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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: molecular motors

A review of recent advances in the single and multidegreeoffreedom ultrasonic piezoelectric motors
PublikacjaIn this paper a comprehensive review of recent studies on the ultrasonic piezoelectric motors is presented. The analytical, numerical and experimental analysis. In further sections, classification methods of piezoelectric motors, survey criteria and three main groups of ultrasonic piezoelectric motors with examples have been presented and described. Finally, the conclusions and future research perspectives have been proposed.

Nowe możliwości generowania zarysów satelitowych mechanizmów roboczych
PublikacjaPlanetary hydraulic gear motors have been well known since 70's . first motors were constructed for maritime industry by hydroster from gdansk. the evolution of this type of motors led to an increase of nominal pressure and durability. nowadays the industry needs reliable and efficient motor able to work with alternative hydraulic fluids like water, emulsion and vegetable oil. therefore a new type of motors are being developed...

R&D of satellite pumps and motors with small geometrical displacement supplied with oil and nonflammable liquids
PublikacjaThe newest construction of satellite motors and selfsuction satellite pumps with small geometrical displacement have been described in this article. The characteristics of volumetric and total efficiency of one satellite motor, selected from the series, supplied with oil have been presented. These characteristics have been compared with the orbital motors' characteristics. The remaining specifications of these motors were also...

Power balance in hydraulic satellite motors supplied with oil and HFAE emulsion
PublikacjaMineral oil and HFAE emulsion are liquids which differ in viscosity, density and lubricant properties. Therefore, supplying hydraulic satellite motors with these liquids, differences between quantity of hydraulic, volumetric and mechanical losses are observed. These losses influence efficiency of conversion of hydraulic energy into mechanical energy and thereby power balance of motors.

Driving a new perspective Professor Zygmunt Paszota, faculty of ocean engineering and ship technology, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland, explains a new approach to the Sankey Diagram for drive motors
PublikacjaThe paper presents the necessity of replacing the traditional, commonly accepted but erroneous, Sankey diagram of power decrease in the direction of power flow by the diagram, proposed by the Author, of power increase in the direction opposite to the direction of power flow. The proposed view of losses and energy efficiency should be applied to all types of drive motors and drive systems. The presented proposals open a new perspective...

Analysis of the Heating Process of Hydraulic Motors during StartUp in Thermal Shock Conditions
PublikacjaConditions that prevail during harsh winters and hot summers pose a serious challenge for machine designers building devices suitable for operation in extreme weather. It is essential for the designers and the users to define the principles and conditions for the safe operation of machines and devices with hydraulic drive in low ambient temperatures. Bearing in mind the above, the author tested the hydraulic motors in thermal shock...

Simulation of the switched reluctance drive system
PublikacjaSwitched reluctance motors (SRM), unlike other types of motors, for their application require a control system and the supply from a power electronic converter. A method of modelling and mathematical model of an SRM in a switched reluctance drive (SRD) system is presented in the paper. Modelling is based on Lagrange's energy method. Coefficients of the Lagrange's equation have been calculated using the finite element method (FEM)....

Evaluation of losses in a hydraulic motor based on the SWSB  63 motor tests
PublikacjaIn this paper are compared two models of energy losses: that suggested by Prof. Paszota,Z. in monograph "Energy losses in the hydraulic displacement motors  definitions and relations serving the evaluation of the efficiency of hydrostatic drive" [18] and that ofProf. Balawender, A. in "Energy analysis and methodology of testing of lowspeed hydraulic motors" [1]. By using the data obtained from the tests of SWSB63 hydraulic motors...

Evaluation of expanded uncertainty of instantaneous power measurement in a bearing diagnostic system.
PublikacjaThe paper presents the issues concerning the estimation of the expanded uncertainty in the system for the diagnosis of rolling bearings, consisting of transducers: voltage and current voltage, which is used for diagnostic bearing motors method based on the measurement and analysis of the instantaneous power signal consumed by the induction motor. It presents the methodology for assessing the measurement uncertainty and presents...

Protection System Design of Induction Motor for Industries
PublikacjaThe fundamental and durable structures of induction motor, as well as their low manufacturing cost, make them popular components in a wide range of current applications. Providing a safety net for employees is a musthave for businesses. This project’s motivation for improvement is to provide industrial motors, lift motors, pumps, and so on with safety. An induction motor’s primary goal is to protect it from problems, such as...

