Nitrification, denitrification, and dephosphatation capability of activated sludge during co-treatment of intermediate-age landfill leachates with municipal wastewater
This study focuses on the possible use and efficacy of the co-treatment of landfill leachate (intermediate-age) with municipal wastewater. The nitrification, denitrification, and dephosphatation capability of activated sludge acclimated with a mixture of raw municipal wastewater (RWW) with gradually increasing amounts of raw landfill leachate (RLL) (from 0.5 to 5% v/v) were tested. Biochemical tests were conducted simultaneously in batch reactors (BRs). According to the obtained data, the ammonia utilization rate (AUR) was 3.68 g N/(kg volatile suspended solids (VSS)·h) for RWW, and it increased to 5.78 g N/(kg VSS·h) with the addition of 5% RLL. The nitrate utilization rate under anoxic conditions (NURAX) remained at a comparable level of 1.55–1.98 g N/(kg VSS·h). During the anoxic phase, both nitrate utilization and phosphorus uptake occurred, suggesting that denitrifying phosphorus-accumulating organisms (DPAOs) utilized N–NO3. With the addition of RLL, the rates of anoxic and aerobic phosphate uptake (PURAX and PURAE) and phosphate release rate (PRR) decreased. The PRR was likely negatively influenced by high N–NO3 concentrations but not completely inhibited due to the availability of a biodegradable fraction of chemical oxygen demand (COD). Thus, monitoring the NH4–N load in wastewater treatment plant influent before co-treatment is more informative than that using hydraulic-based criteria.
Sylwia Fudala-Książek, Eliza Kulbat, Aneta Łuczkiewicz. (2018). Nitrification, denitrification, and dephosphatation capability of activated sludge during co-treatment of intermediate-age landfill leachates with municipal wastewater, 39(8), 986-996. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2017.1317842
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