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Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: ROAD SURFACES:LOW EMISSION VEHICLES:

Wyniki wyszukiwania dla: ROAD SURFACES:LOW EMISSION VEHICLES:

  • Potential reduction of traffic noise by the means of increased fleet of electric vehicles using a combination of low-noise tyres and low-noise road surfaces

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2016

    In the future, the number of zero-emission vehicles like electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (in electric mode) is expected to be a substantial part of the vehicle fleet. In Norway, such vehicles already account for approximately 20 % of all new cars sold. Since these vehicles emit negligible noise related to the power-train, the tyre/road noise is the dominating noise source. In the LEO project, tyres designed for such cars have...

  • LOW NOISE TIRES FOR HYBRID AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES

    Publikacja

    Low Emission Vehicles that are hybrid and electric cars may benefit from specially designed tires that are optimized for driving conditions typical for such vehicles. It is possible that in the future Low Emission Vehicles, especially passenger cars, will substitute conventional vehicles in all applications, however for the time being they are mostly used in urban and suburban areas. Urban traffic has a rather low demand for grip...

  • Reduction of Tire Rolling Resistance by Optimization of Road Surfaces and Tires

    During interaction between tire and road surface three very important phenomena are always in effect. One of them (very desirable) is friction that is important for traction, braking and cornering. Two other phenomena are not desirable at all, that is rolling resistance and noise. This paper discusses relations between road surface and tire parameters versus tire rolling resistance. Road surface texture, porosity, impedance, strength...

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  • Noise Generated by Tyres Designet for Electric Vehicles - Results of Laboratory Experiments

    A few years ago, electric and hybrid vehicles were rarely seen on public roads and were considered more as exotic curiosities or even as a sign of extravagance than a practical means of transport. Nowadays the situation has changes significantly. This was caused both by the technical development and legislative actions, as well as the organizational nature promoting the purchace and use of low emission vehicles. Electric vehicles...

  • Poroelastic Low Noise Road Surfaces

    Publikacja

    Noise is one of the most important problems related to road traffic. During the last decades, noise emitted by engine and powertrain of vehicles was greatly reduced and tyres became a clearly dominant noise source. The paper describes the concept of low noise poroelastic road surfaces that are composed with mineral and rubber aggregate bound by polyurethane resin. Those surfaces have a porous structure and are much more flexible...

  • Tyre/road noise of passenger car tyres, including tyres for electric vehicles - road measurements

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2015

    The paper presents the results from CPX measurements of tyre/road noise performed for selected passenger car tyres, including the tyres especially designed for electric vehicles. The tyres have been measured when rolling on several typical road surfaces in Norway and in Poland. In addition, the tyres have been measured on some very low noise road surfaces, such as a the poroelastic road surface (PERS). The measurement results...

  • Ultra Low Noise Poroelastic Road Surfaces

    Publikacja

    Noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. During the last decades, the noise emitted by the engines and powertrains of vehicles was greatly reduced and tires became a clearly dominant noise source. The article describes the concept of low noise poroelastic road surfaces that are composed of mineral and rubber aggregate bound by polyurethane resin. Those surfaces have a porous structure and...

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  • Low noise poroelastic road pavements based on modified asphalt binder

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2020

    Tire/road noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. As the most effective way to fight noise is reduction of sound emission from the source, a lot of work is being done to improve tire and road surfaces construction. This paper describes the first “road” results obtained within the SEPOR project, which is focused on developing a low noise poroelastic road surface based on bituminous binder....

  • Low Noise Poroelastic Road Pavements Based On Bituminous Binder

    Tire/road noise is the dominant source of traffic noise. It depends both on the tire design and on the characteristics of road pavements as well as on the vehicles’ operating conditions. Due to the fact that conventional (pneumatic) car tires have almost reached the limits of their ability to further reduce their noisiness, it is widely believed that the additional reduction of tire noise will be possible mainly through modifications...

  • Risks related to car fire on innovative Poroelastic Road Surfaces-PERS

    Publikacja

    - FIRE AND MATERIALS - Rok 2015

    To reduce tyre/road noise, the concept of poroelastic road surfaces (PERS) was invented. PERS is a road surface material that is porous, and at the same time, it is flexible because of the substantial amount of rubber granulate content (from 20% to 85%). The rubber and stone particles are bound by polyurethane resin instead of bitumen. It was feared that in case of fire, because of the high content of rubber and polyurethane, there...

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  • ROSANNE Project: New Procedure for Noise Characterisation of Road Surfaces in Europe

    Publikacja
    • M. Conter
    • R. Wehr
    • C. Aichinger
    • U. Sandberg
    • P. Mioduszewski
    • L. Goubert
    • P. Morgan
    • H. S. Rosmus
    • F. Ledee

    - Rok 2016

    ROSANNE is a collaborative project in the 7th EU Framework Programme which aims at harmonising measurement methods for skid resistance, noise emission and rolling resistance of road pavements as a preparation for standardization. The project started in November 2013 and is developing and improving standards in the field of working group CEN/TC 227/WG 5. Regarding the influence of the pavement on the road traffic noise emission,...

  • Reduction of road traffic noise by source measures — present and future strategies

    The current trend worldwide is less focused on reducing road traffic noise. This is in strong contrast to the severe impact of traffic noise to the general health and quality of life. A more holistic and combined strategy is needed. Current international rules and regulations regarding vehicles and tyres are not sufficient to reduce traffic noise levels in an effective way. Calculations show that these regulations will only yield...

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  • PERS - QUIET ROAD SURFACE FOR URBAN AREAS

    Publikacja

    Traffic noise is one of the most important environmental problems in densely populated urban areas. At low speeds the tyre/road interaction dominates all other sources. It is anticipated that when electric and hybrid vehicles gain dominance in city traffic, the importance of tyre/road noise will still increase as electric engines are much less noisy than combustion engines. On the other hand, electric and hybrid urban vehicles...

  • Temperature influence on tire/road noise evaluated by the drum method

    Ambient air and road surface temperatures substantially affect the road vehicle noise emission. The temperature influence on tire/road noise depends mainly on tire-road combination. It is different for dense and porous pavements, for bituminous and cement ones. It differs also depending on tires. The correction procedures for temperature effect are still under consideration and preparation. Laboratory experiment was prepared to...

  • Road texture influence on tire rolling resistance

    Tire rolling resistance is one of the most important resistive forces acting on road vehicles. It depends on tire and surface characteristics as well as vehicle operating parameters. This paper deals with the influence of road surface texture on rolling resistance of passenger car tires. Results of road measurements performed on variety of road surfaces are presented.

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  • Poroelastic Road Surface – a Promising Road Traffic Noise Abatement Solution

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2018

    Road surfaces have a direct impact on the generation of noise by rolling tyres, the main and dominant source of noise of moving vehicles, as well as may affect propagation of noise emitted by all noise sources of a vehicle. Thus there is no doubt that pavement should be considered as one of the major potential road traffic noise abatement measure. Low noise pavements of existing types may in new conditions provide up to 8 dB of...

  • Final report on noise and rolling resistance

    Work Package 6 deals with environmental impacts of PERS use, including noise and rolling resistance. This report covers preliminary noise tests performed in the laboratory and at the road test sites. The obtained results indicate that PERS material reduce noise considerably - up to 12 dB in comparison to SMA16 reference surface. Noise reduction properties are especially visible in the case of factory produced PERS slabs supplied...

  • Comparison of pavement noise properties on selected road sections using different CPX measuring systems: self-powered vehicle and special test trailer

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2019

    The recently published ISO standard intended to measure the noise properties of road surfaces in a standardized method (ISO 11819-2:2017) precisely defines measurement procedure of the influence of road surface on traffic noise. According to it, two types of test vehicles may be utilized: a self-powered vehicle fitted with one or more test tyres and a trailer towed by a separate vehicle with one or more test tyres mounted on the...

