Bio-Based Polyurethane Composites and Hybrid Composites Containing a New Type of Bio-Polyol and Addition of Natural and Synthetic Fibers - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


Bio-Based Polyurethane Composites and Hybrid Composites Containing a New Type of Bio-Polyol and Addition of Natural and Synthetic Fibers


This article describes how new bio-based polyol during the liquefaction process can be obtained. Selected polyol was tested in the production of polyurethane resins. Moreover, this research describes the process of manufacturing polyurethane materials and the impact of two different types of fibers—synthetic and natural (glass and sisal fibers)—on the properties of composites. The best properties were achieved at a reaction temperature of 150 °C and a time of 6 h. The hydroxyl number of bio-based polyol was 475 mg KOH/g. Composites were obtained by hot pressing for 15 minutes at 100 °C and under a pressure of 10 MPa. Conducted researches show the improvement of flexural strength, impact strength, hardness, an increase of storage modulus of obtained materials, and an increase of glass transition temperature of hard segments with an increasing amount of fibers. SEM analysis determined better adhesion of sisal fiber to the matrix and presence of cracks, holes, and voids inside the structure of composites.


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artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Materials no. 13, pages 1 - 21,
ISSN: 1996-1944
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Bibliographic description:
Olszewski A., Kosmela P., Mielewczyk-Gryń A., Piszczyk Ł.: Bio-Based Polyurethane Composites and Hybrid Composites Containing a New Type of Bio-Polyol and Addition of Natural and Synthetic Fibers// Materials -Vol. 13,iss. 9 (2020), s.1-21
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/ma13092028
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Sources of funding:
  • Projekt; Publikacje 2020 Wydział Chemiczny
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Gdańsk University of Technology

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