Potentiometric Solid-Contact Ion-Selective Electrode for Determination of Thiocyanate in Human Saliva - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Potentiometric Solid-Contact Ion-Selective Electrode for Determination of Thiocyanate in Human Saliva

Abstrakt

A new solid-contact potentiometric ion-selective electrode for the determination of SCN− (SCN-ISE) has been described. Synthesized phosphonium derivative of calix[4]arene was used as a charged ionophore. The research included selection of the ion-selective membrane composition, determination of the ISEs metrological parameters and SCN-ISE application for thiocyanate determination in human saliva. Preparation of the ISEs included selection of a plasticizer for the ion-selective membrane composition and type of the electrode material. The study was carried out using ISE with liquid internal electrolyte (LE-ISE) and solid-contact electrodes made of glassy carbon (GC-ISE) and gold rods (Au-ISE). The best parameters were found for GC sensors for which the ion-selective membrane contained chloroparaffin as a plasticizer (S = 59.9 mV/dec, LOD = 1.6 × 10−6 M). The study of potentiometric selectivity coefficients has shown that the thiocyanate-selective sensor could be applied in biomedical research for determination of SCN− concentration in human saliva. The accuracy of the SCN− determination was verified by testing 59 samples of volunteers’ saliva by potentiometric sensors and UV-Vis spectrophotometry as a reference technique. Moreover, SCN− concentrations in the smokers’ and non-smokers’ saliva were compared. In order to investigate the influence of various factors (sex, health status, taken medications) on the thiocyanate level in the saliva, more extensive studies on a group of 100 volunteers were carried out. Additionally, for a group of 18 volunteers, individual profiles of SCN− concentration in saliva measured on a daily basis for over a month were collected.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
SENSORS nr 20,
ISSN: 1424-8220
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2020
Opis bibliograficzny:
Urbanowicz M., Sadowska K., Pijanowska D., Pomećko R., Bocheńska M.: Potentiometric Solid-Contact Ion-Selective Electrode for Determination of Thiocyanate in Human Saliva// SENSORS -Vol. 20,iss. 10 (2020), s.2817-
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.3390/s20102817
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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