Air trapping problem during infiltration on the large areas
The process of flow modeling in unsaturated porous medium is often found in many fields of sciences: geology, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, microbiology or chemistry. Problem is relatively complicated due to complexity of the system which contains three phases: water, air and soil skeleton. The flow of water in such a medium can be described using two-phase (2PH) flow formulation, which accounts the inflow of air and water phases, or with simplified model known as Richards (RE) equation where only water flow is taken into account. In many well known programs available in the market (like SeepW, STOMP) the primary interest is only the water flow and the flow of air is omitted. As a result Richard equation in used more often. It’s main assumption is that pore air is continuous and has connection with atmospheric air which is equivalent to infinite mobility of the air phase during all simulation. This paper presents a brief review of the influence of the air phase in soil on water flow and pore pressure generation, with focus on applications related to infiltration process occurring in the large areas. An irrigation effect of rice fields with shallow water table has been investigated. To assess the impact of the gas phase various lengths of the infiltration zone have been considered. Numerical simulations are carried out to investigate the differences between the Richards equation and the two-phase flow model, using an in-house code based on the finite volume method.
Witold Tisler, Adam Szymkiewicz. (2018). Air trapping problem during infiltration on the large areas, 44, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20184400178
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