A five-year retrospective study shows increasing rates of antimicrobial drug resistance in Cabo Verde for both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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A five-year retrospective study shows increasing rates of antimicrobial drug resistance in Cabo Verde for both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli

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Objectives Data on baseline drug resistance is important in informing future antimicrobial stewardship programs. So far, no data on the antimicrobial drug resistance of clinical isolates was available for the African archipelago of Cabo Verde. Methods We have performed a retrospective analysis over five-years (2013-17) of the antimicrombial drug susceptibility profiles of clinical isolates in the two main hospitals of Cabo Verde. For Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, representing respectively 47% and 26% of all clinical isolates, the antimicrobial drug resistance profile was reported for six representative drugs. Results For E. coli we detected an increase in resistance to ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and for S. aureus to methicillin, erythromycin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. This increase in both the most commonly isolated bacterial pathogens is of alarm as it might compromise empirical treatment in a setting with limited access to laboratory testing. Conclusions When compared to the published low resistance rates in carriage isolates, the more alarming situation in clinical isolates for S. aureus might encourage antimicrobial stewardship programs to reduce MRSA in the hospital settings, possibly as part of the Cabo Verdean national plan against antimicrobial drug resistance.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance nr 22, strony 483 - 487,
ISSN: 2213-7165
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2020
Opis bibliograficzny:
Monteiro T., Wysocka M., Tellez E., Monteiro O., Spencer L., Veiga E., Monteiro S., De Pina C., Goncalves D., De Pina S., Correia L., Moreno J., Conceicao T., Aires De Sousa M., De Lencastre H., Gray L., Pareek M., Jenkins D., Beleza S., Oggioni M., Araujo I.: A five-year retrospective study shows increasing rates of antimicrobial drug resistance in Cabo Verde for both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli// Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance -Vol. 22, (2020), s.483-487
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1016/j.jgar.2020.04.002
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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