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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: VISION ZERO

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: VISION ZERO

  • Experiences and Challenges in Fatality Reduction on Polish Roads

    According to the UN, road safety is the key to achieving sustainable development goals, yet the complexity of how road accidents happen makes this a difficult challenge leaving many countries struggling with the problem. For years, Poland has infamously been one of the EU’s top countries for road-accident fatality rates. Despite that, it has made significant progress in the last thirty years with a fatality reduction of more than...

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  • Analysis of the impact of socio-economic development on road safety based on the example of Baltic Sea Region countries

    Baltic Sea Region (BSR) is a specific region of Europe, bringing together countries with different levels of socio-economic development. The main common point is territorial access to the Baltic Sea and the importance of maritime transport in the transportation of goods. The region consists of 9 countries, including Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Russia (more specifically, Kaliningrad...

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  • Pedestrian safety management using the risk-based approach

    The paper presents a concept of a multi-level pedestrian safety management system. Three management levels are distinguished: strategic, tactical and operational. The basis for the proposed approach to pedestrian safety management is a risk-based method. In the approach the elements of behavioural and systemic theories were used, allowing for the development of a formalised and repeatable procedure integrating the phases of risk...

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  • The application of microscopic models in the study of pedestrian traffic

    Cities (especially in Central and Eastern Europe) focus on improving the road network, which aims to improve the efficiency of motor traffic and minimize congestion. Most of existing tools for analysing the effectiveness of urban transport networks do not assume to analyse the impact of walking and cycling on efficiency of transport systems. It is therefore necessary to develop solutions...

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  • Pedestrian safety in road traffic – studies, recommendations and proposed improvements

    Pedestrians are involved and most frequently the victims of every third road accident in Poland. Pedestrian accidents most frequently occur in complex circumstances, as a result of many factors related to the behaviour of drivers and pedestrians. The basic parameters that determine road safety include the perception of traffic and visibility on the road. The paper will present the results of research conducted within the project...

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  • The effects of selected factors on regional road fatalities – analysis of the Łódź region

    Analysis of regional accident records shows that a country’s national road safety programme does not have the same effect in each of its regions. What may be a serious problem in one region may be of marginal significance in another. Polish and international experience shows that main risk groups and types of accidents related to the level of development and quality of the road network differ from region to region. The conclusion...

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  • State of the Art of Automated Buses

    Publikacja
    • J. Ainsalu
    • V. Arffman
    • M. Bellone
    • M. Ellner
    • T. Haapamäki
    • N. Haavisto
    • E. Josefson
    • A. Ismailogullari
    • E. Pilli-Sihvola
    • O. Madland
    • R. Madzulaitis
    • J. Muur
    • S. Mäkinen
    • V. Nousiainen
    • E. Rutanen
    • S. Sahala
    • B. Schønfeldt
    • P. Smolnicki
    • R. Soe
    • J. Sääski
    • M. Szymańska
    • I. Vaskinn
    • M. Åman

    - Sustainability - 2018

    Urban transportation in the next few decades will shift worldwide towards electrification and automation, with the final aim of increasing energy efficiency and safety for passengers. Such a big change requires strong collaboration and efforts among public administration, research and stakeholders in developing, testing and promoting these technologies in the public transportation. Working in this direction, this work provides...

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  • Polish Experience of Implementing Vision Zero

    Purpose of Review The aim of this study is to present an outline and the principles of Poland’s road safety strategic programming as it has developed over the last 25 years since the first Integrated Road Safety System with a strong focus on Sweden’s “Vision Zero”. Recent Findings Countries that have successfully improved road safety have done so by following strategies centred around the idea that people are not infallible and...

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  • Protection of Pedestrians as the Key Action for Implementing - Poland’s Vision Zero

    Publikacja

    - 2015

    WHO reports show that pedestrians account for 10 to 70% of total road crash fatalities. In Poland, pedestrians also represent a significant road safety problem. For many years, pedestrian collisions have accounted for approx. 30% of total road crashes with more than 30% of pedestrians killed. Therefore, pedestrian safety has been one of Poland’s main objectives in its road safety programs implemented over the past 20 years. The...

