Human subarachnoid space width oscillations in the resting state
Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsatility has been implicated in patients suffering from various diseases, including multiple sclerosis and hypertension. CSF pulsatility results in subarachnoid space (SAS) width changes, which can be measured with near-infrared transillumination backscattering sounding (NIR-T/BSS). The aim of this study was to combine NIR-T/BSS and wavelet analysis methods to characterise the dynamics of the SAS width within a wide range of frequencies from 0.005 to 2 Hz, with low frequencies studied in detail for the first time. From recordings in the resting state, we also demonstrate the relationships between SAS width in both hemispheres of the brain, and investigate how the SAS width dynamics is related to the blood pressure (BP). These investigations also revealed influences of age and SAS correlation on the dynamics of SAS width and its similarity with the BP. Combination of NIR-T/BSS and time-frequency analysis may open up new frontiers in the understanding and diagnosis of various neurodegenerative and ageing related diseases to improve diagnostic procedures and patient prognosis.
Marcin Gruszecki, Gemma Lancaster, Aneta Stefanovska, Patric J. Neary, Ryan Dech, Wojciech Gumiński, Andrzej F. Frydrychowski, Jacek Kot, Pawel Winklewski. (2018). Human subarachnoid space width oscillations in the resting state, 8(3057), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-21038-0
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