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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: FEM

SSFR Test of Synchronous Machine for Different Saturation Levels using FiniteElement Method
PublikacjaIn this paper the StandStill Frequency Response characteristics (SSFR) of saturated synchronous generator (SG) have been calculated using Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis. In order to validate proposed approach for unsaturated conditions FEM simulation from Flux2D software has been compared with the measurements performed on the 10 kVA, 4 poles synchronous machine ELMOR GCe64a of salient rotor construction, equipped with a...

FEM analysis of composite materials failure in nonlinear six field shell theory
PublikacjaThe monography deals with the problem of failure initiation in thin laminated composites. Known techniques of laminate structures modelling are briefly characterised. Eventually, shell based approach is chosen for the purpose of the description of the composite structures behaviour, as it predicts their deformation and states of stress effectively in a global sense. The nonlinear six parameter shell theory (6p theory) with asymmetric...

DEMFEM model of highly saturated soil motion due to seepage force
PublikacjaArtykuł poświęcono nowej propozycji rozwiązania problemu modelowania zjawiska transportu, które występuje wewnątrz wysokonawodnionego gruntu ziarnistego na skutek ciśnienia spływowego. Teoria oparta została na połączeniu metody elementów skończonych (FEM  Finite Element Method)  rozwiązania równań poroelastycznych oraz metody poszczególnych elementów (DEM  Distinct Element Method), które dały podwójny model numeryczny. FEM...

Influence of nonlinearities on the efficiency and accuracy of FEM calculations on the example of a steel
PublikacjaDue to the increase of computing capabilities of standard processing units, it is possible to perform complex analyses, considering a number of nonlinearities, such as geometric, material and boundary (contact) even on personal computers. In the paper, the authors have analysed the efficiency and accuracy of standard PC’s FEM calculations performed in Abaqus CAE 2017 software on the example of a critical load assessment of a thinwalled...

Application of the finite element methods in longterm simulation of the multiphysics systems with large transient response differences
PublikacjaApplication of the Finite Element Method (FEM) and the Multibody Dynamics Method allows analyzing of complex physical systems. Complexity of the system could be related both to the geometry and the physical description of phenomenon. The metod is the excellent tool for analyzing statics or dynamics of the mechanical systems, and permits tracking of Multi Body System (MBS) transient response for the longterm simulations and application...

The FEM analysis of pressure installation elements after simulated accidental overheating
PublikacjaThe paper presents innovative analysis focused on the safety aspects of existing pressure installation operation after overheating accidents. Results presented here can be applied in decisionmaking process concerning further operation of existing pressure installation after cooling system failure. In this paper the results of FEM analysis performed for a straight pipe and 90 degrees elbow, made of super duplex stainless steel,...

Young’s modulus distribution in the FEM models of bone tissue
PublikacjaThis paper presents how differences of Young’s modulus in adjacent finite elements typical for organic materials such as bone tissue, influence stress calculating. Emphasizing high computational cost of variable Young’s modulus in parts of the model, where the number of finite elements has been raised, the authors wants to prove that new model of finite element which has variable Young’s modulus in its volume needs to be created....

Macroelements and Model Order Reduction for Efficient ThreeDimensional FEM Analysis
PublikacjaAn efficient model order reduction (MOR) methodology for three dimensional vector finite element method (FEM) is developed to accelerate simulations of the structures containing features that cause strong variations of mesh density. As the result of presented algorithm, FEM subsystems of equations corresponding to the selected refined region are converted into a very compact sets of linear equations, called macroelements.Numerical...

Finite element simulation of cross shaped window panel supports
PublikacjaThe aim of the work is to verify suitability of crossshaped window panel supports for mulliontransom wall systems. The Finite Element Method (FEM) is chosen to determine the behaviour of stainless steel elements under loading. The advanced nonlinear numerical simulations are carried out using an implicit FEM software package MSC.Marc. This study is proposed to initiate the comprehensive investigation of mechanical properties...

Macromodeling techniques for accelerated finite element analysis
PublikacjaThis paper deals with the Model Order Reduction applied locally in the Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis. Due to the reduction process, blocks of FEM system matrices associated with selected subregions of the computational domain are projected onto the subspaces spanned by the vectors of suited orthogonal projection basis. In effect, large and sparse FEM matrices are replaced with small and dense ones, called macromodels. This...

FEM simulation of laminate failure in the three point bending
PublikacjaThe paper presents a FEM simulation of failure of laminate subjected to the three point bending. The numerical model is based on the equivalent single layer approach with 6paramater nonlinear shell theory kinematics. It is implemented in the noncommercial FEM code. The failure initiation is detected with the use of TsaiWu criterion. After the failure onset the progressive failure process is modelled through the appropriate...

Reduction of Derivative pipeline effort in water turbine
PublikacjaThe paper presents an approach to evaluate and reduce the effort of the derivative pipeline in a water turbine of a hydrostatic power station in its vulnerable spots. Potential places of the biggest effort of the structure, as well as the coefficient of displacement and safety factor related to them were identified using FEM numerical method. Pipeline reinforcement was designed and made based on FEM analysis. Original technology...

SHM System of the Roof Structure of Sports Arena “Olivia”
PublikacjaThe paper presents a structural health monitoring system of the Sports Arena “Olivia” in Gdansk, Poland. The system was installed because of doubts about the roof stability due to observed buckling of the steel truss members. The SHM system was based on nonlinear FEM models used for detection of type of near failure modes of the roof. The application of detailed FEM model in current state updated on data from in situ loading testes...

FEM ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF RIGID RISER HANGING SYSTEM
PublikacjaThe article presents the analysis, project, and experimental examination of an original rigid riser for Coil Tubing Pipes. The principle of riser operation is based on the use of friction forces. The research included the FEM analysis of the designed riser, calculations of the required bolt tensions, and checking the effect of the clamping force on stress distribution in the pipeline. The results of computer simulation were verified...

Damage Analysis of Tensioning Cable Anchorage Zone of a Bridge Superstructure, Using CDP Abaqus Material Model
PublikacjaNumerical analysis of the tensioning cables anchorage zone of a bridge superstructure is presented in this paper. It aims to identify why severe concrete cracking occurs during the tensioning process in the vicinity of anchor heads. In order to simulate the tensioning, among others, a socalled local numerical model of a section of the bridge superstructure was created in the Abaqus Finite Element Method (FEM) environment. The...

CFD and FEM model of an underwater vehicle propeller
PublikacjaDuring the project execution of design and optimization the Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) research on its propulsion has been carried out. The entire project was supported by CFD and FEM calculations, which taking into account the characteristics of underwater vehicle. One of the tasks was to optimize the semiopen duct for horizontal propellers, which provided propulsion and controllability in horizontal plane. In order to...

Selected local stability problems of channel section flanges made of aluminium alloys
PublikacjaThe paper addresses the issue of local buckling of compressed flanges of coldformed thinwalled channel columns and beams with nonstandard flanges composed of aluminium alloys. The material behaviour follows the Ramberg–Osgood law. It should be noted that the proposed solution may be also applied for other materials, for example: stainless steel, carbon steel. The paper is motivated by an increasing interest in nonstandard coldformed...

FEM approach to estimate the behaviour of biocomposite metalsurface coating system
PublikacjaA three dimensional (3D) model of biocomposite metalsurface coating system, which is influenced byknown external forces, is proposed. This model consists of the metallic substrate (Ti6Al4V) and thehydroxyapatite (HA) coating. Using FEM (finite element method), strainstress maps of model weregenerated for investigating relations between the extreme stress of HA coating and the magnitude ofexternal force and the thickness of the...

Deformation Technique Based on Solid Mechanics for Parametric Analysis of HighFrequency Devices With 3D FEM
PublikacjaIn this paper, a versatile technique for mesh defor mation is discussed, targeted at the electromagnetic (EM) field simulation of highfrequency devices using the 3D finite element method (FEM). The approach proposed applies a linear elasticity model to compute the displacements of the internal mesh nodes in 3D when the structure geometry is changed. The technique is compared with an alternative approach...

A New Type of MacroElements for Efficient TwoDimensional FEM Analysis
PublikacjaThis letter deals with a model order reduction technique applicable for driven and eigenvalue problems solved using the finite element method (FEM). It allows one to efficiently compute electromagnetic parameters of structures comprising small features that require strong local mesh refinement. The subdomains of very fine mesh are separated from the global domain as so called macroelements that undergo model reduction. The macroelements...