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  • Conditions and capacity for implementing Poland’s vision zero

    Since 1991 Poland has been systematically reducing its traffic hazard. Despite considerable progress Poland is still among the most dangerous countries in the European Union. The key types of actions that help to reduce fatalities include enhancement of pedestrian safety, reducing the number of speeding drivers and eliminating or reducing hazard on the road. The paper presents a brief diagnosis of the state of road safety in Poland...

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  • Pedestrian protection, speed enforcement and road network structure the key action for implementing Poland's Vision Zero

    Since 1991 Poland's road safety has been systematically improving with a 60% reduction in road deaths. Despite the progress Poland continues to be one of the European Union' worst performing countries. The country's main road safety problems remain unchanged: dangerous behaviour of road users, underdeveloped system of road safety management and low quality of road infrastructure. This is why subsequent road safety programmes (implemented...

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  • UN DECADE OF ACTION FOR ROAD SAFETY IN THE NATIONAL ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY UNTIL 2020 – POLISH APPROACH

    Publikacja

    Poland continues to have the highest number of road deaths per one million population in the European Union, according to a 2012 European Commission report – in 2011 the rate in Poland was 109 fatalities compared to the EU average of 61 killed. Adopted by the government in 2005 Poland’s National Road Safety Programme GAMBIT 2005 was the response to the EU’s 3rd Road Safety Action Programme. Despite extensive road safety efforts,...

  • Elektryczne promy morskie na przykładzie Norwegii

    Norwegia jest światowym liderem wdrażania rozwiązań z zakresu e-mobilności (elektromobilności). W 2018 roku odbyła się ekspedy-cja naukowa projektu ELMAR w norweskich fiordach, podczas której zwizytowano wybrane promy pasażerskie oraz pasażersko-samochodowe. Zebrane przez autorów doświadczenia zostały przedstawione w artykule.

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  • Simple gait parameterization and 3D animation for anonymous visual monitoring based on augmented reality

    The article presents a method for video anonymization and replacing real human silhouettes with virtual 3D figures rendered on a screen. Video stream is processed to detect and to track objects, whereas anonymization stage employs animating avatars accordingly to behavior of detected persons. Location, movement speed, direction, and person height are taken into account during animation and rendering phases. This approach requires...

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  • An Ultra-Low-Energy Analog Comparator for A/D Converters in CMOS Image Sensors

    This paper proposes a new solution of an ultra-low-energy analog comparator, dedicated to slope analog-to-digital converters (ADC), particularly suited for CMOS image sensors (CISs) featuring a large number of ADCs. For massively parallel imaging arrays, this number may be as high as tens-hundreds of thousands ADCs. As each ADC includes an analog comparator, the number of these comparators in CIS is always high. Detailed analysis...

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  • Monitoring Steel Bolted Joints during a Monotonic Tensile Test Using Linear and Nonlinear Lamb Wave Methods: A Feasibility Study

    Publikacja

    - Metals - 2018

    The structural integrity of steel bolted joints may be compromised due to excessive loading. Therefore, condition assessment and the detection of potential defects before they cause a failure have become a major issue. The paper is focused on the condition monitoring of a bolted lap joint subjected to progressive degradation in a tensile test. The inspection used Lamb waves propagated through the overlap area. Wave propagation...

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  • Evaluation of open drone map toolkit for geodetic grade aerial drone mapping – case study

    Publikacja

    An open source tool’s popularity has increased considerably, as well as micro aerial vehicles (MAV) technologies based on open source hardware. An open source software and hardware delivers a wide variety of applications and technology. The world’s most successful open source projects have their roots in the academy, and now its participation includes a wide variety of academic programs and research. Based on open source technology,...

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  • INTERNAL DETERMINANTS OF FIRMS’ INNOVATIVENESS

    Publikacja

    This article presents an analysis of the determinants of a firm’s innovativeness deriving from its internal potential and characteristics. The analysis is based on research carried out on 1355 firms that applied for public subsidies from the Innovative Economy Operational Program in 2014. The methods applied are logit regression, comparative analysis and literature review. The analysis is structured ac- cording to Bielski’s model...

