. 2012, 138, 114-122. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  16. Koc, W. The analytical design method of railway route's main directions intersection area. Open Eng. 2016, 6, 1-9. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  17. Koc, W.; Specht, C.; Chrostowski, P.; Szmagliński, J. Analysis of the possibilities in railways shape assessing using GNSS mobile measurements. In Proceedings of the MATEC Web Conf. Scientific Conference of the Committee for Civil Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Science Committee of the Polish Association of Civil Engineers (PZITB), Krynica, Poland, 16-20 September 2018. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  18. Specht, C.; Chrostowski, P.; Koc, W. Computer-aided evaluation of the railway track geometry on the basis of satellite measurements. Open Eng. 2016, 6, 125-134. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  19. Lu, G.; Cannon, M.E.; Lachapelle, G.; Kielland, P. Attitude determination in a survey launch using multi-antenna GPS technologies. In Proceedings of the National Technical Meeting, the Institute of Navigation, Alexandria, VA, USA, 20 January 1993. open in new tab
  20. Comp, C.J. Optimal antenna configuration for GPS based attitude determination. In Proceedings of the ION GPS-93, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, 22-24 September 1993; pp. 773-779.
  21. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 18 open in new tab
  22. Ueno, M.; Santerre, R.; Babineau, S. Impact of Antenna Configuration on GPS Attitude Determination. In Proceedings of the 9th World Congress of International Association of Institutes of Navigation (IAIN'97), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 20 November 1997. open in new tab
  23. Felski, A.; Mięsikowski, M. Some Aspects of DGPS Based Heading Determination. Geodezja i Kartografia 1999, 48, 97-104. (In Polish)
  24. Felski, A. Exploitative properties of different types of satellite compasses. Annu. Navig. 2010, 16, 33-40.
  25. Jaskólski, K.; Felski, A.; Piskur, P. The Compass Error Comparison of an Onboard Standard Gyrocompass, Fiber-Optic Gyrocompass (FOG) and Satellite Compass. Sensors 2019, 19, 1942. [CrossRef] [PubMed] open in new tab
  26. Feng, Y.; Wang, J. GPS RTK performance characteristics and analysis. J. Glob. Position. Syst. 2008, 7, 1-8. [CrossRef] open in new tab
  27. Regulation of the Council of Ministers of October 15, 2012 on the state system of spatial references (Dz.U. 2012 poz. 1247). 2012. (In Polish) open in new tab
  28. Wilk, A.; Specht, C.; Koc, W.; Karwowski, K.; Chrostowski, P.; Szmagliński, J.; Dąbrowski, P.; Specht, M.; Judek, S.; Skibicki, J.; et al. Projekt badawczy BRIK: Opracowanie innowacyjnej metody wyznaczania precyzyjnej trajektorii pojazdu szynowego. Przegląd Komunikacyjny 2019, 7, 18-27. (In Polish) open in new tab
  29. Wilk, A.; Koc, W.; Specht, C.; Karwowski, K.; Chrostowski, P.; Szmagliński, J.; Dąbrowski, P.; Specht, M. Wyznaczanie osi toru i trajektorii pociągu w projekcie BRIK. In Proceedings of the Konferencja "Nowoczesne technologie w realizacji projektów inwestycyjnych transportu kolejowego", Jurata, Poland, 24-26 April 2019. (In Polish). open in new tab
  30. Langley, R.B. NMEA 0183: A GPS receiver interface standard. GPS World 1995, 6, 54-57.
  31. Gajderowicz, I. Odwzorowania kartograficzne: Podstawy; Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie: Olsztyn, Poland, 2009. (In Polish)
  32. Hazewinkel, M. Encyclopaedia of Mathematics: Volume 9 Sto-Zyg; open in new tab
  33. Bronshtein, I.N.; Semendyayev, K.A.; Musiol, G.; Mühlig, M. Handbook of Mathematics, 6th ed.; Springer Science & Business Media: Berlin, Germany, 2015. open in new tab
  34. Kadaj, R. Technical Regulations G-1.10 Mapping Formulas and Coordinate System Parameters; Chief Land Surveyor: Warsaw, Poland, 2001. (In Polish)
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 34 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags