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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: entropy generation

Curves of thermodynamic states in some fluids with dispersion
Publikacjavariations in the thermodynamic state of a dispersive medium, caused by sound, are studied. A bubbly liquid and a Maxwell fluid are considered as examples. Curves in the plane of thermodynamic states are plotted. They are in fact pictorial images of linear relations of excess pressure and excess density in the acoustic wave which reflect irreversible attenuation of the sound energy. The curves account for the nonlinear generation...

Entropy measures of heart rate variability for short ECG datasets in patients with congestive heart failure
PublikacjaWe investigated the usefulness of entropy measures calculated for short ECG series in distinguishing healthy subjects from patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Four entropy measures were tested: Approximate Entropy (ApEn), Sample Entropy (SampEn), Fuzzy Entropy (FuzzyEn) and Permutation Entropy (PE), each computed for ECG series of 1000, 500, 250 and 100 RR intervals. We found that with a reduction of the data set length...

Entropy Measures of heart rate variability for short ECG datasets in patients with congestive heart failure
PublikacjaWe investigated the usefulness of entropy measures calculated for short ECG series in distinguishing healthy subjects from patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Four entropy measures were tested: Approximate Entropy (ApEn), Sample Entropy (SampEn), Fuzzy Entropy (Fuzzy En) and Permutation Entropy (PE), each computed for ECG series of 1000, 500, 250 and 100 RR intervals. We found that with a reduction of the data set length...

Decomposition of Acoustic and Entropy Modes in a NonIsothermal Gas Affected by a Mass Force
PublikacjaDiagnostics and decomposition of atmospheric disturbances in a planar flow are considered in this work. The study examines a situation in which the stationary equilibrium temperature of a gas may depend on the vertical coordinate due to external forces. The relations connecting perturbations are analytically established. These perturbations specify acoustic and entropy modes in an arbitrary stratified gas affected by a constant...

Interaction between acoustic and nonacoustic mode in bubbly liquid
PublikacjaThe nonlinear interaction of acoustic and entropy modes in a bubbly liquid is the subject of investigation. Thedynamic equation governing an excess density of the entropy mode is derived. Nonlinearity and dispersion are the reasons forexcitation of the entropy mode. The nonlinear interaction of modes as a reason for bubble to grow due to sound, is discovered.Some numerical examples of the modes interactions are made.

Effect of electron count and chemical complexity in the TaNbHfZrTi highentropy alloy superconductor
PublikacjaHighentropy alloys are made from random mixtures of principal elements on simple lattices, stabilized by a high mixing entropy. The recently discovered bodycentered cubic (BCC) TaNbHfZrTi highentropy alloy superconductor appears to display properties of both simple crystalline intermetallics and amorphous materials; e.g., it has a welldefined superconducting transition along with an exceptional robustness against disorder....

APPLICATION OF ENTROPYBASED METHODS TO DISTINGUISH HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS WITH NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM FROM PATIENTS WITH CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
PublikacjaIn this paper, we examined whether entropybased methods are able to differentiate healthy individuals from patients with congestive heart failure. To this aim, we applied two methods: Permutation Entropy and Block Entropy. Longterm ECG recordings (75 000 RR intervals) were analyzed. The results proved that both methods can distinguish those groups on condition that the parameters are appropriately chosen.

Magnetosonic Excitation of the Entropy Perturbations in a Plasma with Thermal Conduction Depending on Temperature
PublikacjaNonlinear excitation of the entropy perturbations by magnetosonic waves in a uniform and infinite plasma model is considered. The wave vector of slow or fast mode forms an arbitrary angle (0 B B ) with the equilibrium straight magnetic field, and all perturbations are functions of the time and longitudinal coordinate. Thermal conduction is the only factor which destroys isentropicity of wave perturbations and causes the nonlinear...

Galerkin Finite Element Process for Entropy Production and Thermal Evaluation of ThirdGrade Fluid Flow: A Thermal Case Study
Publikacja: A fluid’s moving class improves its heat transmission capability, as well as its rigidity, owing to multivariate molecule suspension. In this way, nanofluids are superior to common fluids. In this study, we evaluated the features of ease and heat transfer. Furthermore, we investigated permeable media, heat source, variable heat conductivity, and warm irradiation results. A mathematical technique known as the Galerkin finite element...