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  • Image Classification Based on Video Segments

    Publikacja

    - 2018

    In the dissertation a new method for improving the quality of classifications of images in video streams has been proposed and analyzed. In multiple fields concerning such a classification, the proposed algorithms focus on the analysis of single frames. This class of algorithms has been named OFA (One Frame Analyzed).In the dissertation, small segments of the video are considered and each image is analyzed in the context of its...

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  • Optimization of combined heat and power (CHP) market allocation: The case of Poland

    Combined heat and power (CHP), that is production of electricity and useful heat in a single thermodynamic process, is a way of primary energy saving and emission reduction. Therefore, promotion of the electricity from high-efficiency cogeneration (CHP-E) was encouraged in the European Union. However, CHP-E promotion mechanisms proved low effectiveness in certain countries, like Poland, where the prices of certificates of origin...

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  • Clustering Context Items into User Trust Levels

    An innovative trust-based security model for Internet systems is proposed. The TCoRBAC model operates on user profiles built on the history of user with system interaction in conjunction with multi-dimensional context information. There is proposed a method of transforming the high number of possible context value variants into several user trust levels. The transformation implements Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering strategy....

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  • Move into the open space – what can we expect from moving artistic interventions to open urban spaces?

    Publikacja

    The paper discuses the role of incorporating creative engagement into the processes of urban and social development using cultural means of action and expression and the potential of artistic interventions in public space. The block of initiatives within the People’s Smart Sculpture EU project, realized by Gdańsk City Gallery, has been named “Move Into The Open Space”. This paper will provide...

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  • NEW DESIGNS OF CENTRIFUGAL MAGNETIC FLUID SEALS FOR ROTATING SHAFTS IN MARINE TECHNOLOGY

    The centrifugal magnetic fluid seals have important advantage over the conventional centrifugal seals. They maintain very good sealing capacity at static, medium and high speeds of shaft rotation, with the increased seal lifetime, and minimum torque and static friction. These seals are particularly useful in cases when the angular shaft velocity varies and sometimes decreases to nearly or exactly zero, such as in flywheel applications,...

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  • Snapshot of micro-animals and associated biotic and abiotic environmental variables on the edge of the south-west Greenland ice sheet

    Publikacja

    - LIMNOLOGY - 2018

    Microinvertebrates play a role as top consumers on glaciers. In this study we tested what kind of cryoconite material the animals inhabit (mud vs granules) on the edge of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) in the south-west. We also tested the links between the densities of micro-fauna in cryoconite material and selected biotic (algae, cyanobacteria, bacterial abundances) and abiotic (water depth, pH, ion content, radionuclides) factors....

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  • The effect of package type on selected parameters of nutritional quality of the chilled stored red sauerkraut

    Publikacja

    - JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION - 2017

    The key elements responsible for the quality of food are the technologies used toprocess raw materials and preserve obtained products. The aim of this paper wasto investigate the effect of package type (bags made from low density polyethylene[PE-LD] and the metallized polyethylene terephthalate [PET met/PE foil]) onselected quality parameters of the chilled stored red sauerkraut. Vegetables wereanalyzed before packaging and after...

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  • Power electronic systems as a crucial part of Smart Grid infrastructure - a survey

    Publikacja

    - Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences-Technical Sciences - 2012

    This article gives a tutorial overview of the most important issues related to the use of power electronic systems in power engineering, with respect to the urgent need for modernization of existing grids in the direction of intelligent networks. The main problems and conditions bound up with the construction of Smart Grids and the location, as well as functioning in them of the most important power electronic systems are presented...

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  • SELECTED COMBINED POWER SYSTEMS CONSISTED OF SELFIGNITION ENGINE AND STEAM TURBINE

    This paper presents optimization of selected combined diesel engine-steam turbine systems. Two systems: the system combined with waste heat one-pressure boiler only and its version containing additionally low-pressure boiler proper feeding degasifier and the system of two-pressure cycle, were taken into considerations. Their surplus values of power output and efficiency associated with utilization of waste heat contained in piston...