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy SMC with Adaptive Fuzzy PID for Sensorless Speed Control of SixPhase Induction Motor
PublikacjaMultiphase motors have recently replaced threephase induction motors in a variety of applications due to the numerous benefits they provide, and the absence of speed sensors promotes induction motors with variable speed drives. Sensorless speed control minimizes unnecessary speed encoder cost, reduces maintenance, and improves the motor drive’s reliability. The performance comparison of the fuzzy sliding mode controller (FSMC)...

Protection System Design of Induction Motor for Industries
PublikacjaThe fundamental and durable structures of induction motor, as well as their low manufacturing cost, make them popular components in a wide range of current applications. Providing a safety net for employees is a musthave for businesses. This project’s motivation for improvement is to provide industrial motors, lift motors, pumps, and so on with safety. An induction motor’s primary goal is to protect it from problems, such as...

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy SMC with Adaptive Fuzzy PID for Sensorless Speed Control of SixPhase Induction Motor
PublikacjaMultiphase motors have recently replaced threephase induction motors in a variety of applications due to the numerous benefits they provide, and the absence of speed sensors promotes induction motors with variable speed drives. Sensorless speed control minimizes unnecessary speed encoder cost, reduces maintenance, and improves the motor drive’s reliability. The performance comparison of the fuzzy sliding mode controller (FSMC)...

Energy losses in hydrostatic drive:Drive investigation method compatible with diagram of power increase opposite to the direction of power flow
PublikacjaEnergy losses and efficiency of drive motor must be presented as functions of physical quantities independent of losses in the motor. Such quantities are speed and load required by the driven device, changing in the drive operating field. Speed and load decide of the useful power and, in differentiated way, of kinds and values of losses in the motor. But energy losses and efficiency of drive motors are evaluated as functions of...

Design, modelling and analysis of a new type of piezoelectric motor. Multicell piezoelectric motor
PublikacjaThis paper describes a new type of piezoelectric motor. The results, obtained in the field of piezoelectric motors, have pointed out that these motors have potentially high possibilities in the future special applications. The research work presents the design, simulations and parameters of the piezoelectric motor with three rotationmode actuators. The motor is characterized by a high power, relative high speed and torque. The...

Parametrical 3D model of an asynchronous motor  AutoCAD application.
PublikacjaA computer program for automatic drawing of 3D models of squirrelcage induction motors is presented in this paper. The created model of a machine is of parametrical nature, which means that the user defines geometry of particular elements (shaft, stator core, bearing, windings etc.) on the basis dimensions and some other parameters e.g. type of bearing, kind of winding, number of slots. This program is useful for 3D modelling...

Induction motor bearings diagnostic indicators based on MCSA and normalized triple covariance
PublikacjaInduction motors are one of the most widely used electrical machines. Statistics of bearing failures of induction motors indicate, that they constitute more than 40% of induction motor damage. Therefore, bearing diagnosis is so important for troublefree work of induction motors. The most common methods of bearing diagnosis are based on vibration signal analysis. The main disadvantage of those methods is the need for physical access...

Losses and energy efficiency of drive motors and systems
PublikacjaLosses and energy efficiency of every drive motor must be presented as functions of physical quantities independent of losses in the motor. Such quantities are speed and load required by the machine or device driven by the motor, changing in the drive operating field. Speed and load of the motor decide of the instantaneous useful power of the motor and also in a differentiated way of kinds and values of losses occurring in the...

Losses and energy efficiency of drive motors and systems
PublikacjaLosses and energy efficiency of every drive motor must be presented as functions of physical quantities independent of losses in the motor. Such quantities are speed and load required by the machine or device driven by the motor, changing in the drive operating field. Speed and load of the motor decide of the instantaneous useful power of the motor and also in a differentiated way of kinds and values of losses occurring in the...

Analytical Modelling of the Multicell Piezoelectric Motor Based on Three Resonance Actuators
PublikacjaThis paper presents analytical model of the multicell piezoelectric motor. The results, obtained in the field of piezoelectric motors, have pointed out that these motors have potentially high possibilities in the future of special applications. The studied multicell piezoelectric motor have a stator using three rotating mode actuators. A theoretical analysis of operating principle of the rotating mode motor has been described....

