The study describes natural convection through a vertical channel, open on four sides and bound by two isothermal walls. Both balancing and infrared experimental investigations were performed in air (Pr = 0.71) to estimate the impact of channel width s and wall-to-ambient temperature difference (tw - t∞) on natural convective heat transfer, the formation of air flow patterns and the rate of flow pattern formation. The study was...
Quantitative study of free convective heat losses from thermodynamic partitions using Thermal ImagingPublikacja
The following paper presents a simple method of determining the presence, distribution and values of heat losses from external building walls as thermodynamic partitions using a Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC). According to Fourier's equation, the value of heat loss is proportional to the temperature gradient ∂t/∂y|y=0 in air in the y direction perpendicular to the heated surface. Unfortunately, air temperature cannot be measured...
Infrared techniques for natural convection investigations in channels between two vertical, parallel, isothermal and symmetrically heated platesPublikacja
The effect of the gap width between two symmetrically heated vertical, parallel, isothermal plates on intensity of natural convective heat transfer in a gas (Pr = 0.71) was experimentally studied using the balance and gradient methods. In the former method heat fluxes were determined based on measurements of the voltage and electric current supplying the heaters placed inside the walls. In the latter, heat fluxes were calculated...
W artykule przedstawiono możliwość wykorzystania materiałów zmiennofazowych w budownictwie do zapewnienia komfortu cieplnego w pomieszczeniach. Przedstawiono wyniki badań własnych. Pomiarów dokonano w warunkach rzeczywistych na stanowisku badawczym, składającym się z modeli budynków wraz z opomiarowaniem, przy czym jeden z nich służył jako punkt odniesienia, a drugi został zmodyfikowany za pomocą odpowiednio dobranego materiału...
Thermal stabilization and permanent deformation resistance of LWA/PCM-modified asphalt road surfacesPublikacja
This paper presents the results of attempts at reducing the problem of solar overheating of asphalt road pavement surfaces, resulting in weakening and accelerated destruction of the aforementioned structures. To protect pavement surfaces against periodic overheating, standard asphalt mixture AC 16 W 35/50, used for binder course, has been modified by replacing one of the aggregate fractions from the mineral mixture with lightweight...
W artykule przedstawiono nową metodę pomiaru strumieni strat ciepła za pomocą kamery termowizyjnej wykorzystywanej dotychczas jedynie do badań jakościowych, zwłaszcza do wskazywania miejsc występowania strat ciepła (wewnętrzne ubytki izolacji, mostki cieplne, nieszczelności stolarki budowlanej itd.). Zaproponowana metoda, powstała na podstawie analizy pól temperatur w powietrzu, w oparciu o równanie Fouriera, pozwala nie tylko...
The use of lightweight aggregate saturated with PCM as a temperature stabilizing material for road surfaces.Publikacja
This paper presents the possibility of adding lightweight building aggregates to increase the stability – mechanical as well as thermal - of constructions and road objects. This stability can be achieved through saturating the porous granules of aggregate with a phase-change material (PCM) that allows the accumulation of solar heat. Intense solar radiation, especially during the summer, can cause the asphalt on road surfaces, bridges...
ATTEMPTS OF THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA USAGE IN ESTIMATIONS OF THE CONVECTIVE HEAT LOSS FROM A VERTICAL PLATEPublikacja
In this paper a new method for determining heat transfer coefficients using a gradient method has been developed. To verify accuracy of the proposed method vertical isothermal heating plate with natural convection mechanism has been examined. This configuration was deliberately chosen, because of the fact that such case is historically the earliest and most thoroughly studied and its rich scientific documentation - the most reliable....
Phase change thermal energy storage – the experience of the materials preparation for the specific applications.Publikacja
Thermal energy storage and temperature stabilization is very important in many engineering applications. There are three kinds of thermal energy storage: sensible heat, latent heat and reversible chemical reaction heat. Phase change materials (PCM) absorb, store and release large amounts of energy in the form of latent heat, at constant temperature, called the transition temperature. Many innovative applications could be found...
Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage – The Experience of the Materials Preparation for the Specific Applications.Publikacja
Thermal energy storage and temperature stabilization is very important in many engineering applications. There are three kinds of thermal energy storage: sensible heat storage, latent heat storage and reversible chemical reaction heat storage. Phase change materials (PCM) absorb, store and release large amounts of energy in the form of latent heat, at constant temperature, called the transition temperature. The amount of heat...
Possibility of thermal imaging use in studies of natural convection heat transfer on the example of an isothermal vertical plate.Publikacja
A new method of infrared (IR) camera use in convective heat transfer studies has been presented. Until now, IR cameras were utilized for temperature field visualizations of flat heated surfaces of solid objects only. Because liquids and gasses do not emit radiation in the infrared range of wave lengths, detection of temperature field in the air was conducted with the use of plastic mesh, which, after heating by hot air, emits infrared...
The Possibility of Phase Change Materials (PCM) Usage to Increase Efficiency of the Photovoltaic ModulesPublikacja
Solar energy is widely available, free and inexhaustible. Furthermore this source of energy is the most friendly to the environment. For direct conversion of solar energy into useful forms like of electricity and thermal energy, respectively photovoltaic cells and solar collectors are being used. Forecast indicate that the first one solution will soon have a significant part in meeting the global energy demand. Therefore it is...
Thermophysical properties of the phase change material mixtures – preliminary studies on macromolecular hydrocarbons example.Publikacja
The aim of this work is a theoretical and experimental analysis of the macromolecular hydrocarbon mixtures composition and the impact on thermophysical parameters of the phase change materials (PCM) made from these mixtures. The analysis of the current state of knowledge extended by the author’s own studies have been presented. Thermophysical characteristics of the hydrocarbons and their mixtures have been specified, in such a...
Thermophysical Properties of the Phase Change Material Mixtures – Preliminary Studies on Macromolecular Hydrocarbons Example.Publikacja
The aim of this work is a theoretical and experimental analysis of the macromolecular hydrocarbons mixtures composition and the impact on thermophysical parameters of the phase change materials (PCM) made from these mixtures. The analysis of the current state of knowledge extended by the author's own studies have been presented. Thermophysical characteristics of the hydrocarbons and their mixtures have been specified, in such a...
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