Thermal cooling process by nanofluid flowing near stagnating point of expanding surface under induced magnetism force: A computational case study
PublikacjaThis paper is dedicated to the exam of entropy age and research of the effect of mixing nanosolid additives over an extending sheet. In this review, Newtonian nanofluid version turned into researched at the actuated appealing field, heat radiation and variable heat conductivity results. With becoming modifications, the proven PDEs are moved into popular differential situations and paintings mathematically making use of a specific...

Computing algebraic transfer entropy and coupling directions via transcripts
PublikacjaMost random processes studied in nonlinear time series analysis take values on sets endowed with a group structure, e.g., the real and rational numbers, and the integers. This fact allows to associate with each pair of group elements a third element, called their transcript, which is defined as the product of the second element in the pair times the first one. The transfer entropy of two such processes is called algebraic transfer...

Entropic Measures of Complexity of ShortTerm Dynamics of Nocturnal Heartbeats in an Aging Population
PublikacjaTwo entropybased approaches are investigated to study patterns describing differences in time intervals between consecutive heartbeats. The first method explores matrices arising from networks of transitions constructed following events represented by a time series. The second method considers distributions of ordinal patterns of length three, whereby patterns with repeated values are counted as different patterns. Both methods provide...

Entropia w badaniach zaburzeń rytmu serca
PublikacjaArtykuł prezentuje zastosowanie ''Approximate Entropy'', będącej miarą stopnia złożoności szeregów czasowych, do analizy zmiennosci rytmu serca.

Problem of proper decomposition and initialization of acoustic and entropy modes in a gas affected by the mass force
PublikacjaThe relations connecting perturbations specific for acoustic and entropy modes in an accelerated fluid or in a fluid affected by constant mass force, are derived. They allow to decompose the total vector of perturbations and the overall energy into acoustic and nonacoustic parts uniquely at any instant. In order to do this, three quantities are required, for example total perturbations in entropy, pressure and velocity. The evaluations...

Thermodynamic interpretation and prediction of CO2 solubility in imidazolium ionic liquids based on regular solution theory
PublikacjaRegular solution theory (RST) is the most popular model for the interpretation of the interaction between CO2 and ionic liquids. In the present work, the parameters of this model were determined for the CO2 absorption in eleven imidazolium ionic liquids. The yintercept (A) of the RST model for the investigated imidazolium liquids increases with increasing temperature whereas the slope (B) remains constant. The values of RST parameters...

Dynamics of quantum entanglement
PublikacjaA model of discrete dynamics of entanglement of a bipartite quantum state is considered. It involves a global unitary dynamics of the system and periodic actions of local bistochastic or decaying channel. For initially pure states the decay of entanglement is accompanied by an increase of von Neumann entropy of the system. We observe and discuss revivals of entanglement due to unitary interaction of subsystems. For some mixed states...

Twoparticle entropy and structural ordering in liquid water
PublikacjaEntropies of simple point charge (SPC) water were calculated over the temperature range 278363 K using the twoparticle correlation function approximation. Then, the total twoparticle contribution to the entropy of the system was divided into three parts, which we call translational, configurational, and orientational. The configurational term describes the contribution to entropy, which originates from spatial distribution of...

Novel Class of Proton Conducting Materials—High Entropy Oxides
PublikacjaHere, for the first time, we present data on proton conductivity of highentropy, singlephase perovskites. The BaZr0.2Sn0.2Ti0.2Hf0.2Ce0.2O3−δ, BaZr0.2Sn0.2Ti0.2Hf0.2Y0.2O3−δ, BaZr1/7Sn1/7Ti1/7Hf1/7Ce1/7Nb1/7Y1/7O3−δ, and BaZr0.15Sn0.15Ti0.15Hf0.15Ce0.15Nb0.15Y0.10O3−δ singlephase perovskites were synthesized. Before electrical measurements, materials were characterized using Xray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy...

Nonlinear resultant theory of shells accounting for thermodiffusion
PublikacjaThe complete nonlinear resultant 2D model of shell thermodiffusion is developed. All 2D balance laws and the entropy imbalance are formulated by direct throughthethickness integration of respective 3D laws of continuum thermodiffusion. This leads to a more rich thermodynamic structure of our 2D model with several additional 2D fields not present in the 3D parent model. Constitutive equations of elastic thermodiffusive shells...

Impact of Boundary Conditions on Acoustic Excitation of EntropyPerturbations in a Bounded Volume of Newtonian Gas
PublikacjaExcitation of the entropy mode in the field of intense sound, that is, acoustic heating, is theoreticallyconsidered in this work. The dynamic equation for an excess density which specifies the entropy mode,has been obtained by means of the method of projections. It takes the form of the diffusion equation withan acoustic driving force which is quadratically nonlinear in the leading order. The diffusion coefficient isproportional...

