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Innovative Implantable Left Ventricular Assist Device—Performance under Various Resistances and Operating Frequency Conditions

Abstrakt

This paper presents the operation of an innovative left ventricular assist device under various resistances and operating frequencies. The operating principle of the device is based on pulsatile blood flow, which is forced by a suction–discharge device pumping helium into a set of intra-cardiac balloons. In this way, the ejection fraction of the left ventricle is increased, and the mitral valve is additionally occluded. What is more, the suction–discharge device is part of a portable pumping system that is synchronized with the heart cycle by monitoring the ECG signal. The device is implanted in a minimally invasive manner and is suitable for patients with stage D heart failure accompanied with residual mitral regurgitation. A model of the heart was built on the basis of a realistically reconstructed heart geometry and is part of an overall test stand that allows for realistic conditions in the heart of patients with end-stage heart failure to be reproduced. In the following sections, example measurements of the pressures in the heart chambers and balloons are shown, demonstrating that the device works correctly at least on a laboratory scale. The entire device, including the pumping system, is portable and powered by a set of lithium-ion batteries. From the measurements, it was observed, for example, that the flow rate varies with the frequency of the portable external balloon pumping system, up to 2.5 kg/min for 100 cycles/min at low flow resistance. As the flow resistance of the hydraulic system increases, the pressure in the heart chamber and aorta increases while the flow rate decreases.

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
Applied Sciences-Basel nr 13,
ISSN: 2076-3417
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2023
Opis bibliograficzny:
Jasiński R., Tesch K., Dąbrowski L., Rogowski J.: Innovative Implantable Left Ventricular Assist Device—Performance under Various Resistances and Operating Frequency Conditions// Applied Sciences-Basel -,iss. 13 (2023), s.1-17
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.3390/app13137785
Źródła finansowania:
  • COST_FREE
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 60 razy

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