Comparison of natural frequencies of a circular saw blade obtained empirically and with FEM
PublikacjaThe knowledge of the natural frequencies’ values of circular saw blades is necessary to determine the minimal critical rotational speed in which they can work with required stability. Moreover, testing the circular saw blades with more complicated shapes, e.g. which have additional holes inside blades for cleaning knifes or additional indirect teeth in gullets, reveals some kind of problematic properties of these saw blades. The...

Macromodels for efficient FEM simulations of waveguides and resonators
PublikacjaThis paper introduces a novel technique for enhancing the efficiency of the finite element method (FEM) by incorporating special modules, called macromodels, into the standard eigenvalue formulation. The number of unknowns in the separated macromodel subdomain can be significantly reduced by orthogonal projection, using the efficient nodal order reduction algorithm. The idea of macromodels implementation is demonstrated on a simple...

FEM approach to modeling of an irregular trabecular structure
PublikacjaThe aim of the study is elaboration of a method for creating irregular scaffolds that can be used to model the behaviour of trabecular bone placed in the proximal epiphysis of the femur. The scope of the study encompasses creating six numerical models of irregular scaffolds (two solid irregular scaffolds, two shell irregular scaffolds and two shell irregular scaffolds with fortification) and performing numerical analysis of the...

Numerical analysis and in situ tests of the Grot Rowecki Bridge in Warsaw
PublikacjaThe paper presents the FEM analysis of the reconstructed the GrotRowecki Bridge over Vistula river in Warsaw. The bridge has seven spans and consists of two independent structures with the longest spans of 120 m. After reconstruction the bridge is over 10 m wider. The numerical, nonlinear analysis has been conducted on a global and local FEM models. These models are defined so as they strictly comply with global structural bridge...

The influence of stainless steels microstructure evolution on the mechanical properties of pressure installation elements
PublikacjaIn this paper results of FEM analysis performed for pipe and 90o elbow, made of super duplex stainless steel, after precipitation of sigma phase (),were presented. Heat treatment conditions simulate accidental overheating that can occur in nuclear installations after cooling circulation fails. For initial and modified microstructure tensile test was performed and numerical description of work hardening curves was done. Verification...

The influence of stainless steels microstructure evolution on the mechanical properties of pressure installation elements
PublikacjaIn this paper results of FEM analysis performed for pipe and 90o elbow, made of super duplex stainless steel, after precipitation of sigma phase (s), were presented. Heat treatment conditions simulate accidental overheating that can occur in nuclear installations after cooling circulation fails. For initial and modified microstructure tensile test was performed and numerical description of work hardening curves was done. Verification...

On the influence of shell element properties on the response of car model in crash test
PublikacjaIt goes without saying that numerical simulations play important role in the modern engineering practice. Contemporary CAD environments combined with FEM solvers, along with computer power of modern processors, give the engineer fast and efficient tool. Ultimately, however it is the user alone who is responsible for the correctness of the results. As long as the FEM calculations remain in the sphere of academic exercise, the inevitable...

FEM Calculations in Analysis of Steel Subsea Water Injection Flowlines Designing Process
PublikacjaPaper describes the result of theoretical research aimed at assessing the loads and operating conditions of a Coiled Tubing pipeline injecting water, suspended to the mining platform of Lotos Petrobaltic. For this purpose, appropriate calculation models have been developed using the Finite Element Method (FEM), taking into account the nature of the analyzed object and its loads. The analyzes were carried out for two pipes (previously...

Efficient model order reduction for FEM analysis of waveguide structures and resonators
PublikacjaAn efficient model order reduction method for threedimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis of waveguide structures is proposed. The method is based on the Efficient Modal Order Reduction (ENOR) algorithm for creating macroelements in cascaded subdomains. The resulting macroelements are represented by very compact submatrices, leading to significant reduction of the overall number of unknowns. The efficiency of the model...

Nonlinear FEM analysis of irregular shells composed of fiber metal laminates
PublikacjaThe paper deals with the analysis of failure initiation in shells made of Fiber Metal Laminates (FML). The elastic material law for orthotropic lamina is stated accounting for asymmetric inplane stress and strain measures. The asymmetry results from the employed general nonlinear 6field shell theory where the generalized displacements involve the translation and the proper rotation field. The novelty of the presented results...