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  • HOW EFFICIENT IS NOISE LABELING OF TIRES?

    Since 2012 all new tires in Europe must be labeled. The label contains general information about tire performance concerning rolling resistance (that corresponds to fuel economy), noise emission and wet grip (only for passenger car tires). Measurements of noise performance of tires must be performed according to the Annex 3 of the Regulation No 117 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations. The regulation specifies...

  • A pin-on-disc study of airborne wear particle emissions from studded tyre on concrete road contacts

    Publikacja
    • G. Perricone
    • V. Matějka
    • M. Alemani
    • G. Valota
    • A. Bonfanti
    • A. Ciotti
    • U. Olofsson
    • A. Söderberg
    • J. Wahlström
    • O. Nosko... i 3 innych

    - WEAR - Rok 2018

    Studded tyres wear surfaces of winter roads, generating inhalable airborne particles. In this study, four concrete road materials and two stud geometries were investigated in terms of wear, road material hardness and airborne particle concentration. The sliding contact between studded tyres and road materials was studied using a pin-on-disc machine in a clean chamber. The results show that the normal load and the stud size have...

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  • Influence of Road Wetness on Tire-Pavement Rolling Resistance

    Rolling resistance of tires is one of the most important factors influencing energy consumption of road vehicles, especially on rural roads. For practical reasons, most of rolling resistance measurements are usually performed for dry road conditions. Based on the fact that roads are wet during a considerable time over the year and as part of the projects MIRIAM, ROLRES and ROSANNE, the TUG (Technical University of Gdańsk) in Poland...

  • Decreasing CO2 Emissions By Reducing Tire Rolling Resistance

    Publikacja

    The first motor vehicle was built by Nicolas Cugnot almost 250 years ago and since then there has been a continuous process of motor vehicles’ improvements, as well as development of new road pavements. The fuel crisis of the 70s of the 20th century made it clear to vehicle builders that measures should be taken to reduce vehicle fuel consumption and it contributed to an increased interest in electric vehicles. Although significant...

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  • Further development of the poroelastic road surface within the new Polish project SEPOR

    Road surfaces have a direct impact on noise generated by rolling tyres, the main and dominant source of noise of moving vehicles. Road surface texture, porosity and stiffness/elasticity govern the pavement contribution to tyre/road noise the most. An experimental PoroElastic Road Surface (PERS) is a wearing course with a high content of interconnected voids (pores) and with an elastic behavior due to the use of small particles...

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  • COMPARISON OF NOISE EMISSION OF HCT AND CLASSIC VEHICLE COMBINATIONS FOR TIMBER TRANSPORTATION IN SWEDEN

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2018

    By means of a special simulation tool, the noise emission of a high-capacity heavy vehicle (11 axles) was compared to that of a classic heavy vehicle (a truck-dolly-semitrailer with 8 axles). The two cases are designated “Extended vehicle” versus “Classic vehicle” in this study, having total lengths of 34 and 25 m, respectively. The Classic vehicle represents the most common articulated heavy vehicle configuration for transport...

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  • INFLUENCE OF TEST CONDITIONS ON TYRE/ROAD NOISE MEASURED BY THE DRUM METHOD

    Publikacja

    Tyre/road noise is one of the most important environmental problems related to road traffic. Nowadays a few standard procedures of tyre/road noise measurements are in use. Unfortunately, measurement conditions specified within relevant standards are very different. For example, procedure described in ISO 11819-2 used for pavement investigations requires tyre load of 3200 N and capped inflation pressure of 200 kPa. At the same time...

  • Experimental validation of the rolling resistance measurement method including updated draft standard

    Publikacja
    • F. Anfosso-Ledee
    • V. Cerezo
    • R. Karlsson
    • A. Bergiers
    • S. Dauvergne
    • J. Ejsmont
    • L. Goubert
    • H. Lesdos
    • J. Maeck
    • U. Sandberg... i 2 innych

    - Rok 2016

    The main objective of ROSANNE is the harmonisation and standardisation of the measurement of skid resistance, noise emission and rolling resistance of road pavements. Regarding rolling resistance characterisation, a draft for standardization of a harmonized procedure for classification of road surfaces across Europe has been prepared within WP3 (deliverable 3.5). The procedure deals with the direct measurement on real roads of...

  • Biological hazards in low noise, poroelastic road surfaces

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2013

    Drainage pavements as well as poroelastic pavements ("PERS") are a very efficient way to decrease traffic noise by reducing tire/road noise at the source as well as noise propagation over the road surface. Many noise generating mechanisms at the tire/road interface are very much reduced by road porosity (pipe resonance, "air pumping", Helmholtz resonance and the horn effect). A well-designed porous or poroelastic road surface may...

  • A unified approach to the analysis of electric energy and fuel consumption of cars in city traffic

    Publikacja

    - ENERGY - Rok 2019

    Forecasting fuel and electricity consumption is an important factor determining the direction of changes in road engineering solutions, traffic management, selection of routes for public transport and development more efficient car drive systems. With a reliable and easy-to-use computational tool, it is possible to reduce the consumption of primary energy sources and reduce the emission of toxic compounds in cities. An analysis...

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  • Pavement ageing influence on tyre/road noise

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2017

    Road surface should be constructed in a way that ensures safe and comfortable traffic conditions, not only when it is newly paved but also during its entire lifetime. An important factor in the asphalt mixture design process is also the expected pavement durability and stability of pavement properties over time. In many countries, road surface starts to play a significant role in traffic noise reduction actions. Selecting a particular...

  • Poroelastic Road Surfaces - State of The Art

    Publikacja

    Poroelastic Road Surfaces (PERS) constitute a specific group of pavements containing a great amount of crumbled rubber. In most cases rubber aggregate constitutes about 20% of the mixture (by weight) and a polyurethane resin is used as a binder. As a result, PERS is characterized by a much higher elasticity than asphalt and a high porosity typical for drainage pavements. Due to this, tire/road noise is greatly reduced and on top...

  • Marek Pszczoła dr hab. inż.

    I am a Faculty member (Department of Highway and Transportation Engineering) at the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland). My main research interests include: low-temperature properties of asphalt mixtures, low temperature cracking assessment of pavement structures, road materials properties, thermal stress analysis, design of pavement structures, airfield design and analysis....

  • Acoustic Detector of Road Vehicles Based on Sound Intensity

    Publikacja

    - SENSORS - Rok 2021

    A method of detecting and counting road vehicles using an acoustic sensor placed by the road is presented. The sensor measures sound intensity in two directions: parallel and perpendicular to the road. The sound intensity analysis performs acoustic event detection. A normalized position of the sound source is tracked and used to determine if the detected event is related to a moving vehicle and to establish the direction of movement....

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  • Tire/Road Noise On Poroelastic Road Surfaces - Results Of Laboratory Measurements

    Tire/road noise is the most important part of traffic noise for medium and high speed driving both in the case of passenger cars and trucks. The potential to make modification of tires that significantly reduce tire/road noise in nearly over, at least for conventional tires so the only promising action is to improve road pavements. One of the innovative solutions is poroelastic road pavement (PERS) that reduces airflow related...

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  • Estimation of Average Speed of Road Vehicles by Sound Intensity Analysis

    Publikacja

    - SENSORS - Rok 2021

    Constant monitoring of road traffic is important part of modern smart city systems. The proposed method estimates average speed of road vehicles in the observation period, using a passive acoustic vector sensor. Speed estimation based on sound intensity analysis is a novel approach to the described problem. Sound intensity in two orthogonal axes is measured with a sensor placed alongside the road. Position of the apparent sound...