Diagnostics of commutation unit in satellite pumps and motors
PublikacjaThe article describes a part of the research on the development of satellite pumps and motors, conducted on Gdansk University of Technology as a part of grant "New elaborate of hydraulic satellite machines for drives with vegetable liquids and nonflammable liquids" (LIDER/35/102/L2/10/NCBiR/2011) funded by the National Centre for Research and Development in Poland. The presented area includes the diagnostics of commutation units...

Diagnostics of commutation unit in satellite pumps and motors
PublikacjaThe article describes a part of the research on the development of satellite pumps and motors, conducted on Gdansk University of Technology as a part of grant "New elaborate of hydraulic satellite machines for drives with vegetable liquids and nonflammable liquids" (LIDER/35/102/L2/10/NCBiR/2011) funded by the National Centre for Research and Development in Poland. The presented area includes the diagnostics of commutation units...

Induction Motor Bearings Diagnostic Using MCSA and Normalized Tripple Covariance
PublikacjaDiagnosis of induction motors, conducted remotely by measuring and analyzing the supply current is attractive with the lack of access to the engine. So far there is no solution, based on analysis of current, the credibility of which allow use in industry. Statistics of IM bearing failures of induction motors indicate, that they constitute more than 40% of IM damage, therefore bearing diagnosis is so important. The article provides...

Current based Normalized Triple Covariance as a bearings diagnostic feature in induction motor
PublikacjaDiagnosis of induction motors, conducted remotely by measuring and analyzing the supply current is attractive with the lack of access to the engine. So far there is no solution, based on analysis of current, the credibility of which allow use in industry. Statistics of IM bearing failures of induction motors indicate, that they constitute more than 40% of IM damage, therefore bearing diagnosis is so important. The article provides...

Currentbased higherorder spectral covariance as a bearing diagnostic feature for induction motors
PublikacjaConducting the diagnosis of induction motors remotely by analyzing the supply current is an attractive prospect with the lack of access to the engine. Currently, there is no solution, based on analysis of the current, the credibility of which would allow its use in industry. The statistics of bearing failures in induction motors indicate that they constitute more than 40% of induction motor damage, therefore, bearing diagnosis...

Metodyka badań rozwojowych nowego typu silników i pomp satelitowych
PublikacjaResearch and development of new type satellite motors and satellite pumps SM with small geometrical displacement, from 5 to 73 cm3/rev, has been conducted in cooperation with Stosowanie Maszyn company from Katowice (manufacturer of motors and pump SM). The improvement of construction of those machines, especially construction of axial compensation and construction of fluid distribution channels have been the main problem of research...

Particle Swarm Optimization Based Optimal Design of SixPhase Induction Motor for Electric Propulsion of Submarines
PublikacjaRecent research reveals that multiphase motors in electric propulsion systems are highly recommended due to their improved reliability and efficiency over traditional three phase motors. This research presented a comparison of optimal model design of a six phase squirrel cage induction motor (IM) for electric propulsion by using Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). A six phase squirrel cage induction...

Particle Swarm Optimization Based Optimal Design of SixPhase Induction Motor for Electric Propulsion of Submarines
PublikacjaAbstract: Recent research reveals that multiphase motors in electric propulsion systems are highly recommended due to their improved reliability and efficiency over traditional three phase motors. This research presented a comparison of optimal model design of a six phase squirrel cage induction motor (IM) for electric propulsion by using Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). A six phase squirrel cage induction...

MCSA with Normalized Triple Covariance as a bearings diagnostic indicator in an induction motor
PublikacjaStatistics of bearing failures in induction motors indicate, that they constitute more than 40% of IM damage, therefore bearing diagnosis is very important. Vibration methods for bearing diagnostics have one major disadvantage  they require the availability of the machine for sensors installation. This is the reason for seeking new methods based on motor supply current analysis. Diagnosis of induction motors, conducted remotely...