GPUaccelerated finite element method
PublikacjaIn this paper the results of the acceleration of computations involved in analysing electromagnetic problems by means of the finite element method (FEM), obtained with graphics processors (GPU), are presented. A 4.7fold acceleration was achieved thanks to the massive parallelization of the most timeconsuming steps of FEM, namely finiteelement matrixgeneration and the solution of a sparse system of linear equations with the...

Geometrically nonlinear analysis of shells  Benchmark problems for Autocad Robot Analysis Professional
PublikacjaThe aim of this work is to verify the suitability of commercial engineering software for geometrically nonlinear analysis of shells. This paper deals with the static, geometrically nonlinear analysis of shells made of an isotropic material. The Finite Element Method (FEM) is chosen to solve the problem. The results of the commercial software Autocad Robot Structural Analysis Professional (ARSAP) are compared with the literature...

TB11 test for short wbeam road barrier
PublikacjaFEM (Finite Element Method) is wellsuited and widely used tool for simulating a range of phenomena: from these with simple and static behaviour, up to those complicated, highly nonlinear and involving many contacts. In present paper we use one of the advantages of FEM: parametric study could be easily performed and is more economical than series of insitu tests. If recommended practices is carefully followed, results obtained...

Structural response of existing spatial truss roof construction based on Cosserat rod theory
PublikacjaPaper presents the application of the Cosserat rod theory and newly developed associated finite elements code as the tools that support in the expertdesigning engineering practice. Mechanical principles of the 3D spatially curved rods, dynamics (statics) laws, principle of virtual work are discussed. Corresponding FEM approach with interpolation and accumulation techniques of state variables are shown that enable the formulation...

A simple finite difference approach using unstructured meshes from FEM mesh generators.
PublikacjaPrezentujemy metodologię używania dwuwymiarowych różnic skończonych wykorzystujących siatki trójkątne z metody FEM. Określiliśmy wyrażenia opisujące pierwsząi drugą pochodną w oparciu o wartości pól w saśiednich punktach. Metodę przetestowaliśmy na strukturze rezonatora z prostokątnym rdzeniem dielektrycznym.

Ultrasonic Tomography of Brick Columns Based on FEM Calculations
PublikacjaUltrasonic tomography is one of the most developed method of nondestructive testing. Despite being used mainly in medicine, it is becoming more and more popular as a method for monitoring of structural elements. It allows to examine the internal structure and technical condition of the tested element. This paper investigates the influence of crosssectional geometry on an obtained tomographic image. Wave propagation signals were...

THE USE OF FEM FOR DETERMINATION OF RESONANT FREQUENCIES OF CIRCULAR SAW BLADES WITH INDIRECT TEETH IN
PublikacjaUnderstanding the dynamical properties of the circular saw blade is necessary, since, there is a really need for a stable work at working rotational speeds, which are determined by frequencies at which the circular saw blade tends to vibrate. It was observed that the resonant frequency depend on the circular saw blade shape, a collar diameter and on saw’s teeth shape. In the presented work an attention was paid to the effect of...

Comparative modeling of shear localization in granular bodies with FEM and DEM
PublikacjaThe intention of the paper is to compare the calculations of shear zones in granular bodies using two different approaches: a continuum and a discrete one. In the first case, the FEM based on a micropolar hypoplastic constitutive law was used. In the second case, the DEM was taken advantage of, where contact moments were taken into account to model grain roughness. The comparative calculations were performed for a passive case...

Numerical modelling of 3D printout using line (1D) elements
PublikacjaA proposition of some numerical modelling of the 3D printout is presented in the paper. The proposed model is composed of some 1D elements. The resulting numerical model of the infill consist of beam, spring and rigid elements. Obtained results confirm correctness of the proposed modelling method. Two methods of estimation of the spring parameters are proposed in the paper. In the first method, mechanical properties of the connecting...

A 3DFEM mesh technique for fast analysis of waveguide problems containing rotatable tuning elements
PublikacjaIn this paper a meshing technique for 3D Finite Element Method is presented. It allows for fast analysis and optimization of the waveguide structures, which contain rotatable tuning elements. In the proposed procedure a thin layer of varying cylindrical mesh buffer is introduced in order to reuse unchanged mesh and FEM matrices in the rest of the domain.