Standing Waves in OneDimensional Resonator Contaning an Ideal Isothermal Gas Affected by the Constant Mass Force
PublikacjaThe study is devoted to standing acoustic waves in onedimensional planar resonator which containing an ideal gas. A gas is affected by the constant mass force. Two types of physically justified boundary conditions are considered: zero velocity or zero excess pressure at both boundaries. The variety of nodal and antinodal points is determined. The conclusion is that the nodes of pressure and antinodes of velocity do not longer...

ARRAY OF MINIJETS – THERMAL AND HYDRAULIC PHENOMENA IN BOUNDARY LAYER
PublikacjaPresented work considers flow and thermal phenomena occurring in the system consisting of minijets array and heated with constant heat flux surface. Numerical analyses, based on the mass, momentum and energy conservation laws, were conducted. Focus was placed on the proper model construction, in which turbulence and boundary layer modelling was crucial. Calculations were done for various mass flow rates. The main calculations were...

Entropy Production Associated with Aggregation into Granules in a Subdiffusive Environment
PublikacjaWe study the entropy production that is associated with the growing or shrinking of a small granule in, for instance, a colloidal suspension or in an aggregating polymer chain. A granule will ﬂuctuate in size when the energy of binding is comparable to k_{B}T, which is the “quantum” of Brownian energy. Especially for polymers, the conformational energy landscape is often rough and has been commonly modeled as being selfsimilar...

Changes of Conformation in Albumin with Temperature by Molecular Dynamics Simulations
PublikacjaThis work presents the analysis of the conformation of albumin in the temperature range of 300K – 312K, i.e., in the physiological range. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we calculate values of the backbone and dihedral angles for this molecule. We analyze the global dynamic properties of albumin treated as a chain. In this range of temperature, we study parameters of the molecule and the conformational entropy derived from...

Entropy Measures in the Assessment of Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Cardiodepressive Vasovagal Syncope
PublikacjaSample entropy (SampEn) was reported to be useful in the assessment of the complexity of heart rate dynamics. Permutation entropy (PermEn) is a new measure based on the concept of order and was previously shown to be accurate for short, nonstationary datasets. The aim of the present study is to assess if SampEn and PermEn obtained from baseline recordings might differentiate patients with various outcomes of the headup tilt test...

Detecting coupling directions with transcript mutual information: A comparative study
PublikacjaCausal relationships are important to understand the dynamics of coupled processes and, moreover, to influence or control the effects by acting on the causes. Among the different approaches to determine causeeffect relationships and, in particular, coupling directions in interacting random or deterministic processes, we focus in this paper on informationtheoretic measures. So, we study in the theoretical part the difference between...

Thermal and hydraulic phenomena in boundary layer of minijets impingement on curved surfaces
PublikacjaPresented work considers flow and thermal phenomena occurring during the single minijet impingement on curved surfaces, heated with a constant heat flux, as well as the array of minijets. Numerical analyses, based on the mass, momentum and energy conservation laws, were conducted, regarding single phase and twophase simulations. Focus was placed on the proper model construction, in which turbulence and boundary layer modeling...

Entropy of water calculated from harmonic approximation: estimation of the accuracy of method
PublikacjaSome molecular dynamics simulations were performed for liquid TIP4P and SPC water at a constant density (1.00 g/cm(3)) and within the temperature range of 590 degrees C. By using harmonic approximation, both the entropy of water SH and the specific heat c(v) were calculated, and the results were compared to literature data. It was found that harmonic approximation overestimates absolute entropy of TIP4P water by 5.6 J/mol K (similar...

Laser Welding of UNS S33207 HyperDuplex Stainless Steel to 6061 Aluminum Alloy Using High Entropy Alloy as a Filler Material
PublikacjaThe high entropy alloy (HEA) filler used during the fabrication method determines the reliability of HEAs for steelaluminum dissimilar alloy configuration. HEAs have a direct impact on the formation of intermetallic compounds (IMC) formed by the interaction of iron (Fe) and aluminum (Al), and influence the size of the joint’s interaction zone. A novel welding process for FeAl alloy joints was developed to prevent the development...