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  • Corrosion of evaporator tubes in low emission steam boilers

    Purpose of this paper is to reveal the mechanisms of corrosion processes of outer surfaces of low-emission steam boiler evaporator tubes. Examinations were performed to find the reasons of different corrosion susceptibility of tubes situated at combustion chamber on various levels. Examinations were conducted on several segments of 57 x 5.0 mm evaporator tubes made of 16M (16Mo3) steel grade. Segments were taken from level of...

  • The use of lightweight aggregate saturated with PCM as a temperature stabilizing material for road surfaces.

    This paper presents the possibility of adding lightweight building aggregates to increase the stability – mechanical as well as thermal - of constructions and road objects. This stability can be achieved through saturating the porous granules of aggregate with a phase-change material (PCM) that allows the accumulation of solar heat. Intense solar radiation, especially during the summer, can cause the asphalt on road surfaces, bridges...

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  • Examining Impact of Speed Recommendation Algorithm Operating in Autonomous Road Signs on Minimum Distance between Vehicles

    Publikacja

    - Remote Sensing - Rok 2022

    An approach to a new kind of recommendation system design that suggests safe speed on the road is presented. Real data obtained on roads were used for the simulations. As part of a project related to autonomous road sign development, a number of measurements were carried out on both local roads and expressways. A speed recommendation model was created based on gathered traffic data employing the traffic simulator. Depending on...

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  • The effects of urban vehicle traffic on heavy metal contamination in road sweeping waste and bottom sediments of retention tanks

    Publikacja

    - SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT - Rok 2020

    Diffuse pollution formed during a surface runoff on paved surfaces is a source of heavy metals (HMs) of various origin. This research study indicates the connection between bottom sediments of retention tanks located on urban streams and road sweeping wastes (RSW) that migrate during surface runoff to the stormwater drainage systems with discharge to the retention tanks. Moreover, we test the primary sources of HMs in RSW by analysing...

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  • Emission of CO2 and Fuel Consumption for Automotive Vehicles

    Publikacja

    - Rok 1999

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  • Characteristics of volatile organic compounds emission profiles from hot road bitumens

    Publikacja

    - CHEMOSPHERE - Rok 2014

    A procedure for the investigation and comparison of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission profiles to the atmosphere from road bitumens with various degrees of oxidation is proposed. The procedure makes use of headspace analysis and gas chromatography with universal as well as selective detection, including gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The studies revealed that so-called vacuum residue, which is the main component...

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  • Thermal stabilization and permanent deformation resistance of LWA/PCM-modified asphalt road surfaces

    This paper presents the results of attempts at reducing the problem of solar overheating of asphalt road pavement surfaces, resulting in weakening and accelerated destruction of the aforementioned structures. To protect pavement surfaces against periodic overheating, standard asphalt mixture AC 16 W 35/50, used for binder course, has been modified by replacing one of the aggregate fractions from the mineral mixture with lightweight...

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  • Low-Temperature Requirements for Bitumen in Central East European Road Construction

    Publikacja

    - Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering - Rok 2019

    The paper presents the proposition of special assessment of lowtemperature requirements for bitumens in the region of Central and Eastern Europe where there is a moderate transitional area from sea to the continental type of climate. The results of the research program conducted on the road neat bitumens, Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene polymer and polymer-rubber modified bitumen, and multigrade bitumen types were presented and discussed....

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  • Selective monitoring of noise emitted by vehicles involved in road traffic

    An acoustic intensity probe was developed measures the sound intensity in three orthogonal directions, making possible to calculate the azimuth and elevation angles, describing the sound source position. The acoustic sensor is made in the form of a cube with a side of 10 mm, on the inner surfaces of which the digital MEMS microphones are mounted. The algorithm works in two stages. The first stage is based on the analysis of sound...

