Determination of Odour Interactions in Gaseous Mixtures Using Electronic Nose Methods with Artificial Neural Networks
This paper presents application of an electronic nose prototype comprised of eight sensors, five TGS-type sensors, two electrochemical sensors and one PID-type sensor, to identify odour interaction phenomenon in two-, three-, four- and five-component odorous mixtures. Typical chemical compounds, such as toluene, acetone, triethylamine, α-pinene and n-butanol, present near municipal landfills and sewage treatment plants were subjected to investigation. Evaluation of predicted odour intensity and hedonic tone was performed with selected artificial neural network structures with the activation functions tanh and Leaky rectified linear units (Leaky ReLUs) with the parameter a=0.03. Correctness of identification of odour interactions in the odorous mixtures was determined based on the results obtained with the electronic nose instrument and non-linear data analysis. This value (average) was at the level of 88% in the case of odour intensity, whereas the average was at the level of 74% in the case of hedonic tone. In both cases, correctness of identification depended on the number of components present in the odorous mixture.
Bartosz Szulczyński, Krzysztof Armiński, Jacek Namieśnik, Jacek Gębicki. (2018). Determination of Odour Interactions in Gaseous Mixtures Using Electronic Nose Methods with Artificial Neural Networks, 18(2), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18020519
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