Diphosphinoboranes as Intramolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs: P–B–P Bond Systems for the Activation of Dihydrogen, Carbon Dioxide, and Phenyl Isocyanate - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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Diphosphinoboranes as Intramolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs: P–B–P Bond Systems for the Activation of Dihydrogen, Carbon Dioxide, and Phenyl Isocyanate

Abstract

Herein, we present the first example of the activation of small molecules by P-B-P bond systems. The reactivity study involves reactions of two selected diphosphinoboranes, (tBu2P)2BPh (1’) and (Cy2P)2BNiPr2 (2), that differ in terms of their structural and electronic properties for the activation of dihydrogen, carbon dioxide, and phenyl isocyanate. Diphosphinoborane 1’ activates H2 under very mild conditions in the absence of a catalyst with the formation of the dimer (tBu2PB(Ph)H)2 and tBu2PH. Conversely, diphosphinoborane 2 did not react with H2 under the same conditions. The reaction of 1’ with CO2 led to the formation of a compound with an unusual structure, where two phosphinoformate units were coordinated to the PhBOBPh moiety. In addition, 2 reacted with CO2 to insert two CO2 molecules into the P-B bonds of the parent diphosphinoborane. Both diphosphinoboranes activated PhNCO, yielding products resulting from the addition of two and/or three PhNCO molecules and the formation of new P-C, B-O, B-N, and C-N bonds. The products of the activation of small molecules by diphosphinoboranes were characterized with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and elemental analysis. Additionally, the reaction mechanisms of the activation of small molecules by diphosphinoboranes were elucidated by theoretical methods.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY no. 60, pages 3794 - 3806,
ISSN: 0020-1669
Language:
English
Publication year:
2021
Bibliographic description:
Szynkiewicz N., Ordyszewska A., Chojnacki J., Grubba R.: Diphosphinoboranes as Intramolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs: P–B–P Bond Systems for the Activation of Dihydrogen, Carbon Dioxide, and Phenyl Isocyanate// INORGANIC CHEMISTRY -Vol. 60,iss. 6 (2021), s.3794-3806
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c03563
Sources of funding:
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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