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Artificial-Hand Technology—Current State of Knowledge in Designing and Forecasting Changes

Abstract

The subject of human-hand versatility has been intensively investigated for many years. Emerging robotic constructions change continuously in order to mimic natural mechanisms as accurately as possible. Such an attitude is motivated by the demand for humanoid robots with sophisticated end effectors and highly biomimic prostheses. This paper provides wide analysis of more than 80 devices that have been created over the last 40 years. It compares both the mechanical structure and various actuators from conventional DC motors and servomechanisms, through pneumatic muscles, to soft actuators and artificial muscles. Described measured factors include angles, forces, torques, tensions, and tactiles. Furthermore, the appropriate statistics of kinematic configuration, as well as the type or number of drive units and sensory systems, show not only recent problems, but also trends that will be followed in the future.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Applied Sciences-Basel no. 9,
ISSN: 2076-3417
Language:
English
Publication year:
2019
Bibliographic description:
Szkopek J., Redlarski G.: Artificial-Hand Technology—Current State of Knowledge in Designing and Forecasting Changes// Applied Sciences-Basel -Vol. 9,iss. 19 (2019), s.4090-
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/app9194090
Bibliography: test
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