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Analysis of features of stainless steels in dissimilar welded joints in chloride inducted corrosion

Abstrakt

Stainless steels of femtic-austenitic microstructure that means the duplex Cr-Ni-Mo steels, in comparison with austenitic steel includes less expensive nickel and has much better mechanical properties with good formability and corrosion resistance, even in environments containing chloride ions. Similar share of high chromium ferrite and austenite, which is characterized by high ductility, determines that the duplex steels have good crack resistance at temperatures up to approximately -40°C. The steels containing approximately 22% Cr, 5% Ni, 3% Mo and 0.2% N crystallizes as a solid solution δ, partially transforming from the temperature of about 1200°C to 850°C into the phase α. The stable structure of considered steels, at temperatures above 850°C, is ferrite, and at lower temperatures the mixture of phase γ+α +σ. The two-phase structure α+γ the duplex steel obtains after hyperquenching at the temperature of stability of the mixture of α+γ phases, and the share of the phases depends on the hyper quenching attributes. Hyperquenching in water, with a temperature close to 1200°C, ensures the instance in the microstructure of the steel a large share of ferrite and a small share of the high chromium austenite. This causes the increase of strength properties and reducing the plasticity of the steel and its resistance ability to cracking and corrosion. Slower cooling from the mentioned temperature, for example in the air, enables the partial transformation of the a phase into the γ one (α → γ) and increasing the share of austenite in the steel structure. It leads to improvement of plasticity properties. In the paper are presented the results of investigations of heteronymous welded joints of duplex steel and austenitic one. The results include the relation between the chemical composition of steels and their weldability.

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
publikacja w in. zagranicznym czasopiśmie naukowym (tylko język obcy)
Opublikowano w:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering nr 227, strony 1 - 6,
ISSN: 1757-8981
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2017
Opis bibliograficzny:
Topolska S., Łabanowski J.. Analysis of features of stainless steels in dissimilar welded joints in chloride inducted corrosion. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, Vol. 227 , , s.1-6
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1088/1757-899x/227/1/012130
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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