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  • INCREASING POWER SUPPLY SAFETY IN THE ASPECT OF SUPPORTING THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES BY CONVENTIONAL AND VIRTUAL POWER STORES

    This paper presents characteristics and purposefulness of supporting the renewable energy sources (OZE) by means of energy stores. The main emphasis was placed on analysis of virtual energy stores available for implementation in Polish economy conditions. A role which management of Demand Side Response (DSR) may play in balancing Polish electric power system, is discussed. Implementation of such solutions together with conventional...

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  • ENERGY ANALYSIS OF PROPULSION SHAFT FATIGUE PROCESS IN ROTATING MECHANICAL SYSTEM PART I TESTING SIGNIFICANCE OF INFLUENCE OF SHAFT MATERIAL FATIGUE EXCITATION PARAMETERS

    The article discusses the problem of mathematical modelling of energy conversion processes in a rotating mechanical system for the purpose of identifying fatigue states of propulsion shafts in this system. A simplified physical model of the analysed system, constructed in an appropriate scale, has made the basis for the experimental research. The research programme took into consideration mechanical fatigue excitation of the model...

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  • The propagation of the waves in the CTO S.A. towing tank

    The paper presents the results of research focused on the wave propagation in the CTO S.A. deepwater towing tank. In the scope of paper, the wavemaker transfer function was determined for regular waves, based on the Biésel Transfer Function and further for irregular waves, based on Hasselman model of nonlinear energy transfer. The phenomena: wave damping, wave breakdown and wave reflection, were measured, analyzed and mathematically...

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  • Status report on high temperature fuel cells in Poland – Recent advances and achievements

    Publikacja
    • J. Molenda
    • J. Kupecki
    • R. Baron
    • M. Belsznowski
    • G. Brus
    • T. Brylewski
    • M. Bucko
    • J. Chmielowiec
    • K. Cwieka
    • M. Gazda
    • A. Gil
    • P. Jasiński
    • Z. Jaworski
    • J. Karczewski
    • M. Kawalec
    • R. Kluczowski
    • M. Krauz
    • F. Krok
    • B. Lukasik
    • M. Małys
    • A. Mazur
    • A. Mielewczyk-Gryń
    • J. Milewski
    • S. Molin
    • G. Mordalski
    • M. Mosiałek
    • K. Motyliński
    • E. Naumovich
    • P. Nowak
    • G. Paściak
    • P. Pianko-Oprych
    • D. Pomykalska
    • M. Rękas
    • A. Sciazko
    • K. Swierczek
    • J. Szmyd
    • S. Wachowski
    • T. Wejrzanowski
    • W. Wrobel
    • K. Zagórski
    • W. Zajac
    • A. Zurawska

    - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY - 2017

    The paper presents recent advances in Poland in the field of high temperature fuel cells. The achievements in the materials development, manufacturing of advanced cells, new fabrication techniques, modified electrodes and electrolytes and applications are presented. The work of the Polish teams active in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) is presented and discussed. The review is oriented...

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  • Pantographic metamaterials: an example of mathematically driven design and of its technological challenges

    Publikacja
    • F. Dell'Isola
    • P. Seppecher
    • J. Alibert
    • T. Lekszycki
    • G. Roman
    • M. Pawlikowski
    • D. Steigmann
    • I. Giorgio
    • U. Andreaus
    • E. Turco
    • M. Gołaszewski
    • N. Rizzi
    • C. Boutin
    • V. Eremeev
    • A. Misra
    • L. Placidi
    • E. Barchiesi
    • L. Greco
    • M. Cuomo
    • A. Antonio
    • A. Della Corte
    • A. Battista
    • D. Scerrato
    • I. Eremeeva
    • Y. Rahali
    • J. Ganghoffer
    • W. Müller
    • G. Ganzosch
    • M. Spagnuolo
    • A. Pfaff
    • K. Barcz
    • K. Hoschke
    • J. Neggers
    • F. Hild

    - CONTINUUM MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS - 2018

    In this paper, we account for the research efforts that have been started, for some among us, already since 2003, and aimed to the design of a class of exotic architectured, optimized (meta) materials. At the first stage of these efforts, as it often happens, the research was based on the results of mathematical investigations. The problem to be solved was stated as follows: determine the material (micro)structure governed by those...

