Bio-Based Polyurethane Networks Derived from Liquefied Sawdust - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


Bio-Based Polyurethane Networks Derived from Liquefied Sawdust


The utilization of forestry waste resources in the production of polyurethane resins is a promising green alternative to the use of unsustainable resources. Liquefaction of wood-based biomass gives polyols with properties depending on the reagents used. In this article, the liquefaction of forestry wastes, including sawdust, in solvents such as glycerol and polyethylene glycol was investigated. The liquefaction process was carried out at temperatures of 120, 150, and 170 C. The resulting bio-polyols were analyzed for process efficiency, hydroxyl number, water content, viscosity, and structural features using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The optimum liquefaction temperature was 150 C and the time of 6 h. Comprehensive analysis of polyol properties shows high biomass conversion and hydroxyl number in the range of 238–815 mg KOH/g. This may indicate that bio-polyols may be used as a potential substitute for petrochemical polyols. During polyurethane synthesis, materials with more than 80 wt% of bio-polyol were obtained. The materials were obtained by a one-step method by hot-pressing for 15 min at 100 C and a pressure of 5 MPa with an NCO:OH ratio of 1:1 and 1.2:1. Dynamical-mechanical analysis (DMA) showed a high modulus of elasticity in the range of 62–839 MPa which depends on the reaction conditions.


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artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Materials no. 14,
ISSN: 1996-1944
Publication year:
Bibliographic description:
Gosz K., Tercjak A., Olszewski A., Haponiuk J., Piszczyk Ł.: Bio-Based Polyurethane Networks Derived from Liquefied Sawdust// Materials -,iss. 14, 3138 (2021), s.1-13
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/ma14113138
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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