Kompleksowa analiza symulacyjna układu napędowego zespołu trakcyjnego
PublikacjaThe paper describes an approach to comprehensive analysis of traction electric drive. The drivetrain of ED74 electric unit equipped with four inverterfed induction motors was modeled in Matlab/Simulink. The model consists of functional blocks as: motors, inverters, drive controllers, filters. Structure and operation of the model was described. Chosen simulation results were presented and discussed. Two methods of modeling the...

Current Source Inverter Fed Drive
PublikacjaThis book covers threephase and multiphase (more than threephase) motor drives including their control and practical problems faced in the field (e.g., adding LC filters in the output of a feeding converter), are considered. The new edition contains links to Matlab®/Simulink models and PowerPoint slides ideal for teaching and understanding the material contained within the book. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A...

Motor bearing diagnostics performed by means of laser vibrometer
PublikacjaDamage of bearings is the most common cause of failures in squirrelcage induction motors. That is why the issues connected with diagnostics of bearings are so important. The equipment employed for bearing diagnostics usually makes use of vibrations as the criterion for technical condition of the bearings. This paper presents exemplary results of the research conducted on bearings with artificially introduced damage. A scanning...

Nonproportional fullorder Luenberger observers of induction motors
PublikacjaThe paper recapitulates recently conducted investigations of nonproportional Luenberger observers, applied to reconstruction of state variables of induction motors. Three structures of nonproportional observers are analyzed, a proportionalintegral observer, modified integral observer and observer with integrators. Criteria for gain selection of the observer are described, classical ones based on poles, as well as additional,...

Modeling the impact of discretizing rotor angular position on computation of fieldoriented current components in high speed electric drives
PublikacjaModern drives consist of alternating current electric motors, and the fieldoriented control (FOC) of such motors enables fast, precise, and robust regulation of a drive's mechanical variables such as torque, speed, and position. The control algorithm, implemented in a microprocessor, requires feedback from motor currents, and the quality of this feedback is essential to a drive's control properties. Motor phase currents are sampled...

Hybrid piezoelectric motor based on electroactive lubrication principle
PublikacjaA novel conception of hybrid piezoelectric motor is presented in this paper. Proposed conception required synchronised work of quasistatic and resonant piezoelectric actuators that results in a rotary movement. The motor's working principle is explained and the main characteristics are described. Studied topology is compared to the existing piezoelectric motors with regards to its field of applications. The assembling process...

Niekorzystny wpływ przekształtnikowego zasilania PWM na silniki asynchroniczne trakcyjne
PublikacjaThe electric traction drives with an AC motor fed by a frequency converter are used more and more often nowadays. The most significant side effects, of a converter's output voltage forming PWM method for AC motor windings, are steep voltage changes, which can initiate several destructive phenomena. The paper presents the adverse influence of a converter common mode voltage on the motor windings' increased voltage exposure and the...

Destructive impact of PWM inverters on traction AC motors
PublikacjaThe electric traction drives with an AC motor fed by a frequency converter are used more and more often nowadays. The most significant side effects, of a converter's output voltage forming PWM method for AC motor windings, are steep voltage changes, which can initiate several destructive phenomena. The paper presents the adverse influence of a converter common mode voltage on the motor windings's increased voltage exposure and...

Destructive Consequences of PWM Inverter Feeding for Traction AC Motors
PublikacjaThe electric traction drives with an AC motor fed by a frequency converter are used more and more often nowadays. The most significant side effects, of a converter's output voltage forming PWM method for AC motor windings, are steep voltage changes, which can initiate several destructive phenomena. The paper presents the adverse influence of a converter common mode voltage on the motor windings' increased voltage exposure and the...

Numerical investigations of the engine cooling system in a small power vesel pod propulsion system
PublikacjaThe development of electronics and electrotechnology enabled to put electric motors of the alternating current in the pod and to use them for the main drive of ships. A lot of heat which must be picked up from the system is a problem which is turning up at applying the system of this type. Many big ships lately contended with these problems. Building the small propeller for the boat powered with solar power we decided to check...

Opentransistor fault diagnostics in voltagesource inverters by analyzing the load current
PublikacjaA novel method is presented for the detection andisolation of opentransistor faults in voltagesource invertersfeeding lowpower AC motors. The method is based onmonitoring two diagnostic signals, one indicating sustained nearzerovalues of output current and thus permitting fault detection,the other permitting the isolation of the particular transistorwhich went faulty. The latter signal is the ratio of the averagephase current...