Thermodynamic Studies of Interactions between Sertraline Hydrochloride and Randomly Methylated βCyclodextrin Molecules Supported by Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy and Molecular Docking Results
PublikacjaThe interaction between sertraline hydrochloride (SRT) and randomly methylated βcyclodextrin (RM β CD) molecules have been investigated at 298.15 K under atmospheric pressure. The method used—Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) enabled to determine values of the thermodynamic functions like the enthalpy (DH), the entropy (DS) and the Gibbs free energy (DG) of binding for the examined system. Moreover, the stoichiometry coefficient...

The Boltzmann sequencestructure channel
PublikacjaWe rigorously study a channel that maps binary sequences to selfavoiding walks in the twodimensional grid, inspired by a model of protein statistics. This channel, which we also call the Boltzmann sequencestructure channel, is characterized by a Boltzmann/Gibbs distribution with a free parameter corresponding to temperature. In our previous work, we verified experimentally that the channel capacity has a phase transition for...

The nonlinear effects of sound in a liquid with relaxation losses
PublikacjaThe nonlinear effects of sound in electrolyte with a chemical reaction are examined. The dynamic equations that govern nonwave modes in the field of intense sound are derived, and acoustic forces of vortex, entropy, and relaxation modes are determined in the cases of lowfrequency sound and highfrequency sound. The difference in the nonlinear effects of sound in electrolyte and in a gas with excited vibrational degrees of molecules,...

Magnetoacoustic heating in a quasiisentropic magnetic gas
PublikacjaThe nonlinear heating of a plasma which associates with the transfer of energy of magnetoacoustic waves into that of the entropy mode, is analytically studied. A plasma is uniform and motionless at equilibrium. Perturbations in a plasma are described by a system of ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations. The equilibrium straight magnetic strength and the wave vector form a constant angle which varies from 0 to π/2. There exist four...

Quantifying Contextuality
PublikacjaContextuality is central to both the foundations of quantum theory and to the novel information processing tasks. Despite some recent proposals, it still faces a fundamental problem: how to quantify its presence? In this work, we provide a universal framework for quantifying contextuality. We conduct two complementary approaches: (i) the bottomup approach, where we introduce a communication game, which grasps the phenomenon of...

Hysteresis curves for some periodic and aperiodic perturbations in magnetosonic flow
PublikacjaA thermodynamic relation between perturbations of pressure and mass density in the magnetohydrodynamic flow is theoretically studied. Planar magnetohydrodynamic perturbations with the wave vector, which forms a constant angle with the equilibrium magnetic field, are under study. The theory considers thermal conduction of a plasma and the deviation from adiabaticity of a flow due to some kind of heating–cooling function. It also...

Nonlinear increase in bubbles radii caused by sound in a bubbly liquid
PublikacjaThe nonlinear interaction of acoustic and entropy modes in a bubbly liquid is considered. The reasons for interaction are both nonlinearity and dispersion. In the field of intense sound, a decrease in the mixture density is predicted. That corresponds to the wellestablished growth of bubbles volumes due to rectified diffusion. The nonlinear interaction of modes as a reason for a bubble to grow due to sound, is discovered. The...

Phase Transition in a SequenceStructure Channel
PublikacjaWe study an interesting channel which maps binary sequences to selfavoiding walks in the twodimensional grid, inspired by a model of protein folding from statistical physics. The channel is characterized by a Boltzmann/Gibbs distribution with a free parameter corresponding to temperature. We estimate the conditional entropy between the input sequence and the output fold, giving an upper bound which exhibits an unusual phase transition...

The description of nonlinear interactions of wave and nonwave modes in a nonadiabatic plasma flow
PublikacjaThe method of derivation of nonlinear equations for interacting modes is explained and applied to a plasma's flow affected by a magnetic field. It is based on the linear projecting of the total perturbation field into specific variations of variables in individual modes of a flow. The method may be applied in many examples of fluid flows with different mechanisms of nonadiabaticity. It is of special importance in complex flows...

Subadditivity of the minimum output entropy and superactivation of the classical capacity of quantum multiple access channels
PublikacjaWe study subadditivity of the minimum output entropy (Hmin) of quantum multiple access channels (MACs). We provide an example of violation of the additivity theorem for Hmin known in classical information theory. Our result is based on a fundamental property of MACs, i.e., independence of each sender. The channels used in the example can be constructed explicitly. On the basis of subadditivity of Hmin we also provide an example...

Effect of Ion and Binding Site on the Conformation of Chosen Glycosaminoglycans at the Albumin Surface
PublikacjaAlbumin is one of the major components of synovial fluid. Due to its negative surface charge, it plays an essential role in many physiological processes, including the ability to form molecular complexes. In addition, glycosaminoglycans such as hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate are crucial components of synovial fluid involved in the boundary lubrication regime. This study presents the influence of Na+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions...