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  • Expedited EM-Driven Design of Miniaturized Microwave Hybrid Couplers Using Surrogate-Based Optimization

    Publikacja
    • K. Piotr

    - 2017

    Miniaturization of microwave hybrid couplers is important for contemporary wireless communication engineering. Using standard computer-aided design methods for development of compact structures is extremely challenging due to a general lack of computationally efficient and accurate simulation models. Poor accuracy of available equivalent circuits results from neglecting parasitic cross-couplings that greatly affect the performance...

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  • Antropoidalny Model Inteligentnego Systemu Decyzyjnego dla Jednostek Autonomicznych

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    Głównym celem pracy jest opracowanie modelu procesów psychologicznych -- od momentu otrzymania bodźca do momentu podjęcia adekwatnej reakcji -- zachodzących w mózgu człowieka (psychologia poznawcza), oraz teorii motywacji (potrzeb, popędów i emocji). Model, zaprezentowany w pracy nazwany Inteligentnym Systemem Decyzyjnym (ISD), może mieć zastosowanie w systemie sterowania jednostką autonomiczną (agentem). W rozprawie rozważa się...

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  • Optymalizacja strategii sieci inteligentnych agentów za pomocą programowania genetycznego w systemie rozproszonym realizującym paradygmat volunteer computing

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    Dynamicznie rosnąca złożoność i wymagania w odniesieniu do rozproszonych systemów informatycznych utrudnia zarządzanie dostępnymi zasobami sprzętowymi i programistycznymi. Z tego powodu celem rozprawy jest opracowanie wielokryterialnej metody programowania genetycznego, która pozwala na optymalizację strategii zespołu inteligentnych agentów programistycznych w zakresie zarządzania systemem realizującym paradygmat volunteer computing....

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  • Trust Management Method for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Publikacja

    - 2017

    A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, pressure, etc. and to cooperatively pass their data to the main location. The first wireless network that bore any real resemblance to a modern WSN is the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS), developed by the United States Military in the 1950s to detect and track Soviet...

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  • From Knowledge based Vision Systems to Cognitive Vision Systems: A Review

    Publikacja

    - Procedia Computer Science - 2018

    Computer vision research and applications have their origins in 1960s. Limitations in computational resources inherent of that time, among other reasons, caused research to move away from artificial intelligence and generic recognition goals to accomplish simple tasks for constrained scenarios. In the past decades, the development in machine learning techniques has contributed to noteworthy progress in vision systems. However,...

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  • Zero-Pole Electromagnetic Optimization

    A fast technique for the full-wave optimization of transmission or reflection properties of general linear timeinvariant high-frequency components is proposed. The method is based on the zeros and poles of the rational function representing the scattering parameters of the device being designed and it is the generalization of the technique developed for the design by optimization of microwave filters. The performance of the proposed...

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  • The Complexity of Zero-Visibility Cops and Robber

    Publikacja

    - 2014

    In this work we deal with the computational complexity aspects of the zero-visibility Cops and Robber game. We provide an algorithm that computes the zero-visibility copnumber of a tree in linear time and show that the corresponding decision problem is NP-complete even for the class of starlike graphs.

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  • Integrable zero-range potentials in a plane

    We examine general statements in the Wronskian representation of Darboux transformations for plane zero-range potentials. Such expressions naturally contain scattering problem solution. We also apply Abel theorem to Wronskians for differential equations and link it to chain equations for Darboux transforms to fix conditions for further development of the underlying distribution concept. Moutard transformations give a convenient...

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  • The complexity of zero-visibility cops and robber

    Publikacja

    - THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE - 2015

    We consider the zero-visibility cops & robber game restricted to trees. We produce a characterisation of trees of copnumber k and We consider the computational complexity of the zero-visibility Cops and Robber game. We present a heavily modified version of an already-existing algorithm that computes the zero-visibility copnumber of a tree in linear time and we show that the corresponding decision problem is NP-complete on a nontrivial...