Design and modeling of the piezoelectric motor based on three resonance actuators
PublikacjaThis paper describes a piezoelectric motor which combines advantages from two existing piezoelectric motors topologies. The research work presents the design, simulations and measurements of the piezoelectric motor with three rotationmode actuators. The aim of the project was to obtain the high speed piezoelectric motor. Other advantages of this conception are blocking torque, short response times, the ability to work in a hostile...

Active Suppression of Nonstationary Narrowband Acoustic Disturbances
PublikacjaIn this chapter, a new approach to active narrowband noise control is presented. Narrowband acoustic noise may be generated, among others, by rotating parts of electromechanical devices, such as motors, turbines, compressors, or fans. Active noise control involves the generation of “antinoise”, i.e., the generation of a sound that has the same amplitude, but the opposite phase, as the unwanted noise, which causes them to interfere...

New generation of the satellite hydraulic pumps
PublikacjaHydraulic satellite machines are known and produced in many versions, recognizable by the number of humps on their inner rotor and external gear, and therefore by the number of cooperating gears (satellites). All known shapes were however designed on the base of preliminary assumption that rotor’s and external gear’s pitch lines are formed by merging arcs, tangent to each other in the. This assumption makes calculations easier,...

Robust identification of quadrocopter model for control purposes
PublikacjaThe paper addresses a problem of quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle (socalled X4flyer or quadrocopter) utility model identification for control design purposes. To that goal the quadrotor model is assumed to be composed of two abstracted subsystems, namely a rigid body (plant) and four motors equipped with blades (actuators). The model of the former is acquired based on a wellestablished dynamic equations of motion while the...

On power stream in motor or drive system
PublikacjaIn a motor or in a drive system the quantity of power increases in the direction opposite to the direction of power flow. Energy losses and energy efficiency of a motor or a drive system must be presented as functions of physical quantities independent of losses. Such quantities are speed and load. But the picture of power stream in a motor or in a drive system is presented in the literature in the form of traditional Sankey...

Improving Control Dynamics of PMSM Drive by Estimating ZeroDelay Current Value
PublikacjaDynamic performance of current control loop still remains crucial for position, speed, and torquecontrolled drives. In the study, a current loop solution has been designed for field oriented control of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM). It enhances typical PI controller with an estimator of zerodelay current (ZDC) value. The ZDC estimation allows for selecting substantially higher controller gain. It reduces control...

Speed Sensorless AC Drive with Inverter LC Filter and Fault Detection Using Load Torque Signal
PublikacjaThe industrial development in recent years has seen a major increase in the use of induction motors, whereby the cost has to be as low as possible and the lifetime as long as possible. To follow up this desire, investigations in this area have become very intense. For that reason, this paper presents a solution for driving an induction motor and simultaneous fault detection with no need for additional sensors. In order to achieve...

Przegląd i analiza układów napędowych stosowanych w rowerach elektrycznych
PublikacjaStreszczenie ang. : The purpose of his article is an overview and analysis of the drive system used in electrical bikes. Classical and modern drive system are described. The stress is putted on the electrical motors used in that applications. Structure, control and power supply of most recent design are presented. The analysis applies to hub motor type Clyte 408 used as a bike drive. Authors have decided to build a filedcircuit...

Indirect Measurement of Motor Current Derivatives in PMSM Sensorless Drives
PublikacjaMotor current derivatives contain useful information for control algorithms, especially in sensorless electric drives. The measurement of motor current derivatives in electric motors supplied by voltage source inverter can be performed using di/dt transducers. However, in such a solution additional sensors have to be installed, e.g. Rogowski coils. Another approach is to measure current derivatives indirectly – by oversampling...

DeadTime Effect Compensation Based on Additional Phase Current Measurements
PublikacjaThis paper proposes a new method of deadtime effect compensation. The proposed solution is based on additional phase current measurements realized by analogtodigital converters. These measurements are carried out at the time instants speciﬁed by a pulsewidthmodulation (PWM) strategy. This makes it possible to estimate inverter currents at the commutation instants and, ﬁnally, to estimate the voltage error caused by dead time. This...