Singular curves in the resultant thermomechanics of shells
PublikacjaSome geometric and kinematic relations associated with the curve moving on the shell base surface are discussed. The extended surface transport relation and the extended surface divergence theorems are proposed for the piecewise smooth tensor fields acting on the regular and piecewise regular surfaces. The recently formulated resultant, twodimensionally exact, thermodynamic shell relations  the balances of mass, linear and angular...

Entropy function application within the selection process of diagnostic parameters of marine diesel and gas turbine engines
PublikacjaThe paper presents the method of conducting an analysis of the diagnostic informativeness among the parameters characterizing the observed gas dynamic processes carried out within working spaces of marine diesel and gas turbine engines. An entropy function, as the measure of uncertainty of the identified states' set of the engine unfitness was applied. Having evaluated the diagnostic information the most adequate parameters were...

The Efficiency of Polish Stock Market: Ordinal Patterns Approach
PublikacjaZunino et al. analyzed the problem of discrimination of developed and emergent markets by the use of ordinal patterns methods: number of forbidden patterns and ordinal pattern probability distribution as a basis for entropy and statistical measure of complexity. In this paper we apply the same methodology for the analysis of Polish stock market (index WIG). The results indicate that Polish market belongs neither to developed, nor...

Project Team Management Supported by an AgentBased Model
PublikacjaThis work is a continuation of a series of works about research into the use of multiagent systems to support IT project management. Previous studies have shown the possibility of using a multiagent in order to optimize management decisions concerning the selection of methods for project implementation. It was noted that the project manager's decisions are influenced by three fundamental parameters: the entropy of the project,...

Critical Remarks on Landauer’s principle of erasure– dissipation: Including notes on Maxwell demons and Szilard engines
PublikacjaWe briefly address Landauer’s Principle and some related issues in thermal demons. We show that an errorfree Turing computer works in the zeroentropy limit, which proves Landauer’s derivation incorrect. To have a physical logic gate, memory or informationengine, a few essential components necessary for the operation of these devices are often neglected, such as various aspects of control, damping and the fluctuation–dissipation...

Smart Approach for Glioma Segmentation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging using Modified Convolutional Network Architecture (UNET)
PublikacjaSegmentation of a brain tumor from magnetic resonance multimodal images is a challenging task in the field of medical imaging. The vast diversity in potential target regions, appearance and multifarious intensity threshold levels of various tumor types are few of the major factors that affect segmentation results. An accurate diagnosis and its treatment demand strict delineation of the tumor affected tissues. Herein, we focus on...

All Nonclassical Correlations Can Be Activated into Distillable Entanglement
PublikacjaWe devise a protocol in which general nonclassical multipartite correlations produce a physically relevant effect, leading to the creation of bipartite entanglement. In particular, we show that the relative entropy of quantumness, which measures all nonclassical correlations among subsystems of a quantum system, is equivalent to and can be operationally interpreted as the minimum distillable entanglement generated between the system...

Standing Waves and Acoustic Heating (or Cooling) in Resonators Filled with Chemically Reacting Gas
PublikacjaStanding waves and acoustic heating in a onedimensional resonator filled with chemically reacting gas, is the subject of investigation. The chemical reaction of A ! B type, which takes place in a gas, may be reversible or not. Governing equations for the sound and entropy mode which is generated in the field of sound are derived by use of a special mathematical method. Under some conditions, sound waves propagating in opposite...

Melody Harmonization with Interpolated Probabilistic Models
PublikacjaMost melody harmonization systems use the generative hidden Markov model (HMM), which model the relation between the hidden chords and the observed melody. Relations to other variables, such as the tonality or the metric structure, are handled by training multiple HMMs or are ignored. In this paper, we propose a discriminative means of combining multiple probabilistic models of various musical variables by means of model interpolation....

Acoustic Heating Produced in the Thermoviscous Flow of a ShearThinning Fluid
PublikacjaThis study is devoted to the instantaneous acoustic heating of a shearthinningfluid. Apparent viscosity of a shearthinning fluid depends on the shear rate. Thatfeature distinguishes it from a viscous Newtonian fluid. The special linear combination of conservation equations in the differential form makes it possible to derivedynamic equations governing both the sound and nonwave entropy mode inducedin the field of sound. These...