Effect of mesh deformation on the accuracy of 3D FEM electromagnetic analysis
PublikacjaIn this paper, the accuracy of 3D FEM electromagnetic simulations in parametric analysis using mesh deformation techniques is discussed. Mesh deformation techniques allow one to preserve the mesh topology while the geometry is changed. It is shown that the application of mesh deformation can provide accurate simulation results even for very large deformations. On the other hand, it is also shown that the technique has to be used...

Stress analysis of the bridge hangers in terms of the fatigue verification
PublikacjaThe paper presents the results of numerical stress analysis of the bridge rod hangers. Two types of hangers were taken into account, i.e. the bolted hanger and the welded hanger. A detailed FEM shell models of the connection area between the hanger and the bridge span have been developed. Local stress concentration effects have been investigated in terms of fatigue verification.

Multidisciplinary approach to the assessment of historic structures based on the case of a masonry bridge in Galicia (Spain)
PublikacjaThe paper presents a general method to evaluate a masonry structure with a complex geometry and unknown material properties. This multidisciplinary approach integrates close range digital photogrammetry,ground probing radar (GPR) and finite elements analysis (FEM) to analyse a masonry bridge. The resulting information from photogrammetry and radar is applied to define a 3D model, which is then used to simulate the behaviour of...

Calculation of Resonance in Planar and Cylindrical Microstrip Structures Using a Hybrid Technique
PublikacjaA hybrid technique was employed for the analysis of the resonance frequency of thin planar and cylindrical microstrip structures with the patches of arbitrary geometry. The proposed technique utilizes a combination of Galerkin’s moment method and a finiteelement method (FEM). In this approach, an FEM is adopted to calculate the patch surface current densities, and a method of moments is utilized to calculate the resonance frequencies...

CostEffective and Sufficiently Precise Integration Method Adapted to the FEM Calculations of Bone Tissue
PublikacjaThe technique of Young’s modulus variation in the finite element is not spread in biomechanics. Our future goal is to adapt this technique to bone tissue strength calculations. The aim of this paper is to present the necessary studies of the element’s integration method that takes into account changes in material properties. For research purposes, a virtual sample with the size and distribution of mechanical properties similar...

Theoretical analysis of the cablestayed bridge over brda river in Bydgoszcz
PublikacjaThe topic of this article is the numerical analysis carried out for the cablestayed tram (road) bridge over Brda river in Bydgoszcz. The goal of numerical studies was the verification of project assumptions and construction solutions elaborated by the autonomous team. The bridge calculations were conducted on three independent FEM models The internal forces and the elements effort under different loading schemes were examined....

DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF FORUM GDANSK STRUCTURE DUE TO RAIL TRAFFIC
PublikacjaThe paper presents the study of the impact of vibration induced by the movement of the railway rolling stock on the Forum Gdańsk structure. This object is currently under construction and is located over the railway tracks in the vicinity of the Gdańsk Główny and Gdańsk Śródmieście railway stations. The analysis covers the influence of vibrations on the structure itself and on the people within. The in situ measurements on existing...

Moment resistance of Isection endplate roof girder splices; a case study
PublikacjaThis article deals with the problem of determining the resistance of endplate connections. A nonlinear FEM model of the joint was constructed in order to predict its carrying capacity. A standard code procedure was done as well. The analyses have been done to assess atypical endplate joints designed and constructed as a part of roof structures.

Generalized Eigenvalue Problems with Symmetric ComplexValued Matrices Obtained Using HigherOrder FEM
PublikacjaThe paper discusses a fast implementation of the stabilized locally optimal block preconditioned conjugate gradient (sLOBPCG) method, using a hierarchical multilevel preconditioner to solve nonHermitian sparse generalized eigenvalue problems with large symmetric complexvalued matrices obtained using the higherorder finiteelement method (FEM), applied to the analysis of a microwave resonator. The resonant frequencies of the loworder...

Numerical Modelling of Structures with Uncertainties
PublikacjaThe nature of environmental interactions, as well as large dimensions and complex structure of marine offshore objects, make designing, building and operation of these objects a great challenge. This is the reason why a vast majority of investment cases of this type include structural analysis, performed using scaled laboratory models and complemented by extended computer simulations. The present paper focuses on FEM modelling...