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  • Investigations of the Working Process in a Dual-Fuel Low-Emission Combustion Chamber for an FPSO Gas Turbine Engine

    Publikacja

    - Polish Maritime Research - Rok 2020

    This investigation is devoted to an analysis of the working process in a dual-fuel low-emission combustion chamber for a floating vessel’s gas turbine. The low-emission gas turbine combustion chamber with partial pre-mixing of fuel and air inside the outer and inner radial-axial swirlers was chosen as the object of research. When modelling processes in a dual-flow low-emission gas turbine combustion chamber, a generalized method...

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  • Application of acoustic emission metod for measurement of joint gap and cartilage surfaces

    Publikacja

    - Rok 2006

    W artykule przedstawiono zastosowanie emisji akustycznej do lokalizacji wczesnych uszkodzeń stawu biodrowego lub kolanowego człowieka. Ponadto metoda ta służy do pomiaru wysokości szczeliny stawu oraz struktury geometrycznej powierzchni chrząstki stawowej. Jest to metoda nieinwazyjna. Pomiary metodą emisji akustycznej stosujemy na ogół w materiałach, w których energia sprężysta zmienia się nagle. Takie zmiany energii mogą być...

  • Certification of vehicles used for tire/road noise evaluation by CPX method

    Jednym ze sposobów oceny hałasu opon i nawierzchni drogowych jest metda CPX polegająca na pomiarze hałasu w polu bliskim miejsca współpracy opony z nawierzchnią. Aby uzyskać wysoką dokładność pomiarów niezbędne jest ustanowienie procedur ustanowienie procedur certyfikacyjnych sprzętu pomiarowego a więc głównie pojazdu badawczego. Praca dotyczy procedur certyfikacyjnych wypracowanych przez Grupę Roboczą WG33 ISO/TC43/SC1 oraz w...

  • Directivity of tire/road noise emission for selected tires and pavements

    Praca pośwoęcona jest kierunkowości emisji hałasu opon i nawierzchni drogowych. Opony są dominującym źródłem haasu w pojaździe poruszającym się w typowych warunkach ruchu drogowego. Hałas ten nie jest bezkierunkowy jak to przyjmuje się w modelach obliczeniowych hałasu. Takie założenia wynikają z ograniczonej dostępności danych dotyczących kierunkowości i mogą prowadzić do niedokładności przy prognozowaniu hałasu drogowego. Praca...

  • Inhomogeneity of low-noise wearing courses evaluated by tire/road noise measurements using the close-proximity method

    Publikacja

    - APPLIED ACOUSTICS - Rok 2016

    Performing numerous analyses of tire/road noise measurements on low-noise pavements during the last several years, the authors observed significant inhomogeneity of the wearing course in numerous cases, while similar problems were almost non-existent when dense pavements were measured. Three main causes of low-noise pavement inhomogeneity can be defined. The first one is imperfections in the technology used for asphalt mix production...

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  • Fluorescence emission of carbon disulfide in low energy electron collision.

    Publikacja

    Zbadano widma emisyjne dwusiarczku węgla w zakresie widmowym od 235 nm do575 nm wzbudzane zderzeniami elektronów o energii 9.7eV I 15eV. W otrzymanych widmach największe natężenie miały pasma pochodzące z dysocjacji cząsteczek dwusiarczku węgla.

  • Assessment of evaporator tubes corrosion in low-emission steam boilers

    Publikacja

    W artykule przedstawiono wyniki badań rur ekranowych(16Mo3) kotła niskoemisyjnego po jednym roku i dwóch latach eksploatacji. Powierzchnie rur pokryte zostały warstwami natryskiwanymi cieplne - pojedynczą ze stopu 70%Ni 30%Cr i podwójną Ni-30Cr /Al2O3. Rury bez powłok natryskiwanych wykazywały pocienienie ze względu na działanie korozji siarkowej oraz korozyjnego oddziaływania warstwy stopionych soli. Pojedyncza warstwa 70%Ni 30%Cr...

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