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Annual variability of heavy metal content in Svalbard reindeer faeces as a result of dietary preferences

Abstrakt

During both winter and summer, Svalbard reindeer selectively feed on different types of vegetation that are not only a source of nutritional value, but also a place of heavy metal accumulation. In the present study, the content of cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, nickel, manganese, and zinc in reindeer excrement was measured. The main aims were to determine the seasonal content of several heavy metals in Svalbard reindeer faeces, and to compare their values in terms of dietary preferences during the year. Summer and winter reindeer excrement was gathered along a designated linear transect running through Bolterdalen and the vegetation described on 1 m2 plots. All of the analysed heavy metals were detected in the reindeer faeces and this fact seems to be connected with the incomplete content of these elements in an animal’s tissue after forage digestion. Analysis showed differences between summer and winter excrement in terms of concentrations of cadmium, chromium, iron, and nickel, but no differences were found for the other four elements analysed (manganese, lead, zinc, and copper). However, concentrations of heavy metals in faeces are rather low in comparison with both the levels in the vegetation that may be grazed by reindeer and in reindeer tissue.

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Autorzy (5)

Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH nr 25, strony 36693 - 36701,
ISSN: 0944-1344
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2018
Opis bibliograficzny:
Węgrzyn M., Wietrzyk P., Lehmann-Konera S., Chmiel S., Polkowska Ż.: Annual variability of heavy metal content in Svalbard reindeer faeces as a result of dietary preferences// ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH. -Vol. 25, nr. 36 (2018), s.36693-36701
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1007/s11356-018-3479-8
Bibliografia: test
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Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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