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Maternal smoking Modulates Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Milk

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AIM: We hypothesized that the fatty acid composition of breast milk can be affected by a smoking habit in the mother. Consequently, this study verified whether maternal smoking modulates, and if so to what extent, the breast milk fatty acid profile. METHODS: The study included 20 postpartum women who declared smoking more than five cigarettes daily throughout a period of pregnancy and lactation, and 136 non-smoking postpartum women. Breast milk samples were collected between the 17th and the 30th day after delivery. The samples were analyzed by means of High Resolution Gas Chromatography for overall content of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. RESULTS: Compared to non-smokers, smokers were characterized by significantly higher relative breast milk contents of fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids. Additionally smokers' breast milk had higher concentrations of selected saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Furthermore, smokers were characterized by significantly lower values of linoleic to arachidonic acid ratio, and n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Aside from its other harmful consequences, smoking modulates the fatty acid profile of human milk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Copyright (2013 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd)

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
ACTA PAEDIATRICA nr 102, wydanie 8, strony 353 - 359,
ISSN: 0803-5253
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2013
Opis bibliograficzny:
Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz A., Martysiak-Żurowska D., Krzykowski G., Zagierski M., Kamińska B.: Maternal smoking Modulates Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Milk// ACTA PAEDIATRICA. -Vol. 102, iss. 8 (2013), s.353-359
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1111/apa.12276
Bibliografia: test
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Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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