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  • Vision guided robot gripping systems

    Publikacja

    W rozdziale omawia się robotycki system wykorzystujący kamery streo. System taki zastępuje pracę człowieka przy przenoszeniu obiektów wielkowymiarowych (teoretycznie nieograniczonych) w przestrzeni trójwymiarowej. W rozważaniach uwzględniono pinholową kamerę (bezsoczewkową z bardzo małą aperturą/otworem) oraz prosty model zniekształcenia soczewkowego. Podano wartości poszczególnych parametrów. Zastosowano dwie konwencje notacyjne...

  • Vision-based motion analysis of kitesurfer

    Publikacja

    - Vibroengineering Procedia - 2015

    Kitesurfing is a relatively recent phenomenon with raising popularity worldwide – a recently developed extreme water sport considered a high-risk injury sport. It combines elements of several other sports, in particular sailing, surfing, windsurfing, wakeboarding, and snowboarding. The main purpose of authors’ research in the present paper is to use a vision system technique for measuring a kitesurfer’s body movements in order...

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  • New applications of sound and vision engineering

    Publikacja

    - 2019

    Multimedia, Sound & Vision Engineering are relatively new fields within the area of science and technology, but teaching and research in this area has been carried out at Gdansk University of Technology (Gdansk, Poland) for nearly 5 decades. Current project carried-out in the Multimedia Systems Department are in the scope of the paper.

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  • Erosion of privacy in computer vision systems

    W pracy przedstawiono problemy, które mogą wystąpić, gdy technologia komputerowego wzroku zostanie zaimplementowana w urządzeniach wykorzystywanych w codziennym życiu. Przeprowadzono także dyskusję socjologicznych konsekwencji stosowania biometrii, automatycznego śledzenia ruchu i interpretacji obrazu. Omówiono też problemy wynikające z połączenia komputerowego wzroku z możliwościami oferowanymi przez Internet.

  • Zero-visibility cops and robber and the pathwidth of a graph

    Publikacja

    - JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL OPTIMIZATION - 2015

    We examine the zero-visibility cops and robber graph searching model, which differs from the classical cops and robber game in one way: the robber is invisible. We show that this model is not monotonic. We show that the zero-visibility copnumber of a graph is bounded above by its pathwidth and cannot be bounded below by any nontrivial function of the pathwidth. As well, we define a monotonic version of this game and show that the...

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  • High-efficient, zero-emission energy production

    Publikacja

    - 2013

    This paper presents innovative thermodynamiccycles with high-efficient, zero-emission energy production. The main aim of this work is to show the role of nano-phenomena in the enhancement of the power of thermodynamic cycles. For that purpose, the cycles using oxy-combustion and spray ejected condensation are first studied and, secondly hybrid cycles using fuel cells and gas turbines are presented. The role of nano-phenomena in...

  • Zero-Visibility Cops and Robber Game on a Graph

    Publikacja

    - LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE - 2013

    We examine the zero-visibility cops and robber graph searching model, which differs from the classical cops & robber game in one way: the robber is invisible. We show that this model is not monotonic. We also provide bounds on both the zero-visibility copnumber and monotonic zero-visibility copnumber in terms of the pathwidth.

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  • Zero-Pole Space Mapping for CAD of Filters

    In this paper, we propose a new space-mapping technique tailored to the CAD of microwave filters. The goal of space mapping is to achieve a satisfactory design with the minimal number of fine model evaluations. In our approach, the filter is represented by a rational function. To quickly align the coarse and fine models, and to speed up the direct optimization of the coarse model, we propose matching the zeros and poles of a rational...

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  • Applications of knowledge technologies to sound and vision engineering

    Publikacja

    Specjalność Inżynieria Dźwięku i Obrazu jest ukierunkowana przede wszystkim na aplikacje praktyczne metod rejestracji i przetwarzania sygnałów fonicznych i wizyjnych we współczesnej telekomunikacji i w multimediach. W związku z tym, specjalność ta wykorzystuje również wiedzę z obszaru akustyki, psychofizjologii percepcji a także estetyki muzycznej. W zastosowaniach multimedialnej technologii informatycznej w telekomunikacji, w...